Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2701693 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 8, 1955
Filing dateFeb 15, 1951
Priority dateFeb 15, 1951
Publication numberUS 2701693 A, US 2701693A, US-A-2701693, US2701693 A, US2701693A
InventorsHoven Alfred C, Nordmark Walter E
Original AssigneeAmerican Seating Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Safety reel
US 2701693 A
Abstract  available in
Images(6)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 8, 1955 W. E. NORDMARK ET AL SAFETY REEL 6 Sheets-Sheet l Filed Feb. l5, 1951 ATTORNEY Feb. 8, 1955 W. E. NORDMARK ET AL SAFETY REEL 6 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Feb. l5, 1951 Y INVENTORS Wal'cz' E. No rdmarl i Alfred C.Hoz)ez1 BY @QMAMQM ATTORNEY Feb. 8, 1955 W. E. NORDMARK ET AL SAFETY REEL 6 Sheets-Sheet 3 F'ile'd Feb. l5, 1951 INVENTORS Walcz E. Nordmaz'l J Alfred C. jfl-017611 MMAQJ ATTORNEY Feb. 8, 1955 w. E. NORDMARK ET AL 2,701,693

' n SAFETY REEL Filed Feb. l5, 1951 6 Sheets-Sheet 4 INVENTORS Wa lez' L'. No rdmarli @12 Alfred' C. H0 ea ATTORNEY F eb. 8, 1955 Filed Feb. l5, 1951 w. E. NORDMARK ET Al. 2,70l,693

SAFETY REEL 6 Sheets-Sheet 5 @Alfred c. Hoven BY MMM ATTORNEY Feb- 8, 1955 W. E, NORDMARK ET AL 2,701,693

SAFETY REEL Filed Feb. l5, 1951 6 Sheets-Sheet 6 INVENTORS Wal-Let- E.r0z'dmat]i TAlrecl C HoezL ATTORNEY United States Patent O SAFETY REEL Walter E. Nordmark and AlfredCQ-Hoveu, Grand Rapids., `Mich -assignors vto American Seating Company, Grand Rapids, Micl1., a corporation of New Jersey Application February 1'5, .1951, Serial No. v'211,076

6 Claims. (Cl. 242-107) The `present -invention .relates to safety reels and more particularly to an automatic inertia-operated reel for 4taking up the cable on a-shoulder harness lby'means of which an .occupant of an .airplane or other vehicle is secured in his chair inthe-event of a crash.

The primary objects .of the invention are to provide an improved inertia-actuated safety reel of the same general type as those .disclosed .in Nordmark Patents No. 2,434,119 issued January 6, .1948 and No. 2,480,335 issued August ,30, 1949; -to provide such a Vreel which is inertia-operable .to automatically lock the occupant in his chair in `event of collision, crash-landing or other emergency, regardless of the vdirection of impact of the vehicle against any external object including -the earth,

.Prior safety reels of -the inertia-actuated type have operated to .lock an airplane pilot, or other 'vehicle occupant, .in his .chair only .in Athe event of'a `head-on collision of the vehicle. However, it sometimes happens, and more -frequently with airplanes than with `.other vehicles, that `.an :initial crash .takes :place .otherwise than Vhead-on. In -such instances the Achair occupant is not so Elikely l.to be tthrown .forward b y inertia .against .the instrument panel ofthe vehicleas in Ithe .case of .a :head-on crash, but itis nevertheless .desirable that lhe `be .immediately locked in hisseat so that .he will not be thrown sidewise or forward iu .the vehicle ,in the :event of asubsequentcrash, as :when au airplane .rebounds and crashes a :second and perhaps a .third and a fourth time, .all in diferent directions.

The present reel lis .therefore constructed so :as 1to ilock by .inertia :under varidirectional .impact of the vehicle with ysome .external :object An illustrative `embodiment .of the .invention is shown in .the faccompanyingdrawings, wherein:

Figure -1 yis .a rearand side perspective `view .of 'an-airplane Apilotis vchair .showing .a `pilot seated `therein .and ja safety .shoulder .harness lpassing VAover .the pilots shoulders and downwardly in the rear of the chair to operative `connection with the new automatic reel mounted at the lower rear of the chair back.

