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Publication numberUS2706815 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 26, 1955
Filing dateSep 9, 1952
Priority dateSep 9, 1952
Publication numberUS 2706815 A, US 2706815A, US-A-2706815, US2706815 A, US2706815A
InventorsAlfred F Parmelee
Original AssigneeParmelee Plastics Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Interlocking structure for goggle frame and shield
US 2706815 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 26, 1955 A. F. PARMELEE 2,706,815


\ ATTDR United States Patent INTERLOCKING STRUCTURE FOR GOGGLE FRAME AND SHIELD Alfred F. Parmelee, Kansas City, Mo., assignor to Parmelee Plastics Company, Kansas City, Mo., a corporation of Missouri Application September 9, 1952, Serial No. 308,632

2 Claims. (Cl. 2-14) This invention relates to goggles designed to protect the eyes of the wearer against dust, dirt and flying objects, the primary object being to provide a two-piece assembly including a transparent eyeshield and a supporting frame formed and shaped to conform to the face and head of the wearer against which the frame rests in normal use, there being novel interlocking structure for releasably interconnecting the frame and the shield.

It is the most important object of the present invention to provide a goggle assembly wherein an elongated eyeshield of transparent material has a plurality of notches at its periphery, shaped to complementally receive a like number of wedge-shaped ribs formed integrally as a part of the frame.

Another object hereof is to provide a goggle assembly wherein the aforementioned ribs are disposed within a continuous groove within the frame for receiving the shield in engagement with the periphery of the latter and overlapping the opposed, marginal edges of the shield adjacent its periphery.

Other objects include the way in which the ribs terminate inwardly from the outermost edges of the frame forming the groove thereof; the way in which the ribs of the frame extend laterally from the bight of the groove thereof and are integrally joined with the opposed flanges forming the groove; the manner of providing a novel nose piece in the frame that is likewise formed with a rib to receive a notch in the shield; and other objects including important details of construction, all of which will be made clear as the following specification progresses.

In the drawing:

Figure l is a front perspective view of interlocking structure for a goggle frame and shield made pursuant to my present invention, parts being broken away and in section for clearness.

Fig. 2 is a vertical, cross-sectional view taken on line IIII of Fig. 1 looking in the direction of the arrows.

Fig. 3 is a fragmentary, outermost elevational view showing the front of the goggle assembly, parts being broken away and in section to reveal details of construction.

Fig. 4 is an enlarged, fragmentary, detailed, crosssectional view taken on line IVIV of Fig. 3; and

Fig. 5 is an enlarged, fragmentary, detailed, crosssectional view taken on line VV of Fig. 3.

The goggle assembly about to be described is designed to provide an improved means for interconnecting the shield and frame so that the same may be made from differing materials not otherwise easily interconnected except through more expensive materials and workmanship.

The shield hereof may be easily and quickly mounted on the frame and removed for replacement or cleaning, when and if such should become necessary. In the drawing, the eyeshield is broadly designated by the numeral 10, whereas its supporting frame is designated by the numeral 12.

Shield may be made from any suitable transparent material such as lightweight, resilient plastic, and while in the particular form of the invention chosen for illustration, shield 10 does not take the form of a pair of corrected lenses, it is preferably arched both longitudinally and transversely to avoid distortion when placed in use. It is to be preferred however, that the frame 12 be produced from a soft, lightweight, highly pliable plastic substance that will readily conform to the face and head of the wearer around the eyes and rest thereagainst without discomfort to the user.


To this end therefore, the innermost periphery, except only for the nose notch 14 of frame 12, is provided with a continuous, transversely rounded bead 16. It is to be noted that that edge of the frame 12 defined by bead 16, conforms to the forehead at the top thereof to the upper portions of the cheek on each side of the nose notch 14 respectively and extends rearwardly at both sides thereof in a pair of wings 18 adapted to receive any suitable type of head fastening means not herein illustrated.

Frame 12 is provided with an opening 20 at the front thereof conforming in shape and size to the shield 10 which it surrounds. The opening 20 is defined by a continuous, inturned groove that receives the shield 10 at the periphery thereof, such groove being defined by a pair of spaced, parallel flanges 22 and 24 and a bight 26 that forms the bottom wall of the groove. When the shield 10 is mounted within the groove of frame12, its peripheral edge engages the bight 26 and the flanges 22 and 24 overlap both of the opposed, marginal edges of shield 10.

