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Publication numberUS2687158 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 24, 1954
Filing dateMar 30, 1951
Priority dateMar 30, 1951
Publication numberUS 2687158 A, US 2687158A, US-A-2687158, US2687158 A, US2687158A
InventorsOwen Harold A
Original AssigneeInt Latex Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Flexible container
US 2687158 A
Abstract  available in
Images(5)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 24, 1954 Filed March 30, 1951 H. A. OWEN 2,687,158

FLEXIBLE CONTAINER 5 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR. HAROLDA.OWEN.

1i. ATTORNEYJ,

H. A. OWEN FLEXIBLE CONTAINER Aug. 24, 1954 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed March 30, 1951 o m i 0.

m ww Aug. 24, 1954 H. A. OWEN 2,587,153

FLEXIBLE CONTAINER Filed March 30, 1951 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTOR. HAROL u A .OwEN.

L; I nrrak/vfrs.

4, 1954 H. A. OWEN 2,687,158

FLEXIBLE CONTAINER Filed March 30, 1951 5 Sheets-Sheet 4 IN VEN TOR. HA RoLp A .OWEN

1: ATTORNEYS.

Aug. 24, 1954 Filed March 50, 1951 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENTOR. HAROLD/1.091 5 BY MI 4 ATTORNEYS.

Patented Aug. 24, 1954 2,687,158 FLEXIBLE CONTAINER Harold A. Owen, Dover, Del., assignor to International Latex Corporation, Dover, DeL, a corporation of Delaware Application March 30, 1951, Serial No. 218,469

12 Claims.

This invention relates to flexible collapsible containers and method for producing same. The invention more particularly relates to flexible collapsible canteens for holding and transporting liquids.

An object of the invention is to provide flexible collapsible containers for liquid which are capable of being dropped from a substantial height without rupture.

Another object of the present invention is to provide novel neck structure surrounding an opening in such container which will prevent leakage around, or in the neighborhood of such neck structure.

The invention consists in the novel features, arrangements and combination of parts embodied, by Way of example, in the method and article hereinafter described as illustrating a preferred form of the invention, and the invention will be more particularly pointed out in the appended claims.

Further objects, features and advantages of the invention will more clearly appear from the detailed description given below taken in connection with the accompanying drawings which form apart of the specification.

Referring to the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a plan view, on a reduced scale, of a pair of superimposed sheets from which an illner and outer bladder employed in the present invention may be made, such sheets having centrally disposed registered openings formed therein;

Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view, on an enlarged scale, taken substantially along line 2-2 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a side elevation, on a reduced scale, with parts broken away, illustrating an inner and outer bladder formed from the superimposed sheets shown in Fig. 1;

Fig. 3c is a fragmentary view of the lower portion of a double bladder container showing a different type of endseam as compared toFig. 3;

Fig. 4 is a vertical sectional View, on an enlarged scale, takenthrough a filling spout of a container embodying the present invention and illustrating a modified form of the neck region structure thereof;

Fig. 5 is a vertical sectional View, also on an enlarged scale, taken through such a filling spout and showing a further modification of the neck region structure of such container;

Fig. 6 is a side elevation of the novel container embodying the present invention including an outer casing of relatively heavy fibrous flexible material; and

2 a Fig. '7 is asectional view taken along line 1-1 of Fig. 6.

The invention in one aspect thereof comprises a relatively thin flexible outer bladder which encloses therewithin a relatively thin, substantially elastic liquid-tight inner bladder. The outer bladder is of a normal volumetric capacity substantially greater than the normal volumetric capacity of the inner bladder when the latter is distended and full but before its walls have stretched. A neck zone for said bladders is provided comprising a fabric reinforcing collar and a plastic collar in aligned series therewith, the collars and corresponding superimposed areas of the two bladders being intimately adhered together in liquid-tight relationship, for example, by fusing, to provide such reinforced neck zone.

v The neck zone in turn is provided with an opening through which communication may be had, through a filling spout positioned therein, between the exterior of the container and the interior of the inner bladder. An outer casing for such bladders is provided of strong, fibrous, nonelastic, substantially non-stretchable material such as canvas or duck, the volumetric capacity of which casing is substantially smaller than the normal volumetric capacity of either one of said inner and outer bladders. The combined action of said two bladders and said casing and the special relation of their volumes provides a container having a strength and impact resistance heretofore unattained.

