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Publication numberUS2697478 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 21, 1954
Filing dateMay 11, 1953
Priority dateMay 11, 1953
Publication numberUS 2697478 A, US 2697478A, US-A-2697478, US2697478 A, US2697478A
InventorsArthur D Mckinney
Original AssigneeArthur D Mckinney
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Baby pen
US 2697478 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 21, 1954 A. D. MCKINNEY 2,697,478

BABY PEN Filed May 11, 1955 /0 /0 I2 I T 2; H, 4 4

lm-z/vro/a ARTHUR D. HKINNET ///6 m TOI NC-K United States Patent BABY PEN Arthur D. McKinney, New York, N. Y.

Application May 11, 1953, Serial No. 354,207

2 Claims. (Cl. 155-95) The present invention relates to improvements in a baby pen wherein a frusto-conical housing, having an inwardly curved annular flange around the upper edge thereof, operates in conjunction with a frustoconical tub rotatably mounted upon resilient ball bearings within said housing for rotation in a horizontal plane therein, and having its upper edge extended into said annular flange, whereby an infant within said tub, by grasping said annular flange of the stationary housing and entering energy thereto, by reaction may rotate and also assist itself in learning to stand, together with an annular tray having an outer flange, and an inner flange adapted to detachably engage said annular flange of the housing, whereby food, toys, and the like on said tray easily may be rendered accessible to said baby.

The primary object of the present invention is to provide a new and improved baby pen having improved means adapted to assist an occupant, with little effort, to partially rotate and amuse its little self.

Another object of the invention is to provide a new and improved article of the character set forth having improved means adapted to virtually prevent tipping of the device by an occupant thereof.

A further object is to provide a new and improved device of the type described having improved means adapted to facilitate transportation thereof and to accessibly retain toys and the like within reach.

The invention comprises the improved baby pen disclosed in the drawings forming a part of the present application, and in which- Figure 1 is a partly broken side elevation, partly in vertical section, of the device, and

Figure 2 is a top plan view thereof.

Referring to the drawings, the numeral 2 is used to designate in general a preferably frusto-conical, opentop housing having an annular ball race 4 in the bottom thereof and an inwardly curved annular flange 6 around the top edge thereof adapted to virtually enclose the top edge of a preferably frusto-conical tub 8 within said housing 2 and having an annular ball race 10 in the bottom thereof seated upon resilient ball bearings 12, such as hollow tennis balls or solid rubber balls, running within the lower ball race 4 of the housing 2.

A preferably flexible textile seat, formed of two crossed bands 14, having hooks 16 on their opposite ends adapted to engage slots 18 within the sides of said tub 8, operate to provide a plurality of leg holes and a comfortable seat readily accessible from virtually all sides for placing an infant, as disclosed in elevation in dotted lines in Figure 1.

An annular tray 22 is provided with an inwardly curved annular flange 24 made to be lightly sprung into detachable engaging relation with the annular flange "ice 6 of the housing 2, said tray 22 being also provided with an outer annular flange 26, of the same diameter as the diameter at the bottom of the housing 2, thereby serving the double purpose of retaining an infants toys and the like within easy reach or constantly accessible to an occupant of the baby pen, and also to serve as a rim with the larger diameter of the housing 2 when upended on one side, to facilitate a rolling transportation pi said baby pen as through a narrow doorway or the A preferably removable limiting stop 28 is provided on the housing 2 and arranged to engage a similar limiting stop 30 on the outer side of the tub 8, whereby rotation of said tub 8 may be limited to a single rotation in either direction, to prevent an infant from becoming dizzy, or vertiginous, from a too constant rotation of the tub 8 in one direction.

In operation, with or without the seat 14, an infant within the tub 8 will naturally grasp the stationary annual flange 6, or flange 24, so that reaction from any slight movement of said infant will tend to partially rotate said tub and infant, and also to assist in walking, when the seat is removed. Or, he may pull himself around, if not yet walking, to a toy or other article slightly beyond reach on the tray 22.

The provision of the resilient ball bearings 12 provides a silent as well as a resilient bearing for the tub 8, adapted to partially absorb shock should an occupant, when the seat is absent, suddenly sit.

It should be particularly noted that the provision of a frusto-conical housing with frusto-conical tub provides a baby pen having a broad base which, combined with a low center of gravity, is adapted to materially resist inadvertent tipping of the baby pen when it is occupied.

