Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2704974 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 29, 1955
Filing dateFeb 13, 1952
Priority dateFeb 13, 1952
Publication numberUS 2704974 A, US 2704974A, US-A-2704974, US2704974 A, US2704974A
InventorsSteman George L
Original AssigneeBucks County Entpr Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 2704974 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 29, 1955 Q L, SE1-MAN 2,704,974

TRAYS Filed Feb. 15, 1952 IN VEN TOR.'


United States Patent O TRAYS George L. Setman, Quakertown, Pa., assignor to Bucks County Enterprises Inc., Quakertown, Pa., a corporation of Pennsylvania Application February 13, 1952, Serial No. 271,309 1 Claim. (Cl. 99-422) This invention relates to trays, having reference to trays of a type useful, for example, in vrestaurants or cafeteras in carrying and serving foods; or in bakeries in transporting or temporarily storing baked products, as well as pans in actual baking.

The chief aim of my invention is to provide a tray suitable for any or all of the above purposes which is light in weight yet sturdy against deformation incident to rough handling; which can be fabricated in quantity at small cost; which lends itself to compact nesting and stacking with others like it; and which, moreover, is devoid of crevices or pockets so as to be easily cleaned and kept free of accumulations of dirt and/or bacteria.

How the foregoing and other objects and advantages are realized in practice, will appear from the following detailed description of the attached drawings, wherein:

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a tray conveniently embodying my invention. v`

Fig. 2 illustrates how multiple trays of my invention lend themselves to compact nesting and stacking, the trays being individually shown in longitudinal section taken as indicated by the angled arrows lII-II in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is a fragmentary view in top plan of one of the corners of the tray drawn to a larger scale; and

Fig. 4 is a fragmentary view in section of the pile of the tray, taken as indicated by the angledv arrows IV-IV m Eig.

As herein exemplified, my improved tray, generally designated 9, is of rectangular configuration, and characterized by having, along the sides of its bottom 10, relatively narrow plain upstanding anges ,11 which are inclined outwardly at a slight angle to the vertical, and the upper edges of which terminate short of the tray corners, with consequent formation at the latter, of open voids 12. The flanges 11 are trapezoidal in configuration, i. e. beveled off at substantially 45 at opposite ends as at 13, the voids 12 thus becoming V-shaped, with elimination of sharp projections such as might cause injuries incident to handling of the tray. It is to be particularly noted that the flanges 11 merge, through liberal fillet roundings, with the tray bottom as at 14. Set into the tray bottom 10 somewhat inward of the voids 12 at the corner regions, are studs 15 in the form of squeeze rivets whereof the heads are comparatively at but smoothly rounded, and whereof the Shanks protrude somewhat below the tray bottom to serve as supporting feet.

For the sake of lightness and resistivity to corrosion,

I preferably fashion the tray, as by die stamping, from hard sheet aluminum which will not dent or become easily deformed incident to rough handling of the tray. When restricted to certain uses as hereinafter mentioned, the tray may be molded or pressed from suitable plastic material having the necessary strength and rigidity.

By virtue of the described construction, it will be seen that tray 9 will nest, when stacked with others like it as shown in Figs. 2 and 4, into the tray 9 immediately beneath it. It will be further noted that tray 9 will be spaced from the subjacent tray 9' in the stack by the protruding foot portions of the shanks of studs 15 which rest upon the rounded heads of the studs 15 of said subjacent tray. Contiguous trays in the stack are thus prevented from sticking, with maintenance between them of an interval through which ventilation can take place, particularly at the voids 12, for drying if the trays are stacked while still wet immediately after washing. Moreover, due to the truncations 12 at corners, the llet roundings 14 between the bottom 10 and side flanges 11, and the convexing of the heads of the studs 15, pockets or crevices in which dirt or bacteria might accumulate, are positively precluded, the tray being thus easily cleaned and kept in a sanitary condition.