In Fig. 1 there are shown two unfolded, relatively thin sheets Hi and II preferably of a substantially elastic thermoplastic material, such as Vinylit'e, said sheets being flattened and superimposed one upon the other as a preliminary step in the method for forming the inner and outer bladders above mentioned. Said sheets l9 and I l preferably are rectangular in shape and of a common length, that is, their horizontal dimensions, as viewed in Fig. 1, are preferably equal. However, the width of sheet I0 is less than that of H. As an example, the length of sheets ll] and II may be fifty inches whereas the width of sheet Ii! may be twenty-one inches and that of sheet ll twenty-two inches. Vinylite sheets of the thickness of about .008 inch to .016 inch have been found to be satisfactory.

A neck zone of adequate strength and leakproof character through which a filling spout may extend is provided, one form of which is shown in Fig. 2, wherein there is interposed between the sheets iii and l l a suitable reinforcing member 12 which may be of fabric, such as closely woven nylon or muslin preferably coated with a thermoactive material which will facilitate the adhering thereof to the sheets H3 and H under the influence of heat and pressure. The function of the reinforcing member if is to adhere to the inner and outer bladders it and H to increase the wrinkle resistant qualities thereof thereby to facilitate the securing thereto of afilling spout sh wn generally at E3 which is inserted through suitable registered openings in said sheets In, H and member 62. The fillin spout 53 includes a tube or neck M having a base flange l5 and a clamping collar l6 which threadedly engages .an outer threaded portion of the tube M thereby .to clamp the laminae comprising the neck zone of the container as will appear more fully hereinafter. In installing the clamping collar l5 and tightening same upon the laminae. the reinforcing collar it prevents a wrinkling of the flexible thermoplastic sheets if! and H, such reinforcing collar 52 being suitably connected to one or more of the sheets.

It has been found desirable, in addition to providing the reinforcing collar l2, also to provide a thickening collar H which may'be'of any suitable material, such as thermoplastic, which is in aligned series with such registered openings and which may be adhered to one of the bladders, for example, by fusing or by suitable adhesive. However; the invention is not limited to adhering the thickening collar H to any of the laminae of the neck Zone.

After said reinforcing collar [2 is interposed between the sheets "lb and l l, the thickening collar ll is placed in aligned series therewith and in the form shown in Fig. 2 directly adjacent the inner sheet ill whereby it is interposed between the flange 65 and said inner sheet l9.

-"rne superimposed laminae ll, I2. I ii and l"! (Figs. 1 and 2) thereupon may be intimately adhesively connected throughout the neck zone as by the application of heat and pressure.

After forming such "an intimate adhesive connection, an opening is formed in the laminae so connected-for example, by a punch tool, and the preferablymay be in the form of a pair of straps secured to such outer casing, each of which passes through a respective loop formed in a strap collarsurrounding the filling spout t3. Asshown in Fig. 2, a rigid collar, preferably of metal, is shown as at 513 embracing the tube 1 4 and superimposed upon the outer sheet, the metal collar l'8 having strap openings lilo; formed preferably on diametrically opposite sides thereof. The metal collar 1'8 is thus interposedbetween the clamping nut-or collar l6 and the outer sheet H.

Thereafter the inner sheet it is foldedabout a transverseor median line indicated at l 9 so as to place the'opposite end margins ltd and liib thereor" in registered relationship. Such folding over will also place the side margins lilc, Mid and Hie, 'lilfin registered relation. Thereupon such registered side and end. margins of the sheet iii are adhered'togetherinto intimate liquids'ealin'g relationship, for example, by the application of heat and pressure. Thus the inner sheet ll] becomes an inner bladder 20 (Fig. 3.)

