US 2694189 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Q 1954. I R. E.' WIRSCHING 2,694,189
SOLDERLESS WIRE TERMINAL Filed Aug. 21, 1953 lNl/ENTOR R. E. W/RSCH/G United States Patent SOLDERLESS WIRE TERMINAL Robert E. Wirsching, Chatham, N. J., assignor to Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated, New York, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application August 21, 1953, Serial No. 375,789
12 Claims. (Cl. 339-97) This invention relates to solderless wire terminals and more particularly to an improved multiple strip connector adapted for connecting together a plurality of insulated electrical conductors.
An object of this invention is the provision of a solderless terminal or binding post, for insulated conductors in which, due to the novel structure of the terminal, the insulation on the conductors is ruptured and electrical contact is established with the terminal at at least two cations on the conductor.
Another object of the invention is the provision of a solderless terminal or binding post, in which the conductor is securely held against displacement thereby assuring a connection having a conductivity comparable with the wire itself.
A further object of the invention is the provision of a solderless terminal or binding post, which may be constructed in multiple or may comprise single individual elements insulated from each other.
A still further object of the invention is the provision of a solderless terminal or binding post which is adapted to rupture the insulation on the conductor to establish electrical contact with the wire but will not weaken the wire at the point of contact and will provide a strong joint having a comparatively low resistance.
In one preferred embodiment of my invention, the connector comprises a main body member formed from an elongated strip of thin metal folded back upon itself to provide spaced apart parallel wall sections. The folded over edge portion of the body member is profiled to provide a plurality of extending ears or tabs which are of like configuration and are in substantial alignment with each other. These ears are shaped to provide a neck or stem portion at their base and provide upwardly extending angular wire receiving slots on each side thereof. Located adjacent the return bond portion of the ears on each side thereof are outwardly extending tabs for confining the conductor. Positioned between the spaced apart walls of the body member and capable of being flexed or distorted with respect thereto, is a thin metal comb-like strip or insert of hard spring-like mate'- rial having ears or tabs projecting therefrom. These ears are bifurcated and are bent back upon themselves to provide, with their stem portions, upwardly extending inverted V-shaped slots. These V-shaped slots are in substantial alignment with the aligned upwardly extending angular slots in the ears on the main body portion and the walls thereat cooperate with the ears to rupture the insulation on the conductor when it is wrapped therearound and confined therein. Since the metal comb or insert may be distorted or flexed by forcing the conductors into the groove, the insulation is ruptured and the conductor is held securely in place.
The conductors are snubbed in place by the tabs at the top of the ears. Suitably aligned apertures in the body portion and the insert are provided for securing the assembly to a suitable insulated mounting.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following detailed description when read in connection with the following drawing of which:
Fig. 1 is an enlarged fragmentary perspective view, partly in section, illustrating a terminal illustrative of this invention with an insulated wire positioned therein.
Fig. 2 is an exploded perspective view of the terminal shown in Figure 1.
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary elevational view of the terminal shown in Fig. 1 before the positioning of the conductor.
Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 3 but shows one conductgr positioned in the V-slot and the insulation rupture Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 4 but shows the conductor making contact with the connector in two different locations with the insulation ruptured.
As shown in the drawing, the terminal of this invention, in its preferred form, comprises a main body portion 10 which is constituted by the two longitudinal extending spaced apart wall sections 11 and 12. These walls are formed by bending back upon itself an elongated strip of metal, perforated to provide when so bent a plurality of extending ear members 13--13.
As shown in Fig. l, and more in detail in the upper part of Fig. 2, the ears 13 are profiled to provide the stem or neck portions 14 and the upwardly extending aligned slots 15. Adjacent the return bond portion of the cars 10, and projecting outwardly therefrom, are the tabs 16, the purpose of which will be described later.
.Positioned between the walls 11 and 12 of the body portion 10 is an insert member 17, as shown in the lower part of Fig. 2. This member is constructed preferably from a thin hard metal and is substantially comb-like in configuration, with-the extending ears and tabs 18 thereof bifurcated and bent back upon themselves to provide projections having substantially the same profile as the ears 13 with the leg portions 19 of the ears 18 forming with the neck or stem portions 12 the inverted V-slots 21.
The body member .10 and the insert 17 are assembled as shown in Fig. 1 and are maintained in juxtaposition with respect to each other by being mounted in a block or strip of insulating material and secured therein by suitable screws 23 which pass through aligned apertures 24 as shown.
In the application of the connector or terminal of this invention to the termination or connecting of insulated conductors the free end 25 of the conductor 26, as shown in Fig. 1, is positioned in the V-slot 15 and pulled upwardly as shown in Fig. 4. The conductor is then wrapped around the stem 14, pulled up taut into the other slot 15, laid over the free end 25 and secured under the tab 16. Thus, it is readily apparent that the insulation on the conductor 26 will be ruptured at two locations and contact established at both points between the Wire and the terminal as shown in Fig. 5, and due to the flexing and distortion of the legs 19 of the insert 17 the connec tion, thus established will be both strong mechanically and good electrically.
