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Publication numberUS2702550 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 22, 1955
Filing dateNov 25, 1953
Priority dateNov 25, 1953
Publication numberUS 2702550 A, US 2702550A, US-A-2702550, US2702550 A, US2702550A
InventorsKenneth R Rowe
Original AssigneeOrthopedic Frame Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Surgical instrument
US 2702550 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 22, 1955 K. R. ROWE 2,702,550

SURGICAL INSTRUMENT Filed Nov. 25, 1955 IN V EN TOR.

United States Patent SURGICAL INSTRUMENT Kenneth R. Rowe, Kalamazoo, Mich., assiguor to Orthopedic Frame Company, Kalamazoo, Mich.

Application November 25, 1953, Serial No. 394,427

8 Claims. (Cl. 128317) This invention relates to improvements in surgical saws or implements.

The principle objects of this invention are:

First, to provide a power driven oscillating cutting implement of such small size as to be highly practical in performing surgery in confined spaces.

Second, to provide a rapidly oscillating saw on a long narrow mounting that permits the saw to be inserted into the nasal passages for cutting boney structure of the nose without damaging the soft membranes of the nose.

Third, to provide a surgical implement which is simple to construct and use and which is light and small enough for its intended purpose.

Fourth, to provide a novel oscillating drive for the blade of a surgical implement.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the consideration of the following description and claims.

The drawings, of which there is one sheet, illustrate a highly practical form of the implement.

Fig. 1 is a fragmentary side elevational view of the implement with portions broken away in cross section.

Fig. 2 is a fragmentary exploded view of elements of the implement with the elements shown in longitudinal cross section.

Fig. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary longitudinal cross sectional view through the outer end of the implement taken along the plane of the line 3--3 in Fig. 4.

Fig. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary longitudinal cross sectional view taken at right angles to Fig. 3 and along the plane of the line 4-4 in Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 is an enlarged view similar to Fig. 3 but illustrates the implement blade in its extreme oscillated positions.

The implement comprises a cylindrical body 1 having an internally threaded outer end 2 which receives a head 3. A long narrow tubular neck 4 is formed on the outer end of the head and is diametrically and longitudinally slotted as at 5. The inner or lower end of the body as illustrated in the drawings is internally threaded as at 6 to receive a coupling member 7 for a fiexible drive shaft 8 which extends to and is driven by a high speed motor 9.

The interior of the body 1 is provided with bearings 10 which rotatably support a drive shaft 11 extending axially through the body. The inner or lower end of the drive shaft extends from the body and is longitudinally slotted as at 12 to be received in the coupling 7 and be connected to the rotating element of the flexible shaft 8. The opposite end of the drive shaft 11 consists of an elongated rotating rod 13 having an axially beveled outer end 14. The rod 13 extends in laterally supported relation through the elongated neck 4 and projects into the slot 5 as is most clearly illustrated in Figs. 3 to 5.

The sides of the tube 4 on opposite sides of the slot 5 are pierced to receive a hardened rivet 15 that is permanently fixed in the sides of the tube and bridges the slot 5. The rivet 15 intersects the axis of rotation of the rod 13 at right angles and forms a pivotal support for a segmental saw blade 16. The sides of the blade 16 have thickened hub portions 17 which laterally support the blade from the inner sides of the slot 5. The inner side edge of the blade 16 is provided with a chordally extending portion 18 disposed generally perpendicular to the axis of the neck 4 and rod 13. This edge 18 is further axially beveled on each side as at 19 as is best illustrated in Fig. 4. The edge 18 is positioned by the pivot 15 in engagement with the beveled end of the rod 13.

2,702,550 Patented Feb. 22, 1955 "ice When the beveled end of the drive rod 13 is disposed with the bevel facing to either side of the plane of the blade 16 the bevel of the drive rod meets with the bevel 19 of the chordal edge of the blade and the blade assumes a neutral or immediate position as is illustrated in Figs. 3 and 4. However, as the projecting tip of the beveled end of the drive rod rotates into upwardly or downwardly facing position the projecting edge of the drive rod moves across the chordal edge 18 of the blade and tilts the edge forwardly or backwardly as is shown in Fig. 5 to oscillate the blade.

Desirably the motor 9 or other driving element for the shaft 11 is designed to operate at 12,000 R. P. M. so that the blade will oscillate or reverse its direction of movement 24,000 times per minute. The relatively short stroke of the oscillating blade when the blade is toothed prevents it from cutting or damaging the soft tissues which yield or move with the teeth rather than being cut by the teeth. However, the rapidly oscillating movement of the blade functions to cut solid boney structure with ease when the blade is pressed against the hard surface.

