US 2687892 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug. 31, 1954 J. KINSELLA 2,687,892 GRAIN DISTRIBUTOR Filed July 25, 1951 2 Sheets-Sheet l John Kinse/la r .rzvmvroze.
BY all/WW9 F-M Aug. 31, 1954 J. KINSELLA v GRAIN DISTRIBUTOR -2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed July 25, 1951 Fig.4
Jolm [rinse/l0- INVENTOR.
BY an! Patented Aug. 31, 1954 2,687,892 GRAIN msmnwrou- John; Kinsella, Merna, Ill.
This invention relates tonew and useful improvements in grain distributors and the pri mary object of the present invention toprovide a device mountable within' a grain bin at the filling opening thereof to efiectivelyscatter grain as the'g-rain is dropped through' the-filling opening by a conveyor or the like:
Another important object of" the present invention is't'o provide a grain distributor for grain bins involvinga vertically-adjustable deflector mounted beneath an inverted conical hopper to rotate-in response to grain striking thesloping Wall of the deflector, said deflector having an' upper conical tip adapted tobeadjustedto enter ing function of said deflector.
A further object of the present invention is to provide a grain distributor of theaforementioned character that is quickly and readily applied" to or removed from a' grain bin in a convenient manner and; which. requires-i no service tion, inexpensive to manufacture, install and servicaand'otherwise Well adapted for the purposes for which the same is intended.
Other objects and advantages reside in the details of construction and forming part hereof, to like parts throughout, and
Figure 1 is an elevational invention mounted on a grain bin (shown in dotted lines) Figure 2 is a plan view of Figure 1;
Figure 3 is an enlarged vertical sectional view taken substantially on the plane of section line 3-3 of Figure 2;
Figure 4 is an Figure l; and
Figure 5 is an enlarged detail vertical sectional view taken substantially on the plane of section line 55 of Figure 1.
Referring now to in for enlarged bottom plan view of invention, the numeral l0 represents a base member preferably in the form of an angle iron ring zss ssr oircumferentially' spaced are fitted to which:- aplurality of radially projectin'g U-shaped arms [-2 by" welding or: the like;
The'arrns-12 slidabl-y support fas-t'eners ['4 on which angleiron' cleats Hiare mounted. The cleats 26 extend transversely across the arms F2 and the fasteners 1- are manually tightened to adjust the cleats l8 radially of" the ring H3 and against: the wall' of'an opening It in a hopper bin 21) uponwhi'cl'r the arms i 2 rest.
The upper ends or a; group or vertical sleeves- 24 are-fixed by welding or the likebetween the legs of the w shaped arms 122 The lower'end's of the sleeves 24 are-formed=with threadedtrans verse apertures 26 that receivably engage set screws z iiz The longerver-tical'legs oft-shaped hanger-s30 are slidablyreceived in the-sleeves 24 and; are maintainedin' vertically adjusted posi'-- tion upon manual tightening of the set screws Eta shorterliegsandlisweldd thereto; as shownbe'st ini Figure 5 of the drawings; The lower end of' a tubulan postt liswelded to and rises fromthe center of plate 3'2 and freely rota-tably supportsa deflector designated generally by the numeral 36 lleflector having a downwardly and outwardly sloping wall a seat 52 in its underside that receives the upper end of a rod 54 that extends upwardly through the plate 32, post 34 and portion 40 and which is removably secured to the plate 32 as at 55. Upper and lower guides rotatably supported on the post 34.
Means is provided whereby the deflector will rotate in response to grain passing through the discharge end of the hopper and this means comprises vertically inclined fins 60 suitably secured to the wall 38 to be engaged by grain passing from the hopper. As the grain, gravitating from the hopper, strikes the fins 60, rotation will be imparted to the deflector and as the deflector rotates grain will strike the wall 38 to be deflected varying distances from the deflector.
In order to permit the desired rotation of the deflector, the hangers 30 are adjusted until the tip 50 is centered in the stream of grain leaving the discharge end of the hopper since the grain leaving the hopper may pass through only a portion of the opening in the lower end of the hopper.
It should be noted that through use of the present grain distributor, thousands of bushels of grain will be saved that are usually spoiled each year because of unequal distribution of foreign materials in grains, such as chaff, dirt, wheat seeds, cracked grain, etc. The invention will evenly distribute grain including dirt and other foreign matter so that the same will not be concentrated at one point to cause undesirable heating of grain stored in bins.
A frusto-conical attachment A, see Figure 3, is removably secured about the lower end of the hopper 22 to gradually reduce the lower portion of the hopper and to keep small flows of grain concentrated on the cone 50, thereby obtaining better distribution of grain from the hopper when flow is slow.
In view of the foregoing description taken in conjunction with the accompanying draw ings, it is believed that a clear understanding of the device will be quite apparent to those skilled in this art. A more detailed description is accordingly deemed unnecessary.
It is to be understood, however, that even though there is herein shown and described a preferred embodiment of the invention, the same is susceptible to certain changes fully comprehended by the spirit of the invention as herein described and the scope of the appended claims.
Having described the invention what is claimed as new is:
l. A grain distributor comprising a base adapted to be mounted in the filling opening in a 'grain bin and including a plurality of radial arms,
a hopper mounted on the base and having a lower discharge end, a grain deflector underlying said discharge end, vertically adjustable L-shaped hangers fixed to said arms, a plate fixed on said hangers, a hollow post rising rigidly from said plate and having the deflector rotatably mounted on its upper end, and a rod rotatably extended through said post and having one end fixed to said deflector and its other end rotatably secured in said late to secure the deflector in place.
2. A grain distributor comprising a base adapted to be mounted in the filling opening in a grain bin, a hopper mounted on the base and having a lower discharge end, a rotatable grain deflector underlying said discharge end, a plurality of vertical sleeves fixed to said base, a group of L-shaped hangers having their longer legs slidably received in said sleeves, set screws carried by the sleeves engaging said longer legs to adjust the hangers in the sleeves, a plate fixed to and joining the shorter legs of said hangers, and a post rising from the plate and rotatably supporting the deflector.
3. A grain distributor comprising a base adapted to be mounted at the filling opening of a grain bin, means carried by the base for retaining the latter at the filling opening in a grain bin, a plurality of vertical sleeves fixed to the base, a group of L-shaped hangers having their longer legs slidably and adjustably received in the sleeves and their shorter legs extending toward each other and disposed horizontally below the base, a plate fixed to and joining the shorter legs of said hangers, an inverted conical hopper supported on the base with its lower end disposed directly over the plate, a post rising from the plate, and a deflector rotatably supported on the post beneath the hopper.
4. The combination of claim 3 wherein said retaining means includes a group of radially projecting arms, and cleats slidably and adjustably carried by said arms.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS