US 2684143 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
y 1954 A. osonzmsm 2,684,143
VENDING MACHINE COIN MECHANISM Filed Dec. 28, 1949 3 Sheets-Sheet l I i In 1; ,n' 56 62 J H l r 116 'i 112 I,
fizz/7 07a flaa zz kzaa' y 20, 1954 A. OBODZINSKI VENDING MACHINE COIN MECHANISM 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Dec. 28, 1949 July 20, 1954 QBODZINSKI 2,684,143
VENDING MACHINE COIN MECHANISM Filed Dec. 28, 1949 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Patented July 20, 1954 UNITED STATES ?A.TT ()FFICE 1 Claim.
This invention relates to coin mechanisms, and more particularly to improvements in coin mechanisms particularly of the type adapted to be used in merchandise vending machines including those of which an embodiment is disclosed in my co-pending application, Serial No. 98,109, filed June 9, 1949 now Patent No. 2,614,673, issued October 21, 1952.
The use of coin mechanisms in merchandise vending machines is old in the art. Heretofore numerous types of mechanisms have been developed and used to control the dispensing of merchandise from such machines. Some of these mechanisms have proved to be quite effective in controlling the dispensing of the merchandise. However, all of these mechanisms have been characterized by at least one particular undesirable characteristic which has resulted in considerable public criticism of coin controlled merchandise vending machines in general. This objectionable fault essentially resided in the inability to prevent the jamming or sticking of the machine. This failure often resulted either in excessive merchandise dispensing or entirely prevented the dispensing of the merchandise.
The blocking of the machine was accomplished either intentionally or accidentally. Often times pranksters blocked the machine while it was in a dispensing position, and thus obtained free merchandise. Occasionally more than one coin was inserted unintentionally so that again the machine was blocked and no merchandise was dispensed in exchange for the coin. Papers, matches and other extraneous materials were sometimes inserted in the machine. This not only affected the proper operation of the coin mechanism, but often caused serious injury to the machine.
It is, therefore, a primary object of this invention to provide a coin mechanism which may be used in a merchandise vending machine and which will overcome all of the disadvantages set forth above.
Another object is to afford a coin mechanism which cannot be made inoperative by the introduction of dirt and small debris to the coin mechanism.
A further object is to eliminate illegitimate dispensing occasioned by permitting excessive shaft play in the mechanism.
And another object is to provide a vending machine coin mechanism which will prevent unjustified merchandise dispensing such as heretofore has sometimes been accomplished by tipping the machine 2 And a further object is to afford a vending machine coin mechanism, the actuation of which requires considerably less work than in the machines heretofore used. An object relating thereto is to so construct the mechanism that rotation of the actuating knob through an arc of only slightly more than seventy degrees will dispense the merchandise. Hence, use of the machine is thereby extended to children of younger age groups than heretofore was possible.
Still another object is to provide a coin mechanism which will accommodate coins of varying sizes, and in fact will accommodate these coins without causing the machine to be wedged or otherwise made inoperative.
Still a further object is to afford a coin mechanism for controlling merchandise vending machines which may be readily adapted to give premium or free merchandise portions periodically in relation to the number of paid times that the vending machine is actuated.
Yet another object is to so construct the coin mechanism that illegitimate actuation of the dispensing mechanism cannot be accomplished by juggling the actuating knob. An object relating thereto is to provide novel, ratchet and pawl means which entirely eliminates intermediate play during the actuation of the mechanism.
And yet a further object is to provide a merchandise vending machine coin mechanism of simple, inexpensive construction, but yet most effective in controlling the dispensing of the merohandise.
With the foregoing and other objects in view which will appear as the description proceeds, the invention consists of certain novel features of construction, arrangement and a combination of parts hereinafter fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawings, and particularly pointed out in the appended claim, it being understood that various changes in the form, proportion, size and minor details of the structure may be made without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the advantages of the invention. v
For the purpose of facilitating an understanding of my invention, I have illustrated in the accompanying drawings a preferred embodiment thereof, from an inspection of which, when considered in connection with the following description, my invention, its mode of construction, assembly and operation, and many of its advantages should be readily understood and appreciated.
