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Publication numberUS2688326 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 7, 1954
Filing dateMar 28, 1952
Priority dateMar 28, 1952
Publication numberUS 2688326 A, US 2688326A, US-A-2688326, US2688326 A, US2688326A
InventorsMartin D Lerman
Original AssigneeMartin D Lerman
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Nursing nipple
US 2688326 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

p 7, 1954 M. D. LERMAN 2,688,326

NURSING NIPPLE Filed March 28, 1952 J32 den Z197" 77Za2 iz'iz Q. L ezvmrz/ Patented Sept. 7, 1954 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE NURSING NIPPLE Martin D. Lei-man, Chicago, 111. Application March 28, 1952, Serial No. 27 9,007

6 Claims.

This invention relates to improvements in nursing nipples.

One of the objects of this invention is to provide a nursing nipple with valve means which normally remains closed but which is highly sensitive to suction produced by the infant while nursing to open said valve to allow the required amount of liquid to pass therethrough without tiring the infant during the feeding or nursing process.

Another object of this invention is to provide an improved nursing nipple with valve means highly responsive to slight changes'in the degree and strength of suction produced by the infant during the nursing process to thereby allow the required amount of fluid to pass into the infants mouth without gagging and without tiring the infant.

The nipples of the prior art are formed with either holes or slots, but said nipples are not freely responsive to changes in the suction, and as a result, they either permit the liquid to flow too freely, Which causes a gagging, or else they require a strong suction by the infant which is extremely tiring and has a tendency to cause the infant to stop nursing before the infant has finished consuming the required allotted amount. The present invention provides a nipple which eliminates all of the foregoing objections produced by nipples of the prior art and provides a nipple formed with one or more slits, with a cutout adjacent the .inside of said slit so constructed and arranged that the lips bounding the slit are highly responsive to the suction of the infant and react to slight changes in the degree and strength of suction, to thereby permit the required amount of food or liquid to pass therethrough and which valve means immediately closes upon release of any suction, to thereby permit the nipple to be retained in the mouth while at the same time preventing the flow of any additional liquid therethrough unless suction is applied to said nipple.

Other objects will become apparent as description progresses.

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a view partly in cross-section of my improved nipple shown attached to the top portion of a nursing bottle.

Fig. 2 is a top plan view taken on line 22 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken 83 of Fig. 2.

Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view looking up, taken on line 4-4 of Fig. 3.

this

on line Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view taken on line 5-5 of Fig. 2.

Fig. 6 is a cross-sectional view taken on line 6--6 of Fig. 1.

Fig. '7 is a view taken on line 7-1 of Fig. 2.

Fig. 7-A is a similar view but showing the valve in open position.

Fig. 8 is a cross-sectional view of a slightly modified form of valve construction, and

Fig. 9 is a cross-sectional view taken on line 11 of Fig. 8 looking up.

The nipple, generally indicated by the numeral I0, is formed of a flexible rubber material or the like and is provided with a head l2 in which the valve means, generally indicated by the numeral l4, and presently to be described, are contained. The nipple has an annular shoulder I6 and an annular flange portion l8 which is positioned adjacent the top of the nursing bottle 20. A retaining cap 22 has a central opening 24 through which the nipple extends, with the inner annular edge 26 of the retaining cap fitting between the shoulder l6 and flange I 8. The retaining cap is threadedly secured to the bottle and rests over the flange portion l8 of the nipple to secure the nipple to the bottle.

The head of the nipple is provided with one or more valve means, generally indicated at I4, which forms the subject matter of this invention and which will now be described. Since all of said valve means are similarly constructed, one will be described in detail. A slit 28 is formed or cut in the head of the nipple to provide two adjacent walled surfaces or abutting edges 29 and 30 which form the opposed lips of the valve means. The surface underneath and immediately adjacent said slit is cut out or recessed to form a concave channel 32 which is dome or cup shaped in transverse cross-section, as clearly shown in Fig. 7. Referring to said figure, it will be seen that the slit in effect bisects the dome shaped cutout and that the surfaces immediately adjacent the slit curve downwardly and outwardly away from one another in an arc, to provide a reduced wall surface adjacent the slit and lips. The undercut or cutout extends longer than the length of the slit and the same is best shown in Fig. 3. Beginning with the opposite ends of the slit, the cutout curves down in the form of an arc, as at 34, so that when the cutout is viewed along its longitudinal axis it also appears cup or dome shaped, but with a larger radius than the transverse cross-section of the channel 32. There is thus provided in this invention a valve formed of a slit with abutting edges and a dome shaped cutout under said slit in transverse cross-section, and a larger dome shaped cutout along its longitudinal cross-section.

