Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2690281 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 28, 1954
Filing dateApr 2, 1954
Priority dateApr 2, 1954
Publication numberUS 2690281 A, US 2690281A, US-A-2690281, US2690281 A, US2690281A
InventorsGould Livingstone Jay
Original AssigneeGould Livingstone Jay
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Capped vessel with adapter
US 2690281 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 28, 1954 J. G. LIVINGSTONE CAPPED VESSEL WITH ADAPTER Original Filed Dec. 1, 1949 FIG. I

FIG. 2

INVENTOR. JAY GOULD LIVINGSTONE ATTORNEY Patented Sept. 28, 1954 UNITED STATES FFECE GAPPED VESSEL WITH ADAPTER Jay Gould Livingstone, Akron, Ohio 3 Claims.

This invention relates to a pouring adapter or attachment of resilient plastic, for a glass bottle, metal can or other vessels for liquids. The adapter is held in the neck of the vessel by friction or otherwise. It is provided with a flange which fits over the end of the neck of the vessel and serves as a sealing gasket. A ca fits over the adapter and is fastened to the outside of the vessel by being threaded on the neck or by other means. For instance, it may be snapped in place. The cap is provided with a surface which presses the flange of the adapter against the end of the neck of the vessel (either the outside rim or the inside rim or intermediate the two or elsewhere) so that it serves as a sealing gasket, one surface of the flange being brought into liquidtight contact with the cap and the other surface of the flange being brought into liquid-tight contact with the end of the neck of the vessel. The cap may or may not include a liner. As a rule, additional gasketing means between the flange and the end of the vessel is superfluous. Thus the vessel is sealed so that there is no leakage of liquid either above or below the flange.

The invention will be more particularly described with reference to a run-back type of adapter, but any other pouring adapter may be employed which is designed so that all liquid which enters the opening in the adapter and is not poured from the adapter is returned to the vessel when the vessel is brought to the upright position. For instance, the adapter may be so designed that liquid poured through it is discharged by pouring it over the flange. In this case the vessel will generally be sealed with the conventional non-dome-type closure cap. The function of the runback type of adapter is explained in detail in my Patent No. 2 ,601,039; the present application being a division of my application Serial No. 290,227 which is a division of that patent. The adapter is held to the neck of the vessel, even though the cap be removed and the vessel be inverted. There is an opening through the adapter through which the liquid contents of the vessel may be poured.

Figure l is a section through a capped bottle using one type of pouring adapter, and

Figure 2 is a section through a different type of pouring adapter in a bottle.

The pouring adapter of both figures of the drawing includes a pouring spout A surrounded by a channel B which slopes from the portion under the pouring spout to the rear of the adapter. The adapter is fitted in the neck of a glass bottle C. The rear of the spout is open as shown in the drawings and liquid which collects in the channel is returned to the bottle through this opening. Any liquid dripping or draining from the spout A collects in the channel and thus is returned to the bottle. It is for this reason that such adapters are called run-back adapters.

In Fig. l, the adapter I is friotionally fitted into the neck of bottle C by the annular flange 2. This flange is an integral part of the adapter. Any flange formed integrally with the outside of the adapter, which flange engages with the inside surface of the bottles neck may be employed. A closure cap 4 having an offset portion 5 is used to close the bottle. The cap is screwed to the neck of the bottle and when it is removed the adapter will be retained in the bottle by the flange 2 or its equivalent.

The flange 6 is formed integrally with the adapter, being an extension of the outer wall of the channel B. It projects over the end of the neck of the bottle. The horizontally projecting portion I of the cap presses the flange tightly to the bottle when the cap is screwed tight on to the bottle.

The adapter of Fig. 2 is provided with a flange ls extending outwardly from the upper edge of wall H which bounds the channel B. A flexible skirt [3 extends downwardly from the bottom edge of wall I i and its bottom portion flares outwardly. The skirt is fltted into the neck 15 of the bottle by collapsing the sides of the flexible skirt and pressing the outwardly flaring bottom it through the neck of the bottle. When the spout is in the bottle, flange l0 rests on the rim of the neck and the flaring bottom embraces the base of the neck inside the bottle so that the spout is held tightly in place. A dome-shaped cap as shown in Fig. 1 may be threaded onto the threads l8 with the flange [0 serving as a sealing gasket.

The bottom of the flexible skirt 13 may be tapered inwardly to form a lead section to facilitate introduction of the adapter into the vessel.

The adapter may be molded from any resilient plastic, e. g. polyethylene. Such a spout works equally well with milk, water, wine, whiskey, oils, and sirups, etc.

