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Publication numberUS2686607 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 17, 1954
Filing dateAug 11, 1951
Priority dateAug 11, 1951
Publication numberUS 2686607 A, US 2686607A, US-A-2686607, US2686607 A, US2686607A
InventorsZander Nils A
Original AssigneeZander Nils A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Adhesive applicator for label applying machines
US 2686607 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 17, 1954 N. A. ZANDER 2,686,607 ADHESIVE APPLICATOR FOR LABEL APPLYING MACHINES Filed Aug. 11, 1952 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 if if {9 I [4 if 1 -ll' 12 I' [0/ J Iii 21 w 24 /4 g2 fi 9 9% 4 fizz/W g- 17, 1954 N. A. ZANDER 2,686,607

ADHESIVE APPLICATOR FOR LABEL APPLYING MACHINES Filed Aug. l1, 1%] 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 W ZZzZr 6 7am? Patented Aug. 17, 1954 .um'rsoswirl-1s PATENT OFFICE ADHESIVE APPLICATOR FOR LABEL APPLYING MACHINES Nils. A. Zander, Stow, Mass. Application August 11, 1951, Serial No. 241,480

9 Claims.

This invention relates to machine for applying labels, and has for one object to apply adhesive to the end label of a stack of labels and to then present a container to the coated label for attachment to the label thereto.

A further object of the invention to is apply the adhesive to the label and the label to a cylindrical container while the axis of the container is upright.

Still another object 'is to provide improved means'for applying a coating of adhesive to a member from which an applicator removes it as required and applies it to the face of the label.

A further object is to apply the adhesive coated label with the container while the container is being moved by power past the label.

Further objects and advantages will appear from a description of the machine embodying the invention shown in the accompanying drawings in which Figure 1 is a top plan view of the mechanism.

Figure 2 is a view similar to a portion of Figure 1, but showing the container further advanced in the cycle of operations.

Figure 3 is a detail sectional view on line 33 of Figure 1.

Figure 4 is a detail sectional view to a larger scale on line =l4 of Figure 3.

Figure 5 is a view similar to a portion of Figure l, but to a larger scale.

Figures 6 and 7 are views somewhat similar to Figure 5, but showing the adhesive applicator in diiferent positions.

Figure 8 is a detail sectional view on line 8-8 of Figure 1.

Figure 9 is a detail sectional view on line 9-9 of Figure 5.

Figure 10 is a detail sectional view on line l0l0 of Figure 2.

This invention is shown as applied to a label applying machine of the type illustrated in my Patent No. 2,641,377 granted June 9, 1953, for Label Applying Machine, this invention relating particularly to an improved means for applying adhesive by which the labels are secured to the containers.

As shown in the said application, the articles to which the labels are to be applied may be containers such as jugs, or the like, and which it is desired to retain in upright position during the application of the labels thereto. As shown in that application, the articles to which the labels are to be attached, which, for, convenience, will hereafter be referred to as jugs, though any generally cylindrical container can be employed, are supported on a traveling belt I and are moved 3 in time with the recesses 5 thereby into contact with a pivoted barrier 2 which holds back the articles sufficiently to space them properly for suitable coaction with the labelapplying mechanism. This barrier 2 may hold the leading jug temporarily out of contact with an escapement mechanism which comprises a horizontal disk 3 mounted for rotation about a vertical shaft 4. This disk 3 isprovided with one or more marginal recesses 5 of sufficient size to receive the jugs which are to be labeled. This disk is mounted for rotation in counterclockwise direction at a constant speed. The barrier 2 is pivoted as at ii and is normally held in the position shown in Figures 1 and 2 by a suitable pivoted latch member 9 as shown more in detail in my prior application, and this latch member is released at suitable times as by cam projections 71' on the shaft 4 to which the disk 3 is secured and which rock the latch member 9 out of latching position in the rotation of the escapement disk so as to permit one of the jugs a, to pass into one of the recesses 5 and be transferred by the rotation of the disk 3 and, the movement of the conveyor belt I toward the label-applying mechanism.