As shown in Figs. 2 and 4, I provide three valve means, A, B and C in the head, spaced radially 90 from each other, each formed as aforesaid. The letter D designates the cutout formed on the underside of the nipple, but no slit has been formed therein. The purpose of said cutout D is to enable the mother to provide the slit in said cutout if same is necessary. While the valves are arranged as shown, it will be understod that my invention is not limited to the specific arrangement or layout of the valves, but that one or more of said valves so constructed can be formed in the head of the nipple.

Figs. 8 and 9 show a modified form of cutout adjacent the underside of the slit. The cutout, generally indicated at 36, adjacent the slit 28 is formed with a slightly curved roof 3,8 and straight side walls 40. The plan view of said cutout is in the form of a square, best shown in Fig. 9.

Valve means constructed in accordance with this invention are highly sensitive and respond to slight changes in the degree or strength of suction produced by the infant. It will be seen that the wall surface on the underside of the cutout is thinnest adjacent the slit or the abutting edges forming the lips of the valve and that the wall surface increases in thickness away from the lips. This provides a surface area adjacent the abutting edges which reacts quickly to various degrees of suction, which enables the valve to open and permit passage of the fluid, as shown in Fig. '7-A, without tiring the infant. This construction avoids the weakening of the head of the nipple and thereby causing a collapsing of the nipple during the feeding process.

As shown, the slits 28 do not extend the full length of the cutout, and if desired, the mother can enlarge the slit and adjust the rate of flow to the infants needs merely by lengthening the slit at either or both ends.

As shown in Fig. l, the flanged portion 18 of the nipple which is positioned over the bottle has a slit 42 formed therein and has a cup or dome shaped cutout 44 in transverse cross-section which is similar in cross-section to the cutout 30, described with respect to the nipple head. The cutout along its length is shaped similar to that described with respect to cutout 30. The said slit serves as an air vent so that when suction is applied to the nipple air will pass through the slit 42 in the flange of the nipple. One or more of said slits so formed may be spaced circumferentially on said flange. The purpose of said valve on said flange is to permit air to enter the bottle through said valve when suction is applied to the nipple and thereby prevent the nipple from collapsing, as is well understood in the art.

While I have shown my invention embodied in a specific form of nipple, it will be understood that this invention may be used with other forms and styles of nipples.

It will be understood that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. In a nipple for use with a nursing bottle, said nipple having a dome shaped head provided with a plurality of spaced independent valves unconnected with each other, each of said valves having a short slit forming abutting edges, with each slit spaced from the dome of the head, an undercut formed underneath said abutting edges with the thinnest wall surface adjacent the abutting edges.

2. In a nipple for use with a nursing bottle, said nipple having a head provided with a plurality of spaced independent valves unconnected with each other, said valves each spaced from the top of said head and each having a short slit forming abutting edges, a channel formed underneath and adjacent the abutting edges, each said channel being substantially semi-spherical in transverse cross-section.

3. In a nipple for use with a nursing bottle, said nipple having a head provided with a plurality of spaced independent valves unconnected with each other, said valves each spaced from the top of said head and each having a short slit forming abutting edges, a channel formed underneath and adjacent the abutting edges, each said channel being substantially semi-spherical in transverse cross-section and longer than the length of said slit.

4. In a nipple for use with a nursing bottle, said nipple having a head with a plurality of independent non-intersecting valves positioned laterally of the center top of the head, each of said valves having a short slit forming abutting edges and an undercut formed underneath said slit.

5. In a nipple for use with a nursing bottle, said nipple having a head with a central closed portion, a plurality of spaced independent valve members positioned adjacent said closed portion and extending radially downwardly therefrom,

each of said valve members having a short slit forming abutting edges and an undercut formed underneath said slit.