Referring to the drawings in which the same 3 characters of reference are employed to indicate corresponding or similar parts throughout the several figures of the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a coin controlled merchandise vending machine embodying the principles of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary front elevational view with a portion of the pedestal wall broken away to show the mechanism;
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary sectional view taken on the plane of line 33 in Fig. 2, and viewed in the direction indicated;
Fig. 4 is an enlarged sectional view taken on the plane of line l-d in Fig. 2, and viewed in the direction indicated;
Fig, 5 is an elevational View of the novel coin chute viewed on an oblique angle to better illustrate the details of construction;
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary detail sectional view of the coin chute taken on the plane of line 5--8 in Fig. 5, and viewed in the direction indicated;
Fig. 7 is a fragmentary detail sectional view taken on the plane of line l'l in Fig. 4, and viewed in the direction indicated;
Fig. 8 is a fragmentary detail sectional view taken on the plane of line 8il in Fig. 4, and viewed in the direction indicated;
Fig. 9 is a fragmentary detail sectional View similar to that of Fig. 8, but showing the coin mechanism in partially actuated position; and
Fig. 10 is a fragmentary top plan view of the coin ratchet wheel showing the details of construction thereof.
Referring now to the drawings, reference numeral Ill indicates generally a coin controlled merchandise vending machine comprising a merchandise storage member i2, here shown in the form of a transparent glass globe, mounted on a pedestal i l in which may be positioned a dispensing mechanism such as is generally indicated by the reference numeral it. This dispensing mechanism it, which may be of the type disclosed in my above mentioned co-pending patent application, is controlled by my novel coin-mechanism indicated generally by the reference numeral i8 for dispensing the merchandise M.
The coin mechanism it comprises essentially a coin chute 2E9 communicating at its outer end with a coin slot 22 formed in a wall 2 3 of the pedestal I l. The other end is positioned'adjacent to a novel coin-carrying ratchet wheel which will subsequently be described in detail. Hence, a coin C may fall by gravity from the chute into a coin slot 28 formed in the wheel 26.
The wheel 2e is mounted on a shaft 30, the
outer end of which is journaled through an opening, 32 formed in the front wall 24% of the pedestal it. To the outer end of the shaft an actuating knob 3 1 may be afiixed. The inner end'of the shaft as is journaled through a pair of aligned openings 35 and 38 formed in parallel depending walls dd and 42 which are integrally formed with a pedestal top closure member 44. Walls it and 22 are spaced one from the other to provide a central opening 16 in which may be mounted a measuring and dispensing wheel 42. The construction and operation of this wheel 28 as well as the construction and operation of the above describ d supporting structure is fully described in my above mentioned co-pending application. However, it should be understood that any suitable measuring and dispensing mechanism may be used in connection with the coin mechanism which comprises the subject matter of this application.
From the description as heretofore set forth and as will subsequently be made more detailed, it should be evident that the dispensing wheel 48 may be actuated by rotation of the shaft 38 which in turn is accomplished through the actuating knob 3d. Hence, by controlling the rotation of the .raft 3c the dispensing of the merchandise may be likewise controlled. This is accompished by way of the wheel 2% together with certain cooperating pawls and mechanisms which will now be described in some detail.
The wheel 26 is formed with a plurality of teeth such as each of which has a pawl engaging abutment face 52 at one end. This face 52 is adapted to be engaged by a pawl 5 pivotally positioned above the ratchet wheel itself. This pawl 54 may be affixed to the wall iil by means of a pivot bolt 56 threaded into a boss 58 which may be integrally formed with the depending wall M. A coil spring 6&3, one end 82 of which is affixed to the wall as and the other end "E of which is affixed to the pawl 55:, urges the pawl into position for engagement with the teeth of the wheel 26. Thus, to permit rotation of the wheel 2% the pawl must first be lifted from engagement with the teeth 58 of the wheellfi. This is accomplished by so constructing the wheel that the coins are carried thereby and each protrudes sufficiently beyond the outer arcuated face of a companion tooth such a distance that it will lift the pawl suiiiciently to allow the pawl to clear the tooth 59.
The above mentioned construction is embodied in a slot 66 which is formed circumferentially in the body of the wheel 26in a plane parallel to the plane of the wheel 26. This slot is designed to accommodate therein the coin C, and is positioned to receive the coin from the chute 25 as illustrated in Fig. 3 of the-drawings.
