US 2698121 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
D@C- 28, 1954 G. K. VAN STI-:YN
HYDROMETER FLOAT PRELOADER 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Dec. 2f!
3 1 vUC/YVOL GERARD KMAM STEYN.
ww www Dec. 28, 1954 G, K. VAN .sn-:YN 2,698Jl2 HYDROMETER FLOAT PRELOADER Filed Deo. 24, 19,52 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 G. K. VAN STEYN HYDROMETER FLOAT PRELOADER ad m Dec. 28, 1954 Filed Deo. 24, 1952 United States Patent O HYDROMETER FLOAT PRELOADER -f Gerard K. Van Steyn, Columbus, Ohio, assignor to Owens- Illinois Glass Company, a corporation of Ohio Application December 24, 1952, Serial No. 327,717
13 Claims. (Cl. 226-72) The present invention is an apparatus for preloading hydrometer floats with lead shot and wax pellets.
It is common practice to manually deposit in narrow neck, or stem, hydrometer oats, the required quantity of lead shot and wax pellets, to serve as ballast. Following precise balancing in a specillc gravity solution, the hydrometer lloat is placed in heated sand to melt the Wax. Subsequent cooling and setting of this wax secures the shot in place.
An object of my invention is the provision of semiautomatic apparatus which is capable of delivering accurately measured quantities or charges of shot and wax pellets, in that order, to a plurality of hydrometer lloats, simultaneously.
It is also an object to provide means for independently regulably controlling the quantity of shot and wax pellets delivered.
A further object is the provision of simple and effective adjustable means for supporting a plurality of hydrometer floats in position to receive the ballast from the delivery means.
Other objects will be in part apparent and in part pointed out hereinafter.
In the accompanying drawings which form a part of this specification:
Fig. 1 is a fragmentary front elevational view of the apparatus;
Fig. 2 is an end elevational view with parts broken away and shown in section;
Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken substantially along the line 3--3 of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a sectional elevational view taken substantially along the line 4 4 of Fig. 1, the measuring and dispensing means being shown in loading positions;
Fig. 5 is a detail sectional View of the lead shot feeder in discharging position; and
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary plan View taken substantially at the line 6-6 of Fig. 4.
My invention, in the illustrated embodiment thereof, generally comprises means for supporting a plurality of hydrometer floats with the open upper ends of the stem portions releasably, but firmly, held in proper relationship to the discharge end of a corresponding number of slightly inclined troughs into which measured charges of lead and wax pellets are deposited and from which such pellets are discharged seriatim, the lead pellets being discharged ahead of the wax pellets. These pellets constitute the ballast for the lloats. The troughs are substantially tl-shape in cross section to thereby facilitate, incident to vibration of such troughs, the rearrangement of a pile of the pellets into a relatively narrow stream and ultimately substantially into a single row for seriatim feeding to the iloats. positioned over the troughs and is so constructed that variable measured quantities, or charges of pellets, may be delivered to said troughs in such manner that the lead pellets are fed to the floats in advance of the wax pellets. The floats are then balanced in a specific gravity solution and finally heated to melt the wax so that when Cooled, it will hold the lead pellets in place.
It is apparent that my apparatus, with, or without minor changes. or adjustments, may be utilized in the delivery of measured charges of other granular material to receptacles other than hydrometer iloats.
Specifically my apparatus (Figs. l and 2) comprises a base lll, supporting a frame l1 composed of a pair of upright end walls 12, secured to said base and nterv connected at their upper ends by a pair of longitudinal.
Feeding means for the pellets is f side rails 13. Screws 14 at the corners of the base provide means for adjusting the angle of inclination of the troughs, as will be apparent.
