US 2700294 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. BANNEYER BUILDING WALL Jan. 25, 1955 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed May 26, 1950 .INVENTOR.
J. BANNEYER BUILDING WALL Jan. 25, 1955 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed May 26. 1950 x m m m l H l United States Patent BUILDING WALL Joseph Banneyer, Chicago, Ill. Application May 26, 1950, Serial No. 164,571
3 Claims. (Cl. 72-17) channels for the circulation of air between the inner and main walls. A still further object is to provide building blocks equipped with interlocking means and means forv anchoring furring strips thereto without the use of nails and the like. A still further object is to provide insulated blocks which may be placed upon each other in staggered relation to form a wall while providing interlocking recesses and means for securing the blocks together and for securing an inner wall in spaced relation to the blocks. Other specific objects and advantages will appear as the specification proceeds.
The invention is shown in illustrative embodiments, by the accompanying drawings, in which Fig. 1 is a broken side view in elevation of a wall embodying my invention; Fig. 2, a vertical sectional view, the section being taken as indicated at line 22 of Fig. 1; Fig. 3, a horizontal sectional view, the section beingtaken as indicated at line 3-3 of Fig. 1; Fig. 4, a horizontal sectional view, the section being taken as indicated at line 44 of Fig. 1; Fig. 5, a perspective view of one of the blocks which may be employed; Fig. 6, a perspective view of another form of block that may be used; Fig. 7, a transverse sectional detail view showing means for securing the furring strips to the wall and for interlocking the blocks in the wall; Fig. 8, a view of another portion of the wall that may be employed with the tier of blocks shown in Fig. 7; Fig. 9, a perspective view of the type of block shown in Fig.-4;-Fig. 10, a perspective view of the block employed in the wall structure shown in Fig. 8; Fig. 11, a perspective view-of a tie member; Fig. 12, a perspective view of another form of tie member;.Fig. 13, a horizontal view of building blocks employed in connection with brick veneer; Fig. 14, a view similar to Fig. 13 but showing a modified form'of structure; Fig. 15, a perspective view of a form of block shown in Fig. 13; and Fig. 16, a perspective view of a form of block employed in the wall structure shown in Fig. 14.
In the construction shown in Figs. 1 to 6 inclusive, a block unit 10 is employed in forming the tier illustrated in Fig. 3-, while the block '11 is employed in the tier of blocks illustrated in Fig. 4. The wall structures 3 and 4 are superposed, as illustrated in Fig. 1, and the staggered relation is continued from the bottom of the wall to the top.
The block 10 is provided with rearwardly-extending projections 12 and 13 providing therebetween a space 14. On either side of the projections 13 are members defining the V recesses 15 and 16. Also, the ends of the blocks are notched to provide vertical V recesses 17. The body of the block 10 may be provided with vertical openings or channels 18 to provide insulating air spaces.
When a series of blocks 10 are brought together in a single tier, as illustrated in Fig. 3, the recesses 15 and 16 form a channel adapted to receive a furring strip 19, the furring strip having a dovetail locking portion 20. Also, the V notches or recesses 17 form a diamond-shaped space 21 between the blocks and this may be filled with conis provided with anair space 36 tudinally of the floor and permits crete, cast material, metal members, or any other means for locking the two blocks together.
The corner member 22 may be cast in situ by using forms and the forms will provide the V-shaped recesses similar to the recesses 15, 16 and 17 of the blocks. If desired, the corner members 22 may be formed by blocks which are placed in superposed relation.
The block 11, which is in a tier below or immediately above the tier shown in Fig. 3, is provided at its ends with V recesses 23 and at its rear with projections 24 which provide between them a rectangular recess 25 adapted to receive the body of the furring strip 19. Since there is no dovetail recess provided, the furring strip 19 will have spaces between its dovetail portion and the side walls of the recess 25. If desired, these recesses may be filled with concrete 26 or with any other suitable material, or the spaces may be left open.
The block 11 is also provided with insulation spaces 27.