A plurality of pins such as 58 are positioned in spaced relationship to each other across the slot 643 and permanently affixed near the outer peripheral edge of the wheel 26 to serve as backstops to the coin C. Hence, when the wheel is rotated in a forward direction rearward movement of the coin C is limited by the pin engaged thereby. In operation, when a coin is inserted through slot 22 into the chute 20 it slides by gravity along the chute until its forward edge engages the rear wall 70 of the slot 26, as clearly shown in Fig. 3. This cants the coin sufficiently to permit its entering the slot 6%. Then, when the shaft 313 is rotated together with the wheel in the forward direction indicated by the arrow in Fig. 9 of the drawings, the rear edge portion of the coin C bears against the pin 88 and the coin is thereby moved forwardly with the wheel. The protruding edge portion of the coin then engages the pawl as causing this to ride up on the coin, thus raising it from engagement with the abutment face 52 of the tooth until the coin has passed under the pawl. The tension of the spring es then draws the pawl back to its natural position so that it engages the abutment face of the next tooth of the ratchet wheel, thereby looking the mechanism until another coin is inserted.
The above described mechanism, of course, controls rotation of the shaft 30 and the dispensing wheel 48 only in one direction (clockwise). To prevent rotation in the opposite direction, as indicated by the arrow in Fig. 7 of the drawings, a second pawl and ratchet assembly is provided as shown in Fig. '7 of the drawings. This mechanism comprisesa second ratchet 72 which may be integrally formed or afiixed to the rear face of the first ratchet wheel 26. This ratchet is provided with a plurality'of teeth such as 14 which provide pawl engaging recessessuch as 16. A second pawl 18 is pivotally mounted on the Wall '40 by means of a pivot bolt 80. A coiled spring 82, affixed at its lower end to a lug 84 formed in thewall-eil and at its other endto a lug 86 formed in the pawl 18, constantly urges the pawl downwardly. I-lence, rotation of the shaft 30 in the clockwise direction 1 is accomplished against the work of the spring 82, but rotation in'the opposite direction is prevented by the pawl "I8 and ratchet T2 engagement as well as the upper end of the. lug as which limits the downward movement of the pawl I8.
To prevent play or intermediate rocking of the dispenser during the paid rotation of the shaft 30, intermediate teeth such as88 and 90 are provided in the outer circumferential end of each tooth 14. Intermediate pawl engaging recesses such as 92 and 94 are thereby provided whichmaterially limit the intermediate movement of the shaft 39 and dispensing wheel 48 during the paid interval of rotation. Thus, illegitimate dispensing resulting from excessive shaft play is thereby prevented.
The ratchet wheel as may be formed with a boss 92' of a diameter adapting it to be rotatably mounted within the opening 36, and the entire wheel may be non-rotatably, but removably, affixed to the shaft 30 by means of a key 96 inserted in a key-way 98 formed in the shaft 30 and wheel 26. A spacer sleeve Hi which may be mounted on and removably afiixed to the shaft 30 by means of a pair of set screws I02 and I64 maintains the ratchet wheel 26 in position by preventing its forward movement on the shaft.
Turning now to a consideration of the novel coin chute 20 it will be noted that it comprises a mounting bracket I06 with its lower end affixed to the wall 4% by means of a plurality of screws such as N18. The upper end of the bracket is formed to provide a generally rectangular shaped chute I I I] having a bottom shoulder 2 which constitutes a coin runway and a top guide slot II4 spaced therefrom by a single wall H6. The wall H6 has a substantial portion thereof cut away or otherwise removed to aiford a rectangular shaped opening H8 therein. The top slot I4 may be formed by forming a shoulder I26, similar to the bottom shoulder H2, and affixing a side guide piece I22 to the end thereof as by bolts or rivets such as I24.
The entire chute HE! is inclined so that when a coin in inserted in the slot 22 it rolls along on the bottom runway in the direction indicated by the arrow in Fig. 8 of the drawings until it drops into the slot 66 in ratchet 26. The coin is guided only through its top portion in the guide slot H4. Thus, small coins, papers, matches and other extraneous material cannot ordinarily enter the mechanism since they would fall from the chute 20 to a cash box (not shown) below before it reaches the ratchet 26 as illustrated in Fig. 6 of the drawings.
The dispensing wheel 48 which has heretofore been disclosed in my aforementioned co-pending application, comprises essentially a Wheel in which a plurality of measuring and dispensing, substantially cylindrically shaped slots as I30 are formed transversely in the peripheral portion of the wheel 48. It may be filled with and dispenses the merchandise contained in the storage member I2 and resting on the centrally inclined top surface I32 of the top closure member 44 in the 6 manner described :in 1 said co-pending applica tion.