Figure 2 is a rear elevational View of the new reel per sc ,tcerta'iniinternal parts thereof '-being indicated Yby dotted lines lin this View;

lFigure 13 -is a viewof y`the -same partly in 4top `plan and partly 'fin horizontal section Ytaken 'on line '3-"3 of Figure 2;

"Figure 4 r'is a 'central vertical sectional lview of the same taken on line V4 4 of Figure 2, certain parts thereof being shown in their -unlocked'posit`ions;

Figure 5 is `a fragmentary, vertical sectional view -of parts thereof, taken yon `line 5-5 lof Figure v4;

Figure '6 is a fragmentary, vertical sectional view rof parts thereof, taken on lline -6-6 lof Figure 4;

Figure '7 is a fragmentary, vertical sectional `view of parts 'thereof taken -on line '7-'7 lof :Figure l4;

Figure i8 is va fragmentary, vertical sectional view Jof parts thereof, taken on line 8-8 -of Figure 4;

.Figure V9 is a vertical sectional view of the reel taken on line .9-9 vof Figure 4;

lFigure 10 is a horizontal sectional View .of the same taken on lines y'Ill-10 of Figures 4 and 9;

Figure 1l is a vertical sectional View taken on line 11-11 of Figure 9, certain internal parts of the reel being Vshown in side elevation, and some parts being shown'inttheilocked positions;

Figure l2 is 4a horizontal sectional view of a pendulum element of .the reel, 'taken on vline 12-.12 of Figure '9;

lce,

Figure 13 is -a `fragmentary vertical sectional view of parts of the reel, similar to Figure 9 ybut showing certain parts ofthe reel in .other positions;

' Figure 1-4 is a vfragmentary composite view .showing the reel in vertical section similar to Figure 5, and also showing in side `elevation the manual control switch seen at the right of Figure l, certain -parts of rthe reel and the switch being shown in corresponding positions tin .full lines and in Yother corresponding positions `in dotted lines;

Figure y15 is a fragmentary view 'showing .the manual control switch partly lin rear elevation and partly in ysection taken=on line 15.15 of.Figure 14;

Figure 16 is a fragmentary sectional view 'of `parts `of the same taken on line 16-16 of Figure 15 and showing certain parts in different positions in dotted lines; and

Figure 17 is a fragmentary :composite view similar `to Figure 14, certain parts being shown in still other positions in this view.

Referring now in-detail to these drawings wherein like parts are designated by the .same numerals in the several views, and referring first particularly to Figure 1, the pilot chair 1 Athere .shown .is provided with iittings 2 by means of which -the chair is mounted upon a tubular supporting frame :structure I3 adapted to be secured by any suitable means (not shown) in van upright position at the pilots station -in an airplane. The chair is equipped with a conventional lap belt 4 and with a shoulder harness lfor =the pilot, the harness being provided with Straps 5 which ;pass over a .cross-tube 6 on the chair frame 3 and thence downwardly, lthe lower ends of 'the straps being connected toeach other and to a clevis fitting 7., and the -clevis fitting ybeing in turn secured .to one end of .a harness-.cable f8 which is 'taken up 'by the new reel when relaxed.

The reel, .generally `designated 9 in Figure 1, ismounted in .a .housing made lin two parts-a base .10 .adapted to be secured to the back of the chair -1 in the ,position indicated, .by means of bolts 11 vhaving nuts 12 thereon, .and a .cover .13 secured to .the -base -10 by means .of screws .1:4 passing through yapertures in the cover and threaded in the base 10.