Thereafter said outer sheet H is analogously folded about the transverse or median line 19 bringing .itsside and end margins into registering relationship and these marginsare in turn adhered together also into intimate liquid sealing relationship as by the application of heat and pressure. der separate from the outer except at the neck zone area. Therefore, in forming the end seal of the outer bladder, when the sheets are of the same length, the endseal of the inner bladder is moved :away from the corresponding ends of the outer bladder.

Thus the outer sheet 5 i is formed into an outer bladder 2E. The outer bladder 2| thus encloses the inner bladder and is of larger size than the latter.

'an'alternative procedure in the sealing of said..margins, the inner sheet it may be first folded about the transverse or median line l9 thereby bringing the side margins iilc, lilo. and its, tflfiinto registered relationship, end margins Ma and lilb also thereby being brought into registered relationship whereupon the said registered side margins may be intimately adhered together in liquid-sealing relationship as by the application of heat and pressure. Thereafter the outer sheet H may be folded about said trans- Verse line I9 whereby its end and side margins are brought into registered relationship, the end margins of sheet H thus also being in registered relationship with the end margins I W, liib of sheet Id. Thereupon said end margins of both -sheets it and it may be simultaneously adhered to form an end seam by the application of heat and pressure. Thus a common end seam forbo'th sheets l3 and H is formed, as shown at My in Fig. 3a.

A neck zone construction is shown in Fig. 4 which is alternative to that shown in Fig. 2. The parts in the embodiment of Fig. 4 which correspond to analogous parts in the embodiment of Fig. 2 are indicated by similar reference characters, asuffixprimebeing added to such characters in Fig. 4.

A new element is added in the embodiment of Fig. 4 as compared to that of Fig. 2 comprising 'a reinforcing collar member 22 which is interposed between the metal collar l8 and the outer bladder 2i. Such reinforcing collar member 22 is preferably of a character similar to that of reinforcing collar if of Fig. 2 and thus may comprise a fabric portion having applied thereto 'thermoactive material to facilitate intimate adhesive connection thereof with the outer bladder 21'.

In Fig. 5 a further alternative neck zone structure is shown, the parts thereof bearing analogous relationship to corresponding parts of the embodiment of Fig. 4 also being indicated by similar reference characters but bearing the suffix double prime. It will be noted in the embodiment of Fig. 5 no reinforcing collar member is interposed between the inner and outer bladders 20", 2|". A thickening collar member I?" is positioned next adjacent the inner bladder 26" in a manner analogous to elements ill and 20' in the embodiment of Fig. 4. However, a reinforcing collar member if is positioned in aligned relationship with the other laminae shown in this figure but interposed between a base flange l5 and said thickening collar member I1. Said laminae in this embodiment also are intimately adhesively connected throughout a preselectedregion thereof, that is, throughout a preselected area surrounding the opening therein.

The application of heat and pressure to the thermoplastic laminae 20'', 21" and H may It is desirable to have the inner bladto by virtue of the thermoactive material thereupon. However, the invention is not limited to i the fusing or blending together of such laminae in the neck region, it being sufficient if such laminae are adhered together to provide a liquid-tight seal.

substance, such as canvas or duck. Atop flap 24 is formed along the upper edge of the outer casing 23 which maybe folded over an opening 25, as shown in this figure, the outermost edges of such flap 24 being fastenable to a side wall 23a by suitable snap fasteners as at 26. In order to prevent the flap 24 from snapping open under the influence of, for example, a severe impact, suitable straps as at 21 are secured tothe side wall 23a and are fastenable to buckles 28 which are in turn secured to the flap 24.

The volumetric capacity of said outer casing 23, with the flap 24 thereof closed, as shown in Fig. 6, is substantially smaller than thenormal volumetric capacity of any of said inner bladders above mentioned. The inner dimensions of the outer casing 23, when the latter is collapsed and closed, are smaller than the dimensions of any of said inner bladders above mentioned.

The filling spout 13, as shown in Fig. 6, is

provided with a suitable cover 29 which engages threads thereupon in a conventional manner and said outer casing is provided with a cover flap 39 which is shown folded back to expose said filling spout l3 but which may be folded over to cover said filling spout and to a suitable fastener as at 26a.

