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Publication numberUS2698664 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 4, 1955
Filing dateDec 1, 1951
Priority dateDec 1, 1951
Publication numberUS 2698664 A, US 2698664A, US-A-2698664, US2698664 A, US2698664A
InventorsHoward G Freeman
Original AssigneeRockwood Sprinkler Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fire-fighting turret
US 2698664 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 4, 1955 H. G. FREEMAN 2,698,664

FIRE FIGHTING TURRET Filed Deo. 1, 1951 s sheets-sheet 1 INVENTOR. HOWARD G. FREEMAN ATTORNEYS lIII Jan. 4, 1955 H. G. FREEMAN 2,698,664

FIRE FIGHTING TURRET Filed Dec. l, 1951 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Fig. 2

Jan. 4, 1955 H. G. FREEMAN FIRE FIGHTING TURRET 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed Dec. l, 1951 ATTORN EYS United States Patent'lltice 2,698,664 Patented Jan. 4, 19.5.5

FIRE-FIGHTING TURRET Howard G. Freeman, Worcester, Mass., yassignor to Rock- Wood Sprinkler- Company, VWol'cesteryMass., afcorporation ofMassachusetts Application December 1',1951,`Serial No. 259,378

7'1Claims'. nv(Cl.` v16944125) 'This inventionrelates to turrets and moreparticularly to 're fghtingturrets capable ofbeing hydraulically driven from a remote position.

This invention is described herein as being-embodied in a tire-fighting turret but is not thus limited. ln theconstruction of refighting turrets in the pastgtheiurret Vhas beenusually mounted on atvehicle such as onjthe. roof of a crash truck, on a ire truck, or onta re boat. This tirefighting turret-has been of the 'usual turretconstruction with the base fixed to a platform, the turret device rof tatablymounted in azimuth within the baseand capable oftbeing elevated. Thel turret device has vbeen operatedentirelyV by hand and therefore at least one man has been required at the turret mount to manipulate it. The disadvantage of this `is that Ithe Aheat of the reprevents the^tur ret'operator from approaching too close to the lire, and in rnortherntclimatesthe severe-weather hinders the operator in manipulatingthe turret. In'the present invention, these Vdisadvantages are veliminated by providing a turret construction which has a shaft containing hydraulic lines to 4permit training and elevating theV turret hy'- draulically. from .a'remote position.

' It isalso desirable to provide means whereby the chan acter of thestream may be varied, and it isone of the principalob'jects of the-invention to provide remote controlmeans for that purpose.

In the usual fire-lighting turret there is a single dis charge-nozzle throughwhich a stream of water is emitted. In* the present invention we provide a turret with a plurality otshaper devices, each of which can be rotated from a remote position into alignment with the discharge nozzle to varythe Vcharacterof the dischargestream. This is particularly useful in ghtingiires of highly inflammable uids aS willbe explained herein.

With the above and other objects in view, other features. of thefnvention comprise the control apparatus hereinafter described andclaimed.

In the accompanying drawings, Fig. l' is a pictorial view of the'turret mounted on the roof of a crash truck; Fig. 2is` a front view of the turret with various parts shown in section with the turret nozzle at 90 elevation; Fig. 3 is a side'view of the turret-head shown partly in section looking from the right side of Fig. 2, with the turret .nozzle at elevation and4 the lStream Shaper tube in operating position; Fig. 4 is va'front view of the4 hydraulic coupling and its connections shown in section.

lReferring now to Figs. l and 2 the present inventionis shown as embodied "in aV fire-fighting turret mounted on the roofof 'a'crash truck. A turret base 2 iS bolted tothe in- Side'rooit of the crash truck '4. The base 2 has an L..- Shaped 4hollow passageway 6 to which a water inlet `8 is connected. A yoke-Shaped structure 10, hereinafter called'the turretbody, Yhas `a hollow neckv 12`whichfts rotatably within passageway 6 of base 2. Passageway 6 connects with passageways .14fand 16 leading to `passageways 26 of the turret head' 24, which is rotatably mounted onv the hollow 4shafts`22 of the yoke-shaped Structure 10. lhe parts thus fardescribed vare in general similar to a conventional turret System `in which a discharge' nozzleis attached tothe head '24, Yand which can be trained and elevated by hand.. 'Theturret is rotatable in azimuth aboutthe axis `ofl passage 6and in elevation about the artis-ofthe hollow shaft 22.

