US 2689668 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Sept. 1954 J. HEXEL 2,689,668
SPRAY DISPENSING BOTTLE Filed June 22, 1953 INVENTOR. [ea v07] flexel iffOXA/JK Patented Sept. 21, 1954 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2 Claims.
This invention relates to spray dispensing bottles of the type used for perfumes, toilet powders, deodorants and the like. In particular this invention relates to bottles of the aforementioned type that are formed of flexible materials, or bottles that have flexible portions at least, that can be readily squeezed to develop a pressure within the bottle that will force a spray of the bottle contents to be emitted from the perforated upper end portion of the bottle.
It is a primary object of this invention to provide a flexible spray dispensing bottle of elongated shape that has reinforced intermediate portions that prevent deformation or collapse of the bottle intermediate portions during the spray emitting operation.
It is another object of this invention to provide a spray dispensing bottle of elongated shape that has a flexible lower end portion that may be compressed to develop the spray emitting pressure within the bottle, a relatively rigid, attractively shaped intermediate portion of the bottle that permits the bottle to be firmly grasped without deformation of the flexible portions of the bottle, and a perforated upper end portion 'on the bottle that provides the spray emitting head, said spray emitting head being so shaped that it will receive a cup-type cap or cover.
It is still another object of this invention to provide a spray dispensing bottle that is formed with a relatively flexible or deformable material containing portion of substantially inverted T- shaped cross-sectional configuration and a relatively rigid, sleeve-like, portion of sinuously shaped cross-sectional configuration that is arranged to surround and reinforce the upstanding leg or neck portion of the flexible material containing portion.
It is still a further object of this invention to provide a spray dispensing bottle or the like formed from a. plurality of sections of different materials so arranged that certain sections of the bottle may be deformable or flexible and certain other sections rigid, said rigid sections being so arranged that they reinforce certain of the flexible portions and prevent their deformation or collapse.
It is still another object of this invention to provide a spray dispensing bottle that is formed from a plurality of rearrangeable, differently shaped sections of colored plastic materials that may be assembled in a plurality of ways to provide a bottle of attractive appearance and improved construction.
It is a still further object of this invention to provide a sleeve reinforced flexible bottle having certain portions that may be readily deformed and other decorative portions that are substantially rigid so as to provide firm handling portions for the flexible bottle.
It is still another object of this invention to provide a novel manner of mounting skirts or sleeve elements on elongated, stepped, tube-like bottle.
Other objects and advantages of this invention will become readily apparent from a consideration of the following description and the related drawings wherein:
Fig. 1 is a front elevational view of a spray dispensing bottle embodying this invention;
Fig. 2 is an elarged sectional elevational view of the bottle shown in Fig. 1, the view being taken along the line 2-2 of Fig. 1 looking in the direction of the arrows;
Fig. 3 is another enlarged sectional elevational view of the bottle shown in Fig. 1, this view being taken along the line 3-3 of Fig. 2; and
Fig. 4 is an enlarged sectional elevational view of the bottle shown in Fig. 1, the view being taken along the line 4--4 of Fig. 1 looking in the direction of the arrows.
The spray dispensing bottle disclosed in the drawings is particularly designed for use as a container and dispenser of deodorants, perfumes, powders and the like. Such bottles are frequently formed from various types of plastic that are relatively flexible. The relatively flexible plastics are cheap, easy to form into attractive shapes, unbreakable and light in weight. Furthermore, they can be obtained in practically all colors and thus they lend themselves to attractive color patterns.
One of the disadvantages heretofore in the use of flexible plastics for spray dispensing bottles has been the fact that certain bottle shapes were precluded from use due to the inability of certain portions of the bottle to retain their shape when subjected to an internal pressure during the spray emitting process. For instance if the bottle was of an elongated design and was squeezed at-one end the middle or intermediate portion of the bottle might expand to a bulbous formation and distort the shape of the other end of the bottle. Also, if the bottle was formed solely of a relatively flexible plastic, it was difficult to grasp any portion of the bottle without causing a spray to be emitted from the perforated end portion of the bottle. Likewise, if the bottle was of elongated shape and formed of relatively flexible material it might droop, or tilt or lean in one direction instead of remaining erect. These several disadvantages are overcome by the particular bottle construction herein disclosed and claimed.
From Figs. 2 and 3 particularly it will be noted .that this spray dispensing bottle comprises a decanter-shaped material container ll that has a pair of sleeve-like rigidifying skirt elements l2 and t3 encircling the neck portion of the con.- tainer ll, and a cup-shaped cap or cover IA. for the perforated upper end l la of the material container II.
The material container l l is formed from a relatively flexible material, preferably plastic, that can be readily deformed by squeezing yet one that will quickly return to its original shape when the squeezing pressure isremovecl'. In plan elevation (see Fig. 4) the base portion No of the container ll is substantially elliptical. The base portion l lc has converging side wall portions Hd that diverge from the fiat base plate portion. He. The base plate port-ion He provides a rela-. tivelylarge bottle supporting area so that the bottle will be stable and not easily overturned. Projecting upwardly from the top of the bottle base portion H is a tube-like neck portion llb. l hetube-like. neck portion llb of the material. container ll tapers or converges upwardly andv it may be of a stepped construction as shown at H1), llb". As aforementioned the upper end Ha of the tube=likeneck portion llb of the material container H is perforated: with. a plurality of holes to provide the sprayhead through which. the container material is. to. be dispensed. For ease of manufacture and; to permit the use. of several.- different colored. plastics. in the container l;l .it is. preferable toform. the container in sec.- tions that are thereafter bonded together rather than forming the container ll. as a. single in,- tegral unit. In. the drawings the container ll is shown as formed of: two identical. halfv portions with the parting line it representing the engaged.
portions. of the two parts. of the container l that are bonded together. obvious-that thecontainer it may beformed. of
as many bonded-together portions as is desired.
