Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2706464 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 19, 1955
Filing dateJan 26, 1953
Priority dateJan 26, 1953
Publication numberUS 2706464 A, US 2706464A, US-A-2706464, US2706464 A, US2706464A
InventorsHarold D North
Original AssigneeHarold D North
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Two-element dose-time-indicating container
US 2706464 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

A ril 19, 1955 H. D. NORTH TWO-ELEMENT DOSE-TIMEINDICATING CONTAINER Filed Jan. 26, 1953 G w I N F a L/ w z I-M- \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\N M D i B c E F A R I .H III E n E22 21 I. 2 Q S A United States Patent TWO-ELEMENT DOSE-TIME-INDICATING CONTAINER Harold D. North, Cleveland Heights, Ohio Application January 26, 1953, Serial No. 333,155 2 Claims. (Cl. 116-121) This invention relates to a two-piece container for medicinal capsules, pills, or the like, and which is provided with a novel dose-time-indicating means.

In its preferred embodiment the container is small, compact, and its time-indicating closure is secure in any of the various closed and indicating positions.

The shape and size of this two-element container is preferably such as to be conveniently carried in a pocket or handbag. The time-indicating and securing characteristics are of a novel arrangement whereby cheapness of manufacture is attained.

Other objects and advantages will become apparent in the following description which relates to the accompanying drawings, and in which:

Fig. 1 is a side elevation in approximate full scale of a preferred size;

Fig. 2 is a similar elevation on an enlarged scale;

Fig. 3 is a sectional view of the container and the closure, showing the closure removed, and also showing the locking and time-indicating coacting ribs;

Fig. 4 is a bottom plan of the cover or cap, the same ribs; and

Fig. 5 shows a modified arrangement of the timeindicating means.

Referring to the drawings by the use of reference characters, the container proper is shown as comprising a substantially cylindrical wall A, having a bottom or end closure B and an open upper end at C. The thickness of the wall A may vary somewhat, depending upon the material of which the container is formed, and, as shown, the outer surface is preferably tapered and slightly curved toward the bottom to contribute a more pleasing appearance.

Near the top of the cylindrical part of the container, the diameter is slightly reduced, and on a somewhat thinner wall portion D are formed evenly spaced longitudinally extending ribs E. These are preferably slightly tapered so that at the ends of the ribs terminating at the shoulder F, the maximum diameter, that is, across the outer part of the ribs, is slightly larger than at the upper end.

The closure member H comprises a cylindrical side wall and a top wall K, the length of the side wall H longitudinally of the axis is preferably slightly greater than the length of the ribs E, and on the inner surface are formed evenly spaced ribs M of the same number as the ribs E, and adapted to interfit therewith. These may have a slight taper, not attempted to be shown in the drawings, but sufficient to form a tight frictional grip when the cap is fitted onto the ribs and grooves of the container proper.

The number of ribs and grooves preferably corresponds to time divisions; thus, twenty-four ribs and grooves may correspond to twenty-four half hour positions corresponding to twent -four graduation marks indicating twelve hour intervals and twelve half hour intervals therebetween.

This time-indicating means in Figs. 1 and 2 is shown as formed on the outside wall H of the cap; the hour indicators constituting longer lines opposite numerals there shown, while half hour lines are shown as shorter and evenly spaced therebetween, as indicated at R.

A pointer, normally registering with any one of the twenty-four lines Q and R on the cap, is positioned on the outside of the cylinder of the container, as indicated at S in Figs. 1 and 2, and adjacent to which may appear a legend, such as Last Taken or Taken At.

showing .is to so construct a container for pills These and other indicia, such as Pill Minder or Instructions may be imprinted, molded upon, or depressed into the outer surface of the wall, as shown.

In order to eliminate the expense of providing and affixing any external element or elements, movable or otherwise, the time indications or cylindrical dial indicia are preferably impressed into the material of the cap and wall of the container, whereby the complete device constitutes only two physical elements. The depressed lines and numerals may be filled with paint or suitable colored material to render them more readily visible.

As has been stated in prior patents, as early as sixty or more years ago, the present inventor is aware that it is not new to employ a dial having a pointer thereon in connection with medicine-bottles to indicate the hour or time when the dose is to be taken but, as in the patent just quoted from, No. 398,012, of February 19, 1889, mechanical means in addition to the basic elements of container and closure have been uniformly employed, even up to the present time.

