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Publication numberUS2705003 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 29, 1955
Filing dateJul 9, 1951
Priority dateJul 9, 1951
Publication numberUS 2705003 A, US 2705003A, US-A-2705003, US2705003 A, US2705003A
InventorsSchensted Roy E
Original AssigneeSchensted Roy E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Device for vertical projection of balls for batters
US 2705003 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 1955 R. E. SCHENSTED DEVICE FOR VERTICAL PROJECTION OF BALLS FOR BATTERS Filed July 9, 1951 INVENTOR.

FIG. 2

' ROY E. SGHE/YSTED United States Patent DEVICE FOR VERTICAL PROJECTION OF BALLS FOR BATTERS Roy E. Schensted, Lakeside, Calif.

Application July 9, 1951, Serial No. 235,778

2 Claims. (Cl. 124-16) My invention relates to a device for vertical projection of balls for batters, and the objects of my invention are:

First, to provide a device of this class which relieves the batter of the manual effort of tossing a ball in the air for practice batting;

Second, to provide a device of this class which pro motes the teaching of good batting form;

Third, to provide a device of this class which promotes the holding of the bat in a normal manner by the batters two hands, permitting him to trip the device by the rearward motion of the bat previous to a normal forward saving for hitting the ball after it has been projected into t e air;

Fourth, to provide a device of this class which is very dui'able and which may be made of non-critical materia Fifth, to provide a device of this class which may be used by inexperienced operators whereby young persons may learn the art of batting with a minimum of practice in a short length of time;

Sixth, to provide a device of this class having a self cocking trip lever so that each time the device is operated, the ball projecting plunger is automatically engaged when depressed into position for receiving a ball to be projected into the air; and

Seventh, to provide a device of this class which is very simple, and economical of construction, efficient in operation and which will not readily deteriorate or get out of order.

With these and other objects in view as will appear hereinafter, my invention consists of certain novel features of construction, combination and arrangement of parts and portions as will be hereinafter described in detail and particularly set forth in the appended claims, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the characters of reference thereon forming a part of this application in which:

Figure l is a fragmentary top or plan view of my device for vertical projection of balls for batters; Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view thereof taken from the line 22 of Fig. 1 and Fig. 3 is a fragmentary sectional view taken from the line 3-3 of Fig. 2.

Similar characters of reference refer to similar parts and portions throughout the several views of the drawings.

The base 1, plunger casing 2, spring 3, plunger 4, plunger cushion 5, sear members 6 and 7, sear lever 8, trip lever 9, resilient member 10, and bolts 11, 12, and 13 constitute the principal parts and portions of my device for vertical projection of balls for batters.

The base 1 is a T-shaped base having a longitudinal beam 1a supported at its rear end by the foot 1b which is adapted to engage the ground and secured to the forward end 10 of the beam 1a is the cross member 1d which engages the ground at its opposite end. Fixed to the beam 1a and vertically disposed thereon is the plunger casing 2 having a bore 2a in which the plunger 4 is vertically reciprocally mounted. Positioned in the bore 24 and engaging the lower end 4a of the plunger 4 is the compression spring 3. The plunger 4 is provided with a longitudinal slot 4b in the middle thereof in which the plunger cushion 5 is positioned. This plunger cushion 5 is preferably made of resilient material such as rubber or the like and extending through this slot 4b and through opposite sides of the plunger casing 2 is the bolt 13 which is engageable by the plunger 2,705,003 Patented Mar. 29, 1955 cushion 5 when the spring 3 projects the plunger 4 upwardly into the dash line position A, all as shown best in Fig. 2 of the drawings. Fixed to the beam 1a of the base 1, and in continguous relationship to the plunger casing 2 is the sear support 2b through which the bolt 11 extends. The sear lever 8 is a bifurcated lever having two opposed legs 8a straddling the member 2b and these legs 8a are pivotally mounted on the bolt 11. Pivotally mounted to the legs 8a of the sear lever 8 and intermediate the same is the trip lever 9. This trip lever 9 is provided with an angular end portion engageable with the outer side of the plunger casing 2 and the angular end 9a is provided with a corner 9b which is slightly rounded and adapted to slidably bear on the side wall of the plunger casing 2 when the trip lever 9 is moved downwardly into the dash line position B about the axis of the bolt 12. The plunger casing 2 is provided with a projection 22 adjacent the trip lever 9 and intermediate the legs 8a of the sear lever 8 upon which resilient member 10 is engaged. The opposite end of this resilient member 10 extends through an opening in the trip lever 9 and is fixed to the pin 9a secured to the lower side of the trip lever 9 all as shown best in Fig. 2 of the drawings. The sear member 6 is fixed to the outer side wall of the plunger 4 and is engageable with the sear member 7 which is a plate fixed to the sear lever 8 intermediate the legs 8a near the upper end of the sear lever 8 all as shown best in Fig. 2 of the drawings. It will be noted that the sear lever 8 adjacent to the plunger 4 is provided with a downwardly and inwardly beveled portion 8b over which the sear member 6 is adapted to slide which causes outward pivotal movement of the sear lever 8 about the axis of the bolt 11 during passage of said sear member 6 downwardly to a position below the sear member 7 as shown in Fig. 2 of the drawings. It will be noted that the resilient member 10 holds the sear lever 8 together with the trip lever 9 in the position as shown in Fig. 2 of the drawings tending to maintain dig sear members 6 and 7 in engagement with each 0 er.