A rest, or support S, for a plurality of hydrometer floats l5 (Figs. 1, 3, 4, and 6) comprises a horizontal bar 16 provided with a longitudinal series of upwardly facing recesses 17 in which the base, or bulb portions, of the iloats seat. This bar is secured by clamps 18 to and is vertically adjustable upon, a pair of brackets 19. Each of these brackets may be substantially inverted L-shape and is connected to a hinge pin 20 carried by one of the end walls 12 of the frame 11. Thus, the iloat rest, or support, can be adjusted to compensate for differences in the dimensions of the iloats, or other articles involved. The importance of such adjustment provisions is apparent when one considers that a difference in the diameter and length of the floats may well require both a change in the elevation of the recessed bar 16 and adjustment of the angular position of the brackets 19 to insure accurate location of the open neck of the lloats in relation to the troughs 21, which direct the granular material (lead and wax pellets in this instance) into said neck openings. As will be apparent, the troughs 21 in part support the lloats.
These troughs 21 (Figs. 1, 4, and 6) which correspond in number to that of the recesses 17 in they supporting bar 16, and the maximum number of floats which can be preloaded in one operation, are arranged side by side in a longitudinal series lengthwise of the frame. These troughs, which may well be cast, or otherwise formed, as a unit, are mounted in a shell 22 (Figs. 2 and 4) which closes one end of each trough and leaves the other, or discharge end, open. This set of troughs is mounted upon a conventional Syntron vibrator 23 which in turn is attached to the base 10. This vibrator, which is electrically operated, is obtainable on the open market. A padded screw 333a at one end of the frame 11 functions as means for damping the trough vibrations. At a point in proximity to the discharge end, the troughs are provided with a series of aligned transverse slots which open upwardly to receive a baille strip 24. Clamps 25 removably secure this strip in place. quite close to the bottom of the troughs and functions to reduce, if necessary, the mass of pellets moving to the discharge end, so that when these pellets approach said discharge point, they will be in a comparatively narrow stream and may be delivered seriatim to the floats. This is especially important where the lloat stems are of small diameter, as shown. j
The forward, or discharge end of each trough is formed with a re-entrant portion, or recess 26 (Figs. 4 and 6) extending generally vertically. This recess, which has converging side walls merging at a line coincident with the bottom of the corresponding trough automatically centers the float stem relative to the proper trough. Thus, if the rest for the floats is properly adjusted, said iloats very easily assume the necessary positions for loading, when placed upon said rest and tilted toward the troughs and released.
As insurance against any displacement during the preloading operation, such as might occur due to vibration of the troughs, there is provided a clamp 27, the weight of which is adequate to hold the iloats in the desired position. This clamp (Figs. l and 4) is illustrated as being U-shape with the end arms 28 pivoted to the ends of the trough unit. The cross bar 29 which connects these end arms, carries a soft cushion or pad 30, for Contact with the iloat necks. This clamp is manually operable to secure, or release the lloats.
As pointed out heretofore, this apparatus is intended to deliver measured charges, or quantities, of lead shot, or pellets and wax pellets, to the hydrometer lloats. Moreover, it is necessary, or at least desirable, that the lead pellets be delivered to the iloats ahead of the wax pellets, since the latter merely serve as a binder, incident to being heated to the necessary degree and then cooled. Accordingly, two separate feeders, or dispensers are utilized, these being positioned side by side and extending Alengthwise over the trough unit.
The lower edge of this strip is positioned structurally, the feeding mechanism comprises a dispenser housing 31 (Figs. 2 and 4) resting upon the side rails 13 of the frame and having a depending portion 32 (separate from, or integral with the housing as desired), snugly fitting between said rails, whereby to lend stability to the structure. Dowel pins 33 separably connect the side rails and housing 31. This housing is formed with a pair of parallel bores 34, each of which has a lining cylinder 35 therein, removably secured in place by screws 36, or the like.
Each cylinder 35 is provided with a longitudinal series of inlet ports, or openings 37, facing upwardly and with a similar series of outlet ports, or openings 38, the latter in register with discharge openings 39 which face downwardly over the troughs. Pairs of the inlet ports 37 (Figs. l and 4) open upwardly into recesses 40, which in turn communicate with the corresponding hopper 4l, through bottom outlets 42 in the latter. A slide valve 43 provided with spaced openings 44 (Fig. l) is operable to control delivery of material to the recesses 40.
