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Publication numberUS2687589 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 31, 1954
Filing dateApr 4, 1950
Priority dateApr 4, 1950
Publication numberUS 2687589 A, US 2687589A, US-A-2687589, US2687589 A, US2687589A
InventorsRalph Brockway George
Original AssigneeRalph Brockway George
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Shopping guide
US 2687589 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Kam 14277 Allg. 31, 1954 Gt R BROCKWAY 2,687,589

SHOPPING GUIDE Filed April 4, '195C 2 Sheets-Sheet l rund.'

George Ralph roc'way INVENToR ATTORNEY Aug. 31, 1954 R BROCKWAY 2,687,589

SHOPPING GUIDE Filed April 4.` 195C 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 ATTORN cart will be held together Patented Aug. 31, 1954 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE SHOPPING GUIDE George Ralph Brockway, Flint, Mich. Application April 4, 1950, Serial No. 153,977

4 Claims.

This invention comprises novel and useful improvements in shopping guides and more speciflcally pertains to information devices for use in self-serve stores where the customers are supplied with pushcarts in which articles picked up from shelves and tables are vconveyed to the cashiers.

The primary object of the invention is to provide improved shopping guides attached to pushcarts adjacent the handles thereof with information thereon for assisting customers in the selections of articles desired to be purchased.

Another object of the invention is to provide a shopping guide with a novel and improved manner of presenting the customer with a large amount of easily readable information which takes up the minimum amount of space in an unoccupied area on a pushcart, which is readable from the position of a customer with his hands on the handle of the pushcart, and which is operable by the customer to present the information a portion at a time.

Another object of the invention is to provide improved shopping guides in accordance with the preceding objects which indicate thereon the location in the store of the shelves and tables on which different articles to be purchased are arranged, thereby saving time and unnecessary walking of the customers as well as eliminating to a great extent congestion in the store during rush hours.

A further object of the invention is to provide a shopping guide in conformity with the abovementioned objects, wherein the information device is movable by lingers and/or thumbs of the hands of the customer while engaged about the handle of the pushcart to make different areas of information on the device visible to the customer while operating the pushcart in the customary manner.

spaced arms that extend upwardly to the handles of the pushcart, and which is of a construction and arrangement for permitting convenient removal and disassembly thereof to change information thereon, and when supported on the pushas a single rotatable unit.

A still further object of the invention is to provide a shopping guide attached to a pushcart wherein the data is arranged on a belt trained about spaced manually rotatable rollers and is proceeds, are attained by the present invention, preferred embodiments of which have been illustrated, by way of examples only, in the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Figure 1 is a perspective View of a pushcart showing my improved shopping guide attached thereto;

Figure 2 is a rear view of the handle portion of the pushcart with the shopping guide attached;

Figure 3 is a longitudinal section through the shopping guide taken on line 3 3 of Figure 2;

Figure 4 is a side elevation of the handle portion of a pushcart with the shopping guide thereon and showing a hand positioned on the handle with the fingers and thumb thereof in engagement with the guide;

Figure 5 is a cross section through the shopping guide taken on line 5-5 of Figure 2*;

Figure 6 is a side elevation similar to Figure 4 illustrating a different manner of attachment of the shopping guide to a pushcart;

Figure 7 is a section taken on line 1-1 of Figure 6;

Figures 8, 9, and l0 are sectional perspective views illustrating different shaped body portions of the shopping guide and illustrating different manners of applying the information thereto;

Figure 11 is also a side elevation of the handle portion of the pushcart and shows a modied form of invention attached thereto;

Figure 12 is a front elevation and sectional view of the form of invention illustrated in Figure 11;

Figure 13 is a plan and sectional view taken substantially on line l3-|3 of Figure 12; and

Figure 14 is a cross section taken on line l4--I4 of Figure 12.

Referring now more specifically to the accompanying drawings, wherein like numerals designate similar parts throughout the various views, attention is directed first to Figure 1, wherein it will be seen that there is indicated generally by the numeral 20 a pushcart of a type used in .self-serve food markets comprising upper and lower platforms 2i and 22 upon which the removable wire baskets 23 and 2li, respectively, are placed and supported, front casters 25 and rear wheels 26 beneath the lower platform 2t, two pairs of diagonal brace arms 2l and 2B, one of each pair being connected together intermediate their ends and all supporting the upper platform 2l spaced above the lower platform 22,v and a handle 29 extending across and joining the upper inclined ends of the arms 2l, said handle being spaced above and slightly to the rear of the basket positioned upon the upper platform 2i.