It'should be noted in Fig. 10 of the drawings thatthe coin slot 66 is wide enough to accommodate more than one coin so thatthe machine cannot be-made inoperative in this manner. As amatterof'fact, when the slot 66 isfilled, additionally inserted coins will be retained on the chute 20 or probably 'falltherefrom into the cash box (not shown in the drawings). So also should be noted the advantages ofusing the novel'pin 68- construction. This construction estops one from making the machine inoperative by filling the slot'66 with dirt or debris, since any such extraneous matter can readily by pass the-pins 68 and fall out of thewheel 26 to the cash box at the-bottom.
To operatethe machine a coin C is inserted inthe slot 22 so'that it rolls down the chute 2fi until it is canted and drops into theslot -35. "The knob 34 is then grasped and turned in a-clockwise direction. The-portion of the coin Cprotr-ud-ing-above the edge of the ratchet wheel26 moves underthe pawlid causing it to be raised out of engagement with tooth 5E and ride onthe coin until it passesthereunder. The pawl then drops down to engage the-next tooth 55. The shaft is thus rotated together with the dispensing wheel 48 so that a measured amount of merchandise is dispensed.
The number of ratchet teeth 56 may be the same as the number of measuring slots I30 so that each coin-actuation dispenses a measured amount of merchandise. However, if desired, periodic free merchandise may be dispensed by merely affixing a plug such as I34 on the wheel 26 as shown in Fig. 9 to eliminate one of the teeth 5i thereby. This permits two, instead of one, measuring slots I 36 to be dispensed when the plug I34 is under the pawl 54, as the pawl will not engage the wheel until the next (unfllled) tooth is moved thereunder.
It is believed that my invention, its mode of construction and assembly, and many of its advantages should be readily understood from the foregoing without further description, and it should also be manifest that While a preferred embodiment of the invention has been shown and described for illustrative purposes, the structural details are nevertheless capable of wide variation within the purview of my invention as defined in the appended claim.
What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:
In a coin controlled apparatus, a structure including a vertical wall having a transverse opening, a shaft rotatably mounted in said opening and extending beyond the wall, a coin carrying wheel mounted on the outwardly projecting portion of said shaft and keyed thereto, said wheel formed midway of its peripheral surface with a groove extending entirely about its circumference and defining inner and outer flanges spaced transversely from each other and connected by a hub portion of the wheel, said flanges being formed with oppositely disposed circumferentially extending recesses definin teeth, each tooth having an arcuate outer marginal edge terminating at the outer end of an abrupt end face extending substantially radially of the wheel and at its inner end intersected by the rear end of the arcuate side edge of an adjoining tooth, coin-engaging pins carried by said flanges and extending across said groove between opposed cornpanion teeth intermediate the length of the arcuate side edge faces of said companion teeth, the distance between each pin and the front ends of the teeth between which the pins extend being less than the diameter of a coin intended to be carried by said wheel and the depth of the groove being less than the diameter of the coin, whereby the coin has a marginal portion protruding from said teeth, a chute for delivering coins into the groove of said wheel, a pivoted pawl mounted against said wall and urged towards the peripheral edge of the wheel and formed at its free end with a transversely extending bill resting against the arcuate side edges of the teeth and for a portion of its length extending across the slot of the wheel in position for riding along the protruding portions of the coin and over the front ends of the teeth to permit limited turning of the wheel and the shaft, a ratchet wheel formed integrally with the inner face of the coin carrying wheel and being of less diameter than said coin carrying wheel and disposed against the adjacent face of said vertical wall, an integral circular boss projecting from the outer face of the ratchet wheel surrounding said shaft and extendin into the opening in the vertical wall, said ratchet wheel having spaced relatively deep teeth formed in the periphery thereof, and additional teeth of less depth formed in the periphery of said ratchet wheel and arranged between the aforesaid spaced deep teeth, and a pawl pivoted against said vertical wall and coacting with the teeth on the ratchet wheel to prevent intermediate rotation of the shaft during the time that the first mentioned pawl is lifted out of engagement with the teeth on the coin carryin wheel.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 396,674 Vaughn Jan. 22, 1889 413,009 Adriance Oct. 15, 1889 759,236 Bryant May 10, 1904 829,245 Asplund Aug. 21, 1906 969,914 Spindler Sept. 13, 1910 1,024,870 Terteling Apr. 30, 1912 1,081,562 Allison Dec. 16, 1913 1,725,497 Webber Aug. 20, 1929 1,975,401 McLaren Oct. 2, 1934 2,171,345 Rockola Aug. 29, 1939 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 20,686 Great Britain of 1905