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Publication numberUS2701562 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 8, 1955
Filing dateSep 18, 1953
Priority dateSep 18, 1953
Publication numberUS 2701562 A, US 2701562A, US-A-2701562, US2701562 A, US2701562A
InventorsMckinley Raymond E, Michael Sidney J
Original AssigneeMckinley Raymond E, Michael Sidney J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Instrument for retracting the walls of an incision
US 2701562 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

8, 1 s. J. MICHAEL ET AL 2,701,562

INSTRUMENT FOR RETRACTING THE WALLS OF AN INCISION Filed Sept. 18, 1953 INVENTORS' SIDNEY 4. MICHAEL.

QAYMOND E.M9K\NLEY United States Patent INSTRUMENT FOR RETRACTING THE WALLS OF AN 1N CISION Sidney J. Michael and Raymond E. McKinley, Erie, Pa. Application September 18, 1953, Serial No. 380,908

4 Claims. (Cl. 128-20) This invention relates to surgical apparatus and more particularly to a device for retracting the walls of an incision.

The primary object of the invention is to retain the sides of an incision in suitably opened condition and to enable a surgeon to work upon the deeper tissues.

Another object is to free the user from employing any effort in retaining the incision open and to yieldingly hold the walls of the incision spread.

The above and other objects may be attained by employing this invention which embodies among its features an extensible elastic band, means carried by the band in encircling relation thereto for supporting said band in encircling relation to an incision, and means carried by the band and engaging the walls of the incision for holding said walls retracted and the incision open.

Other features include straps carried by the band supporting means for securing said band supporting means in position on the body in which the incision has been made, and hooks adjustably mounted on the band and having pointed ends upon which the walls of the incision are impaled with the band under tension so that as the band attempts to return to tension released position, the incision will be held open.

In the drawings:

Figure 1 is a side view of a surgical implement embodying the features of this invention;

Figure 2 is a sectional view taken substantially on the line 22 of Figure l; and

Figure 3 is a fragmentary enlarged sectional view taken substantially on the line 3-3 of Figure 1.

Referring to the drawings in detail, an extensible elastic band has secured thereto for movement circumferentially therearound suitable links 12 which, as illustrated in the drawings, are connected to a relatively large supporting ring 14 which cooperates with the links 12 in holding the band 10 extended and under tension.

Carried by the band 10 for circumferential movement thereon are hooks 16 which releasably engage the band, as illustrated in Figure 3, and carry shanks 18 which terminate at their ends remote from the hooks 16 in return bends 20 carrying pointed ends 22 which are adapted to enter the walls of an incision to hold said walls retracted and the incision open.

In order to support the ring 14 on the body 1 n wh ch the incision has been made, and in proper pos1t1on with the band 10 encircling the incision, suitable snap hooks 26 carried by extensible straps 24 are engaged with the ring 14, preferably at diametrically opposite po nts, though the snap hooks may be removed circumferentlally about the ring. Suitable resilient clamps 28 are carried by the straps 24 remote from the snap hooks 26 for clamping to the body in which the incision has been made to thereby hold the ring 14 and band 10 in proper position about the incision.

In use, the operator engages the clamps 28 with the body in which the incision has been made so as to cause the straps 24 and the snap hooks 26 to hold the ring 14 in encircling relation to the incision with the band 10 encircling said incision. By supporting the band 10 on the links 12, which are carried by the ring 14, the band is held in a somewhat extended position and the user after positioning the ring 14 and the band in proper relation to the incision engages the walls of the incision by the pointed ends 22 of the return bends 20 so that the walls of the incision will be retracted and the incision held open due to the resilience of the band 10. It will be understood, of course, that in engaging the hooks defined by the return bends 20 and pointed ends 22 with the walls of the incision, the band will be extended inwardly toward the incision so that its natural resilience will tend to move the Walls of the incision away from said incision to hold it open.

While in the foregoing there has been shown and described the preferred embodiment of this invention, it is to be understood that minor changes in the details of construction, combination and arrangement of parts may be resorted to without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as claimed.

What is claimed is:

1. An instrument for retracting the walls of an incision comprising an extensible elastic band, a ring encircling the elastic band in spaced relation thereto, links carried by the ring and connected to the band for holding it extended, and means carried by the band for engaging the walls of an incision and holding said walls retracted and the incision open.

2. An instrument for retracting the walls of an incision comprising an extensible elastic band, a ring encircling the elastic band in spaced relation thereto, links carried by the ring for circumferential movement relative thereto, said links being connected to the band for holding it extended, and hooks carried by the band between the links for engaging the walls of an incision and holding said walls retracted and the incision open.

3. An instrument for retracting the walls of an incision comprising an extensible elastic band, a ring encircling the elastic band in spaced relation thereto, links carried by the ring for circumferential movement thereon, said links being connected to the band for holding it extended, hooks mounted on the band for circumferential movement relative thereto, and points on the hooks for piercing the walls of an incision and holding the walls extended and the incision open.