In the present invention the discharge nozzle' preferably comprises 'a discharge tip .28 of the internalimningement type shown in theFreeman'Patent No.'2,'302,'021. AQP2 airplane crashes.

2 ratus suitable for generating foam in the manner disclosed in U. S. Patent No. 2,492,037 of December 20, 1949 granted to Freeman and Hencinski iS also provided. The use of foamis very elfective in fighting tires of highly inflammable iluids such yas gasoline lires which result from To this end, a cradle30 iS rotatably mounted on theturr'et head 24. Mounted on one end of the cradle is a screen Shaper 32 which whenaligned with the discharge nozzle 28 provides a wide-angle dispersion of toam;l -When a concentrated stream of foam is desired, a Shaper tube 34 may be aligned with the nozzle, and to this end thetubey 34 is also mounted on the cradle. As described in the copending application of John L. Wk, Serial No. 259,42lled December l, 1951, the cradle can be'rotated to align either shaper vnozzle with the vdischarge nozzle to vary the character of the discharge stream depending on the magnitude and concentration of the rc. Although a different discharge nozzle may be provided to be used with other lire extinguishing materials, the liquid f efered to in the following description will be foam iqui integral with'the body 10-and extending through the passageways of the body'and turret base 2 iS a hollow turret body shaft 36. Below the turret base, a gear 38 is mounted on shaft 36. Asv the gear 38 is driven, the shaft 36 rotates therewith, carrying the turret body'and training the turret. Thus to train the turret from a remote position the gear 38 is driven through a gearing mechanism, which is itself driven from'a remote position either manually by a handwheel 37 or hydraulically through a hydraulic motor 39, as is disclosed in the copending application of Freeman Serial ber-7, 195.1.

Located-within the hollowturret body shaft 36 are four hydraulic lines 40 (Fig. 4) through which the turret is remotely` elevated and the cradle is remotely rotated. At the lower end of the shaft these hydraulic lines are connected to hydraulic lines which lead from a remotely controlled source of power, by means of an hydraulic coupling 42, the construction of which will later be described in detail. At the'upper end of the shaft two of the hydraulic lines 40 are connected by hydraulic lines 44to an hydraulic elevation cylinder 46. The cylinder is rotatably mounted on a bracket 47 which is bolted to turret body 10 (Fig. 3) pinned to the elevation arm Sil, the movement of which elevates the turret. The other two hydraulic lines 40 are similarly connected by ilexible hydraulic lines S2 to a` hydraulic Shaper cylinder 54 pivotally mounted on a bracket which is bolted to the turret head 24. The cylinder 54.also contains a'piston and piston rod 56 which No. 25.5,217 filed Novemis connected to an arm 58, the latter arrn being fixed f through one line 52 to the Shaper cylinder 54, actuating the piston and piston yrod 56. The movement of the piston rod 56 drives thel Shaper arm SS which rotates the cradle 30. To obtain the proper elevation and Shaper nozzle alignment. hydraulic power is'transmitted selectively to fthehydraulic lines 40 as is `fully described inthe copending application of`Freeman, Serial No. 255,217 liled November 7, 195.1.