The metal collar I8 is secured to the outer casing 23, for example by straps 3i and 32, one extremity of which is fastened to the upperinner surface of the flap 24 and whichjpass through corresponding openings l8ain the collar [8 and which are secured by suitable buckles as at 33 and 34, respectively.

The outer casing 23 being smaller than the inner bladders, both the inner and outer bladders 20 and 2i are constrained and therefore have inherent slackness. In Fig. 7 the parts have been separated to better illustrate this condition.

In operation a severe impact upon the canteen when filled with liquid is absorbed substantially entirely by the outer casing 23. a portion, of

'course, being absorbed by the bladders 2B and 2!. It has been found that the special relationship of sizes between said bladders and outer casing as above described causes, upon impact or strain, the walls of the inner bladder 20 to stretch until the strain is distributed partially upon the outer bladder 2| and upon the outer casing 23, the outer bladder 2i acting in the nature of a cushion between the outer casing and the inner bladder 20 and providing a surface against which the walls of the inner bladder 20 may move Without severe friction which might initiate a rupture. It has been found that where a single bladder is employed that the bladder, in order to be rebe fastened by lieved from undue strain, has to be substantially smaller than the outer casing and therefore crowds the smallfolds or wrinkles. When said single inner bladder is filled, it oftens happens that the liquid does not crowd the entire bladder against the outer casing and upon sudden impact-especially on One corner, the

single bladder will be caused to tear or rupture.

I havefound that the particular arrangement of bladders above described avoids this difiiculty and is far superior to a mere multiwall thickness in which the bladders are substantially of the same size.

Having thus described my invention particularly with reference to a preferred form of the same and in connection with a preferred method of producing the same, and having referred to certain modifications, it will be obvious to those skilled in the art, after understanding my invention, that other changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of my invention, and I aim in the appended claims to cover such changes and modifications as are within invention.

What I claim is:

1. In a collapsible container for use with an outer casing of substantially non-stretchable, non-elastic, flexible fibrous material, the combination of such outer casing, an outer bladder having relatively thin flexible walls, an inner bladder having substantially elastic relatively thin walls of liquidproof material, said inner bladder being enclosed within said outer bladder, the normal volumetric capacity of said inner bladder being substantially smaller than the normal volumetric capacity of said outer bladder, said bladders each having an opening therein which is in register with the opening in the other bladder, and a collar member having an opening therein and positioned with such openingin register with said other openings, said bladders and collar member being intimately secured together in liquid-tight engagement throughout a preselected neck area surrounding the openings in said bladders, said outer casing being smaller in volumetric capacity than either one of said bladders.

2. In a collapsible container for use with an outer casing of substantially non-stretchable, flexible fibrous material, the combination of such outer casing, a liquid-tight substantially elastic inner bladder, a substantially elastic outer bladder having relatively thin flexible walls enclosing said inner bladder, said outer bladder being sufficiently larger than said inner bladder to provide for substantial expansion of said inner bladder before expansion of said outer bladder, said bladders having neck openings in registered alignment and being in liquid-tight sealed relationship throughout a neck zone surrounding said openings, and a filling spout secured to said neck zone and providing ingress and egress to said inner bladder only, the normal volumetric capacity of said outer casing when distended being smaller than that of either one of said bladders.

3. In a collapsible container, the combination of an inner bladder having relatively thin, substantially elastic walls of liquidproof material, an outer bladder of similar material encasing said inner bladder, said bladders being of sub stantially corresponding shape when in a collapsed condition and also when at full volumetric capacity and before substantial stretching the normal volumetric capacity of said inner bladder being substantially smaller than the ,normal the scope of the volumetric capacity ,of :said outer bladder, said bladders each having an opening which is-in register with the opening in-the other bladder,

a collar member having an opening in register with the openings in said bladders, the collar member and bladders comprising laminae which :are secured in liquid-tight engagement in a neck zone surrounding said openings, a filling spout having-aneck passing through said'openings and being secured to said neck zone, and an outer stantially-elastic walls of liquidproof material, an