It also should be noted that the curved annular flange 6 will operate to cover the top edge of the tub 8, and thereby prevent an infants fingers from being caught, and possibly injured, between the said top moving edge of the tub and the stationary housing.

Having described my invention, I claim:

1. A baby pen comprising a circular housing having an open top and an inwardly curved annular flange around said open top, and an annular ball race in the bottom thereof; a circular tub mounted within said housing, and having its top edge enclosed by said annular flange, and an annular ball race in the bottom thereof; resilient ball bearings mounted within said ball races and adapted to rotatably and resiliently support said tub within said housing; and a limiting stop on said housing adapted to limit rotation of said tub therein to a single rotation of said tub.

2. A baby pen comprising a frusto-conical housing having an open top and an inwardly turned annular flange around said open top; a frusto-conical tub rotatably mounted within said housing for horizontal rotation and having its upper edge extended into said annular flange; and an annular tray having an outer diameter equal to the outer diameter of said frusto-conical housing, detachably mounted upon said annular flange.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,313,330 Pocock Aug. 19, 1919 2,307,897 Overholser Jan. 12, 1943 2,356,817 Breckenridge et a1. Aug. 29, 1944 2,361,266 Clark Oct. 24, 1944

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1313330 *Jul 5, 1917Aug 19, 1919 Sidney job pocock
US2307897 *Apr 5, 1940Jan 12, 1943Overholser Ross DInfant's commode
US2356817 *Aug 11, 1942Aug 29, 1944Westinghouse Electric & Mfg CoCleaning apparatus
US2361266 *Feb 24, 1941Oct 24, 1944Gen Motors CorpDomestic appliance
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2728377 *Aug 24, 1954Dec 27, 1955Thompson Clifford JamesBaby sitter
US3454272 *Aug 8, 1966Jul 8, 1969Elkington Aubrey HChild's playpen and sandbox device
US4339126 *Sep 10, 1980Jul 13, 1982Gianfranco MarlettaRollable device for receiving a user's limbs during exercise
US4568079 *Apr 20, 1984Feb 4, 1986Ruth StarkInfant play ring and associated method
US4743008 *Dec 19, 1986May 10, 1988Fermaglich Daniel RInfant exerciser
US5010606 *Feb 27, 1990Apr 30, 1991Safety 1St, Inc.Bath seat
US5085428 *May 24, 1990Feb 4, 1992Fermaglich Daniel RBaby walker
US5158460 *Apr 26, 1991Oct 27, 1992Safety 1St, Inc.Bath seat
US5211607 *Jan 16, 1992May 18, 1993Fermaglish Daniel RBaby activity center
US5302163 *May 17, 1993Apr 12, 1994Daniel R. FermaglichInfant exerciser and activity center
US5518475 *Apr 20, 1995May 21, 1996Garland; Thomas A.Baby walker
US5584531 *Mar 1, 1996Dec 17, 1996Bowman; JudyFace to face play area
US5669081 *Jun 28, 1996Sep 23, 1997Brk Brands, Inc.Self-locking toilet seat cover
US5687433 *Jun 27, 1996Nov 18, 1997Brk Brands, Inc.Child bath seat
US6299247Jan 24, 2000Oct 9, 2001Evenflo Company, Inc.Child exerciser/rocker
US6863287May 31, 2002Mar 8, 2005Kolcraft EnterprisesChild walker
US7287768Dec 30, 2003Oct 30, 2007Kolcraft EnterprisesMulti-mode child entertaining apparatus and methods of using the same
US7347432Jan 11, 2005Mar 25, 2008Kolcraft Enterprises, Inc.Child walker
US7819410Jan 17, 2008Oct 26, 2010Kolcraft Enterprises, Inc.Child walkers
US20050146106 *Dec 30, 2003Jul 7, 2005Myers Peter J.Multi-mode child entertaining apparatus and methods of using the same
US20050179223 *Jan 11, 2005Aug 18, 2005Kolcraft EnterprisesChild walker
WO1991012759A1 *Jun 20, 1990Sep 5, 1991Safety 1St, Inc.Bath seat
U.S. Classification482/51, 482/142, 297/137, 482/143
International ClassificationA47D13/06, A47D13/00
Cooperative ClassificationA47D1/008, A47D13/06
European ClassificationA47D13/06, A47D1/00E