Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2709220 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 24, 1955
Filing dateJan 25, 1954
Priority dateJan 25, 1954
Publication numberUS 2709220 A, US 2709220A, US-A-2709220, US2709220 A, US2709220A
InventorsSpector Samuel J
Original AssigneeNat Electronic Mfg Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Extensible and retractible antenna
US 2709220 A
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 24, 1955 $709,220

S. J. SPECTOR EXTENSIBLE AND RETRACTIBLE ANTENNA Filed Jan. 25, 1954 2 Sheets-Sheet l IQII 2 Sheets-Shee'c 2 I A l May 24, 1955 s, J. sPl-:cToR

EXTENSIBLE AND RETRACTIBLE ANTENNA Filed Jan. 25, 1954 EXTENSIBLE AND RETRACTIBLE ANTENNA Samuei lt. Spector, New York, N. Y., assignor to National Eiectronic Manufacturing Corporation, Long Island City, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application January 25, 1954, Serial No. 405,683

7 Claims. (Cl. Z50- 33) The invention herein disclosed relates to antennas of the collapsible and extensible type largely used on automobiles.

Objects of the invention are to provide power mechanism for extending and retracting the antenna, which can be controlled by a simple push-button switch operation to withdraw or to project the antenna to any desired extent and which will automatically stop at the end of movement in each direction and stop even though the switch be accidentally or purposely held closed.

Special objects of the invention are to provide such mechanism in simple, compact form, small in size so as to take up but little room, of rugged, durable construction consisting of but relatively few, readily manufactured and assembled parts.

Other special objects of the invention are to provide an antenna of the character indicated which can be produced and installed at relatively low cost and which in regular use will require no special servicing or the like.

@ther objects attained by the invention and the novel features of construction, combination and relation of parts constituting the invention, are set forth or will appear in the course of the following specification.

rthe drawings accompanying and forming part of the speciiication illustrate a present commercial embodiment of the invention. Structure, however, may be modified and changed as regards the immediate illustration, all within the true intent and scope of the invention as hereinafter dened and claimed.

Fig. 1 in the drawings is a front elevation of the mechanism with front cover removed and extensible antenna broken away, with parts shown stopped in the antenna extended position;

Fig. 2 is a broken vertical sectional view on a plane substantially at right angles to Fig. l;

Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional view on substantially the plane or line 3-3 of Fig. 2, showing parts stopped in the antenna lowered position;

Fig. 4 is an enlarged broken horizontal sectional View on substantially the plane of line 4-4 of Fig. l;

Figs. 5 and 6 are broken and part sectional views showing the antenna sections in extended and lowered positions, respectively.

Fthe antenna illustrated consists of upper, intermediate and lower collapsibly related, slidingly connected sections '7, 8, 9, the lower and larger tubular section 9a being supported in an insulating base l0.

A perforated tape 1l, usually of steel, connected with the lower end of the upper section provides the immediate means for raising and lowering the sections. This tape, after passing over a drive sprocket 12, winds and unwinds on a drum 13.

The sprocket 12 is shown as mounted in insulated relation at ld, on the face of a gear 15, and the tape is shown held in engagement with the teeth of the sprocket by a guide block in of insulating material.

T he drum i3 is shown of insulating material rotatably States Patent .2,709,220 Patented Maty 24, 1955 mounted at 17 on the hub 18 of a gear 19 rotatable on a fixed supporting shaft 20.

A spiral spring 21 is shown connected at its inner end at 22 with the hub of gear 19 and at its outer end at 23 with the inside of the drum 13, the drum being hollow to freely accommodate the spring.

The sprocket carrying gear .l5 and drum supporting gear 19 are located in line and both driven in the same direction by an intermediate pinion 24.

Gears i5 and 19 have a diierent number of teeth. As an example, the sprocket gear may have eighty teeth and the drum gear ninety teeth. This differential drive of the two gears from the single pinion is to enable the use of companion stops on the two gears which'will engage at one side only after a predetermined number of revolutions of the gears in one direction, and then engage at the opposite side only after the same number of revolutions in the opposite direction.

These stops are designated 25 and 26, being shown as short radial projections on the face of the sprocket gear 15 and drum gear 19, respectively, adapted to clear for eight revolutions, in the illustration, and. to engage on the ninth revolution of the gears.

The spring coupling between the lower gear 19 and the drum tensions the straight length of tape between the sprocket and drum and serves to wind the tape tightly on the drum and to release it in straight, tensioned condition to the sprocket, and this spring coupling enables the drum to compensate tor the increasing or decreasing superimposed layers of tape on the drum. Y

T he pinion 2d provides a positive drive to both sprocket and drum gears and the diierence in the number of teeth on these gears enables the stops to clear for the desired number of revolutions and to then interlock and stop the gears when that predetermined number of revolutions one way or the other, has been completed.

Drive of the pinion 24 is effected in the illustration from an electric motor 27' having a pinion 2S in mesh with a gear 29. The latter is coupled to pinion 24 by a slip clutch 30 tensioned to drive the sprocket to eiect raising and lowering of the antenna sections and to slip when the stops of the main gears come together in either direction.