outer bladder of similar material encasing said inner bladder, said bladders being of substantiallycorrespondingshape'when in a collapsed condition and also when at full volumetric capacity and before substantial stretching the normal volumetric capacity of said inner bladder being substantially smaller than the normal volumetric capacity of said outer bladder, said bladders each having an opening which is in register with the opening in the other bladder, a collar member having an opening in register with the openings in said bladders, the collar member and bladders comprising laminae which are secured in liquid-tight engagement in a neck zone area surrounding said openings, a filling spout having a neck passing through said openings and being secured to said neck zone, and an outer casing of relatively heavier and stronger fibrous material encasing said bladders and also having an opening for receiving said neck therethrough, said outer casing being of a volumetric capacity substantially smaller than the normal volumetric capacity of said inner bladders.

5. In a collapsible container, the combination of an inner bladder having relatively thin, substantially elastic walls of thermoplastic, liquid- -proof material, an outer bladder having relative- :ly thin walls of thermoplastic material, said outer bladder encasing said inner bladder, said outer bladder having a normal volumetric capacity substantially greater than the normal volumetric capacity of said inner bladder when the latter is distended and full but before said walls thereof have stretched, said inner and outer bladders when collapsed and when full being of substantially corresponding shape, each of said bladders having an opening therein which is in register with the opening in the other bladder, a relatively inelastic member having an opening therein positioned in register with the openings in said bladders, said relatively inelastic member and the portions of said bladders thereadjacent comprising superimposed laminae which are intimately connected throughout a preselected region surrounding said opening, and an outer casing of relatively heavier and stronger fibrous material enveloping said outer'bladder and having an opening in register with said other openings.

6. In a collapsible fluid container of the class described, the combination of an inner bladder having an opening therein, an outer bladder enveloping said inner bladder and also having an opening therein in register with the first-mentioned opening, said bladders having substantially elastic, relatively thin walls of thermoplastic, liquidproof material, said inner bladder having a normal volumetric capacity when distended which is smaller than the corresponding capacity of said outer bladder. said inner and outer bladders when corresponding shape, and a reinforcing :member of flexible material having an opening therein,

saidmember being positioned with its-openingzin register with said other openings and engaging, in the area surrounding said openings, at least one of said bladders, said member and bladders bein intimately adhesively bound together in such area surrounding the openings.

.7. Ina collapsible container, the combination of arelatively thin flexible outer bladder, arelatively thin substantially elastic'liquid-tight inner bladder, said inner bladder being enclosed within said outer bladder, the lengths of said bladders beng substantially the same and the width of said inner bladder being substantially lessthan the width of said outer bladder whensaid bladders are collapsed, said bladders being intimately secured together in liquid-tight relationship in an end zone area, and a relatively inelastic :collar member secured to said zone thereby to provide a strengthened wall portion, said wall portion having an opening therethrough.

8. In a collapsible container, the combination of a liquid-tight inner bladder having relatively thin substantially elastic walls of thermoplastic material, an outer bladder having relatively thin elastic walls of thermoplastic material, saidouter bladder encasing said inner bladder and having a normal volumetric capacity substantially greater than the normal volumetric capacityof said inner bladder when the latter'is distended and full but before its walls have stretched, a

fabric reinforcing collar and a plastic collar in aligned series therewith, said collars and corresponding superimposed areas of said .two bladders being fused together to provide a reinforced neck zone wherein said bladders are in liquid-tight sealed relationship, said neck zone being provided with an opening through whichcommunication may be had between the exterior of said container and the interior of said inner bladder, a filling spout having a neck passing through said opening and being secured to said neck zone, and an outer casing of relatively heavier and stronger fibrous material encasing said bladders, the normal volumetric capacity of said outer casing when distended being smaller than that of either one of said bladders.

9. In a collapsible container, the combination of a liquid-tight inner bladder having relative- 1y thin substantially elastic walls of thermoplastic material, an outer bladder having relatively thin elastic walls of thermoplastic material, said outer bladder encasing said inner bladder and having a normal volumetric capacity substan-- tially greater than the normal volumetric capacity of said inner bladder when the latter is distended and full but before its walls have stretched, a fabric reinforcing collar disposed between said bladders and a thermoplastic collar in aligned series with said fabric collar and corresponding areas of said bladders, said collars and corresponding superimposed areas of said two bladders being fused together to provide a reinforced neck zone wherein said bladders are in liquid-tight sealed relationship, said neck zone being provided with an opening through which communication may be had between the exterior of said con- 9 outer casing when distended being smaller than that of either one of said bladders.