An essential point of novelty of the present invention or capsules that it comprises only two mechanical parts, and yet the effective time indication, the secure closing thereof, and great convenience, as described, as well as the most economical construction, is attained with these two physical elements only.

In the present instance the secure locking in the timeindicating position by the firm frictional grip, preventing removal of the cap while the given timing is physically locked by the ribs and grooves, constitutes the unique two-piece structure.

This structure may be made by modern methods of plastic molding, as, for example, by thermo-plastic injection, by which both the base and cap portions may be formed of firm rigid material such as polystyrene, or either or both of the cylindrical body and cap portions may be made of polyvinyl materials, or the like. By using some materials, such as the latter, a. frictional grip may be sufficient that it may not be necessary to use the coacting ribs and grooves on the cap and container.

In the modified form shown in Fig. 5, the graduations indicating the hours and half hours may be placed on the cylinder with the hour and half hour lines Q and R, and numerals appearing below the top C while the indicator arrow is formed on the cap, as indicated at the hour and half hour lines being designated Q and R.

In addition to the device comprising only two physical elements and yet having the complete provision for dosetime indication and effective in operation, the shape and size are unique and convenient, distinguishing essentially from bottle and cork arrangements or screw cap devices with separate movable time indicators thereon, and it will be seen that it may safely contain and protect even fragile types of capsules or pills.

Further, it is psychologically very comforting to realize that whatever time setting is given, it is certain to remain so set until the next dose is taken and the cap is again reset firmly.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim is:

l. A two-piece container for medicinal capsules, pills or the like provided with dose-time indicating means, and comprising a molded plastic substantially nonyielding cylindrical body member having a substantially uniform cylindrical interior and a reduced cap receiving neck portion extending a substantial distance from the open end of the body and having thereon uniformly spaced ribs and grooves corresponding to divisions of twelve-hours, the ribs and grooves being slightly tapered with respect to the axis of the body, and a closure member having interfitting correspondingly tapered and spaced ribs and grooves and adapted to be frictionally held in any selected angular position when pressed longitudinally upon the body, and the container and closure having coacting graduations and numerals and an indicating pointer imprinted upon the exterior of the surfaces of the body closure.

2. A container comprising an elongated slender cylinder having a closed end and an open end, a reduced slightly tapered portion extending longitudinally from its open end while the inside diameter remains substantially the same, a cap having a cylindrical wall and a slightly tapered surface adapted to tightly fit said reduced portion and having a top wall adapted to close the container, and a coacting time indicator and characters imprinted on the cap and container walls whereby relatively different circumferential positioning of the cap on the container may indicate dose time, said interfitting tapered surfaces being formed to present uniformly spaced longitudinally extending ribs and grooves, and the number 10 of said grooves corresponding to the spacing of the time indications imprinted on the cap.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Hawkins Nov. 16, 1875 Gattuccio Oct. 12, 1948 Guion Feb. 26, 1952 Suinot June 17, 1952 FOREIGN PATENTS Germany Apr. 18, 1893

