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Publication numberUS2689127 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 14, 1954
Filing dateJul 1, 1952
Priority dateJul 1, 1952
Publication numberUS 2689127 A, US 2689127A, US-A-2689127, US2689127 A, US2689127A
InventorsNolan Frank G, Silverton Richard G
Original AssigneeNolan Frank G, Silverton Richard G
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Table exercising machine
US 2689127 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

p 1954 R. G. SILVERTON ETAL 2,689,127

TABLE EXERCISING MACHINE 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed July 1, 1952 JNVENTORS fimmeo 6. 5/11 5970 By FPA KG. N0 AN Arm/211573 Sept. 14, 1954 R. G. SILVERTON ETAL TABLE EXERCISING MACHINE 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed July 1, 1952 w 5 0 7 Z w w G M%& E 0/, I mm m I maa m Z Z I @m 1 m Y 2 .mW B m 6 H M a 9 m u l J z W w w w Patented Sept. 14, 1954 UNITED 2,689,127 TABLE EXERCISING MACHINE Richard G. Silverton and Frank G. Nolan, Los Angeles, Calif.

Application July 1, 1952, Serial No. 296,646

7 Claims. 1

Our invention relates to exercising machines and included in the ob ects of our invention are:

First, to proxide an exercising machine in the form of a table and including means for restraining of the upper portion of the patients body while applying a predetermined tension to the feet of the patient. Second, to provide an exercising machine whereby the patient himself or an attendant may relax, extend, manipulate, side bend and help to establish the normal range of motion of the lower dorsal, lumbar and sacral areas of the spinal column for the purpose of helping the rehabilitation of the muscular and neurological structures of these areas and to help relieve spasms of these areas which may have been caused by disease, trauma or fatigue.

Third, to provide an exercising machine of this class wherein the degree of exercise afforded may be readily controlled or limited, if desired, so as to be maintained within the capabilities of the patient.

With the above and other objects in view as may appear hereinafter, reference is directed to the accompanying drawings in which:

Figure 1 is a top or plan view of our exercising machine.

Figure 2 is a fragmentary side view thereof.

Figure 3 is a transverse sectional view through 3-3 of Figure 1.

Figure 4 is a transverse sectional view through 4-4 of Figure 1.

Figure 5 is a transverse sectional view through 5-5 of Figure 1.

Figure 6 is a fragmentary, longitudinal sectional view through 3-5 of Figure 1.

Figure 7 is a sectional view through 1-! of Figure 6.

Our exercising machine includes table I having a padded surface and supported from asubframe 2 of similar area by means of vertical spacers 3. The sub-frame rests on :legs 4.

Near the head end of the table, there is provided, at each side, longitudinally extending guide bars 5 to which are adjustably secured, by fastening means 6, a pair of arm restraining members 1 adapted to engage under the arms of a patient to restrict longitudinal movement of the patient toward the foot end of the table.

The table I is provided with a rectangular aperture in which is set a back supporting and exercising panel 8. The panel 3 is mounted on an inner box frame 9, guided within an outer box frame I0, suitably secured to cross members forming a part of the sub-frame 2. The inner box frame is capable of vertical sliding movement. To accomplish this, a drive shaft II extends through the outer box frame and terminates at the sides of the sub-frame 2. A second or countershaft I2 is also supported in the outer box frame. This construction is best shown in Figures 3, Sand 7. The drive shaft and countershaft are provided with mating gears I3 and I4.

2 The gears are provided with lever arms I5, having rollers I6 which engage elevator bars I I, secured in the inner box frame 9. Rotation of the drive shaft I I causes the lever arms I5 to raise the inner box frame. The inner box frame and panel lower by gravity.

The extremities of the drive shaft II are provided with upwardly directed handle levers I8, terminating in handles I9 directed outwardly from the table. The handles are so located that they may be grasped by a patient lying on the table.

The table I is also provided with a circular opening in which is set a pelvis exercising panel 20, capable of pivoting movement. The pelvis exercising panel 2|] is mounted on an under frame 2| having a central pivot pin 22 and supported on a suitable ball bearing structure 23. Struts 24 are secured to the under frame 2I and extended from the foot end from the table I between the table and its sub-frame 2. The extremities of the struts are connected by a cross bar. In addition, the struts are provided with a roller carriage 26 which rides on the end member of the sub-frame, this member having a radius of curvature centered at the pelvis exercising panel 20. The projecting extremities of the struts 24 are provided with vertically disposed guide brackets 21 which form tracks on which slide a series of weights 28. Each set of weights is connected by a cable 29 which passes over a pulley 30 at the upper extremity of the corresponding guide bracket 21 and is attached to a boot 3 I, adapted to receive a foot of a patient.