A stack of labels as at i0 is carried within a box II and as shown best in Figure 9, this stack is pushed toward an open face of this box as by a light spring 12 which engages a presser plate I3 contacting with the back face of a stack of labels. A stiffer leaf spring l4 through which passes a stem I5 secured to the back face of the presser plate I 3 and on which the stem I5 may bind when pressure is applied to the front face of the stack, tends to prevent retraction of the stack into the box when pressure is exerted thereon. By pulling backwardly on the stem l5, however, the presser plate l3 may be retracted when it is desired to place a new stack of labels in the box after those previously therein have been used and removed from the stack.

As shown also in my application to which reerence has been made, the stack is supported at its forward end on a rocking element 20 fulcrumed at 2| on the box and having ends which may be struck by the jugs to be labeled as they are passed thereby, such striking at one end of the member 20 causing the opposite end to be projected somewhat outwardly of the stack.

The side wall 22 of the box may be provided with small ears 25 which extend over the front face of the stack of labels and prevent the escape of these labels from the box, except one at a time as they are removed by the mechanism which will later be more fully described.

The opposite side wall 26 has positioned adjacent thereto one or more pivoted latch members 39 having inner edges 3| which normally engage over the opposite vertical edge of the stack of labels, thus to hold the stack against escape at this end from the box. Also as fully disclosed in my prior application hereinbefore identified, these latch members may be retracted by a pressure of the jugs against a plate 32 having a shank portion 33 connected to suitable links 34 and 35. When the plate 32 is pushed rearwardly, the latch members 38 are removed from obstructing position as shown in Figure 2 and their back cam faces riding over pins 3! cause them to return to obstructing position when pressure on the plate 32 is released.

As the jugs pass the escapernent disk, they are engaged by one or more traveling belts "40 which pass over end pulleys 4! and 42. The pulleys 62 are driven as from the shaft 8 so that the inner faces of the belts to are driven in the same general direction as the conveyor belt 1 but at double its velocity. These belts engage one side face of the jugs as shown in Figure 2 and cause these jugs to be rotated about their axes as they are carried forward by the travel of the conveyor belt 1.

The belt-pulleys 4! are journaled in a frame '45 which is carried by a linkage 8 normally held in the position shown in Figure 2, as by a spring Bl, but movable away from this position so that the belts id lie substantially parallel with the motion of the conveyor belt I as shown in Figure '2. The belts 45 are in this position of Figure 2 whenever a jug to be labeled leaves the escapement diskss and approaches the box H containing the stack of labels. All this mechanism may be as illustrated'in my application Serial No. 192,395.

Closely adjacent to the side 22 of the label supply box is positioned a tank 59, in accordance with the present invention. This tank 50 is arranged in substantially upright position and has journaled therein a vertical shafti. The lower end ofthis shaft 54 may be provided with a belt pulley 52 keyed thereto and which is driven by a belt-53 which may be connected to any suitable source of power by which the shaft '54 may be rotated. Carried by the shaft 5| for rotation' therewith is an upright cylinder '55 having its periphery provided with a spiral groove 58. llhe lower end of this cylinder 55 extends beneath the level of -a liquidadhesive 5'! carriedin the container, and-the direction and speed of rotation of the cylinder 55 with respect to the viscous nature of 4 the adhesive employed is such that as the cylinder 55 is rotatedthis adhesive is caused to move upwardly over the-periphery of the cylinder foritswhole length and over its upper end from where it may find its way downby gravity'into thelower portion of the tank 55.

This provides a memberwhich is continuously surface-coatedfor substantially its entire length with the adhesive by'which the labels are tobe attachedand furnishes a supply whichcan be removed and transferred by an applicator to the exposed faceof theouter label within the box H. Such an applicator comprises a freely rotatable cylinder 55 of a'length at least equal to the vertical dimensionoi the label to be applied. Asshown this applicator 80 is 'journaled as on a shaft ti between spaced end portions 62 and 63 of a double arm 64. This-arm 64,. as best-shown in Figures 5 to 8, is pivoted at 65 to one end-ofalink 66, the upper-end-of which-is secured to an upright rock shaft-t'l-journaled in endbearing elements-68 andGQ. A springlt-engages thearmsfil and '55 as shown best in Figure 8, and normally tends to swing the roll rearwardly toward contact either with the cylinder 55, as shown in Figures 3 and 4, from which it receives a supply of adhesive, or against the inner face of labels in the position shown in Figure '7. At an intermediate point the arm has pivoted thereto at 12 a link '53, which, in turn, is pivoted adjacent one end to 'a link '74. A spring 15 connects the pivot 15 between these two links to a fixed bracket 1'! which tends to hold the pivot pin 16 pulled toward the bracket TI. The opposite end of the link :4 is pivoted at 18 to a link 19 which is also pivoted to the bracket I1, and it has an extension 88 which may bear against the arm fi l at suitable times, as shown in Figure 6, which time is when the applicator roll 65 is opposite to the forward edge of the box side wall 2. This prevents the applicator roll from rolling across this edge and applying adhesive thereto, but it allows the roll as to approach and contact with the outer face of the outer label in the box closely adjacent to the box edge 22, and to traverse the forward face of the stack of labels with which it remains in contact.