When the blocks are brought together in a tier, as illus-' trated in Fig. 4, the recesses receive the furring strips 19 and the V recesses 23 provide with the recesses'of ad' jacent blocks diamond-shaped spaces for receiving cast material to interlock the blocks. Instead of cast material, metal members or any other suitable means for providing the interlock may be employed. The tier shownin Fig. 4 may also be provided with corner block members 28 and 29, as shown in Fig. 4; or, if desired, the corner portions may be cast as a pillar extending from the bottom to the top of the wall, suitable forms being pro-' vided for this purpose.
After the wall has been formed, as described in connection with Figs. 1, 3 and 4, a metal lath or board 30 may be attached to the inner side of the wall by nailing or stapling the wire to the furring strips 19. Plaster 31 may be applied over the metal lath 30, or any other structure for forming an inner wall may be provided. With the structure shown, there is a vertical channel 32 provided from the bottom to the top of the wall. In the tier shown in Fig. 3, each channel is provided for the tier by the space 14. In the tier shown in Fig. 4, a correspond.
ing channel is provided at 33 by two adjacent blocks 11.
Any suitable type of floor and foundations may be provided. In the structure shown, I provide a concrete floor 34 carried by a foundation wall 35. The floor 34 which extends longithe flow of air from the basement upwardly through the space and preferably to the attic of the house. Similarly, cold air may llow from the attic downwardly through the space and into the basement area. The concrete floor 34 may be pro- "vided with reinforcing concrete beams 37 to provide a formed by the use of blocks 38.
sturdy support for the space, and preferably the air space 36 extends over the beams and along each side of the cor.
In the modification shown in Fig. 7, the wall tier is cesses 39 may be filled with concrete or other fastening means to provlde an mterlock between the blocks.
.The inner diamond-shaped recesses 40 may be em- ThlS recess is adapted to re ployed for a new purpose. ceive a tie member 43, as illustrated in Figs. 7 and 11. The diamond-shaped head of the tiemember 43 fits within the recess 40 while the legs thereof are extended through the furring strip 44 and spread outwardly against the front face of the furring strip to secure it in position. It will be understood that, if desired, the furring strip 44 may be omitted and the corresponding part of the blocks 38 may be left without a recess, the legs of the tie member 43 being extended through and clenched behind the metal lath or building board.
A tie member 45, as shown in Figs. 7 and 12, may also be employed. The inner portion of the tie member is locked within the recess 40, while the leg portions are drawn around the furring strip 44 and bent inwardly to lock the furring strip in position.
The blocks in the tiers above and below the tier shown in Fig. 7 may be of the shape shown in Figs. 8 and 10. Here the blocks 46 are provided with V recesses 47 at their ends and have rearwardly-extending projections 48 These blocks are proproviding a rectangular channel 49 for receiving the furr'ing'strip'44.
In the structure shown in Figs. 13, l4, l5 and 16, I provide blocks which are employed in connection with brick veneer. For example, in Fig. 13 I provide a block 50. which is. adapted tov be used in connection with the veneer formed of bricks 51., Similarly, I provide a block 52 (Fig. 1.6) which is. particularly useful in connection with the brick veneer. as'illustrated in Fig. 14. The corner column '53, as. shown in Fig. 13, maybe cast of concrete. and. provided with the V grooves or recesses for interlocking with the hollow blocks, or, if desired, the column may be formed by the us'efofsuperposed blocks In. the structure shown, there. is provided a building wallwhich, will permit the freefand. constant circulation of air. for either cooling or heating purposes. Further, thewall provides recesses for furring strips to which the lath and, plaster are attached; Also, if desired, the wall provides built-in fasteners. which. will either hold the furring strips or-the. wire. lath or. plaster board firmly in place, thus. avoiding the; expense. and unsatisfactory construction resulting from the nailing of furring strips to brick or concrete walls. It will. also. beobserved that the wall provided by thev blocks asv described provides deadair spaces as, a result of the. openings, such as '18 and 27, in; the, blocks, and; alsoactive air spaces as provided, for example, bythe spaces. 14.. and 25,. in the blocks, the blocks being arranged in. staggered relation but with the. active air spaces in vertical alignment so. that air may pass freely in a vertical path between. the main wall and theplaster or innfir Wall.
