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Publication numberUS2692777 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 26, 1954
Filing dateFeb 14, 1951
Priority dateFeb 14, 1951
Publication numberUS 2692777 A, US 2692777A, US-A-2692777, US2692777 A, US2692777A
InventorsMiller Mathias J
Original AssigneeMiller Mathias J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Card shuffling machine
US 2692777 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct.' 26, `1954 M. J. MILLER 2,692,777

CARD SHUFFLING MACHINE Filed Feb. 14, 1951 3 Sheets-Sheet l lz: E- l rra- E j l l /3 l In r 45 v i 'r l /z 7g I f 1 jl "T 5 50 4/0 g -FI E ,f 86 5 l 4'/ l 58 @du Y e@ 35' l: g/ ,fg 475 4l IN V EN TOR.

' ATTORNEY oct. 26, 1954 M J, MLLER 2,692,777

CARD SHUFFLING MACHINE Filed Feb. 14, 1951 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENToR. MA f//As c7. M/L ER BY Ocf- 26,' 1954 M. J. MILLER 2,692,777

CARD SHUFF'LING MACHINE Filed Feb. 14,1951 s sheetssheet 5 :PIE- f* "lll/4 Patented Oct. 26, 1954 UNITED `STATES PATENT OFFICE CARD SHUFFLING MACHINE Mathias J. Miller, Evansville, Ind.

Application February 14, 1951, Serial No. 210,967

1 Claim. 1

The present invention relates to a card shuffling machine and it consists in the combinations, constructions and arrangements of parts herein described and claimed.

Generally there is provided a card shuffling machine having a, base on which is mounted an enM closed framework the upper end of which is a pair of pockets in which may be placed portions of a deck of cards and beneath which is a lever operated mechanism designed to release the cards in the pair of pockets to a trough which lies therebelow. The apparatus is so designed that the cards from the pair of pockets are dropped in a random manner to thoroughly intermix and thereafter automatically accumulate into a single pack or deck in the trough and access is provided for the easy manual removal of the thus mixed deck from the trough. Various novel features are incorporated in the apparatus.

It is accordingly an object of the invention to provide an apparatus of the character set forth which is simple in construction, relatively inexpensive to manufacture and yet effective and eincient in use.

A further object of the invention is the provision, in an apparatus of the character set forth, of novel means for intermixing playing cards and the like.

A further object of the invention is the provision of a novel card-releasing mechanism forming a part of the invention.

Another object of the invention is the provision, in an apparatus of the character set forth, of novel support means for cards in pockets forming a part of the invention.

A further object of the invention is the provision, in an apparatus of the character set forth, of a novel actuating mechanism for a card release mechanism forming a part of the invention.

Other and further objects of the invention will become apparent from a reading of the following specification taken in conjunction with the drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is a side elevational view of an embodiment of the invention,

Figure 2 is a front elevational view thereof,

Figure 3 is an enlarged sectional view, partly broken away, taken substantially along line 3 3 of Figure 2 and showing the apparatus loaded with cards ready to be shuied,

Figure 4 is a fragmentary sectional view similar to Figure 3 but showing the apparatus immediately after the cards have been shuffled,

Figure 5 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view 2 taken substantially along line 5-5 of Figure 3,

Figure 6 is a horizontal sectional View taken substantially along line 5-I of Figure 3,

Figure 7 is a fragmentary perspective view of the upper end of the apparatus with certain parts removed and illustrating particularly .a pair of card-holding pockets forming a part of the invention,

Figure 8 is a perspective view illustrating a movable card support forming a part of the invention,

Figure 9 is a fragmentary perspective view of a supporting platform forming a part of the inn vention,

Figure 10 is an elevational view, partly broken away, illustrating the details of construction of an operating lever forming a part of the invention,

Figure 11 is a sectional view taken along line II--II of Figure 10,

Figure 12 is a sectional view taken substantially along' line I2-I2 of Figure 10, and

Figures 13 to 15, inclusive, are fragmentary views taken substantially along line I3--I3 of Figure 2 and illustrating the operation of the apparatus.

Referring more particularly to the drawings, there is shown therein a card shuffling machine comprising an oblong base member Ill adjacent the rear of which is affixed a vertically extending rear wall II to the side edges of which and to the base is attached a pair of side members I2 which lare inwardly curved in their lower portions, as indicated at I3, and outwardly flared, as indicated at I4, at their upper portions. A foreshortened forward wall I5 is aixed to the base I0 and to the forward portions of the side members I2 and preferably and as shown extends upwardly and outwardly from the base IO. The side members I2 are preferably and as shown provided with outwardly extending feet I6 to provide a more substantial contact with the. base II).

A card-receiving trough is provided in the lower end of the apparatus and consists of a front wall II which extends downwardly and rearwardly from the upper edge of the wall I5 to a point intermediate the walls I I and l5 and a rear wall It which extends from the lower edge of the wall I'I upwardly and rearwardly to contact the rear wall II to which it is affixed. The walls IT and IS are likewise aflixed to the side members I2 and to the base I0 to provide greater rigidity in the apparatus.