With. the disclosed: constr ction, the r ehlr a f f the container Ll, as seenin Fig, 3; could-be f one colored. material; while the; left hal f Qf the container l.l could beef; a differ nt colo d ma: terial.
The upstanding, e on a e.) apered neekn tion. l of the ntaine ll: s en i el lby lural ty of. sleev r ike s irt elem nt and. 3.- obvion lv n numbe o skirt. e eme s. e be used; dependin on. t e l n e 't o ta ne neck portion Ill) and the length of the skirt ele-. m n s; b. lit t Thekir m s. 1 -3 are a h prefe ably stif er. erv mo e: g d; than the fle b t used to form. the container ll. The skirt elements 1-2, l3 are each designed so thatthey fit snugly about the container neck portion [l b, and
the container neck Llb, It has been found ad.- antae u toap h sk rts. l s c at ach e mb s a antern globe n. ros cti nal configuration. With: such. a skirt. construction.
theupper and lower. edge portions l2a, l2b; and
l3a, l3b exert pressures. against the tube-like neck portion llbof the container ll that: rigidi:
fies the neck portion llb. Furthermore, because. of; the overlapped arrangementof the skirtedges; I 21), lfla and. the stepped? construption, l;l bf, llb' Off the neck portion llbofsthecontainer lil the It is. thought. to e formedof a material that, is.
provide-a stilfening or rigidifying-outer. sleeve for V neck portion. Mb is. ovided w a ne e an skirts l2, l3 may be snapped on the container neck portion llb and they will thereafter remain in their predetermined positions. .As was the case with the container l l, the several sleevelike skirt elements l2, l3 may each be formed of bonded together segments so that a plurality of different colored materials may be attractively arranged in each skirt element. From the drawmegs, (Figs. 2 4), it will be noted that each of the sleeves. ;l2, ltgare farmed? 01?; two. substantially semi-cylindrical segments'that are bonded together along the parting lines I9, 20 respectively. Because the skirt elements l2, l3 are fornrecl eg. a relatively stiiT or rigid material, these skirt elements provide a firm portion for grasping the bottle and the flexible material con- H thns will not be compressed accidentally during handling of the bottle. The skirt elements l2, l3 thus give the flexible container l l a stability that is usually lacking in spray dispensing bottlesof the disclosed typ The. pp r p rfo ated. nd H of the con ain r canor .cover. l4. Thisoap co r f t nu .8 b ut the p rforated upp e d o t e eentain r n ck po tion. 2- nd p vent c d n a s o the material from within the container H by spi l n evapo ation o t i e- The p-s ap d. an 4 a be ionn d ei t n e g t e substantially semi-cylindricalparts so as toperm-it the use of atleast twe different colored mater-ials.
From a consideration of the foregoing description it will be obvious, that the disclosed bottle,
provides a relatively small, easily grasped, flex.- ible section He that can be readily squeezed to. force a. spray of material to. be emittedfrom the perforated: upper end portion lla of the container l l;. Furthermore, the; stiffening skirts l2,
l3; provide a stablebottle that can be of elongated formation and onethat; is also quite attractive.
By forming each of the bottle components ll-, l2, l3 and IA of bondedrtogether. half portions itzis;
possible to use at least eight. different colored. materials so. as to provide an attractivecheckerboard appearance. a
1. Av bottle comprising a container formed from relatively flexible, plastic-like material and. of
substantially. decanter shape having a. bulbous base portion and an elongated, upstand n tubei e ec n ie jec in f m the p r side. th reof. said neck por ion-includ n a pa r of. spaced. apart. step,.-lik e formations and: having a closed; perforated upp end porti a. pair o glob rsnaned, eeve-l ke k rt em nts. formed. of, relatively. rigid plastic-like material; arran i d; in superimposed relationship with respect .tq one.
another and encircling the. tllbfifllke container mee p rt on. t e opposite end porti n of. the.
skirt, elements. being anchored to, the, step-like formations. of the container neck portion,. and. the adjacent end. edges of said skirt. elements.
being arrangedin overlapped relationship.
2. i A bottle comprising. a container. formed. from. relatively flexible material. and of. substantiallydecanter shape having a bulbous base portion.
andan elongated, upstanding, tapered tube-like neck portion projecting from. the upper side ereon said nec po t n. hav ng. a closed. perforated upper end portion and including a. stepp die m tien at. eachnd the eof. andat nein ntermediate hei nds. and atta n lobe. shaped, sleeve-like skirt elements fQITmfid(0f,1e1&r-
tively. rigid; material, said; skirt: elements bein 5 6 arranged in superimposed relationship and en- References Cited in the file of this patent circling the tube-like container neck portion, the UNITED STATES PATENTS opposite ends of the skirt elements being anchored in the stepped formations at the opposite Number Name Date ends of the container neck portion and the ad- 5 1511775 Hall June 1374 jacent edge portions of the skirt elements being 854,792 Bartlett May 23, 1907 anchored in the stepped formation intermediate 1593316 Campbell July 1926 the ends of the container neck portion having 1,983,239 Munday 4, 1934 their upper and lower end edges engaged in the 2,073,303 Holder 9, 1937 step-like formations in the tube-like container 10 neck portion.