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Publication numberUS2690174 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 28, 1954
Filing dateMar 19, 1949
Priority dateJun 7, 1945
Also published asDE844047C
Publication numberUS 2690174 A, US 2690174A, US-A-2690174, US2690174 A, US2690174A
InventorsMaurice Fuchs
Original AssigneeMaurice Fuchs
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Massage apparatus
US 2690174 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Mas-24A Sept. 28, 1954 2,690,174

M. FUCHS MASSAGE APPARATUS Filed March 19. 1949 Patentedl Sept. 28, 1954 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE Claims priority, application Switzerland June 7, 1945 (Cl. 12S- 44) 7 claims. 1

This application is a continuation-impart of my co-pending application Serial No. 671,355, now abandoned.

The present invention relates to a massage apparatus, which possesses specific characteristics different from those of the known massage apparatuses, and which possesses advantages thereof.

According to the invention, a massage appara.- tus comprises a control means, which control means is adapted to operate in accordance with the rhythmical heart impulses, which are produced by the heart action of the patient. The electromechanical control means is so formed, that by means of the received impulses, a pressure transmitting device causes the massage as such to function. The pressure transmitting device is attached to a massage member applied to the part of the body to be massaged, in such a way that by means of the pressure transmitting device actuated by the heartpagtign, compressions are exerted on`tl`ie par'tcft'he body to be treated in heart rhythm of the patient.

Preferably, the control means may comprise an electromagnet in a circuit which is rhythmically closed and opened, respectively, according to the rhythm of the hear impulses, whereby said electromagnet is provided for transferring the heart impulse received from the control means upon the pressure transmitting device with the result that the action of the latter occurs in rhythm with -the heart action.

The electromagnet may suitably act upon a blow-off valve arranged in the connection between the pressure transmitting device and the massage member with the result that the supply o! compressed medium from the container is rhythmically interrupted and that the medium contained in the massage member may simultaneously escape therefrom during this interval, whereby the blow-off valve will suitably be reset into its normal position by means of a spring as soon as the action of the electromagnet is suspended.

Another likewise suitable way is to provide control means comprising piezoelectric Mcrystltls which transform the rhythmical pressure resulting from the heart action into electrical energy which may be Tminligegdby at least one amplier valve and used or controlling the rhythm pressure transmitting device.

Alternatively for instance, the control means may be rhythmically actuated by means of a manometer which may be applied to a pulsating part of the body, whereby there may be suitably 2 provided a diiierential manometer, for instance, which transforms the impulses of the heart by means of a diaphragm and a lever connected thereto, that thereby the circuit of an electromagnet will be accordingly clo'sed and opened respectively.

Preferably, the pressure transmitting device is actuated by a motor, for instance an electric motor, which may be provided with a rheostat which permits adjusting the speed oi' the motor.

Preferably, the control means may comprise at least onaamnlm A vali/:clwhicbrigadpted t0 alify at leastuecflthesmreats the ht 'actions to such an extent that thi'action current may be used for controlling the pressure transmitting device.

The action currents of the heart may be suitably led to the amplifier valves by means of electrodes which are applied to the body to be treated.

Also a container can be provided which contains a medium under pressure, for example, compressed air.

In the drawings, Fig. 1 is a schematic illustration, partly in section, of a massage apparatus according to the present invention, and;

Figs. 2 and 3 are variations thereof.

A motor l drives a compressor 2 which carries a pipe 3 having an opening through which air is sucked from the atmosphere and which is in communication with an air reservoir, which is provided with a pressure regulating valve 5. To the air reservoir t is connected a control valve acting as a blow-off valve, which comprises a housing 6, in which is positioned a movable piston 1, which is actuated by an electromagnet 8, and which returns to its .startingV position through its own weight or through a pressure spring 9. In Fig. 1 the piston 1 is shown in raised position so that the air under pressure passes from the air reservoir E through the control valve into a message means connected to the latter.

The massage means consists essentially of an elastic hollow body. Its form and size depends upon the part of the body to be massaged.V In Fig. l. the massage means is illustrated for an extremity. for instance an arm or a leg. The hollow body consists of an elastic inner partition, for instance of rubber, l0 and a less nexible outer cover H. The massage means is placed around the extremity i2 shown in cross section and fastened to the same in a manner similar to the known collars, which are used for measuring blood pressure. I5 isa control means, which lead the impulses of the heart of the patient over the leads I4. The control means l5 comprises 3 a manually operable knob 24, which adjusts the function of a time relay 24a, which in turn permits the variation of the delay of the moment of imparting the compression with respect to the actuating heart impulses received by the clamps 5 I4. A second knob 25 adjusts the actuation of another device such as a time relay 25a, by which the duration of the sending impulses to the said coil and also the duration of the compression in the massage means can be changed. A third knob 26 actuates a pressure regulating valve which is formed similar to the pressure regulating valve 5. The arrangement according to Fig. 1 operates as follows:

