|Publication number||US269570 A|
|Publication date||Dec 26, 1882|
|Filing date||Apr 25, 1881|
|Publication number||US 269570 A, US 269570A, US-A-269570, US269570 A, US269570A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (4), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
METAMORPHOSIG ATTA-GHMENT TO BEDSIEADS.
No; 269,570; I Patented Dec. 26, 1882.
UNITED STATES PATENT Fries.
METAMORPHOSIC ATT ACHMENT TO BEDSTEADS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 269,570, dated December 26, 1882.
Application filed April 25, 1881. (No model.)
'To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JAMES GoonWIN, of Everett, in the county of Middlesex and State of Massachusetts, have invented a new and useful Metamorphosic Attachment to Bed- .steads, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to an attachment to bedsteads for the use of invalids and others, whereby I am enabled to make any desired change in the position of the body of theoccupant, and also to change the upper and lower posit on of the body, either together and at the same time or independently of each other andat different times, and, further, am enabled to raise the body from the bed, whether in a sitting or a recumbent position, remove it from the same and deposit it upon a chair or couch at or near the side of the bed, and again restore the body to the bed, all without subjecting the body to any personal change of position or to any involuntary self-movement.
Referring to drawings, Figure 1 is a perspective view of a bedstead attachment em-.
bodying my invention. Fig. 2 is a detail view, enlarged, of the arnnsocketand its connections. Fig. 3 is anenlarged view in detail of an arm and rods with their connections for moving the person occupying the bed. Figs. 4, 5, and 6 are enlarged views in detail of parts of the working mechanism. Fig. 7, is a top-or plan view of the frame, showing the shafts and their several connections to which the canvas is attached and the mechanism for operating the same. Figs. 8 and 9 are detached views, enlarged, of a portion of the frame, showing the joints.
A represents a bedstead of ordinary construction.
O is a canvas, secured in any suitable manner, so as to be readily detached, to the frame r1. (Shown in Fig. 7.)
Bis a standard of iron,resting upon the floor of the apartment and supported by means of ahracket attached to the side rail of the bedstead. The said bracket is madeintwo parts, D J, as shown more particularly in Fig. 4. The two parts D and J are secured together by means of screws a a on the part J, passing through slots in the part D and fastened by nuts, so as to admit of the bracket being adjusted to any Width of rail of the bedstead. The brackets extend across the top and bottom of the rail, and are secured in the rear by lugs andscrews d d.
To the lugs d d are secured by means of screws the lugs d d, which have eyes or holes, through which passes the bar I), having a. stay, 01, both to be screwed to the floor for the purpose of steadying the standard B, and so' as to turn or swing freely on the same is a socket, E, having a set-screw, e, to hold it in place, and forming a part of an arm, E, which extends across the width of the bed.
In proper bearings, M M, on the arm E E are supported rodsor shaftsG H L. (Shown more distinctly in Fig. 7.)
Upon the shaft G are fixed two spools, I I, which carry the belts 0 0, attached to the foot end of the frame 1. The shaft G is turned by a crank, 1, and is provided with a ratchet wheel, N, and pawl i, to hold the rod in place as it winds up the belt.
his a similar rod or shaft, turned by crank 3, and provided with the spools I I, on which are wound the belts o o for the head part of the frame 1'. with a suitable pawl and ratchet, as on shaft G.
H is ashaft, constructed in two parts, similar to that described in Patent No. 204,026, grantel'l to me May 21, 1878. The two parts H F are connected by a sliding sleeve, F, applied to the adjacent ends of the two parts. The sleeve' F acts as a clutch, so that when fixed on the adjacent ends of the shaft H F it will turn the wormgears 11 h at each end of the said shaft H F. The worm-gears h h mesh with worm-pinions g g, that move a shaft on which are the spools 1 1 that carry the belts 0 o 0 0 when the frame that carries the canvas 0 is to be elevated. The two parts F H are coupled together by the clutch F when shaft H is turned by the crank applied at 2. When one side of the canvas only is to be lifted the parts F and H are uncoupled, so that either belts 0 0 or 0 0 can be wound up separately.
j j, Figs 1 and 3, represent bars or rods to be inserted in an eye in the frame M above and an eye, m, below. secured to the iron side of the bed-rail A. To the rods j j are attached slides n, carrying a frame, k-one on The shaft L is also provided "together, as shown at M M, so that the end pieces can be readily removed. The head portion 1" r and the foot portion 4" are connected to the main portion 1" by means of knucklejointspp. (Shown enlargedin Fig.8.) The joint is composed of the two parts a 1), so constructed that the head portion can only he moved upward and the foot portion downward. The joint on one side is provided with the projection to, which limits the motion of the connecting-piece.
When it is desired to raise the occupant o the bed and place him upon a chair or lounge at or near the side of the bed, the frame carrying the canvas 0 is raised, so as to clear the foot-board. The arm E, together with its fixtures, is then swung around on the standard B, and the occupant is let down upon a chair or sofa,when the canvas is detached from the frame, and by the same means the body can again be placed upon the bed.
By elevating the canvas and frame from the bed and then elevating the head and foot portions the canvas may serve as ahammock.
XVhat I claim as my invention is 1. The combination of the standard B, the ad j ustable bracket D J, attached toa bedstead, the socket E, and swinging arm E, as and for the purpose specified.
2. The com bination of the standard B, socket E, swinging arm E, the separable shaft F H, the worm-gears h h, worm-pinions gg, carrying the shaft that bears the spools I l for winding the belts 0 0 as and for the purpose substantiall y set forth.
3. The combination of the standard B, socket E, arm E, with the shafts G and L, the spools I I, and belts 0 0 for operating the head and foot portions of the frame 9' 0" 0"", substantially as set forth.
4. The adjustable bracket D J, in combination with the standard B and bedsteadframe A, as and for the purpose specified.
5. The combination of the vertical rods jj, the slides n n, and adjustable frames 70 k, eyes 8 in frame 1", and the frame M, as and for the purpose specified.
6. The combinationof theadjustablebracket J D, the standard B, bedstead-frame A, and the rear supporting-rod, I) d, as and for the purpose set forth.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subseribing witnesses.
J os. H. ADAMS, B. OHARA.
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