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Publication numberUS2705499 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 5, 1955
Filing dateDec 7, 1951
Priority dateDec 7, 1951
Publication numberUS 2705499 A, US 2705499A, US-A-2705499, US2705499 A, US2705499A
InventorsRose M Breeze
Original AssigneeRose M Breeze
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Liquid applicator
US 2705499 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 5, 1955 R BREEZE 2,705,499

LIQUID APPLICATOR Filed Dec. 7, 1951 .mm mm l INVENTLWZ Rose M. BQEEZE ATTORNEYS LIQUID APPLICATOR Rose M. Breeze, Medford, Oreg. Application December 7, 1951, Serial No. 260,359

4 Claims. (Cl. 132109) This invention relates to liquid applicators, and more particularly to an applicator for applying liquids, such as hair-waving and neutralizing solutions, to hair.

It is among the objects of the invention to provide an improved applicator which can be conveniently held in one hand and used to apply liquid, such as hairwaving solution, to tresses of hair guided by the other hand of the person using the applicator; which has mutually opposed liquid-applying bodies detachably mounted thereon, so that the bodies can be squeezed together to regulate the amount of liquid carried thereby and avoiding spilling or dripping of the liquid, and can be removed from the applicator for cleaning or replace ment when desired; which maintains the users hands substantially free of the liquid; which may utilize various accessories, such as combs, brushes, pads and rollers for applying the liquid to the hair; and which is simple and durable in construction, economical to manufacture, easy to use, and neat and attractive in appearance.

Other objects and advantages will become apparent from a consideration of the following description and the appended claims in conjunction with the accompanying drawing, wherein:

Figure 1 is a side elevational view of a liquid applicator illustrative of the invention;

Figure 2 is a top plan view of the applicator illustrated in Figure 1;

Figure 3 is a transverse cross-sectional view on the line 3--3 of Figure 1;

Figure 4 is a fragmentary longitudinal, cross-sectional view on the line 44 of Figure 2;

Figure 5 is a perspective view of the opposed liquidapplying devices without the applicator by which they are normally carried; and

Figure 6 is a perspective view of a modified form of liquid-applying device mountable in the applicator.

With continued reference to the drawing, the applicator comprises a pair of elongated members 10 and 11 crossed over intermediate their length and having looped handles 12 and 13, respectively, at one side of the location at which they cross over, and flat, mutually opposed jaws 14 and 15 at the other side of the crossover location. The intermediate portions of the members between the looped handles and the corresponding jaws are inclined to both the handles and the jaws, as illustrated in Figure 1, so that when the handles and jaws are substantially parallel to each other, the intermediate portions together constitute a geometrical figure in the shape of an X.

The intermediate portions of the members 10 and 11 are flattened and are disposed in side-by-side relationship, and a pivot pin or screw 16 extends through these intermediate portions at the cross-over location and pivotally connects the members together.

The jaws 14 and 15 are also flattened and disposed with their flattened surfaces substantially parallel to the axis of the pivot pin 16 and hollow receptacles 17 and 18 of rectangular shape and each having one open side are disposed between the jaws 14 and 15 and secured medially of the width thereof one to each of the jaws is coterminous relationship to each other and with the open side of each receptacle adjacent to and facing the open side of the complementary receptacle. The two receptacles 17 and 18 are of substantially the same size and shape and are elongated in the direction of the length of the members 10 and 11, and each receptacle United States Patent 0 2,705,499 Patented Apr. 5, 1955 has internal recesses, as indicated at 19 and 20, disposed one in each end wall thereof.

In the arrangement illustrated in Figures 1 to 5, inclusive, a brush 21 is detachably mounted in the receptacle 18, and a pad 22 of absorbent material and combs 23 and 24 are detachably mounted in the receptacle 17 in a manner such that the bristles of the brush are gizsposed between the combs and opposed to the pad The brush has a back 25 of elongated, rectangular shape which closely fits into the receptacle 18 and has detents, as indicated at 26, projecting one from each end thereof and resiliently engaged in the recesses 20 in the end walls of the receptacle 18 to detachably secure the brush in the receptacle, and bristle tufts 27 projecting perpendicularly from the face of the back 25 adjacent the open side of the corresponding receptacle at locations spaced apart over the area of the corresponding face of the back.