Secured under the table I, are a pair of bar crank levers 32, having arms with rollers 33 at their extremities, engageable with the structs 24. The bar cranks 32 are provided with fulcrum pivots 34, separated by a cross bar forming a part of the sub-frame 2. The remaining arm of each bar crank lever is joined to a connecting rod 35 which, in turn, is secured to a lever arm 33, having a sleeve 31 adapted to journal an end of the drive shaft I I. Each sleeve, in turn, is journaled in a bearing 38, secured to the sub-frame 2. Each sleeve 37 is provided with a handle arm 33 which extends upwardly adjacent a corresponding handle arm I8. The upper extremities of the handle arms 39 are provided with inturned handles 4|].

Operation of our exercising machine is as follows: The patient lies on the table in a supine position. The boots 3| are fastened over the feet of the patient. The patient is so positioned that the pelvic region is centered on the panel 26. The arm restraining members 6 are'positioned to engage under the arms of the patient so as to restrain the patient against movement towards the foot of the table. The weights 23 are arranged in units so that one or more weights may be applied to provide the desired degree of tension on the boots. By reason of the fact that the pulleys 33 are above the level of the table, the patients feet are raised slightly. The patient or attendant can then operate the handles 46 to pivot the exercise panel and to move the extremities of the struts, including the boots and weight members, from side to side. Also the patient or attendant can operate the handles I9 to raise and lower the back position and exercising panel 8.

Thus, by means of handles [9 or 40, the patient and attendant may relax, extend, manipulate, side bend and help to establish the normal range of motion of the lower dorsal, lumbar and sacral areas of the spinal column to help rehabilitate the muscular and neurological structures of these areas, and to release spasms of the above mentioned areas which may have been caused by disease, trauma or fatigue.

Having fully described our invention, it is to be understood that we do not wish to be limited to the details herein set forth, but our invention is of the full scope of the appended claims.

We claim:

1. An exercising machine, involving: a flat padded fixed table structure, adapted to receive a patient in a supine position and having an aperture therein in the region of the patients back; a flat padded back exercising panel set in said aperture and movable vertically to and from the surface of said table structure; and means including hand levers at the sides of said table and accesssible to a patient lying on said table and panel for moving said panel.

2. An exercising machine, involving: a table structure, adapted to receive a patient in a supine position; a back exercising panel set in said table and movable vertically to and from the surface thereof; a laterally oscillatable lever structure disposed under said table structure and having a vertical fulcrum axis located at the pelvic region of said patient; feet retaining means above the foot end of said table structure connected to said lever structure and movable from side to side of said table; and independent means for operating said vertically movable panel and oscillatable lever structure.

3. An exercising machine, involving: a table structure, adapted to receive a patient in a supine position; a back exercising panel set in said table and movable vertically to and from the surface thereof; a laterally oscillatable lever structure disposed under said table structureand having a vertical fulcrum axis located at the pelvic region of said patient; feet retaining means above the foot end of said table structure connected to said lever structure and movable from'side to side of said table; and independent'pairs of hand levers disposed at the sides of said table and accessible to a patient lying thereon connected respectively to said vertically movable panel and said laterally oscillatable levers to effect arching of the patients back and lateral oscillation of the patients legs.

4. An exercising machine, involving: a table structure, adapted to receive a patient in a supine position; a laterally oscillatable lever structure under said table structure; feet retaining means above one end of said table connected with said oscillatable lever structure and movable therewith from side to side of said table; means engageable under the arms of a patient to restrain the patient against longitudinal movement toward the foot end of the table; means for applying tension to said feet retaining means, thereby to-stretch said patient; and means for operating said cscillating panel and feet retaining means.

5. An exercising machine, involving: a table structure, adapted to receive a patient in a supine position; a laterally oscillatable lever structure under said table structure; feet retaining means above one end of said table connected with said oscillatable lever structure and movable therewith from side to side of said table; means engageable under the arms of a patient to restrain the patient against longitudinal movement toward the foot end of the table; and hand levers at the sides of said table accessible by a patient disposed thereon to operate said laterally oscillating lever and feet retaining means.

6. An exercising machine, comprising: a fixed padded table adapted to receive a patient in a supine position; longitudinally adjustable brackets overlying the table and including retainer members adapted to fit under the arms of the patient; a laterally oscillatable lever structure disposed under the table with its fulcrum below the pelvic region of the patient and protruding from the foot thereof; a pair of foot receiving devices located above the table and adapted to be secured to the feet of the patient; means carried by said lever structure and attached to said foot receiving devices to draw said devices toward the foot end of said table, thereby to place the patient restrained by said arm engaging members under traction; and a set of hand levers at the sides of said table accessible to the patient and operatively connected with said lever structure to effect lateral oscillation thereof and corersponding lateral oscillation of the patients legs.