The improved shopping guide forming the subject of the form of invention illustrated in Figures l through and indicated generally by the numeral Sil has a cylindrical body member 3l constructed of any approved transparent tubular material of a length in accordance with the distance between opposite side arms 2'5 of the pushcart 2li to which it is to be attached, and oi a diameter according to the amount of information desired to be displayed. Slipped over the opposite ends of the cylindrical tube 3i are flanged end disks. 32 and 33 in thev form or end caps which support. oppositely directed trunnions and 35, respectively. Both trunnions 3d and 35 have their outer ends 15treduced in diameter to provide shoulders 3l that engage annular ends or flanged holes 33 provided in the side arms 2l of the pushcart while said reduced ends 36 are rotatably supported in the holes 33.

The trunnion :l5 is permanently attached to the end cap 33 by riveting or the like, asv at 3S, the end iiange llt of said trunnion to the inner side of the cap and extending the trunnion 3e through an opening centrally of said cap as clearly illustrated in Figure 3. In order that the shopping guide may be attached and detached from the arms 2l of the pushcart, the other trunnion is slidably mounted in the outer end of a sleeve di attached to the innerl side of the end cap 32, as at t2, and projected inwardly of said end cap, while the trunnion 3d extends through a hole centrally of the end cap and projects outwardly thereof. The inner end of the sleeve il is closed, as at 43, and between this closed end and the inner end of the trunnion 34 a coil spring 34. is located for yieldably applying an outward force to the trunnion 311i. that slight variations of distances between the side arms of diierent. carts will not aiect the mounting of the device to the arms as the spring lili will. adjustably locate the trunnion to engage the shoulders 3'! of both trunnions with the ends of the flanged holes 38, Slightly inward of the shoulder 3l in the trunnion 3d is provided a recess fie into which a pointed tool may be placed for retracting the trunnion 35i to disengage the reduced end Sli thereof in the hole when it is is desired to detach the device from the pushcart.

Within the transparent cylindrical tube 3l and clinging closely to the inner surface of the wall therof is a sheet of paper i6 or any other suitable material, having printed matter thereon, as indicated by the numeral il, and legible through the transparent cylindrical tube 3l. By having the sheet of paper @f5 of a length equivalent tothe circumference of thev inner diameter of the transparent cylindrical tube and said sheet being normally in a nat state, the resiliency thereof when rolled to a cylindrical shape willcause the outer surface of the paper to spring into engagement with the inner surface of the cylinder.

Thus, it can be seen While I have shown the printed matter arranged alphabetically and have indicated by numerals the locations of the articles in a store, it is to be understood that any information for assisting a customer in the purchasing oi articles in the store may be printed on the paper to be visible through the transparent cylindrical tube.

Referring now to Figures 6 and 7, it will be seen that there is illustrated a bracket 5i! for attaching the shopping guide i to the arms '2l of pushcarts now in use and not provided with the holes as previously described. While but one bracket 5i! is shown, it is to be understood that two are to support a shopping guide 3e. The brackets si) are each constructed in U- shaped formation for straddling an arm 2l with the leg 5l of said U-shape inward of the arm 2l and the leg outward of said arm. Both legs are longer than the width of an arm 2'?, and in the ends of both, there are provided aligned holes 53 through which extends a bolt 5a with a nut 55 threaded thereon. By turning the nut on the bolt, the legs can be drawn together and clamped against the sides of the arms for holding the brackets in proper position on the arms. On the inner legs il! of both li-shaped brackets, bearings 56 are formed into which the reduced ends 35 of the trunnions d@ and 3b are received and rotatably supported.

It will be observed that the distances between opposite bearings for rotatably supporting the shopping guide would be different when using the brackets il@ than when supporting. the device in the holes 33 of the arms 2l. Such slight differences while not supporting the body portion of the shopping guide equal distancesaway from each arm 2l will be cared for by the use of the spring it applying outward pressure on the trunnion 3d. However, should such uneven spacing oi the. cylindrical body portion of said shopping guide be found objectionable due to different types of mounting of the device or different spacing ci arms on diiierent makes of pushcarts, all that is necessary to equally space the ends of the cylindrical body portion from the arms 2'! would be to increase or shorten the length of the transparent cylindrical tube 3l during the manufacture according to the pushcart it is to be used upon.

Attention is now directed to Figures 8, 9, and l0 indicating the body portion of the shopping guide as square, triangular, and iiat shapes, respectively, instead or circular as that previously described, and also illustrating other ways in which the datamay be applied.

Figure 8, besides showing the body as constructed of a tube 5l square in cross section, also shows the material used in making the tube as 'oei-ng opaque plastic or similar material with the list of items 58 printed on the outside thereof and the space for indicating the locations of the items in the store left vacant so that the merchant in whose store the device is to be used may place plastic tape numbers 59, or apply numbers inany manner beside the various listed items according to the location of the articles in his particular store.