In pouring, the corner columns. 22 ashereinabove described, inner. and outer forms; may be used so that the concrete, as it flows downwardly, will move inwardly between the staggered ends of the blocks, thus forming a vertically-extending concrete column with. the concrete extending on each side of those blocks which project inwardlyinto the column. Thus the column ties together the blocks and provides an anchor for themv in the wall. If. desired, the concrete column may be marked with block lines so as to give the,wallan appearance of blocks extending uniformly along the wall.
While in the foregoing specification I have set forth specific structuresin considerable detail, for the purpose of illustrating embodiments of the invention, such details of structure may be varied widely by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of; my invention.
1. In 'a building structure, superposed tiers of building blocks providing an outer wall in which the blocks therein are staggered horizontally for adjacent tiers and: aligned vertically. for alternate tiers, said tiers being. of. two. types. alternately arranged withinv saidwall, one type. of said alternate tiers being composed of" blocks having. vertically-extending notches. at their inner ends. forming enlarged spaces between the ends of, the, blocks for receiving furring strips extending vertically-along theside face of said'outer wall, the other type of said tiers being. composed of blocks having vertically-extending recesses located intermediateiy in the inner faces of the. blocks andproviding furring strip receiving channels. vertically. aligned with.saidenlargedspaces, furring strips received Within said recesses and said; enlarged spaces: so. as to extendvertically along the inner. face. of'said'outer wall, an inner wall carried by said furring strips; at a. spaced distance from verticallyaligned portions of; the inner face, of said outer wall to provide, vertically-extending.
air channels between said walls, the blocks of said firstmentioned type of tiers having aligned notches in the ends thercof'providing locking spaces between the ends of the blocks spaced outwardly from the furring stripreceiving notches therein, and a plurality of metal members having enlarged head portions retained Within said locking spaces and having leg portions extending inwardly between the ends of the blocks into anchoring engagement with said furring strips.
2. The building structure of claim 1 which is characterized by the further fact that the blocks in said firstmentioned type of tiers have inner faces recessed between the notched ends thereof to provide verticallyextending air spaces, and theblocks in the. other type of I said tiers having raised central portions on the inner faces thereof, said raised central portions providing verticallyextending air spaces on each side thereof in alignment with said first-mentioned air spaces, thereby providing vertically-extending air channels between said Walls.
3 In a building structure, superposed tiers of building blocks providing; an outer wall in which the blocks therein are staggeredhorizontally for adjacent tiers and aligned vertically for. alternate tiers, said tiers being of two types alternately arranged within said wall, one type. of said alternate tier-s being composed of blocks having vertically extending notchesat their inner ends forming.- enlarged spaces between the ends of the blocksfor' receiving fur-ring strips extending vertically along the side. faceof said outer wall, the other type of said tiersbeingcomposed. of blockshaving vertically-extending recesses located intermediately' inthe inner faces of theblocks and providing furringstrip receiving channels vertically aligned. with. said, enlarged spaces, furring strips received: within. said recesses andv said enlarged" spaces so as to extendvertically along the. inner face of an inner wall. carried by said furring strips, at least some of said tiers of: blocks being. providedwith means for anchoring said furring strips to. said outer wall, said means for anchoring said furring strips to said-outer wall com: prising aligned notches in the; ends of the blocks ofsaid first-mentioned type of; tiers, said aligned notches providing locking spaces between the ends of the blocks so equipped, said, locking spaces being spaced outwardly from the. furring strip-receiving notches. therein, and a plurality of metal members having head portions retained within said. locking spaces. and. havingleg portions extending inwardly into anchoring engagement with said furring strips.
References Cited. in the: file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 364,242 Frost June 7, 1887 751,346 Schall Feb. 2, 1904v 822,510 Davidson June 5, 1906 938,678- Macbeth 2. Nov. 2, 1909' 1,086,031 Davis Feb. 3, 1914. 1,329,893 Flynn Feb. 3, 1920 1,651,893 Iorgensen. Dec. 6, 1927 1,676,535 Estill et al. July 10, 1928 1,679,684 Rota Aug. 7, 1928 1,796,051 Ross Mar 10, 1931 2,007,689 Merrill July 9, 1935 2,105,613 Poston Jan. 18, 1938. 2,206,350 Gerlach July 2, 1 940 FOREIGN. PATENTS 485,993 France of 19.18