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US169992 *May 28, 1875Nov 16, 1875 Improvement in paper boxes
US2450949 *Jun 18, 1947Oct 12, 1948Cerruti Leland GBottle cap
US2587147 *May 8, 1950Feb 26, 1952Evelyn ArnoldDose time indicator
US2600811 *Oct 6, 1950Jun 17, 1952Chanel IncCase for lipstick and the like
*DE68109C Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2739564 *Apr 18, 1955Mar 27, 1956Harold D NorthElongated pocket size two-element dose-time-indicating container
US2767680 *Jan 26, 1954Oct 23, 1956Lermer Plastics IncContainers
US3034639 *Jun 10, 1960May 15, 1962Fuerste William CDevice for implementing the abstinence of cigarette smoking
US3446179 *Mar 14, 1967May 27, 1969Bender SamuelDose time indicator closure means for receptacles
US3766882 *Apr 21, 1972Oct 23, 1973Babbitt DDosage time indicator container
US4037559 *Dec 31, 1975Jul 26, 1977John Leslie HopkinsMilk requirement indicator
US4133445 *Apr 5, 1977Jan 9, 1979Isidore MandelbaumPill dispensing and storage device
US4164301 *Jul 25, 1977Aug 14, 1979Thayer Arnold ASafety locking dispenser
US4166537 *Nov 7, 1977Sep 4, 1979Fortunato Samuel FWaterproof pill container
US4456139 *Nov 2, 1982Jun 26, 1984Maxwell Laboratories, Inc.Visible tamper-proof closure arrangement
US4461389 *Nov 2, 1982Jul 24, 1984Maxwell Laboratories, Inc.Tamper-proof closure and container arrangement
US4729472 *Jul 2, 1986Mar 8, 1988Martin LubinUse-monitoring closure for tennis ball cans
US4913083 *Oct 24, 1988Apr 3, 1990James ValvoMethod for reminding a person when to take medication
US5046605 *Feb 23, 1990Sep 10, 1991Boulevard Products Ltd.Contact lens container holder
US5645534 *Jun 24, 1994Jul 8, 1997Becton Dickinson And CompanyTime of last injection indicator for medication delivery pen
US5809674 *Mar 28, 1996Sep 22, 1998Key; Stephen M.Apparatus and method for increasing an effective information carrying surface area on a container
US5850919 *Jun 11, 1997Dec 22, 1998Freed; Anna B.Compliance closure
US6068149 *Oct 6, 1997May 30, 2000Telega; Janice S.Calendaring cap for a pharmaceutical container
US6129802 *Nov 5, 1998Oct 10, 2000Stephen Key Design, LlcRotatable label system and method of constructing same
US6212803Jun 7, 1999Apr 10, 2001Stephen Key Design, LlcRotatable label system on a drinking vessel and method for constructing same
US6237269Mar 18, 1999May 29, 2001Stephen Key Design, LlcRoll-fed method for constructing a rotatable label system
US6385878Feb 9, 1999May 14, 2002Stephen Key Design, LlcRotatable label system including tamper-evident feature and method for constructing same
US6631578May 25, 2001Oct 14, 2003Stephen Key Design, LlcRoll-fed method for constructing a rotatable label system
US6938768May 31, 2002Sep 6, 2005S.C. Johnson Home Storage, Inc.Reusable lid with date indicating device
US7087298Dec 3, 2001Aug 8, 2006Stephen Key Design, LlcRotating label system
US7172668Jan 23, 2004Feb 6, 2007Stephen Key Design, LlcRotatable label system and method
US7264120Apr 27, 2004Sep 4, 2007S.C. Johnson Home Storage, Inc.Container lid information dial kit
US7665611 *Jun 28, 2006Feb 23, 2010Mark KochBottle comprising a temporal indicator
US7857134Dec 21, 2007Dec 28, 2010Mark KochBottle comprising a temporal indicator
US8220629 *Nov 30, 2011Jul 17, 2012Cindy Marie CrosbyExpiration date device for cosmetic containers
US8534220 *May 24, 2010Sep 17, 2013Edwin W. OlsonDosage cap assembly for standard prescription medicine containers
US8973755Jan 25, 2012Mar 10, 2015Spinlabel Technologies, Inc.Compliance aid labeling for medication containers
US9016516 *May 9, 2011Apr 28, 2015Mallinckrodt LlcPen-type pharmaceutical product dispenser
US9085402Aug 16, 2012Jul 21, 2015Spinlabel Technologies, Inc.Medical information rotating label system for a container
US20020104613 *Mar 27, 2002Aug 8, 2002Key Stephen M.System and method for a rotatable sleeve device
US20040166277 *Jan 23, 2004Aug 26, 2004Key Stephen M.Rotatable label system and method
US20050236293 *Apr 27, 2004Oct 27, 2005Turvey Robert RContainer lid information dial
US20060108257 *Nov 15, 2005May 25, 2006Packard Thomas GTime vial
US20080000792 *Jun 28, 2006Jan 3, 2008Mark KochBottle comprising a temporal indicator
US20080257851 *Apr 20, 2007Oct 23, 2008Carlos VargasBottle-closure having a compliant, child resistant and senior friendly packaging
US20110272426 *Nov 10, 2011Mallinckrodt Inc.Pen-type pharmaceutical product dispenser
US20120067758 *Nov 30, 2011Mar 22, 2012Cindy Marie CrosbyExpiration date device for cosmetic containers
US20120279888 *Jul 17, 2012Nov 8, 2012Cindy Marie CrosbyExpiration date device for cosmetic containers
WO1988000167A1 *Jul 1, 1987Jan 14, 1988Martin LubinUse-monitoring closure for tennis ball cans
WO2008002650A2 *Jun 28, 2007Jan 3, 2008Koch MarkBottle comprising a temporal indicator
U.S. Classification116/308, 206/459.5, 40/311, 206/534, 206/535, 283/900
International ClassificationA61J7/04
Cooperative ClassificationA61J7/04, Y10S283/90
European ClassificationA61J7/04