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Publication numberUS2686317 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 17, 1954
Filing dateDec 26, 1951
Priority dateDec 26, 1951
Publication numberUS 2686317 A, US 2686317A, US-A-2686317, US2686317 A, US2686317A
InventorsMichaelis Harold O
Original AssigneeMichaelis Harold O
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Head wearing apparel
US 2686317 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

11!? 1954 H. o. MICHAELIS HEAD WEARING APPAREL Filed Dec. 26, 1951 R m m V m Hare/d 0. M/C/Zae/{LS 7 ATTORNEYS Patented Aug. 17, 1954 UNITED STATES TENT OFFICE 3 Claims.

This invention relates to head wearing apparel preferably in the form of a hood or cap designed for protection againstsevere weather conditions and for other purposes.

The main object of the invention is to provide an effective head covering which will amply protect the head, face and neck, yet which is so designed that when in use for protecting the entire face adequate provision is made for normal breathing through both the nose and mouth of the wearer.

Another object of the invention is the provision of a cap or hood for receiving the entire head and face of the wearer and wherein certain portions :of the face covering sections of said cap or hood may be swung laterally away from the face and held in positions to provide an opening through which the eyes, nose, mouth and chin of the wearer may be exposed, provision also being made at the same time to securely fasten the hood or cap around the wearers neck with a more or less snug fit.

A still further object of the invention is the provision of face covering sections for the hood or cap which are designed as flaps of cupped formation generally triangular in shape and adapted, when swung laterally to positions in front of the face and connected together, to assume a cup-like spaced relation across the face to protect the nose, mouth and chin of the wearer and permit at the same time normal breathing through both the nose and mouth.

Another object of the invention is to provide in combination with the cupped face covering sections, a visor flap which is so designed that when positioned to shield the eyes of the wearer of the hood or cap the then lower edge thereof assumes a spaced relation to the combined upper horizontal edge of the face sections in their face covering positions, and thus providing a relatively-narrow slit between such'edges'serving as a sight opening for the wearer when all parts of the hood or cap are in their protecting positions.

To the accomplishment of the above related objects, as will appear as the description proceeds, the invention may be embodied in the forms illustrated in the accompanying drawing, attention being called to the fact, however, that the drawing is illustrative only, and that changes may be made in the specific constructions illustrated and described, so long as the scope of the appended claims is not violated.

In the accompanying drawing which forms a part of this application,

Fig. 1 shows a front view of a hood or cap in place on the wearers head with the visor flap down and with the face covering flap sections connected together in their protecting positions.

Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the hood or cap in place upon the wearers head with the visor iiap and face covering flap sections in their face protecting positions, and showing particularly the spaced relation of the cup-like face protecting sections to the nose and mouth of the wearer.

Fig. 3 is a front view of the hood or cap in place upon the wearers head with the visor flap held up and the face covering fiap sections swung laterally away from one another to expose the greater part of the face, and also showing the combined neck and bib-like portions connected together about the wearers neck, and

Fig. 4 is a side elevation of the hood or cap in place upon the wearers head and with the hood sections shown in positions similar to those indicated in Fig. 3.

The body of the hood designated at l in the drawing is shaped to fit the head of the wearer, and when the face protecting sections thereof assume their non-protecting positions upon the hood, said hood is provided with an opening designated at 2 in the front through which practically the entire face may be exposed. This opening when uncovered will expose the eyes, nose, mouth and chin, the top edge 3 of the opening engaging across the forehead directly above the eyes. The sides 4 and 5 of the hood extend inwardly slightly over the cheeks and at the lower end thereof also extend downwardly beyond that portion surrounding the neck a distance sufiicient to form a relatively short bib-like portion 6-6 covering a part of the chest of the wearer, thus serving as a means whereby the neck will be more fully protected when the hood is securely fastened in place upon the head of the wearer; Secured to the body part along the upper edge 3 of the opening is the visor flap 1, which flap is adaptedto assume either the position shown in Figs. 1 and 2 of the drawing where it serves as a partial protection for the face and particularly the forehead and eyes of the wearer, or to the position shown in Figs. 3 and 4 where it is folded upwardly against a top portion of the cap. This visor l is so fashioned with respect to the body of the hood or cap as to stay-put in either one of its positions without the use of fastening devices.