The housing being mounted in upright :position vas shown for which position the reel is primarily designed, the .base .'10 has :its opposite vside portions 15 rearwardly extended, and the interior opposite sides of the base 10 are provided with rearwardly extending guides 16 of -generally semicyl-indrical .fol-rn, the purpose of which will hereinafter be fully described. Aspindle 17 yextends rearwardly Vfrom .the center `of the base 10 .intermediate the guides 16, said spindle .17 having :a hexagonal head V1--8 seated within fa complementary recess I9 lformed in the base 1I) .byan embossing 20 (see Figures 4 and 10) and.

the spindle -is securely attached to vthe base as by welding. The forward `shank portion 21fof the spindle 17 is of one diameter whereas the rearward :shank portion 22 is of a slightly smaller diameter, and the rearwardmost yend 23 of the spindle is further yreduced and extended through an aperture `2'4 -in the cover 13. A machine screw .25 'is threaded linto the rearward end of lthe spindle 17 to securely connect the spindle -to the center of vthe cover.

A drum 26 'is .rotatably mounted on the forward shank portion 21 vof the spindle 17. The front center or hub portion 27 0f the 4drum bears .against the vembossing 20 on the -base while the Vrear center portion of the -drum 26 bears .against .a washer 28 held in .position against the middle shoulder of the ,spindle 17 by means of a sleeve 29 which circumscr-ibes the spindles reduced shank portion .22 and which .has its forward endbearing against the washer .28 .and its rearward end shearing against the cover 13 kof the housing. The drum 26 .is .thus vprevented from sliding longitudinally on thespindle 17, andalthough nonslidalile is freely rotatable on the spindle.

The .drum 26 has a peripheralgroove 30 therein .for the accommodation of several turns of the harness-cable '8, the drum end of the cable being secured to the drum by means of a cab1epin 31 seated in a well 32 vin the .drum (see Figures '6, 7 and lO) and communicating with the groove 30. As seen in Figures 7 and l0 the well 32 opens 'through the rear wall of the ldrum, and rear wall also 4has a slot 33 therein, whichpextends through the wall to the vcable groove 30 and from the we1l32 to the outer periphery of the drum. This slot 33 is provided for entry of the cable 8 when the cable is initially assembled to the drum.

Means are provided for normally urging the drum 26 in a direction for winding the cable thereon, so that slack in the cable is taken up at all times. These means cornprise a spiral spring 34 disposed in an annular cavity 35 in the rear of the drum, the inner end of the spiral spring being secured -to the hub 27 of the drum (see Figure 5) and the outer end of the spring being secured to a lug 36 on a control lever 37 turnably mounted on the boss formed by the embossing on the base 10 of the housing. (The construction and operation of the control lever 37 are described in detail hereinafter.)

A locking member 38 is longitudinally slidably mounted on the sleeve 29 which circumscribes the reduced shank portion 22 of spindle 17, said locking member 38 being disposed rearwardly of the drum and having key means 39 at opposite sides thereof which are forwardly-rearwardly movable on the housings guides 16. The locking member is thus keyed to the housing and is non-rotatable on the spindle 17. Cooperative locking means here shown in the form of ratchets 40 and 41 are provided on the rearward part of the drum 26 and on the forward part of the locking member 38, respectively. lt will be seen that when the locking member is slid forwardly into engagement with the drum, these ratchet teeth 40 and 41 interlock to prevent rotation of the drum in a direction for unwinding the cable while permitting rotation of the drum in the opposite direction for winding the cable thereon. Thus when these parts are in engagement the cable cannot pay out to permit farther forward movement of the chair occupant, but should the occupant move farther rearwardly -the cable will be taken up.