7. An exercising machine, comprising: a fixed padded table adapted to receive a patient in a supine position; longitudinally adjustable brackets overlying the table and including retainer members adapted to fit under the arms of the patient; a laterally oscillatable lever structure disposed under the table with its fulcrum below the pelvic region of the patient and protruding from the foot thereof; a pair of foot receiving devices located above the table and adapted to be secured to the feet of the patient; meanscarrled by said lever structure and attached to said foot receiving devices to draw said devices toward the foot end of said table, thereby to place the patient restrained by said arm engaging members under traction; a set of hand levers at the sides of said table accessible to the patient and 'operatively connected with said lever structure to effect lateral oscillation thereof and corresponding lateral oscillation of the patients legs; a panel set in said table in the region of the patients back; guides for-moving said panel vertically between a lower position substantially flush with the table and a raised position thereby to arch the back of the patient; and'a second set of hand levers at the sides of said table accessible to the patient and operatively connected with saidpanel to raiseand lower the same.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 7 902,946 De Nise Nov-3, 19.08 1,456,030 Molby May 22,1923 1,641,188 Mittag Sept. 6, 1927 1,695,689 Hulander Dec. 18, 1928 1,701,747 Dobbins Feb. 12,1929 1,721,709 Odell July 23, 1929 1,837,372 Johnson '-Dec. 22, 1931 1,950,174 Harrison Mar. 6, 1934 2,548,408 Tammen Apr. 10, 1951 2,586,610 Butler Feb. 19, 1952

Patent Citations
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US1456030 *Mar 16, 1921May 22, 1923Molby Walter DavidApparatus for physical culture
US1641188 *Apr 12, 1926Sep 6, 1927Mittag Paul TExercising cot
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US1837872 *May 31, 1930Dec 22, 1931Johnson Arthur TSurgical appliance
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2893380 *Jun 29, 1956Jul 7, 1959Cecil Invest CompanyMassage and exercise machine
US2932509 *Aug 2, 1957Apr 12, 1960Zinkin HaroldBody exercising apparatus
US3012776 *Aug 18, 1959Dec 12, 1961Hotas Leon GTorso exercising machines
US3019019 *Jan 13, 1961Jan 30, 1962Francis C ForteHand wrestling apparatus
US3088457 *Mar 20, 1961May 7, 1963Darby & DarbyTherapeutic device
US3112108 *Jul 3, 1961Nov 26, 1963Hanke Clarence FExercising apparatus with crankshaft operable selectively by foot pedals or hand levers
US4149713 *Jun 8, 1977Apr 17, 1979Mcleod Ruffin CWeight lifting device for the lower extremities
US4229001 *Feb 23, 1979Oct 21, 1980Roman Michael PTherapeutic exercise device
US4316608 *Dec 17, 1979Feb 23, 1982Amf IncorporatedLeg and hip sled exerciser
US4508109 *Jan 11, 1982Apr 2, 1985Saunders Harold DCervical traction device
US4736736 *Nov 17, 1986Apr 12, 1988501 Tru-Trac Therapy Products Inc.Cervical traction assembly having head cradle with occipital shelf
US4896879 *Jun 28, 1988Jan 30, 1990Klawitter Ronald JAdjustable weight device for human joint or muscle exercise
US4903963 *Jan 23, 1989Feb 27, 1990Garnett Byran RAbdominal muscle exerciser
US5951445 *Oct 14, 1997Sep 14, 1999Vittone; Larry W.Leg exercise apparatus
US6468240Jan 8, 2001Oct 22, 2002The Saunders Group, Inc.Self-seating occiput wedge system for applying a therapeutic traction force
US6971997Nov 17, 2003Dec 6, 2005The Saunders Group, Inc.Multi-axis cervical and lumber traction table
US7108671Jan 5, 2004Sep 19, 2006The Saunders Group, Inc.Portable lumbar traction device
US7189214Jan 22, 2002Mar 13, 2007The Saunders Group, Inc.Multi-axis cervical and lumbar traction table
US7566314Jun 5, 2006Jul 28, 2009The Saunders Group, Inc.Portable cervical traction device
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Classifications
U.S. Classification601/23, 482/133, 482/145, 601/24, 482/102, 601/27
International ClassificationA61H1/02
Cooperative ClassificationA61H1/0222
European ClassificationA61H1/02D1