This slip clutch thus provides a safety measure permitting the motor to continue in operation after the gears have been stopped. Thus it" the antenna is held while the switch is on or if it should strike a solid object, no harm will result.

The reduction gearing from the motor to the drive sprocket and drum enables use of a small, light motor which takes up little space and requires little energy. The whole unit can thus be relatively light and small, requiring little space in a car, and this unit can be easily installed. Furthermore, it is so simple as to require no servicing or attention.

Any approved `form or control switch may be employed, such as the one illustrated, in the form of a double-throw toggle switch for energizing the motor, which is reversible in opposite directions.

What is claimed is:

l. Gearing for effecting extension and retraction of an extensible antenna or the like, comprising a perforated ilexible tape for connection with said antenna or the like, a driving pinion, a sprocket gear operated. by said driving A pinion and having teeth operatively engaging said periorated tape, a second gear operated by said driving pinion and having a different number oi teeth from said first gear, radially projecting stops carried by said gears proportioned and positioned to mutually engage and stop rotation of the gears after a predetermined limited number of rotations thereof, a drum for winding the tape concentrically mounted in respect to the second gear and Si a spring coupling between said second gear and drum arranged to tension the tape between the sprocket and drum.

2. Gearing for effecting extension and retraction of an extensible antenna or the like, comprising a perforated flexible tape for connection with said antenna or the like, a driving pinion, a sprocket gear operated by said driving pinion and having teeth operatively engaging said perforated tape, a second gear operated by said driving pinion and having a different number of teeth from said first gear, radially projecting stops carried by said gears proportioned and positioned to mutually engage and stop rotation of the gears after a predetermined limited number of rotations thereof, a drum for winding the tape concentrically mounted in respect to the second gear and a spring coupling between said second gear and drum arranged to tension the tape between the sprocket and drum, a motor and reduction drive gearing from said motor to said pinion including a slip clutch tensioned to release upon cooperative engagement of the stops aforesaid.

3. Gearing for effecting extension and retraction of an extensible antenna or the like, comprising a perforated exible tape for connection with said antenna or the like,

a driving pinion, a sprocket gear operated by said driving pinion and having teeth operatively engaging said perforated tape, a second gear operated by said driving pinion and having a different number of teeth from said rst gear, radially projecting stops carried by said gears proportioned and positioned to mutually engage and stop rotation of the gears after a predetermined limited number of rotations thereof, a drum for winding the tape concentrically mounted in respect to the second gear and 'a spring coupling between said second gear and drum arranged to tension the tape between the sprocket and drum, including a spiral spring connected at its opposite ends with said second gear and with the interior of said drum.

4. Gearing for effecting extension and retraction of an `extensible antenna or the like, comprising a perforated flexible tape for connection with said antenna or the like, a driving pinion, a sprocket gear operated by said driving pinion and having teeth operatively engaging said perforated tape, a second gear operated by said driving pinion and having a different number of teeth from said first gear, radially projecting stops carried by said gears proportioned and positioned to mutually engage and stop rotation of the gears after a predetermined limited number of rotations thereof, a drum for winding the tape concentrically mounted in respect to the second gear and a spring coupling between said second gear and drum arranged to tension the tape between the sprocket and drum, said tape being of metal, an insulating guide for the tape passing over the sprocket and insulating mountings for the sprocket and drum.

5. Gearing for effecting extension and retraction of an extensible antenna or the like, comprising gears of different tooth number, a common drive pinion for said gears, stops carried by said gears positioned to mutually engage to stop rotation of the gears after a predetermined number of revolutions thereof, a sprocket member carried by one of said gears, a perforated tape for connection with said extensible antenna or the like operatively engaged by said sprocket member, a drum member for winding said tape carried by the other gear and a spring coupling interposed between one of said gears and the member carried thereby.

6. Gearing for effecting extension and retraction of an extensible antenna or the like, comprising gears of different tooth number, a common drive pinion for said gears, stops carried by said gears positioned to mutually engage to stop rotation of the gears after a predetermined number of revolutions thereof, a sprocket member carried by one of said gears, a perforated tape for connection with said extensible antenna or the like operatively engaged by said sprocket member, a drum member for winding said tape carried by the other gear and a spring coupling interposed between one of said gears and the member carried thereby and including a helical spring secured at one end to said gear and secured at the opposite end to the member carried by the gear.

7. Gearing for effecting extension and retraction of an extensible antenna or the like, comprising gears of diffe-rent tooth number, a common drive pinion for said gears, stops carried by said gears positioned to mutually engage to stop rotation of the gears after a predetermined number of revolutions thereof, a sprocket member carried by one of said gears, a perforated tape for connection with said extensible antenna or the like operatively engaged by said sprocket member, a drum member for winding said tape carried by the other gear and a spring coupling interposed between one of said gears and the member carried thereby, a reversible motor, drive gearing from said motor to said drive pinion anda slip clutch interposed in the line of gearing described, tensioned to release upon engagement of the stops aforesaid.

