US 269985 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. J. ADGATE.
3 Sheets-Sheet 1.
PatentedA Jan'. 2, l883.
` ATTQRNEYL (No Model.) -3 Sheets-Sheet 2.
J. J. ADGATB.
' WARDROBE BEDSTEAD. No. 269,985. Patented Ja,11.2, 1883.
WITNESSES Y I INVENTOR ma?? me@ ./@QW/Q l' ATTORNEY,
(No Model.) 3 Sheets-Sheet 3.
J. J. ADGATE..
NO.. 269,985. A l Patented Ja.n.2,1883.
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JOSEPH J. ADGATE, OF NEW YORK, N. Y;
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 269,985, dated January 2, 1883. Application filed September 5, 1882. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Beit knownfthat I, JOSEPH J. ADGATE, of New York, in the county ot' NewYork, and in the State of New York, have invented certain new and usei'ul Improvementsin Wardrobe- Bedsteads; andIdoherebydeclarethatthefollowing is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of' reference marked thereon, making a part of this specification, in whichy Figure l is a vertical section taken in the plane indicated by the dotted line .fc :con Fig.
Fig. 2 is a oross-section taken in the vertical plane indicated by dotted line y y on Fig. l. Fig. 3 is a vert-ical cross-section ot'a hinged board which is applied in front ot' the casing. Fig. 4 is a vertical transverse section in detail, showing the friction-spring and spring-finger thereof'. Fig. 5 is a view in detail illustrating a practical mode ot' adjusting the spring which elevates the bedstead-frame. Fig. 6 is a front elevation, showing the invention in part, with the lamhrequin, the curtainaand the vhinged board which are applied to the casing. Fig. 7 is a vertical sectional view, showing my iinproved spring actuated wardrobe bedstead4 frame acted on by the 4piston-springs. and'V applied to a portable casing, which is loaded, so that it will `not tilt during the act of adjusting the bedstead-frame.
The casingA in Fig. 7 is mounted on rollers, which I prefer should be casters, and the bedstead-frame and its appurtenances are applied to this casing, substantially as I have described for the stationary frame or casing Vrepresented in the other figures referred toin the above description. This stationary frame or casing A', I have described asbeing secured to the wall of a building; but I sometimes make it portable by mounting it on casters s. To prevent this frame or casing A from tilting forward during the manipulation of the ,bedstead-frame, I secure in a suitable manner to the back ofthe casing arnetal plate, I, which is iiush with the back ot' the casing. This metal or load I will counteract the weight of the bedstead-frame, the springthereof, and the force required to depress this frame and bring itinto a horizontal position.- In other words,
the weight l will prevent the casing from tilting. My object is to prevent the tilting ofthe portable case, however it may be loaded, as I believe-that I am the rst to load a portable bedstead-receiving case when the bedsteadframe is pivoted thereto and acted on in any bedstead-frames ofthe folding kind whereinV springs are used for counterbalancing the frames and elevating the same within a casing.
The nature of my invention consists mainly `in the employment ot' 011e or more springs which are independent of the bed-bottom also, in the employment of afront hinged board which is actedv on automatically by a spring, and which constitutes a part ot' the 'casing inside ot'which the bed-bottom is held when it is erected; also, in the employment of one or more springs which are so arranged and adjusted that they can be fixed to act undertdifferent tension 5 and my invention nally consists in novel means of pivoting the bedsteadframe to the wardrobecasing, in combination with retracting-springs which are pivoted eccentrically to the said casing with respect to the pivots ofthe spring guides or holders, all ofwhich will be fully explained, andillustrated in vthe annexed drawings.
A designates the wall ot a room,l against `whieh,at any suitable place, I may apply a casing, A', which latter I have indicated iu dotted lines in Fig. I. This casing isoomposed ottwo vertical sides, cheek-pieces, or bearings, B B, and a hinged or pivoted front piece, D.. I shall provide the casing with a lambrequin and also with curtains, as indicated in Fig. 6, suitably upholstered, and I may indicate on the front side of the piece D draws and knobs therefor.
