US 2706364 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
April 19', 1955 YAKOQLEFF 2,706,364
DOLLS EYES Filed March 22, 1952 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 FIG. I.
1N VEN TOR.
JOSEFF YAKOOLEFF BY WMMW A T TOR NE XS April 19, 1955 J. YAKOOLEFF 2,706,364
DOLLS EYES Filed March 22, 1952 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 FIG. 5.
v INVENTOR. JOSEFF YAKOOL EFF web/ am April 19, 1955 J. YAKOOLEFF 2,706,364
DOLLS EYES Filed March 22, 1952 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 FIG. 5.
JQSEFF YA KOOL E FF A TTOENEXS 2,706,364 DOLLS EYES Josetf Yakeolefi, New York, N. assignor to Ideal Toy Corporation, Hollis, N. 1., a corporation of New York Application March 22, 1952, Serial No. 277,989 1 Claim. (21. 46-166 My invention relates to a new and improved eye and to a new and improved eye-set for dolls.
One of the objects of my invention is to provide an eye and eye-set which has a sleeping and rolling effect.
Another object of my invention is to provide an eyeset which can be made and assembled accurately and at low cost of manufacture and assembly.
Numerous additional objects and features and advantages of my invention are set forth in the annexed description and drawings which illustrate a preferred em bodiment thereof. V, H U I W Fig. 1 is aperspective view which shows the assembled set, which is ready for assembly with a dolls head. The eyes are shown in the normal position in which the head of the. doll is vertical, and the eyes are directed forwardly and their axes are horizontal;
Fig. 2 is a rear pers ective view of one of the eyemembers and of one of the outer eye-shells.
Fig. 3 is a perspective view which shows a front view of said outer shell and a front view of said eye-member;
Fig. 4 is a section, partially in elevation, on the line -i--4 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is a horizontal sectional view, partially in elevation, which shows the eyes assembled with the head of a doll, and also shows the eyes in one extreme rolling position;
Fig. 6 is another horizontal sectional view, partially in elevation, which shows the eyes in the other extreme rolling position;
Fig. 7 is a vertical sectional View, showing the eyes in their normal position of Fig. 1; and
Fig. 8 corresponds to Fig. 7, showing the head located horizontally in sleeping position and showing the eyes in sleeping but non-rolling position.
Each eye-member comprises a hollow and inner shell S which may be made of any material. Said shell may be molded from any suitable resin or plastic. This shell S is provided with integral vertical top and bottom lugs 8 and 3a which have reduced end-portions or lug-extensions 9 and 9a, thus providing shoulders 10. Each inner shell S has a through-and-through lateral bore 11. The lateral axis of the bore 11 is perpendicular to the vertical axis of the alined lugs 8 and 8a and of their alined end-portions 9 and Sa. Each hollow shell S is integral with an angle-arm 12 which is integral with a transverse bar 14. Said arm 12 has a transverse branch and a depending branch. The elements or parts S, 12 and 14-, can thus be integrally molded. Each bar 14 is of general cylindrical shape. Each bar 14 has a rear and planar face 16, and it is provided at its front with tapered faces 18 which converge to a common line or narrow surface 19. Each bar 14 has a hole 15. For convenience, the hole 15 is designated as having a vertical axis. The front of each shell S is provided with an opening or recess in which an iris member 7 is fixed. Each inner eye-shell S is associated with a single respective outer shell 17. These outer shells 17 may be made of metal. Each outer shell 17 is provided with an opening 7a and with artificial eye lashes 6 which are fixed in the usual manner in a slit of the outer shell 17. The outer shell 17 may be bendable or resilient. Each inner eye-shell S and its respective outer shell 17 are assembled as shown in Fig. 1, in which the lug extensions 9 and 9a extend through and respectively above and below the top and bottom openings 4 and 4a of the outer shell 17. The inner face of the outer shell 17 then abuts the respective shoulders of the respective lugs 8 and 8a. The inner eye-shell 2,70%,364 Patented Apr. 19, 1955 2 S. is preferablywhite, and the, outer shell 17 is preferably of contrasting flesh color. When an outer shell 17 is thus assembled with an inner eye-shell S, the his 7 and a portion of the inner shell S are visible through the opening 7a of the outer shell 17.
A weight W is fixed to angular arms 20 which have branches which extend downwardly through and below the holes 15 of the bars 14. The transverse bars 14 are turnable relative to arms 21 The assembly between arms 29 and barsid is completed by means of metal washers 21 and by the enlarged heads 22 which are formed at the ends of the arms 20, after washers 21 have been placed in position. The arms 20 and weight W provide a weighted link which connects the rear legs of transverse liars 14. These bars 14 have front legs in front of bars The two assembled inner eye-shells S and their outer shells 17 are turnable on a rod or shaft 3, which extends through the openings 5 and 5a of the two outer shells 17 and the bores 11 of the inner eye-shells S. Said rod or shaft 3 also extends through the holes in the lugs of a bridge 1, which has lateral walls 1a. These lateral walls 1a are provided with prongs 2. These walls 161 can be bent toward each other from their original posi tion shown in Fig. 1, until the prongs 2 enter and firmly engage the inner gripping projection 27 of a doll-head H. The upper end of a blade spring 1s is fixed to the upper end of the bridge 1. The lower end of the blade spring is normally abuts the respective part of the rod or shaft 3. This metal spring 1: is bent inwardly from its normal position of Fig. l, by being forced against the inner face of the gripping projection 27, when the assembly is made.