Extending from the opposite sides 4 and 5 of the hood are flaps 8 and 9, namely face covering portions of cupped'formation and generally tri-' angular in shape when folded back upon the side portions of the head covering or hood, which flaps may assume positions in front of the face for protection purposes as shown in Figs. 1 and 2, or be swung laterally upon fold lines Ill and II respectively to the positions shown in Figs. 3 and 4 and in contact with the sides I; and 5 respectively and to thus expose substantially the entire face of the wearer through the front face opening 2. These flaps may, if desired, be firmly held in their folded positions against the sides 4 and 5' respectively by any suitable fastening means, snap fasteners being used in the present embodiment of the invention as shown at I2 in Figs. 1 and 2.

Each cupped flap covers an area bounded first by a fold line indicated by dotted lines in Figs. 1 and 2, and extending from a point directly under the chin to a point at one corner of the visor flap l; secondly, by an edge l3 extending from said point at one corner of the visor flap 1 to a point midway of the face and in spaced relation to the face; and thirdly, by a relatively curved edge I4 which extends from the upper part of the neck portion of the hood directly under the chin to a point where it joins the edge [3 at the point thereof midway in front of the face; thus providing a substantially triangularly shaped flap portion as shown in the drawing. In this connection, it is to be noted that when the flaps 8 and 9 are swung laterally toward each other to their face protecting positions and connected together along their meeting curved edges l4--|4 as shown in Figs. 1 and 2, then the edge I3 of one flap and the complementary edge l3 of the other flap will assume relatively horizontal positions in front of the face slightily below the eyes, and furthermore, this combined horizontal edge l3l3 will further adapt itself to a relatively curved position across the face and in spaced relation thereto.

It is to be understood that the neck portion of the hood or cap including the bib-like'portion 6-6, as heretofore referred to, have a relatively snug fit about the wearers neck, and this when the vertical meeting edges l5l 5 thereof are fastened together as shown for instance in Fig. 3. These meeting edges l5l5 may be firmly attached one to the other by means of any suitable fastening devices, but preferably by a separable fastener of the conventional slide fastener type,

as shown at IS in the drawing. This separable fastener extends in part from the lower edges of the bib-like portions E55 along the relatively straight edges I5-l5 to a point preferably just under the chin, and when these edges are connected in such manner a relatively snug fit of the neck portions around the wearers neck is thus provided. This separable fastener If; as a matter of fact extends continuously from the lower part of the bib-like portions 6 -5 along the edges l5| 5 and then along the relatively curved edges I l-44 of the protection flaps 8 and 9, thus permitting all of these edges H's-i5 and M-l4 to be fastened together by a single operation and with a single fastening means when it is desired to fasten the neck portions around the neck and at the same time place the flaps 8 and 9 in their protecting positions in front of the face as clearly shown in Figs. 1 and 2.

In the use of the hood or cap, the same is first placed upon the head and then the edges l5--I5 of the neck portion zipped together to thus permit said neck portions to snugly surround the neck. In not so severe weather the flaps 8 and 9 may be worn in the positions shown in Figs. 3 and 4, and to securely retain them in these positions they may be fastened to the hood proper by snap fasteners I2 as heretofore mentioned. In severe weather conditions the separable fastener may be further moved along the curved edges I4-I4 of the flaps 8 and 9 to position and maintain said flaps in their cup-like formation across the wearers face and covering the nose, mouth and chin, and this with the visor flap 1 in its lowered position, all of which as shown in Figs. 1 and 2, to thus provide proper protection and at the same time allow for a relatively narrow sight opening between the then lower edge of the visor flap 1 and the horizontal edges i3--l3 of the flaps 8 and 9. In relatively mild weather and with the flaps 8 and 9 fastened in place against the sides l--5 of the hood, the entire sides and neck portions including the flaps, may be lifted to positions extending over the head and out of the way of the face and neck, it being understood these said hood sections may be maintained in such positions and in slightly overlapped relation by a snap fastener as shown in the drawing, one part of said snap fastener being carried by one of the combined neck and bib-like sections as at I! and the other part of the snap fastener being carried by the other of said neck and bib-like sections as at l8.

What I claim is:

1. A cap or hood for shielding the head and face of the wearer having a head coveringportion, neck covering portions extending downwardly from said head covering portion, and face protecting sections, the front of the head covering portion having a downwardly extending forehead covering portion in the form of a peak, the lower edge of said forehead covering portion being adapted to be positioned just above the eyes of the wearer, the face protecting sections being generally triangular in shape with portions thereof along one side of each triangular face protecting section connected to said head and neck covering portions, and having an edge extending horizontally from the point of connection and spaced from the lower edge of said forehead covering portion, and another edge extending substantially vertically from said horizontal edge and being slightly curved, said face covering sections being cupped and adapted to extend away from the face, and means extending along the vertically extending edges of the face covering section for connecting the said sections together in cupped formation, said face covering sections with their vertically extending edges in meeting relation when connected together assuming a cup-like formation across the face of the wearer slightly below the eyes and in spaced relation to the face, whereby the face of the wearer is substantially fully protected and still normaI breathing may be permitted through both the nose and mouth of the wearer.