Referring more particularly to Figs. 2 and 3, theturret base 2 which is a hollow L-shaped metal Structure is bolted to the inside roof of the crash truck 4. An opening 8 in one side ofA the base to which a water supply line is connected, cooperates with the passage 6 through which the water flows towards the discharge nozzle. The turret body 10 is 'yoke-shaped and is rotatably mounted within the turret base, its neck 12 fitting within the pasand tting around the periphery of neck 12, prevent the turret body from moving longitudinally out of the turret base. The plates 66 and the bearing arrangement are so xed as to withstand the great forces exerted by the liquid on the turret body, and yet provide for easy disassembly of the turret from the base.

As previously mentioned, the hollow shaft 36 extends through the turret body and the turret base 2. At the upper end of the shaft the lines 40 connect with the lines 44 and 52. The shaft 36 extends through the base and is suitably sealed against leakage. Below the turret base 2, the turret body shaft gear 38 is mounted on the shaft 36.

The passageway 12 of the turret body 10 separates 1nto two branches 14 and 16. Mounted in the end of each branch and cooperating with the passageways are short hollow shafts 22. The turret head 24 is mounted on the shafts 22 and is rotatable in elevation about the axis of said shafts. The branches 14 and 16 are sealed to prevent leakage, as by the turret head caps 82 bolted to the arms. The water, whether or not mixed with foam liquid passes through passageways 6 and 12, flows through the two branches 14 and 16 and the hollow shafts 22, and through the turret head 24 to the discharge nozzle 2S.

In the construction of the cradle and the foam Shaper devices mounted thereon, it is to be noted that the sides of each foam device are cut away to permit their rotation over the discharge nozzle, and also to aspirate air for foam formation. Either foam device may be aligned with the discharge nozzle, or as shown in Fig. 2, when neither device is in alignment, the tire extinguishing material is projected directly through the discharge nozzle.

The operation of the turret described up to this point has included hydraulic turret elevation and Shaper nozzle rotation independent of the training of the turret. lf the hydraulic lines from the outside source were directly connected to the hydraulic lines within shaft 36, these lines would be twisted as the turret was trained. To

avoid this the invention provides for coupling the outside stationary hydraulic lines to the rotating elevation and Shaper hydraulic lines through the connections 4t?.

Referring to Figs. 2 and 4, as mentioned previously the turret shaft 36 extends through the turret body and is provided with the four hydraulic lines 40. Two of these lines lead to the elevation cylinder while the other two lead to the shaper cylinder. When the shaft rotates these lines rotate with it. The lower end of the shaft is surrounded by a stationary hydraulic coupling member 42 which provides the means for supplying the oil to the oil lines 40. The member 42 has f-our inlet holes 84 to t which are connected the oil lines 86 from an outside source. The internal surface of the coupling has a series of annular grooves 88. The number of grooves and their spacing is so arranged that an oilvgroove 8S cooperates with each of the four tubes 40, and there is a sealing groove 90 on either side of each oil groove. The sealing grooves 90 are supplied with seals 92 to prevent the leakage of oil from the grooves 88 along shaft 36 as the latter rotates. Although the shaft 36 rotates as the turret turns, the coupling 42 remains stationary.

Although the turret embodying this invention has been described as a tire lighting turret having a single discharge nozzle with Shaper nozzles rotatable about the tip, it is not to be so limited. This invention can apply to any turret which is to be hydraulically operated from a remote position. The number of hydraulic lines running within the turret body shaft maybe as numerous as the desired operations may require.

Having thus described my invention, I claim:

l. A remotely controlled tire-lighting turret having a turret base, `a, turret body capable of being trained in azimuth on said base, a turret head carried by the body, means forming passageways to convey liquid through the body to the head, elevation control means for the turret head, pattern control means carried by the turret head for c-ontrolling the pattern of liquid discharge from the head, a hollow shaft, means for rotating the body about the axis of the hollow shaft, operating means extending through the hollow shaft for operating the elevation control means and additional operating means extending through the hollow shaft for operating the pattern control means, both of said operating means being independent of the position of the turret body in` azimuth.

l 2. A remotely controlled lire-fighting turret having a turret base, a turret body capable of being trained in azimuth on said base, a turret head carried by the body, means forming passageways to convey liquid through the body to the head, elevation. control means carried by the body and connected with the head to control the elevation of the head, pattern control means carried by the head for controlling the pattern of liquid discharged from the head, a hollow shaft, means for rotating the body about the axis of the hollow shaft, operating means extending through the hollow shaft and connected with the elevation control means, additional operating means extending through the hollow shaft, and exible connections between said additional operating means and the pattern control means, both of said operating means being independent of the position of the turret body in azimuth.