A pendlum 42 is laterally swingably mounted on the sleeve 29 which circumscribes the reduced portion 22 of spindle 17, the pendulum being located rearwardly of the locking member 38 and being conned on the sleeve between a collar 43 on the sleeve and the inner wall of the housings cover 13, so that the pendulum is swingably but non-slidably mounted on the spindle. Severable, magnetic connecting means are provided on the locking member 38 and the pendulum 42 whereby the locking member may be releasably maintained in contact with the pendulum, in a rearward position of disengagement from the drum 26. These means comprise a pair of magnetic inserts 44 mounted in bosses 45 on opposite sides of the locking members center, and a pair of cooperating magnetic inserts 46 secured as by riveting to the upper end of the pendulum 42 on opposite sides of the pendulum s center. The lower end of the pendulum is weighted as by means of a lead mass 47 which extends through apertures 48 (see Figures 9 and 12) in the pendulums flat sheet metal body thus to secure the lead mass in position on the pendulum. The pendulum thus normally depends perpendicularly from the spindle 17 as illustrated in Figure 9, in which position the magnetic inserts 46 on the pendulum are in forward-rearward alignment with the magnetic inserts 44 on the locking member. Although the inserts 44 and 46 are all herein referred to as magnetic, it will be understood that either pair of inserts may be magnetized while the other pair is of unmagnetized but magnetically responsive metal.

With the locking member 38 in its rearward position of magnetic contact with the pendulum 42, and thus disengaged from the drum 26, lateral swinging movement of the pendulum in either direction as illustrated in Figure 13 severs the magnetic connections between the inserts 44 and the inserts 46, and the locking member 38 is thus free to move forwardly into engagement with the drum 26. In order to insure such forward movement of the locking member upon severance of the magnetic connections, coiled compression springs 49 are interposed between the locking member and the housings cover 13 at opposite sides thereof. The forward ends of these springs are seated in recesses 50 (see Figures 9 and 10) in the rear surface of the locking member, and the rearward ends of these springs 49 circumscribe the forward ends of studs 51 and abut against collars 52 on said studs. The studs have threaded rearward ends 53 by means of which they are mounted in the cover 13, and the rearwardmost ends of the studs extend into wells 54 formed in the covers exterior. When the reel is first assembled and tested, these studs are turned to adjust the springs 49 to the desired degree of compression, after CIK 4 which the studs may be sealed in adjusted position by tilling the wells 54 with a fusible metal 55, as best seen in Figure 10. The adjustment of the springs 49 cannot thereafter be inadvertantly disturbed, but can only be changed by first removing the fusible metal slugs 55.

The control lever 37 turnably mounted on the base 10 of the housing, together with the manual control switch 56 shown in Figures 14 through 17, provide means whereby the locking member 38 may be manually moved either to a forward position of engagement with the drum 26 or to a rearward position of disengagement from the drum. The control lever 37 is provided with rearwardly extending camming lugs 57 at opposite sides thereof (see Figure 11), which lugs engage the forward ends of the locking members key means 39, so that when the control lever 37 is turned counter-clockwise as indicated by the dotted lines of Figure 14, the locking member 38 is moved rearwardly from its forward position shown in full lines in Figure 11 to its rearward position indicated by dotted lines in the same View. At its upper end the control lever 37 is provided with an upper extension 58 having a kerf 59 in which is engaged the forward end of a nger 60 which extends forwardly from a crank 61 pivotally mounted on a stud 62 threaded in the cover 13 of the housing. The cranks rearward arm 63 is adapted to contact the upper right corner surface of the pendulum 42 (see Figure 17) when the control lever 37 is moved in a clockwise direction thus laterally swinging the pendulum 42 to the left so as to sever `the magnetic connections between the pendulum and the locking member 38 thus permitting the locking member to move forwardly into engagement with the drum 26 by the force of springs 49.

At the lower end of the control lever 37 is a rearwardly extending lug 64 in which is engaged the reel end of a exible control cable 65 which extends from the reel through a flexible control tube 66 to the manual control switch 56 which has a shaft 67 pivotally mounted in a bearing 68 on a bracket 69 secured to the side of the pilots chair 1 as by means of bolts 70 and nuts 71. The switch end of the control cable 65 is connected to the upper end of an arm 72 on the inner end of the switchs shaft 67, while the switch end of the flexible control tube 66 is fastened to a bracket 73 secured to bracket 69 by means of a bolt 74 and nut 75. The manual control switch lever is in the form of a plunger 76 slidably mounted in a barrel 77 extending upwardly from the shaft 67, the plunger 76 being normally urged upwardly by a spring 78 disposed within the barrel. Upward movement of the plunger 76 is limited by contact of the bottom of a slot 79 in the plunger with an arcuate guide 80 secured to the pilot seat 1 by means of bolts 81 and nuts 82. The guide 80 has a rearward notch 83 and an elongated forward notch 84 for engagement of the plunger 76 in the latters several positions hereinafter described.