The combs 23 and 24 have backs 2B and 29 respectively disposed against the inner sides of the side walls of the receptacle 17, and teeth 30 and 31 projecting perpendicularly from the backs 28 and 29 and out of the open sides of the receptacle 17, these teeth being disposed at respectively opposite sides of the brush 21.

The pad 22 is a rectangular body of suitable absorbent material, such as natural or synthetic sponge, and is disposed between the comb backs 28 and 29 and between the portions of the comb teeth adjacent the backs. The comb backs 28 and 29 are joined at their ends by transverse walls 32 and 33 to provide a rectangular structure which fits into the receptacle 17 and in which the pad 22 is secured by suitable means, such as the tongues 34 and 35 which project inwardly from the end walls 32 and 33 into the ends of the pad. The end walls 32 and 33 carry outwardly extending detents 36 and 37 which are frictionally engaged in the recesses 19 provided in the end walls of the receptacle 17 to releasably secure the comb and pad assembly in this receptacle.

It is to be noted that the brush 21 which is detachably mounted in the receptacle 18 and the combs 23 and 24 which are detachably mounted in the receptacle 17 constitute rigid structures detachably disposed in the receptacles 18 and 17 respectively, and the pad 22 constitutes a liquid applying means carried by the rigid structures and disposed at least partially outwardly of the corresponding receptacles.

With this arrangement, and with the implements held by the handles 12 and 13, the brush 21 and comb and pad structure may be immersed in a container of liquid, such as hair-waving or neutralizing solutions, to saturate the pad withthe liquid. The implement may then be removed from the liquid and the handles pressed together to press the brush against the pad and press some of the liquid out of the pad, the implement simultaneously shaken to remove adhering drops of liquid therefrom. The pressure on the handles is now relieved, permitting the pad to expand, and, since the pad is now somewhat less than saturated, none of the liquid will be spilled or will drop from the applicator. The handles 12 and 13 are then moved apart and a strand of hair is brought through the combs and placed over the exposed face of the pad 22 at the scalp end of the tress. The brush, pad and combs are then moved outwardly from the scalp along the tress of hair, pressure being exerted on the handles to gradually force the liquid from the absorbent pad onto the hair as the hair passes by the pad. The proper amount of liquid can be applied to the hair without any excess which would cause dripping or running of the liquid.

In the arrangement illustrated in Figure 6, a pair of absorbent rollers 40 and 41 are utilized instead of the brush 21 and pad 22. The roller 40 is mounted in a frame 42 formed of sheet material and including a flat intermediate portion 43 of rectangular shape and end tabs 44 and 45 disposed one at each end of the intermediate portion and projecting from the same side of the intermediate portion substantially perpendicularly thereto. The tabs 44 and 45 are provided each with an aperture near the end thereof remote from the intermediate portion 43, and suitable arbors, as indicated at 46,

extend one from each end of the roller 40 coaxially of the roller and through the apertures in the corresponding tabs 44 and 45 to journal the roller in the frame 42. The intermediate portion 43 of the frame is of a size and shape to closely fit into one of the receptacles 19 or 20, and the tabs 44 and 45 carry outwardly projecting detents, as indicated at 47, which resiliently engage in the recesses in the end walls of the corresponding receptacle to releasably secure the frame and roller in the receptacle.

The roller 41 is mounted in a frame 48 having an intermediate portion 49 of elongated, rectangular shape dimensioned to fit into the other receptacle, and end tabs 50 and 51 which extend perpendicularly from the same side of the intermediate portion 49 one at each end of the latter and in which the roller 41 is journaled by suitable arbors, as indicated at 52, disposed one at each end and coaxially thereof. The end tabs 50 and 51 of the frame 48 carry outwardly projecting detents, as indicated at 53, which resiliently engage in the recesses in the end walls of the corresponding receptacle to releasably secure this frame in the receptacle.