What I claim is:

1. In combination with a Vessel having a neck and an opening at the end thereof, liquid in the vessel, a cap which encloses the opening and is fastened externally tothe vessel, and under the cap a pouring adapter of resilient plastic having an opening therethrough which adapter is engaged with the neck, the adapter having a flange integral therewith which extends radially outwardly between the cap and the end of the neck and is squeezed therebetween so that the flange is in sealing contact with both the cap and the end of the neck so that no liquid escapes from the capped vessel when it is upset, the surface of the adapter from the cap to the opening through the adapter draining to said opening, whereby when the cap is fastened to the vessel and the vessel is upset liquid which flows from. the vessel through the opening in the adapter is returned to the vessel when the vessel is brought to the upright position.

2. In combination with a vessel having a neck and an opening at the end thereof, liquid in the vessel, threads on the outside of the neck, a rigid cap which encloses the opening and is threaded on said threads on the outside of the neck, and under the cap a pouring adapter of resilient plastic having an opening therethrough tact with both the cap and the end of the neck,

so that no liquid escapes from the capped vessel when it is upset, the surface of the adapter from the cap to. the opening through the adapter draining to said opening, whereby when the cap is fastened to the vessel and the vessel is upset liquid which flows from the vessel through the opening in the adapter is returned to the vessel when the vessel is brought to the upright posi-,

tion.

3. In combination with a vessel having a neck and an opening at the end thereof, liquid in the vessel, a cap which encloses the opening and is fastened externally to the vessel, and under the cap a pouring adapter ofipolyethylenehaving an opening therethroughwhich adapter is engaged in the neck, the adapter having a flange integral therewith which extends radially outwardly between the cap and the end of the neck and is squeezed therebetween so that the flange is in sealing contact with both the cap and the end of the neck, so that no liquid escapes from the capped vesselwhen it is upset, the surface of the adapter from the cap to the opening through the adapter-draining to said opening, whereby when the cap is fastened to the vessel and the vessel is upset liquid which flows from the vessel through the opening in the adapter is returned to the vessel when theivessel is brought to the upright position.

References Cited in the'file 'Of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 512,438 Hallowell Janx9, 1894 1,749,253 Levy 'Mar. 4, 1930 1,794,098 Aulbach et al Feb. 24, 1931 2,235,453 Kirmes Mar. 18, 1941 2,416,069 Scott :Feb. 18, 1947 2,531,745 Schopmeyer Nov. '28, 1950 2,543,470 Ryan Feb. '27, 1951 2,576,416 Randlett Nov. 27, 1951 2,649,226 Lay Aug. 18, 1953

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US512438 *Apr 8, 1893Jan 9, 1894 Oil-can
US1749253 *Feb 5, 1927Mar 4, 1930Leo LevyPouring spout
US1794098 *Mar 29, 1929Feb 24, 1931Continental Can CoPouring spout for containers
US2235453 *Oct 24, 1938Mar 18, 1941Erich KirmesBottle cap
US2416069 *Aug 20, 1943Feb 18, 1947Du PontVulcanization of halogenated polymers of ethylene
US2531745 *Nov 18, 1947Nov 28, 1950Clifford S SchopmeyerSqueeze-bottle atomizer for acid liquids
US2543470 *Apr 16, 1947Feb 27, 1951Ryan Alice GCollapsible pouring spout
US2576416 *Jun 8, 1948Nov 27, 1951Owens Illinois Glass CoSnap-on perforated shaker disk for condiment container and closure cap over said disk
US2649226 *Apr 7, 1949Aug 18, 1953A H Wirz IncSpout cap
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2889079 *Sep 22, 1955Jun 2, 1959Gould Livingstone JayAdapter and adapter combination
US3078014 *Jan 19, 1959Feb 19, 1963Livingstone Jay GAdapter and adapter combination
US5108009 *Jul 29, 1991Apr 28, 1992Lever Brothers Company, Division Of Conopco, Inc.Leak and drip resistant storage dispensing and measuring package
US7014078Apr 25, 2002Mar 21, 2006Masterchem Industries LlcContainer
US7036693Dec 5, 2001May 2, 2006Masterchem Industries LlcPaint container
US7156265Sep 25, 2002Jan 2, 2007Masterchem Industries LlcContainer
US7841489Oct 28, 2004Nov 30, 2010Masterchem Industries, LlcContainer sealing system
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/542, 222/569, 222/498
International ClassificationB65D47/12
Cooperative ClassificationB65D47/122
European ClassificationB65D47/12B