Operation The reel herein disclosed may be either manually set to lock an airplane pilot in position at all times, which is desirable during take-off or landings, or manually set for automatic inertia-locking to lock the pilot in his seat in case of a crash during ight. In the latter case, the inertia-locking takes place under multidirectional conditions of impact, that is to say the airplane may crash in a forwardly direction, or sidewise, or at an angle, and the reel will be locked by inertia to secure the pilot in a rearwardly position in his seat. To set the reel for automatic inertia-locking, the manual control switch 56 is rst moved to its extreme forward position, indicated by dotted lines at the extreme right in Figure 14. This moves the exible cable 65 so that the control lever 37 is turned counter-clockwise to its dotted line position shown in Figure 14, which movement causes the camming lugs 57 on the control lever 37 to move the locking member 38 rearwardly from its position shown in full lines in Figure 11 to its position indicated in dotted lines in that view. The latter or rearward position of the locking member is also shown in full lines in Figures 3, 4 and 10. The locking member 38 is thus disengaged from ratchet interlock with the drum 26, and the locking member 38 is releasably maintained in this rearward position of disengagement by the magnetic contact of the magnetic inserts 44 on locking member 38 with the magnetic inserts 46 on the pedulum 42. With the parts so positioned,

, i 5 p the .drum -26 'free .to notatey thus permitting complete freedom ef movementof the Pilat, and the `dlr-um `26 nays ont or vtakes up r.the harness cablec8 as necessary. The spiral spring 34 urges the 26 in a direction ,for `taking up the cable, and the drum .26 `and spring 34 thus constitute resilient meansk operatively connecting the harness tothe supporting -structure'fcr the reel-i. e., the pilots lchair .1 .as shown. The spring .34 yserves a 'further .purpose by Areturning the :control lever 3.7, y.the lexible Control cable :65 .and the manual -control switch ST6 from their dotted Ilinefpos'it'ions .shown in Figure 14 to their sol-id linepositlions .shownin `the same view, .and the reel .is now cocked .for inertia-operation. r

The coil springs 49 are .so .adjusted that, yupon forward impact cf the vehicle with external object, e. g. Vthe earth, ata specified .number-fof ".gs,` Vthe magnetic .ccnnections between the locking member .38 and the ypendulum 42 will be severed by the inertia :of .the @locking member, whereupon such inertia .and the lforce .of the .coil springs 49 will move `the locking member .forwardly into 'ratchet-'engagement Ithe cable-:drum .26.

Sidewise or angular Kimpact of the vehicle with an eX- ternal object will=cause 'the ,pedulum -42 Ato Alaterally swing to one side or the other -by its inertia, as indicated in Figure 13, thus Ithrowing the 4magnetic inserts 46 on the pendulum out of alignment with the magnetic `inserts, 44 on the locking mernber. These .magnetic connections between the locking member and the pendulum -ar-.e .thus severed and the 'locking member is moved forwardly by thezcoilsprings 49 in'to ratchet engagement with -the -cable drum 26.

The ,reel may be manually locked, .from its vcoc-leed position for 'inertia-lticking, by moving the manual control switch 56 to its full line position shown in Figure 17, in which position the control switch is maintained until manually released by engagement of the slot 79 on the plunger 76 with the notch 83 on the arcuate guide 80. This movement of the manual control switch 56 turns the control lever 37 in a clockwise direction as shown in solid lines in Figure 17, thus manually severing the magnetic connections between the pendulum 42 and the locking member 38 and permitting the locking member to be moved forwardly by the force of coil springs 49 into ratchet engagement with the cable-drum 26.

