US 2687167 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
1954 A. JANESICK 2,687,167
CHILD'S CHAIR Filed July 17, 1951 lilih'il ulmqr NIH Hll HI INVENTOR. fllberi Janesiaifl A TTORNEY Patented Aug. 24, 1954 ,UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CHILDS CHAIR Albert J anesick, Flint, Mich. Application July 17, 1951, Serial No. 237,261
This invention relates to children's chairs and more particularly to chairs'constructed for preventing a child from either sliding forward in the seat of the chair or raising himself from the seat to a position where he may fall from the chair.
Heretofore, restraining straps have been extensively employed, both in the form of a belt secured to the chair and around the waist of the child, and in a strap attached to the seat and tray of the chair and extending between the legs of a child. Straps, while usually requiring the attachment and detachment thereof when placing or removing a child from the chair, have further proven unsatisfactory due to stretchiness and a tendency to break, and in some instances have caused serious injury to children while they are attempting to get out of the chair. Other attempts have been made by providing between the tray and seat a post that is straddled by the child, but these fail to perform the dual function of preventing forward sliding of a child ,on the seat and of keeping a child from raising himself from the seat.
It is therefore proposed to provide a novel and improved childs chair having a vertically extending member between a seat and a child-retaining element such as a tray or table of the chair at a location well within the crotch of a child who will straddle said member while seated in the chair, said member restricting the areaof the seat rearwardly of said member to such a degree as to render it impossible for a child to raise himself from a seated position.
More specifically, it is an important object of the invention to have said member between the seat and tray in the form of a partition parallel with sides of the chair and of a depth substantially equal to the width of the tray for further restricting turning movement of a child seated in the chair.
Another object of the invention is to provide a childs chair in accordance with the preceding objects wherein the partition is bodily carried by the tray and depends therefrom to a location slightly spaced above the seat for permitting wraps placed over the legs of a child to extend under said partition.
A further object of the invention is to provide a childs chair as outlined above which has the tray thereof adjustable on the arms of the chair for adjusting the tray and partition in unison to different positions relative to the remainder of the chair to allow heavy blankets to be wrapped about the child and to care for children of dif-' ferent sizes.
a preferred embodiment of which has been illustrated, by way of example only, in the accompanying drawings, wherein:
Figure 1 is a perspective view of the chair showing a child seated therein, and with the lower ends of the chair legs broken away;
Figure 2 is a side elevation of same with the .child removed;
Figure 3 is a top plan of the chair showing the forward ends of the arms and partition in dotted lines; and
Figure 4 is a front elevation of the tray and partition removed from the remainder of the chair.
Referring now more specifically to the accompanying drawings, wherein like numerals designate similar parts throughout the various view, there is indicated at I I], a childs chair which, for the purpose of illustration, isshown as a high chair having a seat ll, legs [2, back l3, arms I4 supported by posts l5, and a tray [6 for food or playthings. The tray l 6 extends across the arms [4 and is adjustably supported thereon in forward and rearward directions by brackets I! on said tray sliding on bars I8 attached to the arms, there being pins I9 carried by the brackets and engaging into spaced holes in the bars for holding the tray in adjusted position.
Attached to the underside of the tray 16 substantially midway of its length and depending therefrom is a partition 20 which terminates slightly short of contact engagement with the upper surface of the seat II, as indicated by the numeral 2| in Figure 2. The partition is rigidly secured to the tray and may, in the manufacture, be formed as one piece providing a T-shaped unit with relatively wide, vertical and horizontal surfaces of substantially the same width. The rear edge 22 of the partition 20 is slightly angled forwardly as it extends downwardly, and both said rear edge and the forward edge 23 are rounded for removal of sharp corners.