Prior to assembly of the eye-set of Fig. 1 with head H, the bridge 1 is slidable along the rod or shaft 3, and each inner eye-shell S and the outer shell 17 mounted thereon, is also freely slidable along the rod or shaft 3. The head H is provided with respective eye-ball opennigs 23, in which the front parts of the shells 17 are accurately lo- 1c1ate5l in making the assembly of the eye-set with the doll- As clearly shown in Fig. 7, when the head H is in vertical position and the eye-shells are in their normal position shown in Fig. 1, the weight W forwardly tilts the arms 12 and their integral bars 14 to a position in which the narrow front faces or edges 19 of the tapered faces 18 of the front legs of bars 14 make point contact with the inner faces or edges 25 of inner stop projections 24 of the doll-head H. The faces 25 are inclined to the edges 19.
By suitably tilting the head I-l sideways, the weight W turns the inner eye-shells S relative to their outer shells 17, while said outer shells 17 are held against rotation at this time in the eye-ball openings 23. One extreme rolling position of the eye-shells S relative to their outer shells 1'7 is shown in Fig. 5. When the inner eye-shells S thus roll relative to the outer shells 17, the narrow front surfaces 19 of bars 14 provide an easy-turning bearing against the inner faces 25 of the inner projections 24 of head H.
Fig. 6 shows the other extreme rolling positions of the inner eye-shells S relative to their outer shells 17. As shown in Fig. 6, the diameter of each lateral bore 11 is sufliciently greater than the diameter of shaft 5, to permit a limited rolling movement of the shells 8 relative to shells 17. In Fig. 6' a representation of one of the eyeshells S is omitted in order to show the relatively sharp front face or edge 19 in contact with the respective surface 25.
The positions of the inner eye-shells S and of their outer shells 17 in Fig. 7 correspond to their normal positions shown in Fig. 1.
Fig. 8 shows the sleeping positions of the inner eyeshells S and of their outer shells 17, when the head H is turned to horizontal, sleeping position. The inner eyeshells S and their outer shells 17 then turn in unison under the force of the weight W, until said weight W abuts an inner projection 26 which is integral with the rear of the head H.
That is, the outer shells 17 and the openings 23 are shaped so that the shells 17 turn freely to the sleeping positions shown in Fig. 8, but the shells 17 are nonturnable relative to the inner shells S around the common vertical axis of the respective pairs of lugs 8 and 8a.
I therefore provide-an eye-member which has a body S which has bearing lugs 39 and 8a9a which have a common lug-axis. Said body of said eye-member has a bore 11, which has a bore-axis which is perpendicular to said lug-axis. The lugs 8-9 and Sa9a are equally spaced from the ends of bore 11 and the lug-axis and the bore axis intersect at the median point of bore 11.
At its rear face, said body-shell has a depending branch or arm 12, which has a straight branch-axis which is parallel to said lug-axis. Said branch-axis and said lug-axis are in a plane which is perpendicular to said bore-axis. The point of intersection between said lug-axis and said bore-axis is in said plane. Said depending branch is fixed to a longitudinal bar 14 which has a longitudinal axis which is in said perpendicular plane.
The front bearing edge 19 of bar 14 is alined with the lug-axis.
The invention also includes the elements and sub-cornbinations of the complete disclosure herein.
An eye-set which comprises two substantially identical eye-members, each eye-member comprising an inner molded body-shell which has a rear face and a front face, said front face having an iris member, said body-shells being integral at the median parts of their rear faces with respective angular arms which have respective transverse rear branches at said body-shells and which have respective depending branches which depend below said bodyshells, said depending branches being integral at their lower ends with transverse bars which have front legs in front of said depending branches and rear legs which extend rearwardly of said depending branches, a link device which has vertical bent ends which extend through vertical bores of said rear legs, a weight connected to said link device intermediate said rear legs, said transverse bars being turnable relative to said vertical bent ends, each said body-shell having an outer shell associated therewith, each said body-shell having upper and lower integral vertical lugs which extend through and fit closely in respective vertical bores of the respective outer shell, each said outer shell being turnable relative to its inner body-shell around the vertical axis of the respective lugs, each said body-shell having a front opening through which the respective iris member is visible, a lateral shaft which extends through alined lateral bores of said body-shells and of said outer shells, said lateral shaft fitting closely in the lateral bores of said outer shells, said lateral bores of said body-shells being of suificiently greater diameter than said lateral shaft to permit each said inner body-shell to roll around the axis of its respective vertical lugs relative to its outer shell, said body-shells and said outer shells being turnable in unison around the lateral axis of said lateral shaft, a bridge through which said lateral shaft extends, said bridge and said shells being slidable relative to said lateral shaft.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,661,094 Rommel Feb. 28, 1928 1,772,282 Grubman Aug. 5, 1930 2,119,214 Marcus May 31, 1938 2,301,431 Marcus Nov. 10, 1942 2,536,523 Wintriss Jan. 2, 1951 2,546,682 Wilhelm Mar. 27, 1951 FOREIGN PATENTS 688,323 Germany Feb. 17, 1940