The traverse of the applicator roll 65 across the adhes'ively coated member 55 and then across the exposed face of the outer label of the pack is accomplished by the action of a spring '85 (see Figures 1 and 2) which is anchored at one end to a fixed point as at 85, the other end being secured to a rocker '87 pivotally mounted at 88. A link 89 connects this rocker with an arm 95 secured to the shaft El. When this link '85 is moved to the right from its position shown in Figure 1 to the position shown in'Figure 2, the arm 90 is rocked in a clockwise direction as viewed in Figures 5 to '7, which causes the roll 65 to move across the cylinder 55 and then over to the box which contains the stack of labels while 'it is held away from contact with the edge of the box by the-member 80 as previously described and then continues its motionacross and in contact with the outer face or the outermost label -into the position shownin Figure? across substantially the full width of the inside of the box and thus substantially entirely across the label.

The return motion of the applicator roll 50 l is produced by the rotation of the disk '3 when the trailing edge at one of the recesses 5 contacts a finger '9'} '(see particularly Figure 10), which is pivoted at 52 on a stationary bracket 93 and swings this finger into the dotted line position shown in Figure 10. This fingeris connected through a link 5'4 with "the rocker '87 which therefore pulls this rocker counterclockwise in opposition to the spring 55 and returns the applicator to its starting position.

Means are provided for'pre'venting the operation of the applicator 56 unless afjug to which a'label is to be applied is in position to take "the freshly adhesivl'y coated label from the stack. This means comprises 'alatch camllfi (see Figure 8) which is Sec'ul'dto the sha'ftfi lfan'diwhich is provided with a shoulder 9'! (see Figures '5,'6 and "7) which maybe engage'd'bya latch hook 9b. This latch "hook 7 98, as shown best'inFigure '8, 'is pivotally mounted at 95 on a bracket its carried'by themember E39 an'd it'is normally in such angular position (see Figuresb andili) that its hookis in the .path of -motion of the shoulder 5-1 and thus prevents operation of .the applicator. A spring :l OZ-(see Figure 8) tends to retain the latch-hookin-latchingpositiomthis spring as shown extending between a pin I03 on the latch member and a fixed pin I04. This latch is normally held in latching position by a dog I06 provided with a notch I01 in engagement with which the end of the latch 98 is held I 2I (see Figure 1) forming part of the supportfor the jug-turning belts that when the forward end of the belt support at the pulleys 4| is moved forwardly by the presence of a jug into the this arm presses upon the upper end of the lever I 20, rocking this lever and sliding the bar III to the right as viewed in Figure 8. This causes in such a position the block ID? to turn the latch hook 98 in counterclockwise direction asviewed in this figure and to remove the latch hook 98 from obstructing operation of the applicator 60. When this has been done and the disk 3'reaches an angular position where the spring 85 can pull the finger SI into the full line position of Figure 10, the applicator is actuated to apply the adhesive to the exposed face of the outermost label in the stack and the applicator is returned to starting position before the jug to be labeled reaches the label-applying position. When the adhesive has been 'so applied and the applicator retracted, the jug 7' is moved forwardly past the stack of labels while it is being rotated in coun terclockwise direction by the belt or belts 40 and is pressed against the adhesively coated label which adheres to the jug and is pulled out from the stack of labels. It will be noted that when the jug y first contacts with the adhesively coated label, the fingers 32 are retracted, so freeing the adjacent edge of the coated label, and

, as the article continues to wind the label thereon it is easily pulled out from the retainers 25 which lightly secure the opposite edge of the label in the box. The jug with the label applied thereto continues to be fed by the conveyor I until it passes clear of the belts 40, whereupon the spring 4'! returns these belts to the inclined position shown in Figure 1 ready for a succeeding label-applying cycle.