The roller-applying devices, as illustrated in Figure 6 and described above, may be utilized in the same manner fisfhe brush and pad for applying liquid to tresses of air.

It is to be understood that various other means may be provided for applying the liquid to the hair, such as, for example, bodies of absorbent material, such as absorbent cotton, placed one body in each of the receptacles l7 and 18, absorbent sponges placed one in each of the receptacles, a body of absorbent material in one receptacle and a roller or a body of non-absorbent material in the other, and that the combs may be provided or omitted, as may be desired.

The invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. The present embodiment is, therefore, to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are, therefore, intended to be embraced therein.

What is claimed is:

1. An applicator for applying liquid to tresses of hair comprising a pair of elongated members crossed over intermediate their length and pivotally connected together at their cross-over location to provide a pair of opposed jaws at one side and a pair of opposed handles at the opposite side of said cross-over location, hollow receptacles disposed between said jaws in parallel relationship to each other and secured one to each of said jaws and each having an open side facing the other receptacle, rigid structures embodying a coacting brush and comb detachably secured one at each of said receptacles, and liquid applying means carried by said rigid structures and disposed at least partially outwardly of the open sides of the corresponding receptacles for receiving tresses of hair therebetween and applying liquid to the hair.

2. An applicator for applying liquid to tresses of hair comprising a pair of elongated members crossed over intermediate their length and pivotally connected together at their cross-over locations to provide a pair of opposed jaws at one side and a pair of opposed handles at the opposite side of said cross-over location, receptacles of elongated rectangular shape disposed between said jaws and each having an open side opposed to the other receptacle, said receptacles being elongated longitudinally of said jaws and said jaws being secured to the corresponding receptacles medially of the width thereof, rigid structures detachably disposed one in each of said receptacles, and liquid applying means carried by said rigid structures and disposed at least partially outwardly of the corresponding receptacles for receiving tresses of hair therebetween and applying liquid to the hair.

3. An applicator for applying liquid to tresses of hair comprising a pair of elongated members crossed over intermediate their length and pivotally connected together at their cross-over location to provide a pair of opposed jaws at one side and a pair of opposed handles at the opposite side of said cross-over location, receptacles of elongated rectangular shape disposed between said jaws and each having an open side opposed to the other receptacle, said receptacles being elongated longitudinally of said jaws and said jaws being secured to the corresponding receptacles medially of the width thereof, rigid structures detachably disposed one in each of said receptacles, and liquid applying means carried by said rigid structures and disposed at least partially outwardly of the corresponding receptacles for receiving tresses of hair therebetween and applying liquid to the hair, said receptacles having recesses in the inner surfaces of the end walls thereof and said rigid structures having detents on the ends thereof resiliently engaged in the corresponding recesses to releasably secure said rigid structures in said receptacles.

4. An applicator for applying liquid to tresses of hair comprising a pair of elongated members crossed over intermediate their length and pivotally connected together at their cross-over locations to provide a pair of opposed jaws at one side and a pair of opposed handles at the opposite side of said cross-over location, rece tacles of elongated-rectangular shape disposed between said jaws and each having an open side opposed to the other receptacle, said receptacles being elongated longitudinally of said jaws and said jaws being secured to the corresponding receptacles medially of the width thereof, rigid structures detachably disposed one in each of said receptacles, and liquid applying means carried by said rigid structures and disposed at least partially outwardly of the corresponding receptacles for receiving tresses of hair therebetween and applying liquid to the hair, at least one of said liquid applying means comprisingl a compressible body of liquid absorbent matena References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 71,036 Merritt Nov. 19, 1867 633,779 Bagley Sept. 26, 1899 877,960 Stafford Feb. 4, 1908 1,546,322 Solary July 14, 1925 FOREIGN PATENTS 243,228 Switzerland Dec. 2, 1946