When the tray is used as a carrier in restaurants or cafeteras, any spilled liquids are readily poured away from the person of the holder through one of the corner voids 12. When the tray is used as a baking pan, it should be of metal for capacity to withstand oven heat.

Having thus described my invention, I claim:

As a new article of manufacture a rectangular tray integrally fashioned from sheet metal or the like having a llat bottom with plain straight at round edged flanges at its four sides, said anges being roundingly mergent with the tray bottom and ared upwardly and separated by round bottomed V shaped voids at the tray corners, and the tray being provided with feet in the form of semispherical headed studs with cylindric shanks engaged downwardly through and protruding below the tray bottom at the corner regions whereby, when the tray is nested with similar trays, it is spaced from the tray beneath it by engagement of the protruding shanks of its studs with the heads of the studs of the latter tray.

References ited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS D. 16,406 Ireland Dec. 8, 1885 D. 41,394 Flitcraft May 23, 1911 539,917 Kingsbury May 28, 1895 562,394 Graves June 23, 1896 1,085,022 Condit Jan. 20, 1914 1,147,856 Gilchrist July 27, 1915 1,296,423 Neef Mar. 4, 1919 1,345,949 Myers July 6, 1920 1,396,684 Hansen Nov. 8,l 1921 2,039,922 Neats et al May 5, 1936 FOREIGN PATENTS 298,795 Great Britain Oct. 18, 1928 361,572 Great Britain Nov. 26, 1931

