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Publication numberUS268441 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 5, 1882
Filing dateAug 11, 1882
Publication numberUS 268441 A, US 268441A, US-A-268441, US268441 A, US268441A
InventorsFrancis Tunica
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Continuous park and garden border tile
US 268441 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(N0 Model.)


Patented Dec. 5-, 1882 N. PETIZHS, Plwto-Lnhn m lmr, Washinghm. D. C,





SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 268,441, dated December 5, 188-2.

Application filed August 11, 1882. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern V Beit known that I, FRANCIS TUNIOA, acitizen of the United States, residing at Omaha, in the county of Douglas and State of Nebraska, have invented a Continuous Park and Garden Border, (liningorcurbin'g;) and Ido hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, which will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use thesame.

My invention relates to borders for parks and gardens; and itconsists essentiallyin aborder made of burned clay, artificial stone, &c.,-

in sections of suitable lengths, each section being provided with a dowel-pin and dowel-- opening at or near the top of the border, so that the sections can be brought closely together and present an unbroken top surface.

It further consists in details of construction and arrangement of the several parts that will be hereinafter more fully set forth in the specification and pointed out in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a plan view of my park or garden border; Figs. 2 and 3, vertical sections of the border-piece; Fig. 4, an elevation showing the manner in which the sections are joined together; and Fig. 5, a plan view of the bortier-sections.

' not the case the pieces would get pushed forward or backward out of line, thereby destroying the continuity of the border and rendering it liable to displacement and breakage. The earth 0 is placed on the gravel d or ballast, and just high enough to allow the rounded surface of the top of the border to project above the sod. This prevents the earth being pushed or washed onto the walk. At the corners 1 prefer to use the double-flanged base, as shown in Fig. 3, and for this purpose can make these rounded or angular, to conform to the angles or curves in the borders, as shown in Fig. 1.

Suitable drop-pipes, 0, connecting the drains,

, may be arranged at suitable intervals, for the purpose of carrying olf surface-water and prevent accumulation of moisture about the borders.

I am awarethat vitrified clay and terracotta borders have been used. 1 am'also aware that flanged borders have been used, and such borders I do not claim; but i What I do claim is-- 1. A park or garden border provided with a flanged base, each section-piece, near its top, having a dowel-pin and dowel-opening, whereby the top of the border is retained in rigid.

alignment, substantially as and for the purpose set forth. j

2. A park or garden border made in sections,

the top of the sections being rounded, the bottom havinga flange or flanges to receive the ballast, and each section. at or near the top,]

being provided with a dowel pin and opening,

substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US8082692 *Dec 8, 2003Dec 27, 2011Jerome SkubaMethod of propagation and product produced thereby
US20120276342 *Jan 27, 2012Nov 1, 2012Patrick Dudley BrayArtificial surface divider
Cooperative ClassificationE01F9/0533, E01C11/222