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Publication numberUS2686959 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 24, 1954
Filing dateApr 2, 1951
Priority dateApr 2, 1951
Publication numberUS 2686959 A, US 2686959A, US-A-2686959, US2686959 A, US2686959A
InventorsWayne C Robinson
Original AssigneeWayne C Robinson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Spacing tool
US 2686959 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

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W. C. ROBINSON SPACING TOOL 2 Sheets-Sheet l 1: E9 J "i 5 .5 v ll.

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BY @da W, C. ROBINSON Aug. 24, 1954 SPACING TOOL Filed April 2, 1951 2 sheets-sheet 2 Wayne '6. l'vanb/nsan` IN V EN TOR.

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Patented Aug. 24, t 1954 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE Wayne C. Robinson, Long Beach, Calif. `Application April 2, 1951, Serial No. 218,87

3 Claims. (Cl. 29-285) The present-.invention relates to improvements in tools and more particularly the type of tool which is adapted to be employed for spacing objects for various purposes. An object of the present invention is to provide a spacing tool whereby a plurality of objects may be iixedly disposed in preselected spaced relation.

A further object of the present invention resides in the provision of novel means for clamping each of the individual objects to be positioned in spaced relation to each other whereby the inaccuracies of construction of the objects to be spaced is taken up by the means of the present invention.

Still another object of the present invention resides in the provision of novel means for `resiliently clamping the individual elements for `maintaining the same in spaced relation.

` Another object of the present invention resides in the provision of novel resilient means for `effecting relative longitudinal movement between the pairof elongated elements forming the spacing tool whereby the clamping elements carried by the individualelongated elements will be resiliently urged towards each other for clamping the objects therebetween.

Various other objects and advantages will become apparent from thedetailed description to follow. Among these advantages are the simplicity and moderate construction costs of the apparatus, the extreme portability of the appa- `ratus and its ability to withstand rough usage without damage. The best form in which I have contemplated applying my invention is clearly i1-` {lustrated in the accompanying drawings, where- 4of Figure 1;

Figure 6 is a detail perspective view showing one of the clamping elements of the present invention; and

Figure 7 is a detail perspective exploded view 2 I I of the complementary clamping element and resilient supporting means therefor.

Referring more particularly to the drawings, wherein like numerals designate like parts throughout, the numeral IIJ designates generally the spacing tool of the present invention which is adapted to space a plurality of objects I-2, I4 and I6 with respect to each other.

The spacing tool IIll is comprised of a pair of elongated elements I8 and 20. The elongated element 20 has a plurality of clamping elements 22 secured thereto, the individual elements being shown best in Figure 6. 'I'he clamping element 22 is comprised of a clamping face 24 with a plate 26 extending right angularly therefrom and having a plurality of apertures 28 therein. The elongated element 28 is provided with sets of apertures 30 at spaced points along its length whereby the clamping elements 22 may be secured thereto by means of the pins 32.

The pair of elongated elements I8 and 20- are secured together by a plurality of pins 34 which extend through slots 36 in the elongatedelement I8 `and through the central apertures of the groups of apertures`28 and 30.V Thus, relative longitudinal movement between the elongated members I8 and 2U is possible.

` I The elongated element I8 has secured thereto a plurality of complementary clamping elements 38 which are comprised of clamping faces 40 each formed with a pair of walls 42 and 44 right angularly extending therefrom and having elongated slots 46 therein. Brackets 48 are secured to the elongated member I8 by means of pins 50l through the apertures 52 and the walls 44and 42 are adapted to be received on opposite sides of the downwardly extending portion 54 of the bracket 48. The lower portion 54 of the bracket 48 is provided with an aperture 56 which is adapted to be in alignment with the slots 46` oi the walls 42 and 44. The lower portion I54 is also provided with a pair of longitudinally extending pins and 62 upon which a pair of springs 64 are adapted to be received for engagement withv the back side of the face 40 and between the walls 42 and 44 whereby the clamping element 38 may be resiliently urged from the supporting bracket '48. When the bracket 48 is secured to the elongated element I8, the clamping element 38 may be disposed thereon and resiliently secured thereto with the screw 58 extending through the slots 46 and through the aperture 56.

The clamping elements 38 are secured to the member I8 in such a manner that each complementary clamping element 38 is adjacent to a clamping element 22. Thus, as may be most clearly observed in Figure 3, adjacent pairs of clamping elements 22, 38 are spaced throughout the length of the spacing tool.

The means `66 for effecting relative longitudinal movement between the elongated elements IB and is comprised of a handle element 68 which is pivotally secured to the elongated element I8 at 10 and aresilient link lf2 which is pivotally connected to the elongated element 29 at 14 and to an intermediate portion of the handle element 68 at 16. As seen best in Figure 3, the handle element 98 is angulated to provide the offset portion 18 above the upper edges of the elongated elements I8 and 20 for manipulation thereby. When the handle 'I8 is in its uppermost position, the clamping elements will be spaced farthest apart and when the handle 18 is moved downwardly, the clamping elements 22 and 39 engage the various objects I2, i4 and Iii and resiliently maintain the objects in spaced relation until they have been secured by other means.