While I have shown and described my improved solderless connecting or binding post as applied to a multiple binding post or strip, it is readily apparent that the terminal or binding post may be made of single units insulated from each other or any multiple of them. Furthermore, the terminal may be double ended to provide a throughconnection on a panel or the like.
What is claimed is:
1. An electrical terminal of the solderless type, comprising a body member, an extending ear portion, including two spaced apart parallel wall sections having aligned angular slots therein, extending upwardly from the marginal edges thereof, an insert member confined between said wall sections and distortable with respect thereto, said insert member having upwardly extending inverted slots in substantial alignment with the angular slots in said ear portion for establishing electrical contact with a wire positioned therein when the wire is pulled taut and forced between the converging walls of the slots in said insert number.
2. An electrical terminal of the solderless type, comprising a body member, an extending ear portion, including two spaced apart parallel wall sections having aligned angular slots therein, extending upwardly from the marginal edges thereof, an insert member confined between said wall sections and distortable with respect thereto, said insert member having upwardly extending inverted V shaped slots in substantial alignment with the angular slots in said ear portion for establishing electrical contact with a wire positioned therein when the wire is pulled taut and forced between the converging walls of the V slots in said insert member, and aligned apertures in said-body member-andsaid-insert member tor securing said members in juxtaposition with respect to each other and to a suitable support.
.3; electricalterminal ofzthe s'olderiess type;- reom'- prising a body member, an extending ear POI'tlOIldlin- 'cludingdtwo .spaced :apart parailelziwallssections having aligned. angular .-slots :thereim. extendingizupwardlyttfrom the marginal edges thereof and tab portions extending outwardly .from :the fZtCfiSiuthlIfiOf; ansinsert amcmber confined .between: said: well; sectionsandi diStDlJiflbifivWith respect thereto,'-;said Linsertwmem'ber shavingeznpwardly extending inverted vxshapedcsl'ots. inssubstantiai. alignm'ent with the angularzslots::'in:isaid. ear':;portion :r'or establishing-electrical xconta'ct 'with a zwire positioned :therein when the wire lis :fpulled rant; forced; between thexconverging walls ofrzthe Mzslots inssaidtinserb'member and positioned in saidstabs.
4. An electrical. terminal iofrtheas'olderless type zcom prising 'a' body :member;.xannextending. earuportion including 'two .spacedapart parallelz-wall section's, having :aligned angular slots-therein, extending .:upwardly from .the::marginal edges cthereof, ant-insert members confined between. saidawall sections and @distortable: with: respect thereto, said-insert :member. having *npwardlyxextending 'inverted V shaped slots in substantial.alignmentwith the .angularslots in saidxearzmembtar forme'stablishing electrical contact with an insulated wire positioneditherein by: rupturing .the insulationzonwithe Wire -when vituis pulled: taut. land- I forced between the t convergingmwalls of the N Lslots.
' 5. :An electrical terminal.oLthe solderless typegcomprising a :body. member, an rextending rear portion. in- .cluding two spaced. apart .parallel wall sections having aligned angular slots :therein.and iextendin-g'-'upwardly from the marginal edges. thereof, an insert: member iconfined between said .wall sections-and distortable with respect .thereto, said iinsert member ilhavinguupwardly extending inverted V- .shaped. slots in. substantial alignment with the angular slots in said ear i'portionfor :establishing. electrical contact with an insulated wire positioned: therein by rupturing the insulation cm the wire .whenitis pulled taut and forced between the-converging walls of the V slots in said-insert-membergand aligned :apertures in said body. member and said .insert: member 'for securing. said members in-juxtaposition with respect toieach other and to a suitable support.
'6. An. electrical terminal ofsthesolderless 'typeycom- .prising a body member, an"extending ear portiorr, in- :cluding two spaced'apart parallel wall sections havin'g :aligned angular slots-therein, extending upwardly from the marginal edges thereof, and :tab l rportionszextending outwardly from the .faces-sthereoflzz an :insertsmember confined between said Wall sections i'andtdistortablei with respect thereto, said Jinsert: member having 2 upwardly extending. inverted V :shapedrslots 'in'i substantial: alignment with. the .angular islots: in. said earl-eportionsrfor establishing electrical: contact with-an zinsulatedwvirm-po- .sitione'cl .therein by rupturingither insulationa'onetheiwire when itzis pulled .taut ,and forced .betweenzthe-mnverging walls of theV. slots .in said;insertmemberrand-positioned in said tabs.