A pair of card-receiving pockets I9 is defined in the upper portion of the apparatus by the portions I4 of the side members I2, a vertically extending front plate 20 and a vertically extending rear plate 2| which is in spaced parallel relan tion to the plate 20. Centrally disposed between the plates 2 and 2I is a V-shaped divider 22. Aflixed adjacent the upper edges of the portions I4 and -on the inner sides thereof in each case is a guide block 23 each of which is also affixed to the inner sides of the members 2li and 2l.

Centrally affixed to the plate 2l is a bracket generally designated at 24 and comprising a top plate 25 and a pair of outwardly and rearwardly extending parallel arms 26 which are attached to the underside of the plate 25 and also to the member 2l. The arms 26 are each provided at their lower rearward ends with a transverse opening 21 which openings 21 are in lat-eral alignment.

A pin 28 extends through the openings 21 and through an opening 29 formed adjacent the inner lend of a lever 30 which is upwardly and outwardly curved, as indicated at 3l, to encompass the upper end of the apparatus when turned in a counterclockwise direction to its foremost posin tion, as indicated in Figure 4, for example, and which terminates in a finger piece 32.

A supporting table 33, best illustrated in Figure 9 of the drawings, extends transversely across the upper end of the rear wall I I to which it is afxed centrally and the table 33 extends in a plane downwardly and rearwardly with respect to the plane of the base IEB which is in a horizontal plane. A dependent pin 34 is centrally afiixed to the underside of the table 33 adjacent the forward end thereof and is provided with a head 35 at its lower end.

The inner end of the lever 3G is provided with a forwardly and rearwardly extending groove 35 and inwardly of said groove there is provided a transverse opening 31 and the rear wall Ii is centrally provided in its upper edge with an opening 38.

A notch 3S is centrally provided in the rear end of the table 33 and a guide block is affixed adjacent each end of the table 33, a-s indicated at 40. Each `of the guide blocks 40 is pro-vided with a trackway 4l at its inner end.

A card-mixing mechanism is generally indicated at 42 and is best illustrated in Figure 8 of the drawings. It consists of a flattened plate 43 which is slidably mounted atop the table 33 and having its side edges encompassed in the trackways 4I. Affixed to the forward edge of the plate 43 and perpendicular thereto is a forward wall 44 having an inverted V-shaped upper edge, as indicated at 45. An inverted V-shaped bracket 43 is aixed to the rear face of the plate 4d with its upper faces flush with the upper edges 45 and a supporting arm 41 is aiiixed to the rear face of the wall 44 and to the upper face of the plate 43 to brace the bracket 46. A finger 4% is mounted upon one leg of the bracket 46 and a finger 49 is mounted upon the other leg of the bracket 46. rIhe forward ends of the fingers 48 and 49 are forwardly and inwardly curved, as indicated at B and 5I, respectively, and terminate in points 52 and 53, respectively.

A compression spring 54 extends through the opening 38 and is connected to the pin 34 at its forward end and to a pin 55 at its rearward end. The pin 55 is carried by and extends through the plate 43 and terminates at its upper end in a head 56. A band 51 of elastic material is connected at its forward end to the arm 41, as indi cated at 58, and extends rearwardly through the groove 36 and thence upwardly and forwardly through the passageway 31 and terminates in a knot 59. A relatively small compression spring 6D interconnects the pin 55 and that portion of the band 51 extending between the groove 36 and the opening 31. A transversely extending guide rod 6I is affixed to the forward face of the wall 44 adjacent the lower end thereof. The bracket 46 has centrally disposed in its rear end a forwardly extending notch 62.

In operation, it will be apparent that a deck of cards may be roughly divided into two more or less equal portions and each portion inserted, as indicated at B3* in Figure 2, for example, into the card-receiving pockets I9 whereupon they will come to rest at their lower ends upon the fingers 48 and 49 and upon their outer sides upon the guide blocks 23. The cards 63 may lean as a group either forwardly or rearwardly "at this time, that is to say, when the device is in the condition shown, for example, in Figure 3 of the drawings. As the lever 30 is then brought forwardly by means of the finger piece 32 or in a counterclockwise direction upon the pin 28 as viewed in Figure 3, the lower edges of the cards will first travel rearwardly with the fingers 43 and 49 as the lever 3U, through its pull upon the band 51 moves the mechanism 42 rearwardly or to the right as viewed in Figure 3. As the mechanism 42 continues to move rearwardly those individual cards which are at the front of the group in each one of the pockets I3 will be released by gravity by the pointed ends 52 and 53 passing thereunder to a position where they no longer support the cards. Since the nger 43 extends a slightly greater distance forwardly than the finger 49, it will be apparent that the cards supported thereby will be held within the pocket i9 thereaoove for a slightly longer period than the cards supported by the finger 49 and that therefore the cards in the two groups of cards in the pockets I9 will be dropped in a more or less random manner until all of the same have dropped downwardly through the bottoms of the pockets I5 whereupon they will be received in the card-receiving trough and,