Having described the invention, what is claimed as new is:

l. A spacing tool comprising a pair of elongated elements, a plurality of clamping elements supported by one of said elongated elements, a plurality of complementary clamping elements resiliently supported on the other of said elongated elements, the clamping elements of the one elongated element opposing the clamping elements oi the other elongated element, first means loosely interconnecting said elongated elements, and second means for effecting relative longitudinal movement between the elongated elements whereby the clamping elements are urged toward each other for maintaining the objects clamped thereby in spaced relation, means resiliently supporting said complementary clamping elements including brackets iixedly secured 'to said other elongated element, said complementary clamping elements being formed with a pair of walls extending perpendicularly from the clamping wall and adapted to engage opposite sides of said bracket, means for resiliently urging said complementaryclamping elements from said brackets, and means for limiting the relative movement between the complementary clamping elements and brackets. f

2. A spacing tool comprising a pair of elongated elements, a plurality of clamping elements supported by one of said elongated elements, va plurality of complementary clamping elements resiliently supported on the other of said elongated elements, the clamping elements of the one elongated element opposing the' clamping elements of the other elongated element, first means loosely interconnecting said elongated elements, and second means for eiecting relative longitudinal movement between the elongated ele'- ments whereby the clamping elements are urged toward each other for maintaining the objects clamped thereby in spaced relation, means resiliently supporting said complementary clamping elements including brackets xedly secured to said other elongated element, said complementary clamping elements being formed with a pair of walls extending perpendicularly from the clamping wall and adapted to engage opposite sides of said bracket, means for resiliently urging said complementary clamping elements from said brackets, and means for limiting the relative movement between the complementary clamping elements and brackets, said means for resiliently urging said complementary clamping elements from said brackets including a pair of pins integrally formed on each of said brackets, and coil springs disposed on said pins.

3. A spacing tool comprising a pair of elongated elements, a plurality of clamping elements supported by One of `said elongat-ed elements, a plurality of complementary clamping elements resiliently supported on the other of said elongated elements, the clamping elements of the one elongated element opposing the clamping elements of the other elongated element, rst means loosely interconnecting said elongated elements, and second means for eiecting relative longitudinal movement between the elongated elements whereby the clamping elements are urged toward each oth-er for maintaining the objects clamped thereby in spaced relation, means resiliently supporting said complementary clamping elements including brackets xedly secured to said other elongated element, said complementary clamping elements being formed with a pair of walls extending perpendicularly from the clamping wall and adapted to engage opposite sides of said bracket, means for resiliently urging said complementary clamping elements from said brackets, and means for limiting the relative movement between the complementary clamping elements and brackets, said last named means including an aperture formed in each of said brackets and slots formed in each of said pairs of walls and .adapted to be aligned with the apertures in said bracketsand a locking pin disposed through each set of apertures and slots.

`Itei-ei'ences Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Johanson Apr. 11, 1939

Patent Citations
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US930287 *Apr 29, 1909Aug 3, 1909Gelasius M HenryHarness clamp and guide.
US1057799 *Jul 5, 1912Apr 1, 1913James Fraser BowermanLath-holder.
US1492126 *Nov 22, 1918Apr 29, 1924Blake C C IncWork-positioning apparatus
US2127734 *Aug 13, 1936Aug 23, 1938James HillFocusing device for automobile headlights
US2153893 *Nov 19, 1938Apr 11, 1939Elof JohansonVenetian blind clamp
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2935103 *Sep 1, 1954May 3, 1960Jr Earle H LandisHouse framing jigs
US3032332 *Oct 10, 1956May 1, 1962Martin Marietta CorpWing handling fixture and method of using
US3201874 *Jun 22, 1962Aug 24, 1965Christy Donald FSelf-positioning stud spacing gauge
US4322064 *Apr 18, 1980Mar 30, 1982Michael JarvisObject-spacing tool and method thereof
US4350279 *Feb 26, 1980Sep 21, 1982Haley Norman SBatten setter
US4420921 *Apr 12, 1982Dec 20, 1983Hardin Isaac HBuilding spacer
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US4843726 *Jan 19, 1988Jul 4, 1989Ward James EStud alignment and positioning tool
US4930225 *Feb 16, 1989Jun 5, 1990Phillips Charlotte NDeck board spacer and nailing guide
US4958814 *Oct 13, 1989Sep 25, 1990Johnson Brian AInterval locator
US5129151 *Dec 26, 1991Jul 14, 1992Robertson-Ceco CorporationRoof panel module gauge
US5490334 *Dec 6, 1994Feb 13, 1996Frame Master, Inc.Speed hand tool for studs, joists, rafters, and the like
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Classifications
U.S. Classification33/613, 269/43
International ClassificationE04F21/04, E04D15/02, G01B3/08, B65B43/26
Cooperative ClassificationG01B3/08, E04F21/04, E04D15/025, B65B43/26
European ClassificationG01B3/08, B65B43/26, E04F21/04, E04D15/02T