Between the side pieces `or bearings, B B, I
pivotat a a the rectangular bedsitead-frame v E, which is provided with pivoted gravitating legs F F on its free end. ,This frame E has also attached to it near its free end levers G,
the lower parts of which are constructed like pistons or followers, as shown at l). These followers are free to playin tubes or other snitable guides that are pivoted at c to the base of roo side ot' one of the cheeks of the casing I secure the casin g at points which are eccentric to or out of the horizontal plane occupied by the pivots tt or of the bedstead-frame. The distance between the pivotal point of the frame and the guides which receive the levers G regulates the required expansive force ofthe spring S to elevate the frame, for it will be observed that the greater the distance between the said pivotal points the less will be the force necessary to overcome the gravity of the bedstead-frame and `to elevate and force it into the casin g, provided, however, that the pivotal point of the guideH be below the-pivotal point of tli-e frame. The said tubes or guides I letter H. They are pivoted at c, as described, between ears having open-eyes or slots d, which will admit of the removal of the said guides. The followers or arms G are bit'urcated at their upper ends, so that .they are detachable. from their studs c. lt Ywill thus be seen that the action-springs are detachable from the bedstead-frame, and it will also be seen that the' springs S in the guides'are so adjusted that they act to move the bedstead-frame in a vertical position within the casing.
'When the bedstead-frame is arranged horizontally it is held in this position by friction in the following manner, to Wit: On the in-4 a spring, J, which is allowed to recede laterally, and which is, provided with a stud, g This stud is held against a cam or beveled plate, h,by 'means of the spring J, so that there isa trictional pressure posterior' to the t'ulcra a. This beveled plate sperforated at i, and the stud gis beveled, so that it will enter said perforation when the bedstead-frame isin a horizontal position. The bedstead-frame is by these means'held horizontally against the tendency of the spring S to elevate the same. When it is desir ed to raise the frame, sufficient force is applied by hand at thefootof theframe to spring the stud g out of the perforation'in the plate h.
By means of the follower-plate,'shown in Fig. 5 and lettered j, a pin, lc, on this plate, and the notches l the tension of the spring S can he so adjusted that the weight of the bedstead and the furnishing thereon can be compensated for readily when the bedsteadframe is in a vertical position andthe spring S is not under extreme tension. The board D is hinged at f to the base of the casing, and is acted on by one or more springs, p, which act to hold anti-friction roll-4 ers t against the spring holders or guides H. The said board will thus follow the bedsteadframe in its vertical movements, inFig. l.
Itis obvious in carrying out my invention that I do not confine myself` to the casing as a stationary object or fixture in a room, for the reason that I contemplate the employment of a portable casing which may he mounted on rollers and used wherever it may be desired. My improvement is therefore applicable to a portable casing, and may be so applied to such casing that it is complete within itselfas a new and improved article of manufacture. The casing may be permanently constructed in the walls of a building and my invention applied thereto substantially as I have above described.
Elaving described my invention, I claim- 1. In a Wardrobe-bedstead, the combination of the frame pivoted to acasing with the springactuated levers pivoted to thev base ot' the casas indicated ing, and connected to the frame at or near thc toot of the same, whereby the elevating force is applied to the longer arm of the bedstead, substantially as shown and described.
2. Thecombination of the pivoted wardrobebedstead frame, pivoted spring actuating and retaining devices, a casing,and apivoted board actuated by a spring, substantially in the manner and for the purposes described.
3. The combination of a pivoted bedstead.- frame, spring actuating devices for erecting the same, and a side frictional spring-catch, all constructed and adapted to operate substantially in the manner and for the'purposes described.
4. The combination of a portable casing, a pivoted bcdstead-franie, a frictional holding device, and actuating-springs for said frame, all constructed and adapted to operate substantially as described.
5. Thecotnbinaton ofa portable loaded casing, a bedstead-i'rame applied therein, and a front board, D,`hinged and arranged to operate substantially in the manner and for the-purposes described.
6. The combination of thecasc A', the loaded back I thereof, the bedstead-fraine hinged to y the base of the case, and means for rendering the latter port-able, substantially in the man ner and for the purposes described.
In testimony whereofl affix my signature, in presence of two witnesses, this 14th day of August, 1882.
JOSEPH J. ADGATE. Witn esses GHAS. D. DAVIS, J. J. McCAR'rnY.