Figure 9, while showing a transparent tube lit, illustrates said tube as being triangular in cross section and, instead of having a single replaceable sheet of paper with printed matter thereon, has separate slides 6i oi cardboard or similar stiff material with information t2 thereon positioned against the inside surface of each of the tubes three sides.

Figure 1.0, while not of tube `formation, shows another way in which the rotatable body portion may be constructed and the data applied thereto. In this case, the body portion consists .of a rectangular-shaped flat .plate 63 with information 64 printed on opposite :sides thereof, and to one end is shown the manner in which ya tronnion 65 is attached f^r rotatably Asupporting the hat body to render either side thereof visible.

From the foregoing description, it vcan be seen that independent or" the particular shape of the body portion, manner of applying the information, and specific way in which the holes are pro-- vided to rotatably receive and support the reduced ends of the trunnons 3d and 35, the operation `and principal advantages attained are the same.

In operation, the pushcarts with the shopping guides attached are available at the entrance to the store, and a customer entering may select a f pushcart and proceed down 'the aisles between shelves and tables picking up and placing articles desired to be purchased in either of the baskets in the usual way.

Upon desiring to find and purchase an article and not knowing the location of same in the store, or for any other reason desiring to learn information contained on the shopping guide, the customer merely glances down and consults the reading matter on the shopping guide. Should the information desired not be visible or at an angle whereby it is not clearly readable, the fingers and/ or thumbs of the hands engaged about the handle may be brought into engagement with the body portion of the guide to rotate and hold said guide until the information desired has been ascertained.

Should the articles in the store be rearranged, or when first putting the shopping guides into operation, it is necessary that the shopping guide be removed from the pushcart in order to change or replace printed matter according to the location of the various articles listed on the guide. To detach the guide from the pushcart, a pointed tool is engaged into the hole 45 in the trunnion 34 and pressure is applied to one side to withdraw the reduced end 35 of the trunnion 341 from engagement in the hole 38 of the side arm 21 of the pushcart. When the shopping guide is detached from the pushcart, both end caps 32 and 33 may be disengaged from about the ends of the tube by pulling said caps outwardly and away from one another. When the caps are removed, the ends of the tube are open and any printed matter therein may be removed and replaced with. printed matter according to the rearrangement of the articles in the store.

Reference is now made to Figures l1 through 14 for an understanding of the construction and operation of the form of invention where the information is supplied on a belt manually moved to present portions of the data readable at a time.

A relatively heavy elongated plate 'lll is supported below and to the forward side of the handle and between the arms 27 of the pushcart by brackets 'Il adjustably attached to extend beyond the opposite ends thereof, as at l2, for connection to said arms 2T, as at lil, which is a construction similar to that previously disclosed for attaching the brackets 56 to the arms. Adjacent each end of the plate 'l0 and projecting therethrough is a fixed bearing 14 through which extends a rota*- able shaft 'l5 which has a roller 'iii secured on one end thereof and at one side of the plate "lil, and a hand-engaging knob 'l1 secured on the other end and at the opposite side of the plate. The rollers 'I6 are in the form of flanged pulleys which have trained thereabout an endless belt 'i8 with information 'I9 thereon. While no particular material from which the belt is constructed or manner of applying the reading matter thereto is shown, it is to be understood that the belt may be constructed of fabric adhered to paper with printing thereon, or may be of some elastic material with the reading matter applied directly thereto.

A lightweight housing 80, which together with said plate l' encloses the rollers I6 and belt 1S, is attached, as at 8|, to the plate 'l0 and is provided with a window l8i. in the upper wall thereof under which a run of the belt 18 between rollers 16 extends. Between said run -of the belt and the wall of the housing having the window B2 therein is arranged a thin sheet of transparent material 83 through which the information on the belt is seen, while under said above-mentioned run of the belt and attached to the plate 70 is a belt-supporting plate 84 for holding the belt up and against the underside of the transparent material 83.

To move the belt 18 so he may read information thereon other than that visible through the window 82 at a particular time, the customer, while pushing the cart in the customary manner with both hands about the handle 29 thereof, may engage either of the knobs TI with his fingers and/or thumbs and turn a knob to bringV other portions of the belt into view through the window. The housing 8B can be conveniently removed by disconnecting the fastening elements 8| to gain access to the belt 18 to make changes to the information 19 thereon, or for substituting another belt with different data.

In View of the foregoing description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, it is believed that a clear understanding of the construction, operation, and advantages of the device will be quite apparent to those skilled in this art. A more detailed description is accordingly deemed unnecessary.