3. A remotely controlled tire-fighting turret having a turret base, a turret body capable of being trained in azimuth on said base, a turret head carried by the body, means forming passagzways to convey liquid through the body to the head, hydraulic elevation control means on the turret body to control the elevation of the turret head, hydraulically-operated pattern control means on the turret head for controlling the pattern of liquid discharged from the head, a hollow shaft, means for rotating the bodyl about the axis of the shaft, hydraulic supply lines passing through the shaft to the body, connections from one supply line to the elevation control means, and flexible connection from another supply line to the pattern control means, said supply lines being effective to supply hydraulic pressure to the elevation control means independent of the position of the turret body in azimuth.

4. A remotely controlled fire-fighting turret having a turret base, a turret body having a hollow shaft rigidly secured thereto and means for training the body in azimuth on said base about the axis of the shaft, a turret head carried by the body, pattern control means for controlling the pattern of liquid discharged from the head, elevation control means for the turret head, means forming passageways to convey liquid through the body to the head, operating means extending through the hollow shaft for operating the elevation control means independently of the position of the turret body in azimuth, and additional operating means for the pattern control means.

5. A remotely controlled fire-fighting turret having a turret base, a turret body having a hollow shaft rigidly secured thereto and means for training the body in azimuth on said base about the axis of the shaft, hydraulic supply means rigidly secured to and extending through the shaft, a turret head carried by the body, pattern control means for controlling the pattern of liquid discharged from the head, hydraulic elevation control means on the turret body and flexibly connected to said supply means,

to control the elevation of the turret head independently of the position of the turret body in azimuth, additional operating means for the pattern control means, and means forming passageways to convey liquid through the body i to the head.

6. A remotely controlled lire-lighting turret having a turret base, a turret body having a hollow shaft rigidly secured thereto and means for training the body in azimuth on said base about the axis of the shaft, hydraulic supply means rigidly secured to and extending through the shaft, a turret head carried by the body, pattern control means for controlling the pattern of liquid discharged from the head, hydraulic elevation control means on the turret body and llexibly connected to said supply means, remotely-controlled valve means ilexibly connected to said supply means to control the elevation of the turret head independently of the position of the turret body in azimuth, additional operating means for the pattern control means, and means forming passageways to convey liquid through the body to the head.

7. A remotely controlled tire-lighting turret having a turret base, a turret body having a hollow shaft rigidly secured thereto and means for training the body in azimuth on said base about the axis of the shaft, hydraulic supply means rigidly secured to and extending through the shaft, a turret head carried by the body, hydraulic elevation control means on the turret body to control the elevation of the turret head, hydraulically-operated pattern control means on the turret head for controlling vation and pattern control means being flexibly connected mages-4 .e 6 supply ean's, rlmotely-controlled valve ne'ztxlllis References Cited in the le of this patent exl y connecte to sai supp y means tto contro e elevation of the turret head and said pattern control UNITED STATES PATENTS means independently of the position of theturret body in 441,6?? Prunty Dec. 2, 1890 azimuth, and means forming passageways to convey 1q- 5 1,6443A 2 Zeitter Oct. 11, 1927 uid through the body to the head. 2,593,921 Robinson Apr. 22, 1952