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US71036 *Nov 19, 1867 Charles merritt
US633779 *Mar 30, 1899Sep 26, 1899Daniel F BagleyButtonhole-moistener.
US877960 *Jun 25, 1907Feb 4, 1908Lucena StaffordHair-dyer.
US1546322 *Dec 17, 1924Jul 14, 1925Solary JohnComb cleaner
CH243228A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2922425 *Apr 24, 1957Jan 26, 1960Gillette CoApplicator for applying liquid to hair
US3262459 *Sep 12, 1963Jul 26, 1966Dennis M SheehanHair fashioning implement
US3450140 *Nov 10, 1966Jun 17, 1969Vail Ellen Marie ShannonHair and scalp all-purpose applicator
US3908679 *Oct 23, 1973Sep 30, 1975Wright Hershel EarlHair conditioning device
US4031853 *Feb 17, 1976Jun 28, 1977Conrad Raymond LDevice for applying ink to a ribbon
US4294270 *Sep 19, 1977Oct 13, 1981Cochran Loretta LHair treating fluid applicator
US5706839 *Feb 10, 1997Jan 13, 1998Patti; Josie AnnDirect application
US5823204 *Sep 9, 1997Oct 20, 1998Mark D. ToddProcess for crimping and tattooing hair
US5823206 *Nov 4, 1996Oct 20, 1998Mapleback; Mark H.Lotion applicator
US5845653 *May 15, 1998Dec 8, 1998Abercrombie; Tracy H.Applicator for coloring hair or fibers and methods for making and using same
US5848599 *Jul 28, 1997Dec 15, 1998Todd; Mark D.Apparatus for crimping and tattooing hair
US5913315 *Apr 14, 1998Jun 22, 1999Todd; Mark D.Hair tattoo apparatus and method
US6062231 *Jun 2, 1998May 16, 2000L'orealDevice for applying a hair product to tresses
US6250312Jul 23, 1999Jun 26, 2001Denivaldo G. DasilvaApparatus for applying hair highlights
US6425402 *Feb 5, 2001Jul 30, 2002Sandra K. LundeHair root volumizing clip
US6752157 *Jan 11, 2002Jun 22, 2004Wah Wong Electric Manufactory Co., Ltd.Hair treatment applicator and applicator head
US7025069 *Jul 11, 2002Apr 11, 2006L'orealDevice for the application of a hair product to sections of hair
US7401612Dec 22, 2003Jul 22, 2008L'oreal S.A.Device, method, and system for application of a hair product
US8573232 *Oct 9, 2007Nov 5, 2013The Procter & Gamble CompanyHair treatment application system comprising an absorbent substrate
US8752559 *Jan 18, 2013Jun 17, 2014Kai-Mou TsaiHair color wax changeable hair dyeing comb
US20040163661 *Oct 15, 2003Aug 26, 2004Conair CorporationHair treatment system and method
US20040182408 *Dec 22, 2003Sep 23, 2004De Laforcade VincentDevice, method, and system for application of a hair product
US20120272995 *Feb 2, 2011Nov 1, 2012Da Silva Denivaldo GoncalvesHair dyeing tool
US20140261519 *Feb 13, 2014Sep 18, 2014Kao CorporationHighlight applicator
DE10102800B4 *Jan 22, 2001Jun 14, 2006Dasilva, DenisGerät zum Auftragen von Farbe auf einzelne Haarsträhnen
EP0251190A2 *Jun 24, 1987Jan 7, 1988Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft auf AktienHair clip and method of using it
EP0884008A1 *May 15, 1998Dec 16, 1998L'orealDevice for applying a haircare product to hair strands
EP0940100A1 *Mar 3, 1999Sep 8, 1999Elsa BuheitelApplicator for hair-treatment substances
WO2001006887A1 *Jul 12, 2000Feb 1, 2001Pino Pharmazeutische PraeparatA novel apparatus for applying hair highlights
WO2007078809A1Dec 14, 2006Jul 12, 2007OrealDevice and system for applying a hair coloring product to a lock of hair
Classifications
U.S. Classification132/109, 15/210.1, 15/230.11, 132/207, 132/212
International ClassificationA45D19/02
Cooperative ClassificationA45D19/0008, A45D19/02
European ClassificationA45D19/00B, A45D19/02