2. A cap or hood for shielding the head and face of the wearer having a head covering portion, neck covering portions extending downwardly from said head covering portion, and face protecting sections, the front of the head covering portion having a downwardly extending forehead covering portion in the form of a peak, the lower edge of said forehead covering portion being adapted to be positioned just above the eyes of the wearer, the face protecting sections being generally triangular in shape with portions thereof along one side of each triangular face protecting section connected to said head and neck coveri'ng portions, and having an edge extending horizontally from the point of connection and spaced from the lower edge of said forehead covering portion, and another edge extending substantially vertically from said horizontal edge and being slightly curved, said face covering sections being cupped and adapted to extend away from the face, and separable slide fastener means extending along the vertically extending edges of the face covering sections for connecting said sections together in cupped formation across the face of the wearer where they assume a spaced relation with the face and cover the nose, mouth and chin yet provide normal breathing through both the nose and the mouth of the wearer using the hood when in such connected relation.

3. A cap or hood for shielding the head and face of the wearer having a head covering portion, neck covering portions extending downwardly from said head covering portion, and face protecting sections, the front of the head covering portion having a downwardly extending forehead covering portion in the form of a peak, the lower edge of said forehead covering portion being adapted to be positioned just above the eyes of the wearer, the face protecting sections being generally triangular in shape with portions thereof along one side of each triangular face protecting section connected to said head and neck covering portions, and having an edge extending horizontally from the point of connection and spaced from the lower edge of said forehead portion, and

another edge extending vertically from said horizontal edge and being slightly curved and merging with the neck covering portion, said neck covering portion having front vertically extending edges continuing downwardly from the substantially vertically extending edges of the triangular face protecting sections and in substantial alignment therewith, and a single separable slide fastener means extending continuously along all of said aligned vertically extending edges for connecting together said edges in meeting relationship, whereby the face protecting sections are maintained in face covering position with the neck covering portion fastened around the wearers neck.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 159,497 Brugger et a1 Feb. 9, 1875 160,844 Schwarz Mar. 16, 1875 202,262 Isidor Apr. 9, 1878 1,972,585 Arst Sept. 4, 1934 2,314,889 Manson et al Mar. 30, 1943 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 563,781 France Oct. 4, 1923

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US159497 *Dec 5, 1874Feb 9, 1875 Improvement in hoods
US160844 *Aug 4, 1873Mar 16, 1875 Improvement in traveling-caps
US202262 *Mar 20, 1878Apr 9, 1878 Improvement in cap and collar combined
US1972585 *Dec 7, 1933Sep 4, 1934Morris ArstCombined coat and cap
US2314889 *Sep 30, 1941Mar 30, 1943Manson Frank GNonfreezing mouthpiece
FR563781A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2839757 *Mar 11, 1955Jun 24, 1958Gianola Salvatore VHead covering garment
US3660850 *Mar 27, 1970May 9, 1972Walter E GarbischProtective hood for crash helmets
US4593417 *Sep 12, 1984Jun 10, 1986Brown Jr William CConvertible survival cap
US4823407 *May 22, 1987Apr 25, 1989Burlington Industries, Inc.Headwear with face tunnel for cold weather environment
US5251336 *Feb 28, 1992Oct 12, 1993Nevins Michael AHead protector for inclement weather
US5274850 *Apr 22, 1992Jan 4, 1994Lion Apparel, Inc.Firefighter coat with removable hood
US6425138 *Aug 11, 2000Jul 30, 2002Cheryl E JohnsonHood with shoulder support
US8161575 *May 11, 2005Apr 24, 2012Debrick E PatriciaAdjustable winter garment
US8516619 *Nov 4, 2009Aug 27, 2013Mohammad Mubde AbsiReady to wear headscarf
US20110131711 *Dec 7, 2009Jun 9, 2011Marietta KuchurisConvertible Insulating Headcover Apparatus With Flexible Face Shield
US20120291181 *Nov 4, 2009Nov 22, 2012Mohammad Mubde AbsiReady To Wear Headscarf
Classifications
U.S. Classification2/205
International ClassificationA42B1/04
Cooperative ClassificationA42B1/045
European ClassificationA42B1/04C