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US441697 *Dec 2, 1890GREENE a PRUNTYprunty
US1644972 *Jan 22, 1926Oct 11, 1927 Jakob zeitter
US2593921 *Apr 4, 1950Apr 22, 1952Samuel Eastman Co IncNozzle pipe for use with aerial ladders
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2729295 *Feb 20, 1953Jan 3, 1956Edwards Theodoric BRemote control fire-fighting turret and nozzle
US2753003 *Feb 14, 1955Jul 3, 1956Rockwood Sprinkler CoHydraulic turret control
US2944741 *Feb 25, 1957Jul 12, 1960Sumner Iron Works IncHydraulic log barkers
US3010519 *Aug 31, 1959Nov 28, 1961Gillespie Charles SControl system for fire nozzles
US3023598 *Mar 18, 1959Mar 6, 1962Eugen Bellmann G M B H MaschfSpraying devices for the treatment of textiles
US3047236 *Oct 6, 1960Jul 31, 1962Fahrner Landon WIrrigation apparatus
US3106247 *Mar 26, 1962Oct 8, 1963Hyman LacksFire fighting apparatus
US3236266 *Feb 20, 1963Feb 22, 1966Fmc CorpMethod and apparatus for transferring fluid offshore
US3240279 *Jun 4, 1963Mar 15, 1966Ohio Brass CoFluid transmission mechanism
US3246849 *Jun 28, 1962Apr 19, 1966Printed Circuits IncMiniature torch
US3683747 *Feb 9, 1970Aug 15, 1972Sperry Rand CorpManipulator and manipulator control system
US3685394 *Apr 1, 1970Aug 22, 1972Smith James ArthurMachine tools
US3809318 *Oct 31, 1972May 7, 1974Mitsui Mining Co LtdMonitor for digging coal
US4098455 *Mar 29, 1977Jul 4, 1978Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc.Rotary seal distributor member for a centrifuge
US4165203 *Sep 30, 1976Aug 21, 1979Robert Bosch GmbhPressurized medium powered device
US4493660 *Jun 22, 1981Jan 15, 1985Willi Becker Ingenieurburo GmbhShip having at least one propeller nozzle unit with rudder in optimum position
US4515311 *May 6, 1983May 7, 1985Ag-Chem Equipment Co., Inc.Liquid waste application system with sludge gun
US4535846 *Sep 6, 1983Aug 20, 1985Feecon CorporationFire fighting turret
US4722324 *Jun 30, 1986Feb 2, 1988Amen Leland CPositionable weed burning apparatus
US5735627 *Aug 16, 1996Apr 7, 1998Tokico Ltd.For providing a wrist-joint action in a robotic device
US5899276 *Sep 10, 1997May 4, 1999Crash Rescue Equipment Service, Inc.On a fire-fighting vehicle
US6131819 *Oct 15, 1998Oct 17, 2000Wet Enterprises, Inc.Decorative illuminated water display
US6676170 *Aug 13, 2001Jan 13, 2004Hon Hai Precision Ind. Co., Ltd.Pivotable connector for manipulator
US7021675 *May 21, 2003Apr 4, 2006Florida Plating & Machining, Inc.Swivel assembly
US7886992Dec 12, 2008Feb 15, 2011Disney Enterprises, Inc.Fluid effects platform with a pivotally-mounted and remotely-positioned output manifold
US8316750 *May 11, 2009Nov 27, 2012Donmark Holdings Inc.Apparatus and method for launching incendiary projectiles
US8714466 *Jan 11, 2013May 6, 2014Elkhart Brass Manufacturing Company, Inc.Fire-fighting monitor with remote control
DE102008018118A1 *Apr 9, 2008Oct 15, 2009Oase GmbhFountain for producing water jet, has water outlet nozzle connected with pumping device via water supply, where outlet direction of water jet is changeable by movement of nozzle and water supply extends through axle bodies
Classifications
U.S. Classification169/25, 239/264, 239/587.2, 285/275, 285/127.2, 285/181, 239/227, 285/190, 239/499
International ClassificationA62C31/24
Cooperative ClassificationA62C31/24
European ClassificationA62C31/24