From the foregoing description of an embodiment of this invention it should be evident to those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications maybe made without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention.

I claim:

l. A mechanism of the class described comprising a tank for holding adhesive, an upright cylinder mounted for rotation about its axis and with its lower end within said tank and having a spiral peripheral groove, means for rotating said cylinder in a direction relative to the spiral direction of said groove to lift tank along the periphery of said cylinder, and an applicator roller arranged substantially parallel to said cylinder mounted for motion to take adhesive from said periphery and apply such adhesive to a desired surface.

2. In combination, a box having an upright open side face for containing a stack of labels presenting a side face of the outer label of said position shown in Figure 2,

adhesive from said box and of a height stack at said open face, a tank for containing adhesive, an upright cylinder mounted for rotation about its axis adjacent to one side of said substantially equal to the length of said box and with its lower end within said tank and having a spiral peripheralgroove, means for rotating said cylinder in a direction relative to the spiral direction of said groove to lift adhesive from said tank along the periphery of said cylinder, an applicator of substantially said height, means for moving said applicator across said cylinder to receive a coating of adhesive therefrom and then substantially entirely across the side face of said outer labeLto thereby apply adhesive to said label, and means for rolling a container about an upright axis against said adhesively coated label.

3. In combination, a box having an upright open side face for containing a stack of labels presenting a side face of the outer label of said stack at said open face, a tank for containing adhesive, an upright cylinder mounted for rotation about its axis adjacent to one side of said box and of a height substantially equal to the length of said box and with its lower end within said tank and having a spiral peripheral groove, means for rotating said cylinder in a direction relative to the spiral direction of said groove to lift adhesive from said tank along the periphcry of said cylinder, an applicator of substantially said height, means formoving said applicator across said cylinder to receive a coating of ad-- hesive therefrom and then substantially entirely across the side face of said outer label to thereby apply adhesive to said label, and means for rolling a. container about an upright axis against said adhesively coated label, said moving means including mean guiding said applicator away from the edge of said box as it passes from said cylinder to contact with said label.

4. In combination, a box having an upright open side face for containing a stack of labels presenting a side face of the outer label of said stack at said open face, a tank for containing adhesive, an upright cylinder mounted for rotation about its axi adjacent to one side of said box and of a height substantially equal to the length of said box and with its lower end within said tank and having a spiral peripheral groove, means'for rotating said cylinder in a direction relative to the spiral direction of said groove to lift adhesive from said tank along the periphery of said cylinder, an applicator of substantially said height, means for moving said applicator across said cylinder to receive a coating of adhesive therefrom and then substantially entirely across the side face of said outer label to thereby apply adhesive to said label, and means for rolling a container about an upright'axis against said adhesively coated label, said moving means including linkage supporting said applicator.

5. In combination, a box having an upright open side face for containing a stack of labels presenting a side face of the outer label of said stack at said open face, a tank for containing across said cylinder to receive a coating of adhesive therefrom and then substantially entirely across the side face of said outer label to thereby apply adhesive to said label, and means for rolling a container about an upright axis against said adhesively coated label, said moving means including linkage supporting said applicator and including a member positioned to guide said applicator outwardly from the edge of said box as it passes said edge in moving from said cylinder to said label.

6. In combination, a box having an open side face for containing a stack of labels presenting a side face of the outer label of said stack at said open face, an adhesively coated member positioned at one side of said box and of a height substantially equal to the length of the inside of said box, an applicator of substantially said height, linkage supporting said applicator for guided motion from said adhesive coated member to and across said side face of said label for sub stantially the full width of the inside of said box, and means for so moving said applicator, said linkage including a member positioned to guide said applicator outwardly from the edge of said box as it passe said edge while moving between said member and said label.

