Combined frame and plaque
US 268870 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
COMBINED FRAME AND PLAQUE.
Patented 1300.12, 1882.
N. PETERS. Pnm-m n mrfwamngw. n. c.
a UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE..-
AMOS GURRIER, OF SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA.
COMBINED FRAME AND PLAQUE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 268,870, dated December 12, 1882. Application filed December 13, 1881. (No model.)
i To all whom it may concern explained by reference to the accompanying" drawings, in Which- Figure 1 shows my invention with an oval plaque-surface. Fig. 2 shows it with a square plaque-surface. Figs. 3, 4, and 5 are sections showing the construction.
Icallmyinventiona pantile, and themode of construction is'as follows:
I take, tirst, a piece of wood of suitable size and thickness and form one of its surfaces,
A, of the desired shape to receive the decoration, leavinga surrounding surface, B, which is to form the frame.
The surface A may be convex or raised, or
- concave or sunken, and theou tline'm ay be made to suit the taste.
The outer frame may be sawed or otherwise shaped in any desiredform, as shown iii Fig. 1. Its shape being thus secured, itis then submerged in melted glue-size, so that it is entirely covered. Ithen apply three coats ofa composition of boiled oil, paris-white, and glue,
' afterwhich the surface is smoothed with an iron shaper. Around the outside rim I then mount compositionornaments in a plastic state in the usual manner, and when hard apply two coats of shellac to the whole surface. A coat of oil-size is then applied to that part of the surface between the ornaments and the outer edge of the part A, and after it has been sanded apcoat of shellac is applied to fix it. The outer portion, B, is then coveredwith a coat of thin white, and afterward with gluesize and oi-lsize. and then gilded and covered with spirit-varnish to protect it. This being finished, I cover the surface A with a Whitetinted paint, and then stipple thesame, so as to produce a surface in imitation of canvas. The back of the whole is then finished by painting with ivory-black mixed with shellac, ,and a wire standard is attached by staples, or rings maybe attached, so that it may be hung in the ordinary manner of pictures.
It will be manifest that my pautile may be 5 made of two parts, or of two or more pieces of wood glued or otherwise fixed together with the grain crossing to prevent warping, or the whole may be formed of papier-inach or com; position. t if I,,..am'aware that paper or straw board has been formed with an unfinished center, upon which a completed picture may be placed, and that the edgeshave been turned up to form the outline of a frame. 6
'I am also aware that a metallic plate has had a sign or lettering laid upon its central portion, and that the exterior edges have been struck up by a die to form a frame, and also that glass has been employed.
I do not claim broadly any of these devices, neither do I claim the ornamentation, finish, and gilding of a frame, or the forming of a surface upon a panel or plaque for the purpose of painting, as these have been done separately 7 before.
My invention consists in the formatiouof a pantile havingan exterior gilded surface and an inner stippled or prepared surface in conjunction and upon the same base, so thatthe artist is aidedin obta'iningthe desired tone and effect.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
The method of making plaques for ornamentation herein described, consisting essentially in submergiug the blank in melted glue, then applying to the interior portion, A, a series of coats of a composition composed of boiled oil, paris-white, and glue, and sinooth- 9o ing said surface and finishingsuch surface with acoatofpaint, afterward stippling thesame and gilding or ornamenting the exterior portion,B, in semblance ofa frame, as set forth.
In witness whereof I hereunto set my hand. 5
. AMOS GURRIER.
GEO. H. STRONG, FRANK A. BROOKS.