since the wall I1 is longer than the wall if! and furthermore since the wall I8 is too short to accommodate a full card and the wall 44 protrudes downwardly to a distance to prevent a card from leaning rearwardly, the entire deck now thoroughly mixed will lie upon the wall I1 and extend slightly over the top edge thereof where the same may be removed from the apparatus by the fingers of the user. The process above described may be repeated several times, if desired, so that the cards may be more thoroughly mixed. When the lever 3@ is released from the position shown, for example, in Figure 4 of the drawings, the tension spring 54 will act to return the mechanism 42 to its former position, as shown in Figure 3 and the fiexible band 51 will act to return the lever 3D to its upwardly extended position shown in Figure 3 where it is ready for the next operation. It will be noted that the side members I2 converge gradually toward the lower end thereof thus causing the cards dropping from each of the pockets 19 to be forced together so that a single pack Vof thoroughly mixed cards may be removed from the trough I1-l8 as shown, for example, in Figure 4 of the drawings.

Figures 13, 14 and 15 show progressively the manner in which the cards are released from the pockets I9 by means of the ngers 4d and 49.

While but one form of the invention has been shown and described herein, it will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art that many minor modifications may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the appended claim,

What is claimed is:

An apparatus of the character described comprising a body having downwardly converging sides, a pair of vertical transversely extending walls interconnecting the upper portions of the sides in spaced parallel relation to each other, a V-shaped divider centrally disposed between said Walls, whereby to form with said sides and walls a pair of downwardly converging bottomless pockets, a transversely extending shelf mounted in said body rearwardly and below said pockets, 15

the lower portions of said sides, and. a pair of fingers each mounted upon one leg of said bracket and extending a different distance forwardly therefrom, said fingers each underlying an inner portion of one of said pockets and each having its free end forwardly and inwardly curved, whereby cards released from said pockets by said ngers are guided by said sides to said trough.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,043,925 Hansen Nov. 12, 1912 1,556,855 Lipps Oct. 13, 1925 1,846,063 Matthaey Feb. 23, 1932 2,094,803 McCoy Oct. 5, 1937 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 170,622 Germany May 10, 1906

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1043925 *Feb 20, 1912Nov 12, 1912Johan Frederik HansenApparatus for shuffling playing-cards.
US1556856 *Feb 28, 1924Oct 13, 1925George C WingDevice for shuffling cards
US1846063 *May 6, 1929Feb 23, 1932Matthaey Paul ECard shuffler
US2094803 *Aug 14, 1935Oct 5, 1937Jeannette NorthrupPlaying card shuffling device
DE170622C * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2793863 *Oct 28, 1954May 28, 1957Gottlieb LiebeltCard shufflers
US3944230 *Jun 23, 1975Mar 16, 1976Sol FinemanCard shuffler
US7988152 *Apr 7, 2009Aug 2, 2011Shuffle Master, Inc.Playing card shuffler
US8469360 *May 5, 2011Jun 25, 2013Shfl Entertainment, Inc.Playing card shuffler
US8720892Jun 24, 2013May 13, 2014Shfl Entertainment, Inc.Playing card shuffler
US8967621Sep 28, 2012Mar 3, 2015Bally Gaming, Inc.Card shuffling apparatuses and related methods
US9220971Nov 11, 2013Dec 29, 2015Bally Gaming, Inc.Automatic system and methods for accurate card handling
US9220972Oct 28, 2014Dec 29, 2015Bally Gaming, Inc.Multiple mode card shuffler and card reading device
US9233298May 12, 2014Jan 12, 2016Bally Gaming, Inc.Playing card shuffler
US9259640Jul 14, 2014Feb 16, 2016Bally Gaming, Inc.Apparatus, system, method, and computer-readable medium for casino card handling with multiple hand recall feature
US9266011Aug 18, 2014Feb 23, 2016Bally Gaming, Inc.Card-handling devices and methods of using such devices
US9266012Dec 5, 2014Feb 23, 2016Bally Gaming, Inc.Methods of randomizing cards
US9320964Nov 20, 2014Apr 26, 2016Bally Gaming, Inc.System for billing usage of a card handling device
US9333415May 12, 2014May 10, 2016Bally Gaming, Inc.Methods for handling playing cards with a card handling device
US9345951Dec 20, 2013May 24, 2016Bally Gaming, Inc.Methods and apparatuses for an automatic card handling device and communication networks including same
US9345952Sep 29, 2014May 24, 2016Shuffle Master Gmbh & Co KgCard handling apparatus
US9370710Jul 14, 2014Jun 21, 2016Bally Gaming, Inc.Methods for shuffling cards and rack assemblies for use in automatic card shufflers
US9378766Sep 28, 2012Jun 28, 2016Bally Gaming, Inc.Card recognition system, card handling device, and method for tuning a card handling device
US9387390Sep 16, 2013Jul 12, 2016Bally Gaming, Inc.Card shuffling apparatus and card handling device
US20110272881 *Nov 10, 2011Shuffle Master, Inc.Playing card shuffler
USD764599Aug 1, 2014Aug 23, 2016Bally Gaming, Inc.Card shuffler device
Classifications
U.S. Classification273/149.00R, 271/9.2
International ClassificationA63F1/00, A63F1/12
Cooperative ClassificationA63F1/12
European ClassificationA63F1/12