4. An instrument for retracting the walls of an incision comprising an extensible elastic band, a ring connected to the elastic band in encircling relation thereto and holding it extended, means carried by the band for engaging the walls of an incision and holding said walls retracted and the incision open, and means carried by the ring and extending outwardly therefrom for supporting the ring and band in encircling relation to the incision.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,378,050 Morris May 17, 1921 2,313,164 Nelson Mar. 9, 1943 2,493,598 Rozek Jan. 3, 1950

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1378050 *Sep 15, 1919May 17, 1921Morris Fields JBag-holder
US2313164 *Nov 13, 1939Mar 9, 1943Nelson Walfred ASelf-retaining surgical retractor
US2493598 *Aug 6, 1948Jan 3, 1950Rozek Louis MSelf-retaining abdominal retractor
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3970075 *Sep 30, 1974Jul 20, 1976Sindelar Frank JSurgical retractor anchor apparatus
US4037589 *Oct 3, 1975Jul 26, 1977William U. McReynoldsOcular surgical system
US4051844 *May 7, 1976Oct 4, 1977Medico Developments, Inc.Telescoping neurosurgical scalp retractor
US4621619 *Mar 7, 1985Nov 11, 1986Plastech Research & Design LimitedRetractor having means for attachment to patient's skin
US4932395 *May 18, 1988Jun 12, 1990Mehdizadeh Hamid MHemi-laminectomy retractor attachment device
US5231974 *May 29, 1992Aug 3, 1993Giglio Steven RSelf retaining retractor
US5582577 *Feb 13, 1995Dec 10, 1996Vance Products IncorporatedSurgical retractor including central elastic member
US5947896 *Sep 20, 1996Sep 7, 1999United States Surgical CorporationSurgical instrument for mounting to a base
US5951467 *Mar 23, 1999Sep 14, 1999Applied Medical Technology, Inc.Reconfigurable and self-retaining surgical retractor
US5967973 *Feb 14, 1997Oct 19, 1999United States SurgicalSurgical retractor and method of surgery
US5976080 *Sep 19, 1997Nov 2, 1999United States SurgicalSurgical apparatus and method
US5980569 *Sep 19, 1997Nov 9, 1999United States Surgical Corp.Prosthetic valve holder and method of use
US6102853 *Jan 22, 1999Aug 15, 2000United States Surgical CorporationSurgical instrument
US6190312 *Mar 4, 1999Feb 20, 2001Lone Star Medical Products, Inc.Variable geometry retractor and disposable retractor stay clips and method of use
US6200263Jan 22, 1999Mar 13, 2001United States Surgical CorporationSurgical instrument holder
US6213940Sep 2, 1999Apr 10, 2001United States Surgical CorporationSurgical retractor including coil spring suture mount
US6264605Jun 20, 2000Jul 24, 2001United States Surgical CorporationSurgical instrument
US6306085Oct 13, 1999Oct 23, 2001United States Surgical CorporationSurgical apparatus and method
US6537212Feb 7, 2001Mar 25, 2003United States Surgical CorporationSurgical retractor
US6565508Jul 13, 2001May 20, 2003United States Surgical CorporationSurgical instrument
US6610009Feb 7, 2001Aug 26, 2003United States Surgical CorporationSurgical instrument holder
US6709389Oct 22, 2001Mar 23, 2004United States Surgical CorporationSurgical apparatus and method
US6740029Sep 5, 2002May 25, 2004Chase Medical, L.P.Device and method for isolating a surface of a beating heart during surgery
US7137949Mar 26, 2003Nov 21, 2006United States Surgical CorporationSurgical instrument
US7294104Aug 26, 2003Nov 13, 2007United States Surgical CorporationSurgical instrument holder
US7744530Oct 24, 2007Jun 29, 2010Tyco Healthcare Group LpSurgical instrument holder
US7758500 *Sep 16, 2004Jul 20, 2010Edwards Lifesciences LlcSoft tissue retractor and method for providing surgical access
US7850811Apr 2, 2007Dec 14, 2010Hart Charles CSteerable kink-resistant sheath
US8529719May 18, 2007Sep 10, 2013Applied Medical Resources CorporationMethod of making medical tubing having variable characteristics using thermal winding
US8691035Aug 13, 2013Apr 8, 2014Applied Medical Resources CorporationMethod of making medical tubing having variable characteristics using thermal winding
US8696560 *May 2, 2007Apr 15, 2014K2M, Inc.Minimally open retraction device
US8715441Sep 8, 2010May 6, 2014Applied Medical Resources CorporationMedical tubing having variable characteristics and method of making same
US8721826Nov 19, 2010May 13, 2014Applied Medical Resources CorporationSteerable kink-resistant sheath
US20070260125 *May 2, 2007Nov 8, 2007Strauss Kevin RMinimally open retraction device
US20130137934 *Nov 30, 2011May 30, 2013Abeon Medical CorporationTissue retractor stay
Classifications
U.S. Classification600/217, 600/206
International ClassificationA61B17/02
Cooperative ClassificationA61B17/0293
European ClassificationA61B17/02R