7*. An electrical terminal ofrtheisolderless:type, corn- .prising a body member, aplurality .ofxzextendinguear portions onsaidbody: membenand including two spaced apart parallel Wall sections,-.-.each :ear 'iportioni'haying aligned angular :slots therein-.extendingmupwardly.from the marginal edges thereof, aninsertxmember confined between said wall sections and distortable lWilh .respect thereto, said insert member having upwardlyzextending inverted V shaped slots in substantial alignment -,-with the angular slots in vsaid 16211fPQItiOIlS;fQi'1.StEtbilSi:lilJg electrical contact with wires positioned..therein-- when the wires are pulled taut and forcedbetween the icon verging walls of the V slots in said insert-member.
8.. An electrical terminal of the solderless:type,.-.comprising a body :member,.. a pluralitylrof .extending;iear
portions on said body member and including two spaced ""apart "parallel-- wall-sections;- each -ear port-ion having aligned angular slots therein extending upwardly from the marginal edges thereof, an insert member confined between said wall sections and distortable with respect thereto, said insert member having upwardly extending inverted V shaped slots intsubstantial alignment with the angular slots in said ear portions for establishing electrical contacf with' wires po'sitionedtherein when the wires arepulled taut-and forcedrbetween the converging Walls of the Vsslots in said insert member, and aligned apertures in saidb ody member and said insert member for securing said members in juxtapositionwith'respect to eaehotherand to -.a suitable support.
9. An electrical terminal of the solderless type, comprising a body i-member, a plurality of extending ear portions on said body member and including two spaced apart parallel wall sections, each ear portion having aligned". angular slots-.=;therein gextending upwardly'i ifrom the 2 marginalt edges thereof; and :.tab portions-extending outwardly; :trom: the-vcfaces zthereofl; ant insertnmember confined between said wall sectionsnand vdistort ablewvith respectnhereto, .said '.-insert;=--member.ihaving upwardly extending-inverted Vwshaped-slots in. substantialzalignment 1 .with.:;thewangularsslots in =.-saidi ear portion'svt'or establishingnelectrical'i contact v.with swires'; positioned therein when rthe wireswarecpuiled taut; forced between the converging walls of the Vnslots .in,:said:insert, and positioned. .in'. said atabs.
- 10. a Amele'ctrical terminal of zthersolderless type; .comprising, :a abody xmember, a plurality ofnextending izzear portions :inclndingntwo a spaced apartzparallel wall: sections, each ear portion having aligned, angular. slots therein ;6Xtending vupwardlyrl :from then marginal ledges thereof, ansinsertamembernconfined between saidgwall sections. and vdistortable itwith respectsthereto, i said:- insert member having upwardly extendmg'mverted V shaped slots :in asubstantial Jalignment iwitlm-athe :angular-Qslots in said :ear :portions i'for: establishing: electricalacontact: with insulated wires-positioned therein/'bysrupturing :the insulationston rthehwires when theys'iare pulled tautr and forced .betweencthe:t'converging walls ofuthe =V slots in said insert.
z l l..'tAm.ele.ctrical terminal oftthe solderless; type, comprising ar-zbodyqmemben, a iplurality. of-xextending :ear portionsromsaid bodyzmember vvand including ;two spaced apart parallelmwall :sections, 33621 :ear. :portion. having aligned angularn slots] therein.:extending:npwardlywfrom :the marginal. ;edges.::thereof,::an 1 insert member. confined between ;said twal-lzsectionsz .and adistortable 'LWith respect thereto; said insert imemberrhavingl upwardly sextending inverted V; shaped JSlOtS rin'..:substantial. aalignment vwith the rangular uslots v in .zsaid sear-portions for. establishing electrical :;contact. wvith .ainsul'ated'a wires .positioned therein hyiruptunin'gqtheiinsulation Son-athe wires: lwhem they care pulled stauta and: forced between i :the -.conver.ging walls of the sV'isiotspand aligned apertures "inzs'aid bodyizrnember and said insertzmemberi for securing said members in jnxtapositiomwitlmrespect toteaehiother: and tot arsuitable support.
- il-2iuAn-selectricalitterminalofrthe solder-less: .type, 'comprisingwa xbody nrnem'ber, aapluralityi of exitending, rear 'portionscincludingxtwo"- spaced 1. apart parallel Wall :sec- -tions',.-; :each's rear" :porti'onx having .1 aligned; angular .1 slots therein textending iupwardly'mfromp the marginaliaedges thereof, :and: tab portions extending:- outwardly from the faces. thereof, an insert-imemberzconfined .betweeirisaid wallasectionsa-and .distortable with respect zthereto isaid insert.tmember rhaving. :upwardly extending inverted V shapedslots in substantial alignment with .the angular slots in said ear portions;fonestablishing: electrical --contactnwith insulated wires positionedt therein by rupturing the insulationo'n. thegwires-when they are, pulledtaut andforcedbetween'the converging walls of the .V.slot, and positio'ned in said" tabs.
No references" cited.