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US539917 *Nov 1, 1894May 28, 1895 Sheet-metal vessel
US562394 *Nov 30, 1894Jun 23, 1896By Mesne AsSignments
US1085022 *Mar 10, 1913Jan 20, 1914American Ring CompanyFoot-piece connection for soap-dishes.
US1147856 *Sep 27, 1909Jul 27, 1915Gilchrist CompanyGlass-holder.
US1296423 *Mar 29, 1918Mar 4, 1919William NeefBaking-pan.
US1345949 *Oct 15, 1919Jul 6, 1920Louis MyersTray
US1396684 *Jun 20, 1921Nov 8, 1921Hansen William CBake-pan
US2039922 *Nov 19, 1935May 5, 1936Calahan William WLap tray
USD16406 *Oct 19, 1885Dec 8, 1885F OneDesign for a waiter
USD41394 *Feb 10, 1911May 23, 1911 Design for a tray
GB298795A * Title not available
GB361572A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2850153 *Apr 15, 1955Sep 2, 1958Ful Vuepak CompanyDisposable carton
US2914189 *Dec 19, 1955Nov 24, 1959Pierce Specialized Equipment CCollating tray and assembly
US2997196 *Oct 10, 1957Aug 22, 1961Keyes Fibre CoDe-nestable molded pulp trays
US3136511 *Feb 28, 1961Jun 9, 1964Ralph R GundersonHighway warning signal
US3136512 *Feb 28, 1961Jun 9, 1964Ralph R GundersonFoldable support for warning signal
US3224822 *Nov 8, 1963Dec 21, 1965Bi Fresh Dispenser CoReusable display and dispensing container
US3476262 *Nov 15, 1967Nov 4, 1969Bucks County Enterprises IncStacking arrangement for pie trays
US3967747 *Jun 9, 1975Jul 6, 1976Crown Zellerbach CorporationBottle support tray of moistureproof material for a bottle case
US4232789 *Oct 4, 1977Nov 11, 1980Anchor Hocking CorporationFood serving tray for use in a food preparation unit
US4823957 *Jan 13, 1988Apr 25, 1989Lewis SkeirikBracket table cover
US4967988 *Feb 21, 1989Nov 6, 1990Nguyen Thanh TDash mounted tissue box holder
US5294000 *Nov 7, 1991Mar 15, 1994G'KA! International, Inc.Food and beverage support tray
US5390798 *Dec 30, 1993Feb 21, 1995G'-Ka International, Inc.Food and beverage support tray with beverage vessel cutout
US5644976 *Jul 31, 1995Jul 8, 1997Newell Operating CompanyFooted cooking utensil
US5666875 *May 20, 1996Sep 16, 1997W & C InvestmentsDouble roasting pan
US5762196 *Jan 13, 1997Jun 9, 1998Mercedes-Benz AgStackable drawn pieces
US5806410 *May 5, 1997Sep 15, 1998Newell Operating Co.Footed cooking utensil
US5878656 *Jan 8, 1998Mar 9, 1999Handi-Foil CorporationInterchangeable roasting pan/cover
US5954195 *Feb 5, 1996Sep 21, 1999Sparks International Inc.Food serving tray for use with a separate container
US6006577 *Mar 1, 1998Dec 28, 1999Daimlerchrysler AgStackable drawn pieces and process and apparatus for manufacture thereof
US6189705Apr 30, 1999Feb 20, 2001Haworth, Inc.Nestable-stackable tray
US6394004 *May 4, 2000May 28, 2002Dfw International Church Of ChristCommunion tray assembly and communion tray
US6874650 *Dec 19, 2002Apr 5, 2005Home Products International, Inc.Storage container
US7137418 *May 28, 2004Nov 21, 2006Desert Glory, Ltd.Produce tray
US7389574 *Apr 5, 2004Jun 24, 2008Smith Richard AMethod of enabling the stacking of electrowon metal units
US9386865 *Nov 14, 2014Jul 12, 2016Nexxspan Healthcare, LlcStorage bin system
US20040118737 *Dec 19, 2002Jun 24, 2004Thomas WelshStorage container
US20040187285 *Apr 5, 2004Sep 30, 2004Smith Richard A.Method of enabling the stacking of electrowon metal units
US20050266125 *May 28, 2004Dec 1, 2005Desert Glory, Ltd.Produce tray
US20060169703 *Nov 2, 2004Aug 3, 2006Palmadera, S.A.Ergonomic tray
US20070012590 *Jul 18, 2005Jan 18, 2007Bradford CompanyContainer with cutaway corners
US20100077929 *Sep 27, 2008Apr 1, 2010George YoungApparatus for Cooking Bacon and Other Flat Strips of Food
US20100171020 *Jan 6, 2009Jul 8, 2010Icc Innovative Concepts CorporationCaddy for car dashboard
US20150136719 *Nov 14, 2014May 21, 2015Nexxspan Healthcare, LlcStorage bin system
USD665452 *Apr 5, 2011Aug 14, 2012Cep Office SolutionsLetter tray
USD665453 *Apr 5, 2011Aug 14, 2012Cep Office SolutionsLetter tray
USD738689 *Aug 13, 2014Sep 15, 2015Sam Grano de OroMicrowave tray
USD747134 *Nov 5, 2014Jan 12, 2016Mark AnnunziataCooking pan
USD767933 *May 7, 2015Oct 4, 2016Jin Hee LeeCooking pan for use in heating cookers
USD768428 *May 7, 2015Oct 11, 2016Jin Hee LeeCooking pan for use in heating cookers
USD769055 *May 7, 2015Oct 18, 2016Jin Hee LeeCooking pan for use in heating cookers
DE4009093A1 *Mar 21, 1990Jul 11, 1991Werner HlawatschStackable tray with good visual appearance - has base with edging frame which covers edge of mirror located on base and silicone rubber seal between frame edge and mirror
DE19528637A1 *Aug 4, 1995Feb 6, 1997Werner HlawatschPresentation device, especially for presenting or serving meals or produce - comprises at least two stackable polygonal plates which have at least three feet on underside to balance
DE19528637C2 *Aug 4, 1995Sep 21, 2000Werner HlawatschPräsentationsvorrichtung
U.S. Classification99/422, 206/518, 211/126.7, 206/557, D07/554.3, 206/519, D09/456
International ClassificationA47G23/00, A47G23/06
Cooperative ClassificationA47G23/06
European ClassificationA47G23/06