The motor I drives the compressor 2, air is sucked from the atmosphere through the pipe 3 into the air reservoir 4. The pressure in the air reservoir is regulated by the regulating valve 5 or by the knob 26. Over the control means I5 arrive the heart impulses going from the leads I4, over the lead 23 to the electromagnet 8, which attracts the control piston 1. In raised position of the control piston 1 the air under pressure leaves the air reservoir 4 through the blow-off valve 6 and passes into the massage means IU, 25

II and exerts a pressure on a part of the body. Upon return of the piston 'I, the admission of air under pressure to the massage means is interrupted and the air escapes through an opening 'IA into the atmosphere. If the a of the hezgtnaxgeemplolediorteering and contlhe apparatusjhen e. pair 0 #ataappliedieasart .f thldy '6i-libe a-- in a similar manner as fonelectrocardiographs,

the pair of electrodes being connected to the leads I4 of the control apparatus I5 which act ansiethqm ampliggr. If the heart tone is employe'd'i? controlling the heart action, then a microphone I6 (Fig. 3) is employed, which is applied to the breast of the patient over the position of the 40 heart, or over an artery of the neck, or an arm, or a radial artery, and with the clamps I4 of the control device I5.

If the blood pressure uctuation is employed for control, then an India rubber cui I'I (Fig. 2) 45 is employed, such as one usual for measuring blood pressure. The India rubber cuff I'I is connected with a contact manometer I8, which reacts with the oscillation of the blood pressure.

In the moment of the highest blood pressure, the

manometer closes for a short time the circuit which is fed by a battery I9 and it includes a voltage divider consisting of the resistances 20 and 2 I. The circuit is connected to the clamps I4 of the controlling device I5.

Fig. 4 represents the above-mentioned variation comprising a cuff 21 xed on a pulsating part of the body, the inner room of the cui 2'I is connected with a casing 28, in which are placed a piezo-crystal 29 with two electrodes 30 and 3|. 60

This crystal is able to transform the rhythmical pressure resulting from the heart action into electrical energy, which may be suitably amplied by at least one amplier valve 32 and used for controlling the rhythm of the pressure transmiterating the massage by means of the received mpulses so that pressures are exerted on the part of the body to be treated in heart rhythm with the patient by means of the pressure transmitting device operated by the heart action, and means for regulating the duration of the compression impulses released rhythmically by the heart action and for regulating the height of the pressure of each of these compressions as well as the delay of the moment of imparting the compression with respect to the actuating heart impulses.

2. A massage apparatus comprising in combination, an amplifier for heart impulses, an electromagnet control means including said amplifier, said control means operating with the rhythmical heart impulses which are provided by the heart action of the patient, a pressure transmitting device, said control means controlling the operation of the pressure transmitting device operating the massage by means of the received impulses so that pressures are exerted on the part of the body to be treated in heart rhythm of the patient by means of the pressure transmitting device operated by the heart action, means for regulating the duration of the compression impulses released rhythmically by the heart action and for regulating the height of the pressure of each of these compressions as well as the delay of the moment of imparting the compression with respect to the actuating heart impulses, massage means, a conduit for admitting air from said pressure transmitting device into said massage means.

3. A massage apparatus comprising in combination, an amplier for heart impulses, an electromagnet control means including said amplifier, said control means operating with the rhythmical heart impulses which are provided by the heart action of the patient, a pressure transmitting device, said control means controlling the operation of the pressure transmitting device operating the massage by means of the received impulses so that pressures are exerted on the part of the body to be treated in heart rhythm of the patient by means of the pressure transmitting device operated by the heart action, and means for regulating the duration of the compression impulses released rhythmically by the heart action and for regulating the height of the pressure of each of these compressions as well as the delay of the moment of imparting the compression with respect to the actuating heart impulses.

4. A massage apparatus comprising in combination, an amplifier for heart impulses, an elec- 5 tromagnet control means including said amplifier,

said control means operating with the rhythmical heart impulses which are provided by the heart action of the patient, a pressure transmitting device, said control means controlling the operation of the pressure transmitting device operating the massage by means of the received impulses so that pressures are exerted on the part of the body to be treated in heart rhythm of the patient by means of the pressure transmitting device operated by the heart action, means for regulating the duration of the compression impulses released rhythmically by the heart action and for regulating the height of the pressure of each of these compressions as well as the delay of the moment of imparting the compression with respect to the actuating heart impulses, leads to the control means, and electrodes connected to the leads to transmitting the action current of the heart for controlling the apparatus.