10. In a collapsible container, the combination of a liquid tight inner bladder having relatively thin substantially elastic walls of thermoplastic material, an outer bladder having relatively thin elastic walls of thermoplastic material, said outer bladder encasing said inner bladder and having a normal volumetric capacity substantially greater than the normal volumetric capacity of said inner bladder when the latter is distended and full but before its walls have stretched, a fabric reinforcing collar disposed exterior said outer bladder, a second fabric reinforcing collar disposed between said bladders in aligned series with said first fabriccollar and a thermoplastic collar in aligned series with said two fabric collars, said collars and corresponding superimposed areas of said two bladders being fused together to provide a reinforced neck zone wherein said bladders are in liquid-tight sealed relationship, said neck zone being provided with an opening through which communication may be had between the exterior of said container and the interior of said inner bladder, a filling spout having a neck passing through said opening and being secured to said neck zone, and an outer casing of relatively heavier and stronger fibrous material encasing said bladders, the normal volumetric capacity of said outer casing when distended being smaller than that of either one of said bladders.

11. In a collapsible container, the combination of a liquid tight inner bladder having relatively thin substantially elastic walls of thermoplastic material, an outer bladder having relatively thin elastic walls of thermoplastic material, said outer bladder encasing said inner bladder and having a normal volumetric capacity substantially greater than the normal volumetric capacity of said inner bladder when the latter is distended and full but before its walls have stretched, a fabric reinforcing collar disposed exterior said outer bladder, a second fabric reinforcing collar disposed interior said inner bladder in aligned series with said first fabric collar, and a thermoplastic collar disposed between one of said bladders and its corresponding fabric collar in aligned series therewith, said collars and corresponding superimposed areas of said two bladders being fused together to provide a reinforced neck zone wherein said bladders are in liquid-tight sealed relationship, said neck zone being provided with an opening through which communication may be had between the exterior of said container and the interior of said inner bladder, a filling spout having a neck passing through said opening and being secured to said neck zone, and an outer casing of relatively heavier and stronger fibrous material encasing said bladders, the normal volumetric capacity of said outer casing when distended being smaller than that of either one of said bladders.

12. The method of making a multiple bladder collapsible container which comprises disposing in overlying relationship a sheet of relatively thin elastic thermoplastic material of relatively smaller size and a sheet of relatively thin elastic thermoplastic material of relatively larger size with margins of the larger sheet extending beyond corresponding margins of the smaller sheet, applying a relatively inelastic piece of sheet material adjacent a surface of at least one of said sheets at a position centrally of the opposite ends of said sheets and intermediate their opposite side edges, said relatively inelastic piece of sheet material being fusible to at least one of said sheets of relatively thin elastic thermoplastic material, fusing said thermoplastic sheets and inelastic piece together into intimate adherence to provide a neck zone area, providing a neck opening through said area, securing to said area a filling spout having a neck passing through said opening, folding said smaller sheet about a median transverse line so as to bring corresponding marginal side edges and end edges of said folds into register, fusing said marginal edges to provide a liquid-tight inner bladder, correspondingly folding said outer sheet over said inner bladder and similarly fusing the side and end edges to provide an outer bladder of larger size enclosing said inner bladder.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,822,592 Hutchinson Sept. 8, 1931 1,969,118 Brucker Aug. 7, 1934 2,070,066 Picardi Feb. 9, 1937 2,404,766 Hanson et al. July 23, 1946 2,430,905 Bradley Nov. 18, 1947 2,559,591 Burkley July 10, 1951

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Classifications
U.S. Classification206/521, 383/66, 383/80, 383/59
International ClassificationB65D75/52, B65D77/04, B65D75/58
Cooperative ClassificationB65D77/04, B65D75/5877
European ClassificationB65D77/04, B65D75/58G3A