When the locking member 38 is in its forward position of ratchet engagement with the cable-drum 26, whether moved there by inertia or manually, the harness-cable 8 is always taken up if the chair occupant moves rearwardly because the ratchet form of interlock permits movement of the drum 26 in that direction. However, the harness cable is positively locked against any further payingout, and the occupant is thus prevented from being thrown forward against the instrument panel or other appurtenance of the vehicle. The reel remains in this locked condition until manually unlocked as hereinbefore described.

It will thus be seen that the invention provides a novel, automatic, multidirectional inertia-operable safetyharncss take-up reel for providing safety to the occupants of chairs in any type of moving vehicle, and while but one specific embodiment of the invention has been herein shown and described, it will be understood that numerous details may be altered or omitted, without departing from the spirit of the invention as defined by the following claims.

We claim:

1. A safety device for use on a vehicle having therein a chair and a harness for the chair occupant associated with the chair, said safety device comprising: a housing mounted in the vehicle; a drum mounted in the housing for rotation about an axis extending forwardly-rearwardly of the vehicle; a cable connected to the harness and to the drum whereby rotation of the drum in one direction winds the cable thereon and opposite rotation of the drum unwinds the cable; spring means normally yieldingly urging said drum in a direction for winding the cable thereon; a locking member keyed at opposite sides to the housing for forward-rearward sliding movement therein rearwardly of the drum; cooperative ratchet means on the rearward part of the drum and on the forward part of the locking member adapted to engage and prevent rotation of the drum in a direction for unwinding the cable while permitting rotation of the drum in the opposite direction; and inertia-responsive means mounted *'fin the vehicle and operatively connected to said locking member ywhereby sudden decelenation zof the vehicle .moves said locking member forwardly into engagement with the drum.

.2. A safety vdevice .for use yon a vehicle .having ytherein a chair and a harness for the chair -cccupant associated .with the chair, .said Safety device comprising: a housing mounted an 'the vehicle; Ia mounted in ithe housing for rotation about `an .axis extend-ing forwardlywearwandly of the vehicle; va cable lconnected to thefhanness ,and :to-the drum whereby .rotation-cfthedrumfin=one direction winds the cable thereon aand opposite `rotation of Lthe 'drum iunwinds the cable; `a` locking Imember keyed `at opposite sides l.to the .housing for forward-.rearward sliding :movement therein rearwardlyl of the drum; :cooperative ,locking means on .the rearward rpart -of the drum and ron the forward v`part of .the :locking member .adapted :to engage and prevent rotation of .the dr-um when the .looking-member moves forwardly; a .pendulum mounted iu the vehicle for lateral .swinging movement rearwardly lof 'the ,lockin g member; and ,severable magnetic connecting :means on thelockingmember .and the pendu-lum :for .releasably maintaining the Vlocking member :in `contact with itl-ie pendulum, said magnetic connecting means being severable =b y the .forward .inertia ofthe locking .member upon forward impactofsaid vehicle withranexternalobjectrand being severable by the lateral inertia of the pendulum upon Sidewise .impact of .said vehicle with an external object; .and means .for urging said locking ,member ,forwardly .upon severance ofsaid magnetic connecting means.

"3. In -a reel device .of the Aclass descnibed: a housing adapted for .mounting inan .upright ,position on la suitable sup ortingstructnregsaid yJl'iousing v.having )rearwardly rcxten` ing -`guides .at the opposite interior `sides thereof; ya spindle mounted Iin the housing and projecting rearwardly therein between said guides; a drum rotatably and nonslidably mounted on the spindle and adapted to receive a cable wound thereon; a locking member slidably mounted on the spindle rearwardly of the drum and havlng key means at opposite sides thereof forwardly-rearwardly movable on the housings guides whereby the locking member is keyed against rotation; cooperative locking means on the rearward part of the drum and on the forward part of the locking member adapted to engage when the locking member is slid forwardly into engagement with the drum thus to prevent rotation of the drum; a pendulum non-slidably mounted on the spindle for lateral swinging movement rearwardly of the locking member; severable connecting means on the locking member and the pendulum for releasably maintaining the locking member in a rearward position contacting the pendulum in which position the locking member is disengaged from the drum, said connecting means being severable by Sidewise swinging movement of the pendulum; and means for urging said locking member forwardly upon severance of said connecting means.