The upper end of the plunger 4 is provided with a recess 40 adapted to be engaged by a ball as indicated by dash lines C promoting the precise placement of the ball C in concentric relationship with the reciprocal axis of the plunger 4.

The operation of my device for vertical projection of balls for batters is substantially as follows.

The plunger 4 is depressed to the position as shown in Fig. 2 of the drawings wherein the spring 3 is under compression and the sears 6 and 7 are engaged. A ball as indicated by dash line C is placed on the upper end of the plunger 4 maintained concentric therewith by engagement at the outlines of the recess 40. The batter holds the bat in both hands, in regular batting form. As he moves the bat rearwardly preparatory to swinging the same, he touches the trip lever 9 forcing the same downwardly toward the dash line position B which causes the edge portion 9b of the lever 9 to act as a cam against the side of the plunger casing 2 which forces the sear lever 8 into the dash line position D which causes disengagement of the sears 6 and 7 permitting the spring 3 to forcefully project the plunger 4 together with the ball C upwardly.

During the rapid movement of the plunger 4 upwardly in the bore 2a in the casing 2, the spring 3 causes abutment of the cushion member 5 with the bolt 13, which prevents ejection of the plunger 4 from the casing 2 and also prevents undue shock or breakage of any of the parts of the device. In order to re-set the device for subsequently projecting a ball into the air, the batter simply depresses the plunger 4 to the position as shown in Fig. 2 of the drawings wherein the sears 6 and 7 are engaged. The resilient member 10 automatically causes engagement of the sears 6 and 7 as hereinbefore described so that the batter may place the ball on the upper end of the plunger 4 as hereinbefore described. It will be noted that the rearward movement of the bat in tripping the trip lever 9 is a normal movement and does not hurry the batter and therefore permits him to swing the bat with proper form and accuracy which very quickly educates a baseball player.

Though I have shown and described a particular construction combination and arrangement of parts and portions, I do not wish to be limited to this particular construction, combination and arrangement but desire to include in the scope of my invention, the construction, combination and arrangement substantially as set forth in the appended claims.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. In a ball projecting device, a base, a casing secured thereto, a plunger in said casing, means biasing said plunger to move vertically, said plunger having a slot, a bolt extending through said slot and connected to said casing limiting the travel of said plunger, a resilient cushion in said slot, a sear support connected to said base, a first sear means on said plunger externally of said casing, a second sear means pivoted to said sear support, a trip lever connected to said second sear means, said lever having a cam end portion engageable with said casing, said plunger being restrained by said first sear means in engagement with said second sear means and being released by actuating said trip lever, so that said cam end forces said second sear means away from said plunger and out of engagement with said first sear means.

2. In a ball projecting device, a base, a casing secured thereto, a plunger in said casing, means biasing said plunger to move vertically, said plunger having a slot, a bolt extending through said slot and connected to said casing limiting the travel of said plunger, a resilient cushion in said slot, a sear support connected to said base, a first sear means on said plunger externally of said casing, a second sear means pivoted to said sear support, a trip lever connected to said second sear means, said lever having a cam end portion engageable with said casing, said plunger being restrained by said first sear means in engagement with said second sear means and being released by actuating said trip lever, so that said cam end forces said second sear means away from said plunger and out of engagement with said first sear means, resilient means connected at one end to said trip lever and at the other end to said casing to bias said second sear means and said trip lever toward said casing.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 174,780 Churchill Mar. 14, 1876 179,526 Curtiss July 4, 1876 786,426 Daniels Apr. 4, 1905 1,175,803 Osborn Mar. 14, 1916 1,615,266 French Jan. 25, 1927 1,961,155 Martinson June 5, 1934

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US174780 *Jan 2, 1876Mar 14, 1876F oneImprovement in toy pistols
US179526 *Apr 24, 1876Jul 4, 1876 Improvement in toy pistols
US786426 *Mar 9, 1904Apr 4, 1905James C ReederAir-pistol.
US1175803 *Jun 23, 1915Mar 14, 1916Carl B OsbornToy cannon.
US1615266 *Mar 25, 1926Jan 25, 1927Harvey French JamesBall rocketing and catching device
US1961155 *Nov 18, 1931Jun 5, 1934Martinson Ola EGame
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3154062 *Mar 9, 1959Oct 27, 1964Ryan John WPellet cartridge
US3196861 *May 14, 1962Jul 27, 1965Hiroshi YanoToy gun
US3368541 *Jun 15, 1964Feb 13, 1968Tru Step IncTreadle controlled ball-tossing device
US4052065 *Aug 24, 1976Oct 4, 1977Jose RodriquezProjectile catapult and bat toy
US4181300 *Oct 19, 1977Jan 1, 1980Bradley Arthur SGolf tee
US4402507 *Oct 31, 1980Sep 6, 1983Hudson Robert HBall-tossing device
US5590876 *Apr 3, 1995Jan 7, 1997Hasbro, Inc.Ball tossing device
US6926623 *Dec 24, 2003Aug 9, 2005Yuanen Leih Co., Ltd.Baseball server apparatus with a delay timer element for providing a delaying time period for serving-up a baseball
US7125349 *Jan 29, 2004Oct 24, 2006Calvin TuckerShotgun hiker
US7958880Feb 25, 2010Jun 14, 2011Batter's Dream, LLCPortable batting device and method
US8042531Apr 20, 2011Oct 25, 2011Batter's Dream, LLCPortable batting device and method
Classifications
U.S. Classification124/16, 124/37, 473/418
International ClassificationA63B69/40
Cooperative ClassificationA63B2069/401, A63B69/407
European ClassificationA63B69/40E