It is to be understood, however, that even though there is herein shown and described a preferred embodiment of the invention, various changes may be made without departing from the spirit and full intendment of the invention.

What is claimed is:

l. A shopping guide in combination with a pushcart having spaced arms connected to the opposite ends of a handle which extends across the pushcart rearwardly of an open top articlereceiving and supporting basket also on said pushcart, said shopping guide comprising an elongated member supported adjacent each end thereof by the pushcart and located adjacent to and parallel with said handle and rearwardly of the open. top of the basket, information on opposite sides of said member, and means movably supporting said member so as to present the information a portion at a time by moving said member with hands of an operator while in the act of pushing the pushcart.

2. A shopping guide in combination with a pushcart as set forth in claim l in which the movable member is an endless belt and there is included a. casing enclosing said belt and having a window therein, and rotatable rollers mounted in said casing around which the belt is trained with a run thereof under said window.

3. A shopping guide in combination with a. pushcart as set forth in claim 1 in which the movable member is an endless belt and there is included a casing enclosing said belt and having a window therein, rotatable rollers mounted in said casing around which the belt is trained with a run thereof under said window, and a knob exteriorly of said casing and connected to at least one of said rollers to be engaged by the fingers and/or thumbs for rotating a roller to move the belt.

4. A shopping guide in combination with a pushcart having spaced arms connected to the opposite ends of a handle which extends across the pushcart rearwardly thereof, said shopping guide comprising a tubular member positioned adjacent and parallel to said handle, information on said tubular member, a pair of caps disconnected from each other and removably engaging over the ends of said tubular member, trunnions supported centrally on said caps and projecting outwardly therefrom, brackets clamped to the arms of said pushcart and positioned outwardly of said caps which limit outward endwise movement of said trunnions, said brackets having openings therein that rotatably receive said trunnions, and spring means urging at least one of said trunnions in an outward direction against its associated bracket and urging its associated cap inwardly against said tubular member and thereby yieldingly retaining both of said caps over the ends of said tubular member and both of said trunnions in said brackets.

References Cited in the iile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 453,149 Lefebvre May 26, 1891 658,543 Fowler Sept. 25, 1900 820,697 Brown et al May 14, 1906 848,298 Ennis Mar. 26, 1907 866,218 Priser Sept. 17, 1907 1,196,863 Heusner Sept. 5, 1916 1,546,992 Oppman July 21, 1925

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Referenced by
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US2845731 *Aug 31, 1956Aug 5, 1958Ohio Boxboard CoDisplay device
US2903734 *Feb 4, 1958Sep 15, 1959Gilbert H InmanSanitary handle device
US2918294 *Nov 18, 1957Dec 22, 1959Tyler Refrigeration CorpTelescoping shopping cart; checkout signal
US2962827 *Jul 15, 1959Dec 6, 1960LachanceHandles for grocery carts and identification means therefor
US3023018 *Aug 3, 1960Feb 27, 1962Harold I SidesCart seat
US3115720 *Nov 21, 1958Dec 31, 1963Lachance Armand AInterchangeable identification theftproof handle construction
US3251543 *May 3, 1965May 17, 1966Ryan Paul AllenShopping cart attachment
US3265297 *May 28, 1965Aug 9, 1966Behrens Erroll WPush cart attachment
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US4465290 *Apr 5, 1982Aug 14, 1984Hooley Charles MShopping cart with lower tray signalling device
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US4988025 *Dec 14, 1989Jan 29, 1991R. J. Reynolds Tobacco CompanyShopping cart attachment
US5144763 *Jan 21, 1992Sep 8, 1992Calhoun William MStand for displaying computer keyboard function key guides
US5203578 *Nov 12, 1991Apr 20, 1993In-Store Products LimitedShopping cart and container apparatus
US5344225 *Nov 6, 1992Sep 6, 1994Blyth Clinton ALawn mower attachment
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US5810372 *Jan 16, 1997Sep 22, 1998Arendt; Christopher J.Shopping cart handle structure and method of manufacture
US6032965 *Jan 10, 1997Mar 7, 2000Pro-Mart Industries, Inc.Stacking modular storage units with flexible containers
US6604789 *Dec 22, 1997Aug 12, 2003David DowningCushioning and protection apparatus for a chair armrest
EP0133235A2 *Jul 13, 1984Feb 20, 1985Roland SuurShopping trolley
WO1997015039A1 *Oct 17, 1996Apr 24, 1997Terje BorgenA cylindrical advertising device for a shopping trolley handle
U.S. Classification40/308, 40/518, 280/79.2, 40/506, 235/1.00R, 280/33.992
International ClassificationB62B3/14
Cooperative ClassificationB62B3/1428
European ClassificationB62B3/14E