US 2706829 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
P 1955 H. CHARNIN 2,706,829
COLLAPSIBLE GARMENT RACK Filed May 16, 1950 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR JYym'auf/Earnzn April 26, 1955 CHARMN 2,706,829
COLLAPSIBLE GARMENT RACK Filed May 16, 1950 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 IN V EN TOR. Hymczn Cfiarrzz'n United States Patent Gfiiice 2,706,829 Patented Apr. 26, 1955 COLLAPSIBLE GARMENT RACK Hyman Charnin, New York, N. Y., assignor to Merchandise Presentation, Inc., New York, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application May 16, 1950, Serial No. 162,354 2 Claims. (Cl. 16-191) The present invention relates to improvements in supports, and more particularly to a foldable and collapsible garment rack.
One object of the invention is to provide a garment rack which can be conveniently folded and stored when not in use, and can be quickly and easily set up for use in various stores for supporting garments to be displayed.
Another object is to provide a folding garment rack of the portable folding type which can be stored in a minimum amount of space in different rooms of a store such as small closets, stock rooms and the like.
Another object is to provide a portable folding garment rack having considerable strength to withstand excessive loads and which is pleasing in appearance so as not to distract from the garments being displayed.
Another object is to provide a portable folding garment rack which can be easily moved to different locations in a store and positioned for use when it is desired to support a number of garments for display, and when additional hanging space is required other than the conventional cabinets and built-in garment racks.
Another object is to provide a portable garment rack which is sturdy and stable by the provision of locking hinges for the pivoted legs which are provided with relatively large, fiat bearing surfaces to support the rack when in its operative position.
Another object is to provide a portable folding garment rack having hinge members provided with mutually engaging friction surfaces to retain the rack in a closed position when folded and stored. In addition, the hinge members for the pivoted legs are provided with enlarged portions to provide mutually engaging abutment surfaces to prevent the legs from spreading when they are out folded.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent during the course of the following description of the accompanying drawings, wherein:
Figure 1 is a perspective view of the garment rack showing the crossed legs extended and arranged for supporting garments on a pair of horizontal bars connectmg the upper ends of the crossed legs.
Figure 2 is an enlarged fragmentary side elevational view of one pair of crossed legs for the garment rack showing the mutually engaging abutment surfaces of the hinge members in contact for holding the crossed legs 1 against further spreading.
Figure 3 is an enlarged fragmentary side elevational view similar to Figure 2, but showing the crossed legs in a position of angular displacement when the legs are moved together or when the rack is bemg folded.
Figure 4 is a vertical cross-sect1onal v ew taken on line 44 of Figures 1 and 2, showing the hmge structure for the pivoted legs and illustrating the manner 1n whlch the legs are pivoted by means of a tubular connectmg rod, and
Figure 5 is an exploded view in perspective of the hinge members which are adapted to lock the legs in their operative position, but yet permit movement thereof to a folded position.
In the drawings, and more in detail, there is shown for the purpose of convenience of illustration a garment rack in Figure 1, including a pair of crossed legs generally designated 5 and another pair of crossed legs likewise generally designated 6. Each pair of crossed legs 5 and 6 includes legs 78 and 9-10 respectively, and as illustrated in Figure l, are slightly wider at the1r upper ends than their lower ends to provide sufiicient rigidity from a point obliquely upward from their pivot points. The legs 7-8 and 910 are formed of wood or other material and the lower ends are provided with metal foot members 11 having a pleasing finish to enhance the appearance of the rack.
Each pair of legs 5 and 6 are provided with locking hinge plates (Figs. 2 to 5 inclusive) and a pivot structure which is common to both pair of legs 5 and 6. Since the structure is identical for both pair of legs, a description of one locking hinge structure will sufiice.
As shown in Figures 2 to 5 inclusive the hinge structure for the pair of crossed legs 6 will be described, and as illustrated a hinge plate 12 is secured to the leg 9 and is provided adjacent its corners with openings 13 and intermediate openings 14 for receiving fastening screws 15 (Figure 2) to affix the locking hinge plate 12 to the leg 9. Similarly, a locking hinge plate 16 is provided with openings 17 for receiving fastening elements such as screws or the like 18 (Figure 4). Each of the cooperating locking hinge plates 12 and 16 are provided with central openings 19 and 20 respectively which are adapted to be alined for the passage of a pivot pintle bar which will be later described. In addition, each of the locking hinge plates 12 and 16 is provided with relatively widened or enlarged vertical edge portions 21 and 22, the upper ends of which are triangularly shaped as at 23 and 24 to provide mutually engaging abutment surfaces 25 and 26, (Figure 5 The remaining portion of each locking hinge plate 12 and 16 is provided with a flat surface 27 and 28 which are adapted to be arranged in sliding contact with the respective enlarged portions 21 and 22 to provide mutually engaging friction surfaces having relatively large areas such that when the plates are held together in contacting engagement the crossed legs may be held in a folded position solely by the frictional contact. This is accomplished solely by the contact of the surfaces 21-28 and 2227.