References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 587,033 Cox Iuly 27, 1897 1,624,098 Goldsmith et al. Apr. 12, 1927 2,222,588 Williams Nov. 19, 1940 2,360,321 'Griswold Oct. 17, 1944 2,365,886 Lehmann Dec. 26, 1944

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US587033 *Jun 22, 1896Jul 27, 1897The JCounterbalance for dampers
US1624098 *May 1, 1925Apr 12, 1927Perfect Window Regulator CorpWindow regulator
US2222588 *Jun 7, 1940Nov 19, 1940Timothy F WilliamsExtensible antenna
US2360321 *Aug 18, 1939Oct 17, 1944Clayton Manufacturing CoFluid distribution system
US2365886 *Sep 14, 1939Dec 26, 1944Casco Products CorpProjectable antenna
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2744416 *Nov 10, 1953May 8, 1956Aviat Engineering DivisionDifferential stop mechanism
US2870973 *Jul 26, 1955Jan 27, 1959Pioneer Specialty CompanyDriving mechanism for retractable antennae
US2896870 *Apr 4, 1955Jul 28, 1959Tenna Mfg CoClutching mechanism
US2989259 *Feb 1, 1955Jun 20, 1961Casco Products CorpAutomatically operated radio antenna
US3051459 *Dec 24, 1959Aug 28, 1962Witzenburg MarionApparatus and process for agitating stored grain
US3075407 *Jan 14, 1959Jan 29, 1963Golde Gmbh H TApparatus for displacing slidable structures
US3147629 *Jul 6, 1961Sep 8, 1964Gen Precision IncMultiturn stop
US3197586 *May 20, 1963Jul 27, 1965Essex Wire CorpTurn signal device having a pair of latches each having two projections engageable with corresponding notches and a latch cam engageable with a release cam
US3306584 *Jan 14, 1965Feb 28, 1967Siar Soc Ind D Applic Des RadiCable storing and take-up device
US3364580 *Dec 27, 1965Jan 23, 1968Robert E. LuciaMeasuring attachment for chain saws
US3728906 *Dec 7, 1970Apr 24, 1973Nippon Denso CoElectrically-operated extending and contracting antenna for running automobiles
US3893125 *Nov 27, 1973Jul 1, 1975Bellomayre Michel DeMotor operated telescopic antenna for vehicles
US4106768 *Dec 10, 1976Aug 15, 1978Tomy Kogyo Co., Inc.Amusement device
US4190842 *Nov 22, 1978Feb 26, 1980General Motors CorporationAntenna cable drive and storage drum with stop mechanism
US4520365 *Dec 29, 1982May 28, 1985Wilhelm Sihn Jr. Kg.Telescoping antenna with actuating gear driven cable
US4550759 *May 16, 1983Nov 5, 1985Ambient Energy DesignApparatus for simultaneously closing and opening a group of blinds
US4562750 *Nov 18, 1981Jan 7, 1986Yokowo Manufacturing Co., Ltd.Carrier-driving device
US4615234 *Jan 22, 1985Oct 7, 1986Compagnie Industrielle De Mechanismes En Abrege C.I.M.Device for winding a traction and thrust cable and a window-raiser provided with such a device
US4705445 *Jul 25, 1985Nov 10, 1987Kobayashi Bansokiki Co., Ltd.Apparatus for exchanging metal molds
US5166695 *Jul 15, 1991Nov 24, 1992Motorola, Inc.Portable radio
US5865390 *Oct 24, 1996Feb 2, 1999Iveges; Steve IVariable-length antenna element
US5875987 *Oct 28, 1997Mar 2, 1999Pullen; ScottPower operated tape measure
US7063590Sep 20, 2004Jun 20, 2006Mattel, Inc.Doll having adjustable length hair
US7384325 *Aug 15, 2003Jun 10, 2008Mattel, Inc.Feature-altering toy
US7746285 *May 23, 2008Jun 29, 2010Ian James ForsterWave antenna wireless communication device and method
US7916095May 27, 2010Mar 29, 2011Mineral Lassen LlcWave antenna wireless communication device and method
US8508430 *Feb 1, 2010Aug 13, 2013Harris CorporationExtendable rib reflector
US20110187627 *Feb 1, 2010Aug 4, 2011Harris CorporationExtendable rib reflector
USRE37824 *Feb 27, 2001Sep 3, 2002Scott PullenPower operated tape measure
EP0085786A1 *Dec 23, 1982Aug 17, 1983Wilhelm Sihn jr. KG.Telescopic aerial with actuating device
WO2004016332A2 *Aug 15, 2003Feb 26, 2004Bryan ChengFeature-altering toy
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/121, 74/511.00R, 74/414, 74/500.5, 74/421.00A, 343/715, 192/139, 242/390.2, 254/95, 74/421.00R, 242/390.1, 343/903, 188/69, 74/640, 343/714
International ClassificationH01Q1/10, H01Q1/08
Cooperative ClassificationH01Q1/103
European ClassificationH01Q1/10B