The measuring and dispensing means, with respect to each feeding unit, comprises a movable member 45 of cylindrical form, mounted for oscillation in the cylinder, or bore, said member provided with a plurality of pockets 46 opening through the periphery. Obviously, there is a pocket for each of the troughs. In order that the capacity of each pocket may be regulably predetermined as required by the charge of material to be delivered, it assumes the form of a generally diametrically extending bore 47 and a rod 48 adjustable axially in this bore. The rod forms a bottom for the pocket.
Simultaneous adjustment of all of these rods 48, to thereby change the pocket capacity, is obtained by means of an elongated gear, or pinion 49, extending lengthwise of the movable member 45 and meshing with rack teeth on one side of each bottom forming rod. Rotation of the gear, or pinion, shifts the rods axially as a group and thereby alters the pocket capacity.
Rotation of the pinion 49 (Fig. 3) is obtained by means of a worm 50 and meshing worm gear 51 at one end of the pinion, the worm gear being secured to a short shaft 52 which is attached to one end of the pinion and the worm being mounted in brackets 53. These brackets are carried by a retaining plate 54 (Figs. l and 3) which secures the previously mentioned movable dispensing member in place. One end of the worm 50 (Fig. 2) has a kerfed extension 50'(1 in register with an open ing 55 in a cover 56 for said worm and worm gear. By inserting a screw driver, or the like, through the opening, and into engagement with the kerfed extension, the worm may be rotated to effect the desired change in the pocket capacity. Handles, or cranks 57, are provided to oscillate the dispensing member and bring the pockets into register with the inlet and discharge openings alternately.
Referring to Fig. 4, the hopper and dispenser at the right-hand side deliver charges of lead shot or pellets. The other unit dispenses wax pellets, in accordance with the illustrated embodiment of my invention.
It will be understood that through adjustment of the screws in the base 10, the angle of inclination of the set of troughs' may be regulably controlled as required by the specific material being handled and other factors. The position of the troughs as shown, is prior to adjustment of them to the desired angle.
Modifications may be resorted to within the spirit and scope of the appended claims.
l. A hydrometer float preloader comprising, means for supporting a float with its open end facing upwardly, an elongated delivery trough having an open discharge end 1n register and in contact with the open end of said float, said trough being V-shaped in cross section and declined toward the discharge end, means for delivermg a measured quantity of pellets to said trough, and means for vibrating said trough and float to thereby accelerate movement of the pellets therealong to the discharge end and to the bottom end of the float.
2. A hydrometer float preloader comprising, means for supporting a float with its open end facing upwardly, an elongated delivery trough having an open discharge end 1n reglster and in contact with the open end of said float, said trough being declined toward the discharge end and shaped in cross section to arrange pellets deposited therein substantially in a narrow stream extending along the trough, means for vibrating the trough to effect delivery of the pellets seriatim to the float and to the bottom end of said float, and means for delivering a measured quantity of pellets to said trough.
3. A hydrometer float preloader comprising, means for supporting a float with its open end facing upwardly and with its axis inclined, an inclined delivery trough having an open discharge end in register with the open end of said float, means for vibrating the trough, said trough being shaped in cross section to arrange pellets deposited therein substantially in a narrow stream extending along the trough, means for delivering a measured quantity of pellets to said trough, and releasable clamping means for holding the float in preloading position and in contact with the vibrating trough whereby vibration of the latter causes vibration of the float.
4. A hydrometer float preloader comprising, means for supporting a float with its open end facing upwardly, an inclined delivery trough having an open discharge end in register with the open end of said float, said trough being shaped in cross section to arrange pellets deposited therein substantially in a narrow stream extending along the trough, a feeder for lead pellets, a feeder for wax pellets, the feeder for lead pellets positioned to deliver pellets to the trough in advance of the point of delivery of the wax pellets to said trough, and means for regulably controlling the quantity of each kind of pellets delivered to the trough.
5. A hydrometer float preloader comprising, means for supporting a float with its open end facing upwardly, an inclined delivery trough having an open discharge end in register with the open end of said float, said trough being shaped in cross section to arrange pellets deposited therein substantially in a narrow stream extending f' along the trough, a feeder for lead pellets, a feeder for wax pellets, the feeder for lead pellets arranged to deliver pellets to the trough in advance of the point of delivery of the wax pellets, and means for regulably controlling the quantity of each kind of pellets delivered, each said feeder comprising a hopper having a bottom outlet, a dispenser having a pocket to receive a charge of pellets from its hopper by way of said bottom outlet, and means' for actuating the dispenser to effect gravity discharge of the pellets from the pocket into said trough.