5. A massage apparatus comprising in combination, an amplier for heart impulses, an electromagnet control means including said amplier, said control means operating with the rhythmical heart impulses which are provided by the heart action of the patient, a pressure transmitting device, said control means controlling the operation of the pressure transmitting device operating the massage by means of the received impulses so that pressures are exerted on the part of the body to be treated in heart rhythm of the patient by means of the pressure transmitting device operated by the heart action, means for regulating the duration of the compression impulses released rhythmically by the heart action and for regulating the height of the pressure of each of these compressions as Well as the delay of the moment of imparting the compression with respect to the actuating heart impulses, clamps in the control means, a microphone connected to the leads of the control means for transmitting the heart tone for actuating and controlling the apparatus.

6. A massage apparatus comprising in combination, an amplifier for heart impulses, an

electromagnet control means including said amling the operation of the pressure transmitting device operating the massage by means of the received impulses so that compressions are exerted on the part of the body to be treated in heart rhythm of the patient by means of the pressure transmitting device operated by the heart action, means for regulating the duration of the compression impulses released rhythmically by the heart action and for regulating the height of the pressure of each of these compressions as Well as the delay of the moment of imparting the compression with respect to the actuating heart impulses, massage means a control valve in the pressure transmitting device, the

control means being operated by means of anV amplifier for increasing the impulses of the electrocardiogram of the patient, and for further 6 conducting these amplied impulses in the same rhythm to the control valve and to fill the massage means in the same rhythm with air under pressure, and for discharging the same in equal rhythm.

7. A massage apparatus comprising in combination, an amplifier for heart impulses, an electromagnet control means including said amplier, said control means operating With the rhythmical heart impulses which are provided by the heart action of the patient, a pressure transmitting device, said control means controlling the operation of the pressure transmitting device operating the massage by means of the received impulses so that pressures are exerted on the part of the body to be treated in heart rhythm of the patient by means of the pressure transmitting device operated by the heart action, means for regulating the duration of the compression impulses released rhythmically by the heart action and for regulating the heightk of the pressure of each of these compressions as well as the delay of the moment of imparting the compression with respect to the actuating heart impulses, massage means a control valve in the pressure transmitting device, the control means being operated by means of an amplier for increasing the impulses of the electrocardiogram of the patient, and for further conducting these amplified impulses in the same` rhythm to the control valve and to ll the massage means in the same rhythm with air under pressure, and for discharging the same in equal rhythm, a container in the pressure transmitting device having a medium under pressure, an electromagnet in the control means actuating in rhythm with the heart, and a blow-oil valve connected to a junction between the pressure transmitting means and the massage means.

References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1693734 *Jun 29, 1923Dec 4, 1928Mcintosh Electrical CorpSwitching means for effecting electrotherapeutic treatment
US1858209 *May 5, 1927May 10, 1932Trust Company Old ColonyVibratory massage apparatus
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3078842 *Jun 29, 1959Feb 26, 1963Reuben F GrayResuscitation apparatus
US3094983 *Jul 25, 1961Jun 25, 1963Frank F ReedBlood circulation device and method
US3209748 *Apr 19, 1963Oct 5, 1965Westinghouse Electric CorpReciprocating heart resuscitator device having fluid pressure control apparatus
US3233607 *Jun 20, 1962Feb 8, 1966Iowa State University Of ScienAutomatic heart massage device
US3303841 *Jun 18, 1964Feb 14, 1967Dennis ClarenceProcess and apparatus for pressurizing lower extremities of a patient during ventricular diastole
US3449767 *Sep 24, 1965Jun 17, 1969North American RockwellArtificial heart regulating system
US3610233 *Apr 26, 1961Oct 5, 1971Michigan Instr IncMassage apparatus
US3651801 *Sep 23, 1970Mar 28, 1972Samuel KullokApparatus for effecting massages synchronously with the heart activity
US4077402 *Jun 25, 1976Mar 7, 1978Benjamin Jr J MalvernApparatus for promoting blood circulation
US4256094 *Jun 18, 1979Mar 17, 1981Kapp John PArterial pressure control system
US4883055 *Mar 11, 1988Nov 28, 1989Puritan-Bennett CorporationArtificially induced blood pulse for use with a pulse oximeter
WO1993000875A1 *Jul 8, 1992Jan 21, 1993Michel FleuryDevice for stimulating blood circulation in a patient
Classifications
U.S. Classification601/150, 601/84
International ClassificationA61H23/04, A61B5/0285
Cooperative ClassificationA61H2230/04, A61H9/0078, A61H2230/10, A61B5/0285, A61H23/04
European ClassificationA61H9/00P6, A61H23/04, A61B5/0285