4. In a reel device of the class described: a housing adapted for mounting in an upright position on a suitable supporting structure; said housing having rearwardly extending guides at the opposite interior sides thereof; a Spindle mounted in the housing and projecting rearwardly therein between said guides; a drum rotatably and nonslidably mounted on the spindle and adapted to receive a cable Wound thereon; a locking member slidably mounted on the spindle rearwardly of the drum and havmg key means at opposite sides thereof forwardly-rearwardly movable on the housings guides whereby the locklng member is keyed against rotation; cooperative locking means on the rearward part of the drum and on the forward part of the locking member adapted to engage when the locking member is slid forwardly into engagement with the drum thus to prevent rotation of the drum; a pendulum non-slidably mounted on the spindle for lateral swinging movement rearwardly of the locking member; severable magnetic connecting means on the locking member and the pendulum for releasably maintaining the locking member in a rearward position contacting the pendulum in which position the locking member is disengaged from the drum, said magnetic connecting means being severable by Sidewise swinging movement of the pendulum; and means for urging said locking member forwardly upon severance of said magnetic connecting means.

5. In a reel device of the class described: a housing adapted for mounting in an upright position on a suitable supporting structure, said housing having rearwardly extending guides at the opposite interior sides thereof; a spindle mounted in the housing and projecting rearwardly therein between said guides; a drum rotatably and nonslidably mounted on the spindle and adapted to receive a cable wound thereon; spring means normally urging the drum in a direction for winding the cable thereon; a locking member slidably mounted on the spindle rearwardly of the drum and having key means at opposite sides thereof forwardly-rearwardly movable on the housings guides whereby the locking member is keyed against rotation; cooperative ratchet means on the rearward part of the drum and on the forward part of the locking member adapted to engage when the locking member is slid forwardly into engagement with the drum thus to prevent rotation of the drum in a direction for unwinding the cable while permitting rotation of the drum in a direction for winding the cable thereon; a pendulum non-slidably mounted on the spindle for lateral swinging movement rearwardly of the locking member; severable connecting means on the locking member and the pendulum for releasably maintaining the locking member in a rearward position contacting the pendulum in which position the locking member is disengaged from the drum, said connecting means being severable by lateral swinging movement of the pendulum; and means for urging said locking member forwardly upon severance of said connecting means.

6. A safety device for use on a vehicle having therein a fixed support, a chair, and a harness for the chair occupant associated with the chair, said safety device comprising: a housing adapted for mounting on the xed support, said housing having guides at the opposite interior sides thereof; a spindle mounted in the housing and projecting between the guides; a drum rotatably and nonslidably mounted on the spindle and adapted to receive a cable wound thereon; spring means normally urging the drum in a direction for winding the cable thereon; a locking member slidably mounted on the spindle and having key means at opposite sides thereof movable on the housings guides whereby the locking member is keyed against rotation; cooperative ratchet means on the drum and the locking member adapted to engage when the locking member is slid into engagement with the drum thus to prevent rotation of the drum in a direction for unwinding the cable while permitting rotation of the drum in a direction for winding the cable thereon; severable magnetic connecting means in the housing and associated with the locking member for normally attracting the locking member into a slid position out of engagement with the drum; a pendulum mounted in the vehicle and operatively associated with the magnetic connecting means whereby movement of the pendulum in response to sudden deceleration of the vehicle severs said magnetic connecting means; and spring means for urging the locking member into engagement with the drum upon the serverance of said magnetic connecting means.