Frame 12 has a plurality of inwardly extending wedgeshaped ribs 28 within the groove thereof integral with the bight 26 and with the opposed flanges 22 and 24. Ribs 28 terminate inwardly from the innermost edges of the flanges 22 and 24 as illustrated in Fig. 3 of the drawing, and each rib 28 respectively is received by a similarly shaped notch 30 in the shield 10. Thus, each notch 30 is provided with a pair of opposed edges that converge as the periphery of the shield 10 is approached, the innermost end of the ribs 28 being fiat and engaging the bottom of the notches 30. Shield 10 is likewise provided with a nose-receiving notch 32 that is substantially V-shaped and extends upwardly from the lowermost edge thereof midway between the ends of the shield 10. Notch 32 receives an upward projection 34 in the frame 12 and a V-shaped rib 36 within the groove of frame 12 integral with bight 26 and flanges 22 and 24, is seated within the notch 32.

Shield 10 is provided with a pair of opposed, upwardly facing shoulders 38 against which the rib 36 rests when the shield 10 is locked in place within the groove of frame 12. It is to be noted that the rib 36, like the ribs 28, terminates inwardly from the innermost edges of flanges 22 and 24 and that the wedge-shaped rib 36 fits complementally within the notch 32 of shield 10 above the shoulders 38.

The frame 12 being made from pliable material will yield sufficiently to permit insertion and removal of the shield 10. Once shield 10 is in place however, the wedge-shaped ribs 28 and 36 will not only hold the shield 10 against lateral displacement from within the groove formed by flanges 22 and 24 and bight 26, but will hold the shield 10 against lateral displacement in all directions with respect to frame 12.

Having thus described the invention what is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent is:

1. In a goggle, an eye protecting shield of stifi, transparent material and having an inwardly extending notch formed in its marginal edge at each of a plurality of spaced apart points around the periphery thereof; and a unitary, molded frame circumscribing the shield, said frame being formed of flexible, relatively soft material, contoured to conform to the face of the wearer around the eyes and across the nose, provided with a pair of continuous, spaced apart, inwardly directed flanges, each having a continuous free edge overlying the said marginal edge of the shield when the goggle is assembled, said frame being further provided with a rib bridging the space between the flanges at each of a plurality of spaced apart points around the frame, there being a rib for each notch of the shield, said ribs and said notches each being dove-tailed in form with straight side and base edges, the base edges of the ribs and notches being spaced inwardly from the free edges of the flanges, the width of the mouth of each notch being great enough to permit ready insertion and removal of the proximal rib during assembly and disassembly of the shield and frame respectively whereby, when the shield and frame are assembled, the shield serves to maintain the frame in extended condition to conform to the face of the wearer when in place.

2. In a goggle as defined by claim 1 wherein said shield is provided with an upwardly-extending notch and at least one shoulder on the edge of the shield forming the upwardly-extending notch; and wherein said frame is provided with a nose-receiving projection extending upwardly into the upwardly-extending notch, said projection having means disposed in overlying engagement with said shoulder for holding said projection within the upwardly-extending notch and thereby cooperating with said ribs and said dovetail notches in maintaining the frame on the shield.


Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2388205 *Dec 14, 1942Oct 30, 1945American Optical CorpEye protection means
US2625685 *Jul 20, 1950Jan 20, 1953Parmelee Plastics CoGoggle assembly
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2864088 *Jul 5, 1957Dec 16, 1958Electric Storage Battery CoEye shield
US2877462 *Jul 11, 1955Mar 17, 1959Parmelee Plastics CoGoggle assembly
US2903700 *Jan 28, 1954Sep 15, 1959Leonard P FriederEye shield
US3368221 *Apr 1, 1966Feb 13, 1968Sellstrom Mfg CompanyEye-protecting device
US3530506 *Jan 12, 1968Sep 29, 1970Esb IncSugar cane goggles
US3896496 *Apr 29, 1974Jul 29, 1975Foster Grant Co IncInterchangeable lens ski goggle
US4688272 *Apr 9, 1985Aug 25, 1987Halo Optical Products, Inc.Sports frame with resilient pads
US4724550 *Jul 9, 1986Feb 16, 1988Fox Nelson CCap and goggle
US4856109 *Apr 27, 1988Aug 15, 1989American Optical CorporationFace protective device
US5216759 *Apr 13, 1992Jun 8, 1993American Allsafe CompanySafety goggles lens retention
US5996129 *Apr 30, 1998Dec 7, 1999Lopez; Jose A.Goggles
US6192523 *Jan 18, 2000Feb 27, 2001Qds Injection Molding Inc.Diving Mask
U.S. Classification2/441
International ClassificationA61F9/02
Cooperative ClassificationA61F9/02
European ClassificationA61F9/02