When the tray l 6 is properly adjusted with the rear edge thereof either adjacent or in contact with a childs body, the rear edge 22 of the partition will be in a like position well within the crotch of the child thus rendering it impossible for the child to withdraw his leg to a position to engage his foot on the rear edge of the partition to raise himself from the seat. The width of the partition from the rear edge 22 to the front edge 23 relative to size of the seat H and locations of the back I3 and arm-supporting posts l5 prevent a child from turning in the seat to a position where one leg projects across the front of the partition which would allow the the partition; as shown in Figure 1-. H 7
While the partition prevents a child from either sliding forward in the seat or raising himself from the seat to a position where he may fall from the chair, it does not restrain the .child to any annoying degree. The child can straighten his legs and raise his knees to the le'y'el'of the undersurface of the tray and can'turn his body far enough to see in all directions. See Figure 1.
Should it be desired to attach the improved partition to the underside of a non-adjustable swinging tray pivoted to the back and resting the a-rrns'of the chair, it may, in some instances, require that the partition be adjustable relativeto the tray.
While I have shown and described the" improved partition as-associated with ahigh chair havin'g'a tray forfood and playthings, it is to be understood that the idea may be employed on any other type of infants or 'childs seat where a bracket -'or anyother element is used to limit forward motion of the child in the seat.
In view of the foregoing description,- taken in conjunction' with the accompanying drawing, it is believed that a clear understanding of the construction, operation-and advantages of the devicewillbe quite apparent to those skilled in this art. A more detailed description is accord ingly d'eemed unnecessary.
It is to be understood, however, that even though there is herein shown and described a preferred en'ibodiment'of the invention, various changes may be made without departing from the spirit and full intendment of the invention.
vWhat is claimed'is:
11 A childs 'chair comprising a seat, a back, arms attached "to -=said se'at and back; a childretaining" element extending across said arms and: spaced above the forward portion of said seatyand'a partition bodily carried bysaid re taming elementarranged substantiallymidway between-and parallel with said arms, said partition' being located above 'theforward portion of said seat and has the lower portion ofthe rear edge thereof adjacent said :seat substantially inidway of the depth of said seat.
2..A childs' chair-comprising a seat, a back, arms attached to said seat 'anduback, a childretaining element extending across said arms and-spaced above the forward portionofsaid 4 seat, and a partition bodily carried by said retaining element arranged substantially midway between and parallel with said arms, said partition being located above the forward portion of said seat and has the lower portion of the rear edge thereof adjacent said seat and substantially midway of the depth of said seat, said partition terminating short of contact engagement with said seat. I
3: A chi'l'ds'v chair comprising a seat, a back, arms attached to said seat and back, a child retaining element extending across said arms and spaced above the forward portion of said seat;=and a vertical partition member in the space between said child-retaining element and forward portion of said seat and arranged substantially'parallel tosaid arms, said partition having the rear edge thereof located substantially midway of the depth of the seat and its forward edge located substantially at the forward edge of said seat.
- 4a A bhildS chair comprising a seat, a back,
atta'ohe'd to'said seat and back, a tray extending across and suppor ted by said armsand spacedabdve-the for'ward portionofsaid seat,a vertical partition of substantially the depth of said tray de'pehdingfrom and bodily carried by said tray andarrariged substantially midway betweenand parallel with said arms, said parti tio'n terminating above said'seat, and adjustable means -for positioning saidtray and partition forwardly and rar'wardly on said'arms and over the forward porti'i l of said seat as aumt relative to'th'e remainder of the chair.
5.-A- childscha-ir comprising a'seat, a back, arms attached to'said seat and back, a tray ektending'across and supported by said arms and spaced above the forward portion of 's'aid'seat, a vertical partition of substantiany the" depth of said tray bo'dily carried-by said tray "and arranged substantially midway between and parallel :withsaid arms-and adjustable means for positioning said tray and-partitionforwardly and rearwardly on'said arms as a unit relativeto the remainder of the chair, said vertical'par'tition beingabovefand terminating short of contact engagement 'withthe top surface of the forward portion-ot-s'aittl seat and having the rear edge thereof arigled' sliglitly from avertical plane'in a iireetioh=extendm forwardly as it extends downwardly. to an adjustable "location substanmany nii'clway of th'e'depth of said seat.
References "Cited in the file of this patent UfiITED STATES PATENTS