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Publication numberUS2695689 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 30, 1954
Filing dateSep 28, 1950
Priority dateSep 28, 1950
Publication numberUS 2695689 A, US 2695689A, US-A-2695689, US2695689 A, US2695689A
InventorsPeterson Thomas H
Original AssigneePeterson Thomas H
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Unitary stairway for basement entrances
US 2695689 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 30, 1954 T. H. PETERSON 2,595,689

UNITARY STAIRWAY FOR BASEMENT ENTRANCES Filed Sept. 28, 1950 r1) a .1m

W 2 INVENTOR w 6\ j if 3 moms nmmasou Y {9 @MZQ 3 3 ATTORNEY United States PatentO UNITARY STAIRWAQY FOR BASEMENT ENE-RANGES Thomas H, Peterson, Worcester, Mass. Application September 28, 1950, SerialNo. 187,216 2 Claims. Cl. 189- 43) Thepresentinvention relates to a unitary"'s'tairway for'ruse iIliC'QIlIlfiCtiOIl with the cellar or basement e'ntrances ofdwellings, or other buildings".- The object of the invent-ion is to provide apre-fabricated hatchwayvor stairway, which can be readily applied, as a unit, to a suitable opening in any cellar or basement wall to give ready access to the interior of the cellar or basement, from the outside ground level.

The usual way of providing an entrance to a cellar or basement is by the construction of a stairway of masonry or wood, and since most of the stairway is below the ground level, its construction presents numerous difliculties from the standpoint of preventing the seepage of water into the cellar or basement. Even when the sides of such a basement stairway are of masonry, there is always the possibility that this masonry will break away from the foundation walls of the building, due largely to the uneven settling of the stairway sides with respect to the foundation.

According to the present invention, the above noted difficulties are eliminated by providing a pre-fabricated sheet metal hatchway or stairway, which is so formed that it can be conveniently applied, as a unit, to the vertical sides of an opening that has been previously provided in the cellar or basement wall, at any point in the foundation of the building where access is desired. Since my unitary stairway receives its support from the foundation wall, no labor is involved in the installation of the stairway, other than the removal of sufiicient dirt in front of the foundation opening to receive the I stairway when it is lowered into position, or to permit the stairway to be installed from the outside of the wall.

The above and other advantageous features of my invention will hereinafter more fully appear from the following description, when considered in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which,

Fig. l is a view, in perspective, showing the unitary stairway of the present invention applied to an opening in the cellar or basement wall of a building.

Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view along line 2-2 of Fig. 1, looking in the direction of the arrows.

FFigi. 3 is a partial plan view of the stairway shown in Fig. 4 is a fragmentary sectional view illustrating a modification of the invention.

Referring first to Fig. 1, there is shown a portion of a foundation wall W which encloses the cellar or basement of a building. This wall W is made of cement, or suitable masonry, and provides an opening 1, having vertical parallel sides which extend to the top of the wall. It is to be noted that the wall W extends somewhat above the level of the ground G, as indicated in Fig. 2, so that the opening 1 is readily accessible from the ground for the purpose of installing my improved unitary stairway, which .is generally indicated by the referencecharacter S.

The stairway S consists of a pair of triangular side members 2, the vertical edges of which provide oppositely extending flanges 3 that are adapted to engage the inside corners of the wall opening 1. The horizontal edges of the side members 2 provide oppositely extending flanges 4, and each flange 4 is spaced from the flange 3 of the corresponding side member 2, a distance substantially equal to) thewidth of the wall W along one side of the opening 1.

Theqside members 2 are joined together in spaced relation by a bottom 5 secured to the inclined edges of v formed of pressed metal.

a 2,695,689 Patented Nov. 30, 1954 the side, members, as by welding, and theb'otto'm Sprovides a, flattread portion 6 terminatingin-a downwardly extendingflange 7 lying in the same plane as the flanges 30f the side members The side members 2 are also connected by a series ofhorizontal treads 8 extending across thestairway abovethe bottofn 5-, with opposite ends of eachtread 8. being securedto" the side members 2, as by welding, The stairway structure S, as constituted by the side members 2 bot-tom 5,= and-treads 8,-is a weldedprefalbricated unit; witha'll'of its parts readily Obviously, when these 'parts have beenjoined togethr, theyeoristitute a rigid strucmm which can be readily shipped and handled; a unit, prior toits-installttiorr within the o'penin'g 1 of a foundationjwall W; Q

As previously pointed out; the only preparatory work required for theins'tall'ationof 'my improved stairway S; is the'.-.prdvision of: an opening 'l in aufotfndation wall W, with the opening being accessible above the ground level G, as indicated in Fig. 2. When this opening 1 has been provided, the unitary stairway S can be quickly and conveniently installed by registering the flanges 3 with the inside corners of the opening 1, and then lowering the unit into position, while maintaining the flanges 3 in engagement with the inside of the wall. Before the unit reaches its final position, the ends of the top flanges 4 of the side plates 1 will engage the outside of the wall W, and thereby prevent any tilting of the unit, as it slides downwardly into its lowermost position.

Since in most cases, the bottom of the wall opening 1 will be provided with a sill 9 extending above the cellar floor, as shown in Fig. 2, the flange 7 which forms part of the bottom 5 will engage this sill, and thereby firmly support the entire structure along the horizontal tread 6, which also forms part of the bottom 5. If desired, a flange 10 may be secured to the bottom 5, parallel to the flange 7, and spaced therefrom a distance substantially equal to the width of the sill 9.