It is deemed desirable that the shaft 11 should rotate at least 6,500 R. P. M. when the implement is used to cut bone or boney structure.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. A surgical saw comprising, a tubular body having a shaft journaled therein and projecting from each end thereof, a coupling member threaded into one end of said body and adapted to facilitate connection of a rotating drive shaft to said first shaft, a head threadedly engaged with the other end of said body and having an elongated narrow tubular neck embracing and laterally supporting the projecting other end of said first shaft, the outer end of said neck being axially slotted and having a fixed pivot extending between the sides of the slot, said other end of said first shaft being axially beveled and projecting into said slot, and a segmental saw blade rotatably mounted on said pivot and having a toothed portion projecting from the side of said neck, said saw blade having a chordally extending edge opposed to and engaging the end of said first shaft, said chordal edge being beveled on opposite sides axially of said neck.

2. A surgical saw comprising, a tubular body having a shaft journaled therein and projecting from each end thereof, a coupling member connected to one end of said body and adapted to facilitate connection of a rotating drive shaft to said first shaft, a head engaged with the other end of said body and having an elongated narrow tubular neck embracing and laterally supporting the proecting other end of said shaft, the outer end of said neck being axially slotted and having a pivot extending between the sides of the slot, said other end of said first shaft being axially beveled and projecting into said slot, and a segmental saw blade rotatably mounted on said pivot and having a toothed portion projecting from the side of said neck, said saw blade having a chordally extending edge opposed -to and engaging the end of said first shaft, said chordal edge being beveled on opposite sides axially of said neck.

3. surgical saw comprising, a tubular body having a shaft ournaled therein and projecting from each end thereof, means for connecting of a rotating drive shaft to said first shaft, a head on the other end of said body and havlng an elongated narrow tubular neck embracing and laterally supporting the projecting other end of said first shaft, the outer end of said neck being axially slotted and havlng a pivot extending between the sides of the slot, the other end of said first shaft being axially beveled and projecting into said slot, and a segmental saw blade rotatably mounted on said pivot and having a toothed portion projecting from said neck, said saw blade having a chordally extending edge opposed to and engaging the end of the first shaft, said chordal edge being beveled on opposite sides axially of said neck.

4. An instrument comprising, a tubular body having a shaft journaled therein and projecting from each end thereof, means for connecting a rotating drive shaft to said first shaft, a head on the other end of said body and hav- 1ng an elongated narrow tubular neck embracing and laterally supporting the projecting other end of said first shaft, the outer end of said neck being axially slotted and having a pivot extending between the sides of the slot, the other end of said first shaft being axially beveled and projecting into said slot, and a blade rotatably mounted on said pivot and having a toothed portion projecting from said neck, said blade having a chordally extending edge opposed to and engaging the end of said first shaft.

5. An instrument comprising, a body having a driven shaft journaled therein, an elongated narrow tubular extension on said body embracing and laterally supporting said shaft, the outer end of said extension being axially slotted and having a pivot extending between the sides of the slot, the outer end of said shaft being axially beveled and projecting into said slot, and a blade rotatably mounted on said pivot and having a toothed portion projecting from the side of said extension, said blade having a chordally extending edge opposed to and engagingthe end of said first shaft, said chordal edge being beveled on opposite sides axially of said extension.

6. An instrument comprising, a body having a driven shaft'journaled therein, a tubular extension on said body embracing and laterally supporting said shaft, the outer end of said extension being axially slotted and having a pivot extending between the sides of the slot, the outer end of said first shaft being axially beveled and projecting into said slot, and a blade rotatably mounted on said pivot and having a toothed portion projecting from said neck, said blade having a chordally extending edge opposedto and engaging the end of said shaft.

7. An instrument comprising, a body, a shaft journaled in said body, a flexible drive shaft connected to one end of said first shaft, a motor connected to said flexible shaft to drive said first shaft at about 12,000 R. P. M., an elongated narrow neck on said body embracing the other end of said first shaft, the outer end of said neck on said body having a transversely and longitudinally extending slot formed therein, the other end of said first shaft being axially beveled and extending into said slot, a pivot in said slot disposed in transversely intersecting relation to the'axis of said first shaft, a blade rotatable on said pivot, and a chordally extendingedge on said blade opposed to and engaged by the beveled end of said first shaft, said ghordally extending edge being beveled axially of said ody.

8. An instrument comprising, a body, a shaft journaled in said body, a motor connected to drive said shaft in excess of 6,500 R. P. M., the outer end of said body having a transversely and longitudinally extending slot formed,

therein, the other end of said shaft being axially beveled and extending into said slot, a pivot in said slot disposed in transversely intersecting relation to the axis of said shaft, a blade rotatable on said pivot, and a chordally extending edge on said blade opposed to and engaged by the'beveled end of said shaft.

No references cited.

Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1 *None
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
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Classifications
U.S. Classification606/178
International ClassificationA61B17/14
Cooperative ClassificationA61B17/148, A61B17/14
European ClassificationA61B17/14