6. In apparatus of the character decribed, a series of V-shaped troughs arranged in parallel relationship and each declined slightly toward a discharge end, means for supporting a plurality of hollow articles each with an open upper end positioned at the discharge end of a trough and in contact therewith, feeding means for delivering measured quantities of granular material to said troughs inwardly from the discharge end, and means for vibrating said troughs and hollow articles to thereby cause movement of the material along the troughs to the discharge end into said hollow articles and to the bottom of the latter.
7. In apparatus of the character described, a series of V-shaped troughs arranged in parallel relationship and each declined slightly toward a discharge end, means for supporting a plurality of hollow articles each with an open upper end positioned at the discharge end of a trough and in contact therewith, feeding means for delivering measured quantities of granular material to said troughs inwardly from the discharge end, means for vibrating said troughs and hollow articles to thereby cause movement of the material along the troughs to the discharge end into said hollow articles and to the bottom of the latter, and means for releasably securing the articles in position to receive material from said troughs.
8. The structure defined in claim 6 wherein the feeding means comprises a housing having material inlet and discharge openings individual to said troughs and a movable pocketed member in the housing to receive measured charges of material through said inlet openings and deposit such material in the troughs by way of the discharge openings.
9. The structure defined in claim 6 wherein the feeding means comprises a housing having material inlet and discharge openings individual to said troughs and a movable pocketed member in the housing to receive measured charges of material through said inlet openings and deposit such material in the troughs by way of the discharge openings, and means for moving said member about a horizontal axis to thereby alternately register the pockets with the inlet and discharge openings.
10. In apparatus of the character described, troughs arranged side by side in a longitudinal series, said troughs being declined in a common plane toward a discharge end, each trough having a re-entrant portion at its discharge end, means for supporting hollow articles each with an open upper end positioned in one of said reentrant portions and in contact with the trough, means for depositing measured amounts of granular material in said troughs and means for vibrating the troughs.
1l. The structure defined in claim 10 wherein the material depositing means comprises a pair of hoppers arranged side by side above said troughs, each hopper having bottom outlet openings in register with and individual to the troughs, a dispenser positioned beneath each hopper and composed of a housing having a horizontal bore extending lengthwise of the series of troughs, each said bore having a pair of circumferentially spaced inlet and discharge openings beneath each of the bottom outlet openings, and individual to the troughs, a movable cylindrical member in said bore provided with pockets in its periphery individual to said pairs of openings, and means for oscillating said member to alternately register the pockets with the inlet and discharge openings.
12. The structure recited in claim 1, together with means for adjusting the float support vertically whereby to accommodate oats of different length.
13. Mechanism for segregating and dispensing measured quantities of granular material comprising a hopper having a bottom outlet opening, a dispenser housing arranged beneath said hopper and having a horizontal bore, the latter having an inlet in register with said outlet opening and a discharge opening facing downwardly, a movable member in said bore having a pocket, means for moving said member to alternately register the pocket with the inlet and discharge openings, said movable member being a cylindrical body mounted for oscillation in said bore and in which the pocket is formed as a radial bore opening through the periphery of said body, a rod positioned in said radial bore to form a bottom for the pocket, said rod having gear teeth along one side thereof, a pinion in mesh with said teeth and means for imparting rotary motion to said pinion whereby to move the rod axially and thereby adjust the capacity of said pocket.
References Cited in the tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 221,104 Rykard Oct. 28, 1879 331,242 Hyatt Nov. 24, 1885 780,680 Peterson et al. Jan. 24, 1905 998,000 Hermann et al July 18, 1911 1,383,623 Groves July 5, 1921 1,709,770 Brady Apr. 16, 1929 2,194,633 Bemis Mar. 26, 1940 2,322,866 Merz .Tune 29, 1943 2,567,282 Gardner etal Sept. 1l, 1951 2,610,726 Howard Sept. 16, 1952