After the locking plates 12 and 16 have been secured to the respective pairs of legs 5 and 6, a tubular through rod 30 is passed therethrough and projects through openings 31 and 32 in the crossed legs 9 and 10 (Figure 4), and in addition projects throught the alined openings 19 and 20 in the pair of locking hinge plates 12 and 15. The outer ends of the through rod 30 are each provided with plugs 33 having internally screw threaded bores 34 for receiving a threaded fastener such as a bolt 35 having a hexagonal head 36 (Figure 4), it being understood that both ends of the tubular through rod 30 are identical in construction, and hence a description of one end will suffice for both as in the case of the hinge plates 12 and 16. As shown in Figure 4, a cup-shaped cover 37 is provided for enclosing the end of the hexagonal bolt 36, and this accomplished by welding or otherwise securing a machine screw 38 to the inner surface of the cap 37, and providing the hexagonal bolt head 36 with a correspondingly threaded internal central bore so that the machine screw 38 will anchor the cap 37 in place. A washer 39 is interposed between the crossed leg 10 and the bolt head 36dtg0prevent displacement axially of the tubular through to Mounted on the tubular through rod 30 and concentric therewith is a spacing rod 40 which is likewise tubular and has its ends terminating a distance from the end of the tubular through rod 30 equal to the width of the crossed legs 9 and 10 plus the thickness of the hinge plates 12 and 16. The tubular spacing rod 44) is provided with an outer covering 41 of plastic material such as synthetic resin composition and an enlarged washer 42 is disposed between the inner legs 7 and 9 of the garment rack and the tubular spacing rod 40. The tubular spacing rod 40 is rigidly secured to the tubular through rod 30 by means of a pair of telescoped threaded fasteners including male and female screws 43 and 44 which extend through alined diametral openings 45 and 46 in the tubular through rod 30 and spacing rod 40 respectively. The male screw 43 is provided with a threaded end 47 and the female threaded fastener is provided with an axially extending internally threaded bore, the threads of which correspond to the threads of the male member as at 47.
The upper ends of the crossed legs 5 and 6 are provided with horizontal supporting bars 48 and 49 (Figure 1) which connect respective legs 7 and 9 of the crossed legs and 6 and the legs 8 and of the crossed legs 5 and 6 respectively. The horizontal bars 48 are formed in substantially the same manner as the pivot bar and spacing tubular rod 3%. and respectively, and likewise are held in place by fastening assemblies at each end thereof including a plug 33, threaded fastener or bolt 35, cap 37 and washer 39.
It will readily be understood, that the mutually engaging abutment surfaces 25 and 26 prevent the crossed legs 5 and 6 from spreading apart when the garment rack is extended for use, and in order to limit their swinging movement relative one to the other in an opposite direction the opposed surfaces and 51 formed by the enlarged portions 21 and 22 of the locking hinge plates 12 and 16 provide additional abutment surfaces for holding the legs in parallel relation one to the other when the rack is folded. The legs 7 and 9 of each crossed pair 5 and 6 may be shorter than the legs 8 and 10 of the respective crossed pairs of legs 5 and 6 to permit the rack to be folded so that the legs 7 and 8 are in overlapping relation, and the legs 9 and 10 likewise in overlapping relation.
In operation, the legs are extended as shown in Figure 1, and in this position they are limited against spreading movement by engagement of the opposed abutment surfaces 25 and 26. Garments on coat hangers or other supports may be suspended from the horizontal rods 48 and 49 while the device is in use. When the garment rack is to be folded the crossed legs 5 and 6 are moved to a position in which the legs 78 and 9-10 are overlapped, and in this position, the opposed mutually engaging abutment shoulders 50 and 51 prevent the movement of the legs in an opposite direction. The frictional contacting surfaces 2128 and 22-27 prevent the rack from becoming unintentionally extended when the same is folded and stored in a closet or other storeroom.
It is to be understood, that the form of the invention herewith shown and described is to be taken as a preferred embodiment thereof and that various may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the subjoined claims.
1. A pair of plates arranged in abutting relationship and each having a cylindrical hole perpendicular to the plane of the plates, a pivot pin extending through said holes, the abutting faces of each plate being identical and comprising a first and second surface parallel to each other and in different planes, said first surface forming a face on a protrusion extending from .said second surface, two straight shoulders perpendicular to and connecting said surfaces, each shoulder radiating from the edge of said hole and in alignment with the geometric center thereof, the first surface encompassing an angle between degrees and degrees between said shoulders with respect to the geometric center of said hole, and said first surface of Gilt? plate engaging the second surface of the other p ate.
2. A pair of plates as recited in claim 1, provided with spaced openings in the first and second of said surfaces extending through said plates, and adapted to receive attaching members for said plates.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 156,325 Alston Oct. 27, 1874 329,150 Eaton Oct. 27, 1885 732,158 Bicknell June 30, 1903 930,394 Le Bourgeois Aug. 10, 1909 1,116,511 Sterzing Nov. 10, 1914 1,460,928 Tilden July 3, 1923 1,685,925 Linck et a1. Oct. 2, 1928 2,500,829 Jacobson Mar. 14, 1950 FOREIGN PATENTS 15,273 Great Britain Sept. 14, 1895 289,366 Great Britain Apr. 26, 1928