References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 371,150 Reeves Oct. 4, 1887 402,686 Newsom May 7, 1889 1,400,229 Murray Dec. 13, 1921 2,223,097 Ehret Nov. 26, 1940 2,403,653 Geohegan July 9, 1946 2,480,335 Nordmark Aug. 30, 1949 2,557,313 Quilter June 19, 1951

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US371150 *Oct 4, 1887F TwoAnd philip e
US402686 *Dec 2, 1887May 7, 1889F TwoAnd peter b
US1400229 *Jul 15, 1918Dec 13, 1921Howard J MurrayElectric-circuit control
US2223097 *Sep 17, 1937Nov 26, 1940Clement EhretSafety device for motor vehicles
US2403653 *Apr 5, 1944Jul 9, 1946NasaShoulder harness take-up and inertia lock
US2480335 *Apr 9, 1945Aug 30, 1949American Seating CoAutomatic reel
US2557313 *Jan 6, 1947Jun 19, 1951Cuthbert Quilter John RaymondSafety device for chairs
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2726826 *Dec 28, 1954Dec 13, 1955American Seating CoInertia reel with retracting mechanism
US2845234 *Dec 3, 1953Jul 29, 1958 Safety apparatus
US2861760 *May 5, 1955Nov 25, 1958the United States of America as represented by the Secrethorlough smith
US2886259 *Sep 4, 1956May 12, 1959American Seating CoSafety equipment for vehicle occupants
US2953315 *Feb 1, 1957Sep 20, 1960Aerotec Ind IncInertia reel
US2992790 *Sep 6, 1955Jul 18, 1961Pacific Scientific CoSafety harness device
US3018065 *Mar 6, 1957Jan 23, 1962Pacific Scientific CoSafety harness device
US3077324 *Dec 17, 1958Feb 12, 1963Rocket Power IncHarness inertia reel
US3430885 *Oct 31, 1966Mar 4, 1969Gey Patenter AbAutomatic strap retracting mechanisms for safety seat belts in cars
US3521832 *Feb 5, 1968Jul 28, 1970Autoindustri AbAutomatic locking device for safety belts
US3850383 *Mar 8, 1972Nov 26, 1974Lewis GSeat belt retractor apparatus
US4090735 *Nov 21, 1975May 23, 1978Romer-Wingard Autogurte GmbhSafety harness for earthmoving equipment
US5160168 *Feb 25, 1991Nov 3, 1992Takata CorporationPretensioner for a vehicle safety belt system
US5468053 *May 4, 1994Nov 21, 1995Reynolds Metals CompanyEnergy absorbing beam construction for use with vehicle seat belt restraining systems
US7063389Nov 10, 2003Jun 20, 2006Kennedy Sr Johnny RSeat belt assembly system
US7156469Aug 22, 2005Jan 2, 2007Kennedy Sr Johnny RThree point seat belt system
US7900670Nov 12, 2008Mar 8, 2011Peerless Chain CompanySelf-tightening traction assembly having tensioning device
US7922254 *Oct 17, 2008Apr 12, 2011Squires Keith DPrisoner seat security device
US7963306 *Feb 2, 2007Jun 21, 2011Peerless Chain CompanySelf-tightening snow chain and methods of use
US8016258Apr 30, 2010Sep 13, 2011Seats, Inc.Suspension adjustment mechanism for low suspension seat
US8146632 *Nov 17, 2006Apr 3, 2012Emrah BozkurtTightening mechanism for anti-skid and traction enhancement devices
US8322389Apr 28, 2011Dec 4, 2012Peerless Chain CompanySelf-tightening snow chain and methods of use
US8561748Apr 12, 2012Oct 22, 2013Seats, Inc.Suspension configuration for a seat
US8690114Apr 12, 2012Apr 8, 2014Seats, Inc.Adjustable suspension system for off-road vehicle
US9010672 *Oct 31, 2007Apr 21, 2015Trw Automotive GmbhBelt retractor
USRE45255 *Jun 20, 2013Nov 25, 2014Peerless Chain CompanySelf-tightening snow chain and methods of use
Classifications
U.S. Classification242/384.3, 297/480, 297/216.13, 242/384.5, 297/216.1, 244/122.00B, 280/806, 242/384.7
International ClassificationB60R22/415, B60R22/34, B60R22/40
Cooperative ClassificationB60R22/415, B60R22/40
European ClassificationB60R22/415, B60R22/40