'7. Mechanism of the class described comprising a holder for a stack of labels, a member surface-coated with adhesive adjacent to said holder, an applicator mounted for motion from a position contacting with said member across the face of a label carried by said holder, yielding means operatively connected to said applicator and tending to so move said applicator, means for periodically presenting articles one by one to said label holder, means actuatable by said presenting means for returning said applicator to said member, a latch for so holding said applicator, and means actuable by an article in operative relation to said presenting means for releasing said latch to thereby cause said applicator to apply adhesive to a label but only when an article to which said label is to be applied in being moved toward said label holder by said presenting means.

8. Mechanism comprising a holder for a stack of labels, an adhesive supplying member adjacent to said holder, an applicator mounted for motion from said member across a label carried by said holder to apply adhesive from said member to said label, a spring connected to said applicator and tending to hold said applicator at a limit of motion across said label, a rotary disk having a peripheral recess for receiving an article to which the labels are to be attached and for moving said article toward said holder, means for feeding the article past said holder as it leaves said disk, means for rotating said article and pressing it against said holder as it is so fed, means actuated by said disk at one angular portion of its rotation to return said applicator to said member, a latch for so holding said applicator, and means actuated by an article while it is being so fed to release said latch and permit said spring to move said applicator to apply adhesive to a label shortly before said article is fed into contact with said label.

9. Mechanism comprising a holder for a stack of labels, an adhesive supplying member adjacent to said holder, an applicator mounted for motion from said member across a label carried by said holder to apply adhesive from said member to said label, a spring connected to said applicator and tending to hold said applicator at a limit of motion across said label, a rotary disk having a peripheral recess for receiving an article to which the labels are to be attached and for moving said article toward said holder, means for feeding the article past said holder as it leaves said disk, means for rotating said article and pressing it against said holder as it is so fed, means actuated by said disk at one angular portion of its rotation to return said applieator to said member, a latch for so holding said applicator, and means actuated by an article while it is being so fed to release said latch and permit said spring to move said applicator to apply adhesive to a label and thereafter to return said applicator shortly before said article is fed into contact with said label.

References (Jited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 994,357 Wulfeck June 6, 1911 1,619,840 Wild Mar. 8, 1927 2,080,414 Ermold May 18, 1937 2,224,098 Burke et al. Dec. 3, 1940 2,338,138 Sillars Jan. 4, 1944 2,339,055 Craig Jan. 14, 1944 2,354,688 Kimball et al. Aug. 1, 1944 2,544,627 Amidon et a1. Mar. 6, 1951 2,546,522 Quackenbush Mar. 27, 1951

Patent Citations
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US2224098 *Oct 19, 1937Dec 3, 1940Internat Tissue CorpWrapping machine
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6254679Oct 29, 1998Jul 3, 2001Neopost IndustrieDevice for uniformly moistening labels
US6948630Oct 21, 2002Sep 27, 2005Rexam Medical Packaging, Inc.Self-draining container neck and closure
US7644902May 31, 2003Jan 12, 2010Rexam Medical Packaging Inc.Apparatus for producing a retort thermal processed container with a peelable seal
US7766178Jan 29, 2007Aug 3, 2010Rexam Medical Packaging Inc.Closure for a retort processed container having a peelable seal
US7780024Jan 25, 2006Aug 24, 2010Rexam Closures And Containers Inc.Self peel flick-it seal for an opening in a container neck
US7798359Jul 28, 2005Sep 21, 2010Momar Industries LLCHeat-sealed, peelable lidding membrane for retort packaging
US8100277Dec 19, 2006Jan 24, 2012Rexam Closures And Containers Inc.Peelable seal for an opening in a container neck
US8251236Nov 2, 2007Aug 28, 2012Berry Plastics CorporationClosure with lifting mechanism
US8650839May 19, 2008Feb 18, 2014Berry Plastics CorporationClosure with lifting mechanism
DE1010004B *Sep 30, 1954Jun 6, 1957Jagenberg Werke AgEtikettiermaschine fuer Flaschen oder aehnliche Werkstuecke
EP0913331A1 *Sep 9, 1998May 6, 1999Neopost IndustrieDevice for uniformly wetting labels
Classifications
U.S. Classification156/453, 156/DIG.350, 118/243, 156/DIG.340
International ClassificationB65C9/00, B65C9/22
Cooperative ClassificationB65C9/2265
European ClassificationB65C9/22F4D