After the installation of a stairway unit S has been completed in the manner described above, earth is shovelled in beneath the unit to engage the bottom 5 and the side walls 2 up to the ground level G. While this earth will provide some support for the unit, its main support comes from the foundation wall W, by reason of the fact that the side flanges 3 closely engage, the in side edges of the opening 1, while the bottom flange 7 closely engages the sill 9 which extends across the opening. Therefore, when the stairway is in use, any tendency for the stairway to tilt outwardly is strongly resisted by the flanges 3, while the downward thrust of the weight of a person using the stairway, is borne by the tread 6 which rests on the rigid sill 9.

After the stairway S has been installed, it may be covered with a suitable door, or hatch, which can be fitted over the top flanges 4 of the side members 2 to provide a water tight closure. Such a door can either be attached to the flanges 4, or can be constructed so as to slide on the flanges when it is desired to remove the same.

To enable the stairway to be installed within the foundation wall opening of a completed building, where the opening is not accessible from the top, each front flange of the side member 2 can be made separable, as shown in Fig. 4. In this modification, the flange is in the form of an angle iron 3a that is detachably secured to its side member 2 by bolts 11 extending through openings 12 and welded in place. The angle iron 3a is held in position by nuts 13, and can be removed when desired, so as to permit the side members 2 to be inserted into the wall opening 1 from the outside. Then, the stairway unit is locked in position by replacing the angle irons 3a.

From the foregoing, it is apparent that by the present invention, there is provided an improved unitary stairway for a cellar or basement entrance that can be prefabricated, and subsequently installed with a minimum of labor, to any opening previously provided in the foundation wall enclosing a cellar or basement.

I claim: I t

1. A stairway unit for installation by a lowering operation within an opening provided in the foundation wall of a building, which opening provides spaced parallel vertical sides, said stairway unit comprising spaced vertical side members of triangular form, each of said vertical side members being defined by a vertical edge, a horizontal edge, and an inclined edge, a bottom connecting the inclined edges of said side members, treads extending horizontally between said side members and connected thereto, flanges extending outwardly from the vertical edges of said side members for engaging the sides of the wall opening when the unit is placed in position, and other flanges extending outwardly from the horizontal edges of said side members, said second-named flanges terminating short of the vertical edges of said side members to engage the sides of the wall opening opposite to the first-named flanges and maintain the stairway unit in position.

2. A stairway unit for installation by a lowering operation within an opening provided in the foundation wall of a building, which opening provides spaced parallel vertical sides and a rigid horizontal bottom sill, said stairway unit comprising spaced vertical side members of triangular form, each of said vertical side members being defined by a vertical edge, a horizontal edge,

and an inclined edge, a bottom connecting the inclined edges of said side members, treads extending horizontally between said side members and connected thereto, flanges extending outwardly from the vertical edges of said side members for engaging the sides of the wall opening when the unit is placed in position, other flanges extending outwardly from the horizontal edges of said side members, said second-named flanges terminating short of the vertical edges of said side members to engage the sides of the wall opening opposite to the first-named flanges and maintain the stairway unit in position, and a flange extending downwardly along the lowermost tread to engage the corner of said sill.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 389,206 Delany Sept. 11, 1888 1,412,788 Lehman Apr. 11, 1922 1,654,073 Fagan Dec. 27, 1927 2,205,859 ODonnell June 25, 1940

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US389206 *Sep 11, 1888 Guard for area or basement stairways
US1412788 *May 11, 1921Apr 11, 1922Cons Ironsteel Mfg CompanyPressed-steel stairway
US1654073 *May 12, 1926Dec 27, 1927Sharpsville Boiler Works CoDrain pit and grease rack
US2205859 *Aug 24, 1938Jun 25, 1940O'donnell John RStair construction
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2858915 *Nov 30, 1954Nov 4, 1958Patterson James ADiving tower
US2949703 *Nov 12, 1957Aug 23, 1960Katzmarek Edmund RPrefabricated step unit
US3236012 *Nov 6, 1964Feb 22, 1966Laven Merrill LSwimming pool steps
US3307308 *Jun 9, 1964Mar 7, 1967Lyons William CPrecast sub-grade reinforced concrete stairway
US3848378 *Aug 18, 1972Nov 19, 1974Fox Pool CorpStairs for swimming pools
US3999334 *Dec 15, 1975Dec 28, 1976Webb Frank LWebb basement window escape
US4876833 *Mar 14, 1989Oct 31, 1989Rm Base CompanyAccessible areaway system
US5107640 *Oct 26, 1990Apr 28, 1992Rm Base CompanyModular accessible areaway system
US5657587 *Sep 7, 1995Aug 19, 1997Rm Base CompanyFloating accessible areaway system
US6739100 *Jan 10, 2003May 25, 2004Mark D. LewandowskiRetractable in house open stairwell cover
US7926229 *Apr 27, 2010Apr 19, 2011Melesky James BSystem for insulating attic openings
US8646223 *Jul 18, 2011Feb 11, 2014Western Forms, Inc.Concrete building wall having cast-in-place window wells
US8661750Jul 26, 2011Mar 4, 2014James B. MeleskySystems and methods for insulating attic openings
US20110271620 *Jul 18, 2011Nov 10, 2011Western Forms, Inc.Method and apparatus for forming cast-in-place concrete window wells
Classifications
U.S. Classification182/93, 52/107, 52/183
International ClassificationE04F11/022, E04F11/02
Cooperative ClassificationE04F11/022
European ClassificationE04F11/022