|Publication number||US26839 A|
|Publication date||Jan 17, 1860|
|Publication number||US 26839 A, US 26839A, US-A-26839, US26839 A, US26839A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (8), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
VALORUS DRE\V, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
Specification of Letters Patent No. 26,839, dated January 17, 1860.
T o all whom fit may concern:
Be it known that I, VALoRUs DREW, of the city, county, and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Shade-Fixtures; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the annexed drawings, making a part of this specification, in which- Figure l, is a side sectional view of my invention, showing the means employed for turning the shade roller. Fig. 2, is a detached view of the shade roller partly bisected, showing the manner of securing the roller in the window casing. Fig. 3, is a detached view of the shade roller, with the shade attached, showing the manner of attaching the latter to the former. Fig. 4, a detached transverse section of the same.
Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in the several figures.
This invention consists in a novel way of arranging the cords or bands by which the shade roller is turned; whereby the cords may be kept at a proper degree of tension in order to insure the rotation of the roller, and also readily slackened to facilitate the removal when required, of the roller from the window casing. A
The invention also consists in a novel way of securing the roller in the window casing, whereby all metallic fixtures, except the journals, are dispensed with, and the roller readily adjusted in, and detached from the casing.
The invention further consists, in a novel way of attaching the shade to the roller whereby the former is not only firmly secured to the latter, but also rendered capable of being detached with facility, for the purpose of being washed when required.
To enable those skilled in the art, to fully understand and construct my invention, I will proceed to describe it.
A, Fig. l, represents one side of a window casing, and B, is a shade roller, which is fitted in the upper part of the casing. In this roller, near one end a groove a,.is made circumferentially as shown in Figs. 2 and 3.
C, is a cord or band which passes around the roller, and is fitted within a. groove a. This cord, at its lower part, passes through a metal ring D, through which also a cord or band E, passes; said cord or band E, being permanently attached at one end to the casing A, as shown at the opposite end of said cord E, being attached to a metal eye F, which has a central cross bar c, and through which eye, the cord E, `also passes. This arrangement of the cord E, and eye F, is plainly shown in Fig. l. The eye F, it will be seen, in consequence of having one end of the cord E, attached to it, and being fitted on said cord, will admit of being drawn down so as to strain o-r tighten the cord C, on the roller B, as may be desired and by raising or shoving up the eye, the cord C, may be slackened, so as to admit of the ready removal of the roller from the casing. The eye F, is retained on the cord E, by friction, and the tighter the cords are strained, the less liable the eye will be to slip, as the cord E, binds or bears on the cross bar c.
In one end of the roller B, which is of wood, as usual, a metal journal Z is fitted permanently. The roller near its opposite end is slotted longitudinally a requisite distance from its periphery to its center, as shown ait e, Fig. 2, and a journal f, which is fitted in this end of the roller, has its inner end passing into the slot e, and bent upward as shown at g. This journal f, is longer than the other d, that it may better stand the strain of the cord or band C, and lessen the wear of its bearing. The journal f, fits sufficiently tight in the roller to prevent any casual movement of the former. In order to adjust the roller B, in the casing, all that is required is, to shove the journal f into the roller, place the opposite journal d, in its bearing, adjust the roller in proper position, and then shove outward the journal f, into its bearing in the casing, by introducing a rod into the slot e, and pressing against the inner end g, of the journal. This journal cannot be casually removed from its proper position when the cord C, is on it, for the pressure of the latter prevents such a result. By this arrangement the usual metallic fixtures are dispensed with, and an exceedingly simple means obtained for securing the roller in the casing, and one that will admit of the ready adjustment of the roller in the casing, as well as its ready removal therefrom, the ends of the roller being beveled to facilitate these results. The hooked end g, of the journal f, admits of a rod being inserted behind it to draw inward the journal, in order to` detach the roller from the casing.
The roller B, has a longitudinal groove or recess g', made in it, in which, near each end a staple h, or its equivalent is placed. In this groove or recess near one end, and by the outer side of one of the staples h, there is a stop z', as shownin Fig. 3.
G, is the shade, the upper end of which has a hem in which the rod j, is fitted. This.
rod y', is a trifle longer than the hem, and consequently projects from each side of the shade. The rod is elastic, and is fitted in the groove or recess g, one end of the rod being curved upward to form a head, and placed against the stop z', and fitted under the eye adjoining it, and the opposite end sprung under the staple at the opposite end of the roller. The upper end of' the shade has a tape H, or its equivalent attached to it, which passes around the roller B, and the ends are tied in a knot 7s, which is made to fit in a recess Z, in the roller. This knot fitting in the recess Z, prevents the shade moving laterally on the rod y', while the rod in consequence of being secured snugly in the groove or recess g', by the staples h, and tape` H, connects the shade securely to the roller. By this arrangement the shade may be readily detached rom the roller B, when re'- quired to be washed, and also readily attached thereto. The rod y', being readily sprung in or sprung out from the recess g, as occasion requires.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and-desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:
1. The two cords C, E, connected by the ring D, and arranged as shown, to wit: the cord C, passing around the roller B, and the cord E, providedwith the eye F, and at- -tachedA to the jamb of the window casing,
substantially as, and for the purpose set forth.
2. The sliding journal f, fitted in the roller B, provided with the slat c, so arranged relatively with the journal f, as to admit of the adjustment of the same, for the purpose specified.
3. Attaching the shade Gr, to the roller B, by means of the headed elastic rod y', fitted in the hem of the shade, and secured into the groove or recess g', of the roller by means of the staples L, yin connection with the tape H, provided with the knot la, as described.
Trios. PETINGALE, CHAs. M. HUGHES.
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