6. In a nipple for use with a nursing bottle, said nipple having a head with a central closed portion, a plurality of independent valve members positioned adjacent said closed portion and extending radially downwardly therefrom, each of said valve members having a short slit forming abutting edges, a channel underneath and immediately adjacent said slit, said channel being cup shaped in transverse cross-section and extending longer than the length of said slit.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2093130 *Feb 21, 1934Sep 14, 1937Kurkjian Yervant HVenting valve system for nipples
GB190821579A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2797836 *Feb 24, 1953Jul 2, 1957Kurk Products CoNipple carrying vent controlling ring
US2980113 *Jun 22, 1955Apr 18, 1961Mary SappeyNursing nipples
US3005455 *Jun 24, 1955Oct 24, 1961Baxter Laboratories IncContainer closure
US3635724 *Aug 12, 1964Jan 18, 1972Kendall & CoNipple containers with sterile opening devices
US4765497 *Jan 21, 1987Aug 23, 1988Hsu Shen KuangTeat for baby's feeding bottle
US4993568 *Sep 26, 1989Feb 19, 1991Jex Co., Ltd.Nipple for nursing bottles
US5101991 *Aug 27, 1990Apr 7, 1992Jex Company, LimitedNipple for nursing bottle
US5638769 *Apr 7, 1995Jun 17, 1997Robert Dymock McIntyreTeat
US5797505 *May 31, 1996Aug 25, 1998Kaura; KamDebris immune animal feeding nipple
US5860541 *Sep 29, 1995Jan 19, 1999Robert Dymock McIntyreTeat with relaxed inlet valve
US5881893 *Dec 21, 1996Mar 16, 1999Playtex Products, Inc.Leakproof nipple valve
US6050445 *Feb 6, 1998Apr 18, 2000Playtex Products, Inc.Leak-proof cup assembly with flow control element
US6196413 *Apr 10, 2000Mar 6, 2001Tsai Chong TungStructure of a water bottle-straw assembly
US6422415Feb 4, 2000Jul 23, 2002Playtex Products, Inc.Leak-proof cup assembly with flow control element
US8117990Feb 12, 2009Feb 21, 2012West Agro Inc.Nipple for feeding liquids to calves and other mammals
US20040188373 *Mar 25, 2003Sep 30, 2004Lewis Julie MaureenVented, low-drip nursing bottle
US20050246733 *Aug 29, 2003Nov 3, 2005Pijper Carolina AMethod and system for directing interactive tv game shows
US20070102388 *Oct 28, 2005May 10, 2007Lewis Julie MVented, low-drip nursing nipple
US20100200530 *Feb 12, 2009Aug 12, 2010West Agro Inc.Nipple For Feeding Liquids To Calves And Other Mammals
USD617057Feb 12, 2009Jun 1, 2010West Agro Inc.Animal feeding nipple
USD617508Aug 6, 2009Jun 8, 2010West Agro Inc.Animal feeding nipple
USD667558Feb 15, 2011Sep 18, 2012Luv N' Care, Ltd.Drinking cup cap
USD671793Sep 13, 2010Dec 4, 2012Luv N' Care, Ltd.Drinking product
USD739540 *Dec 4, 2014Sep 22, 2015Gina AlmonteFloral themed nipple style bottle top
USD743568 *Dec 4, 2014Nov 17, 2015Gina AlmonteSports themed nipple style bottle top
USRE37016Aug 6, 1998Jan 16, 2001Playtex Products, Inc.Flow control element and covered drinking cup
WO1998025571A1 *Nov 3, 1997Jun 18, 1998Playtex Products, Inc.Leakproof nipple valve
WO2004087037A2 *Mar 25, 2004Oct 14, 2004Julie Maureen LewisVented, low-drip nursing bottle
WO2004087037A3 *Mar 25, 2004Mar 3, 2005Julie Maureen LewisVented, low-drip nursing bottle
WO2015000206A1 *Aug 12, 2013Jan 8, 2015Jiang YixinBionic teat
Classifications
U.S. Classification215/11.1, 215/11.5
International ClassificationA61J11/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61J11/02, A61J11/0015, A61J11/045
European ClassificationA61J11/02, A61J11/04A, A61J11/00F2