|Publication number||US2710976 A|
|Publication date||Jun 21, 1955|
|Filing date||Mar 2, 1953|
|Publication number||US 2710976 A, US 2710976A, US-A-2710976, US2710976 A, US2710976A|
|Inventors||Niels M. Martensen|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (69), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 21, 1955 Filed March 2, 1953 Fig.
N. M. MARTENSEN 2,710,976
COMBINATION CRIB AND PLAY PEN 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Niels M. Manensen INVENTOR.
June 21, 1955 N. M. MARTENSEN COMBINATION CRIB AND PLAY PEN 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed March 2, 1953 Niels M. Marreheb INVENTOR.
WW fiMLmm United States Patent This invention relates to new and useful improvements in sleepingand playing equipment for infants and the primary object of the .present'invention is to provide a :foldable combination crib and play pen that may be quickly. and readily folded into a, small and compact article for storage or shipment.
Another important object of the present invention is to provide a combination crib and play pen composed of a pair ofend members which are connected to hingedly connected bottom Wall sections so that the bottom wall sections may be retained ina, horizontal position when in. use and whereby the bottom wallsectionsmay be folded one against the other as the end members are brought together in collapsing the article of furniture.
A further object of the present invention is to provide a combination crib and play pen involving flexible and removable side walls which are quickly and readily disengaged from the bed structure for cleaning or the like in a convenient manner.
A still further aim of the present invention is to provide a foldable combination crib and play pen of the aforementioned character that is simple and practical in construction, strong and reliable in use, neat and attractive in appearance, inexpensive to manufacture, and otherwise well adapted for the purposes for which the same is intended.
These together with other objects and advantages which will become subsequently apparent reside in the details of construction and operation as more fully hereinafter described and claimed, reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming a part hereof, wherein like numerals refer to like parts throughout, and in which:
Figure l is a perspective view showing the present invention assembled for use;
Figure 2 is a longitudinal vertical sectional view taken substantially through the center of Figure 1;
Figure 3 is a transverse vertical sectional view taken substantially on the plane of section line 33 of Figure 2;
Figure 4 is a side elevational view of the present invention in its folded, carrying position;
Figure 5 is an enlarged horizontal sectional view taken substantially on the plane of section line 55 of Figure 4;
Figure 6 is a detail vertical sectional view taken substantially on the plane of section line 66 of Figure 1; and
Figure 7 is a fragmentary perspective view of one of the telescoped connecting members used in conjunction with the present invention.
Referring now to the drawings in detail, wherein for the purpose of illustration, there is disclosed a preferred embodiment of the present invention, numerals 10 and 11 represent a pair of end member each of which includes a pair of vertical bars 12 connected by upper and lower horizontal bars 15 that are suitably fixed to the upper and lower edges of a rigid panel 14. The vertical edges 16 of the panels 14 are spaced from the bars 12 to define "ice 2 openings 18 (Figure 3) for a purpose presentlyatoabe described.
-A pair of bOItOm WaII-SCCHOHS 20-and' 22 have inner endsthatare connected'atogether by .hinges '24, whereby the inner ends of-the bottom'wall sections. may be raised Withthe ,undersurfaces of .thenbottom wall sectionshin facing relationship. The outer endsof the=bottomwall sections 20 and. 22 fixedlysupport L-shaped .corner -.brackets-26z=and ,28- that are .pivoted. to-the bars of vthe end members 10. and 11, adjacent thelower endsthereof,
for. vertical swinging. movement.
"Pairs of folding-braces 30 and 32, are employed for connecting the bottom wall sections 20 and 22 to theend members; -10;.and litand for' retaining the bottom wall sections in a horizontal-position. The lower-ends of. the .-=folding*'bracesr30randt32- are pivoted to the joined-ends of the wall sections 20 and 22 by hinge brackets34. The
upper endsofthe. braces 30 are'pivotedto the upperyends .of.bars.12 tof end-member 10 by pins 36, and the upper .ends of the bracest32. are pivoted-to the upper ends of the bars,12-of-end.-member 11 by pins 38.
Telescoped connecting members 4t)v are provided for connecting the ,end memberslO-and 11 and for retaining -the. endmembers-lfl-and 11- spaced parallel ,to; each-other 25 horizontal...position. ,.Each.conne cting member 40 is whenthe bottornwall seetions...20-and 22 are in their composed of inner and outer sections 42 and 44, the outer sections 44 being tubular to slidably receive the inner sections 42. The inner sections 42 terminate in hooks 46 for engaging over the portions of pins 38 not occupied by the upper ends of braces 32 and the outer sections 44, remote from hooks 46, are provided with apertures 48 that receive the pins 36.
Inner sections 42 are provided with apertures 50 that will register with apertures 52 in the outer sections 44, whereby removable pins 54 may be extended through these apertures to lock the inner sections 42 against sliding relative to the outer sections 44.
Flexible side walls or curtains 56 are removably connected to the end members 10, 11 the connecting members 4t and the bottom wall sections 20 and 22. The
lower edge portions of the curtains 56 fixedly support snap fastener halves 58 that engage complemental snap fastener halves on the reenforcing flange bars 60 of the bottom wall sections 20 and 22.
The end edges of the curtains are folded upon themselves and carry snap fastener halves 62 that are engaged with complemental snap fastener halves 62a secured to the curtains inwardly from the marginal edges thereof to form vertical casings 64 that receive the bars 12 of the end members 10 and 11, since the ends of the curtains extend through the openings 18 below the casings 64 are formed.
The upper edges of the curtains 56 are folded over the connecting members 40 and support snap fastener halves 66 that engage complemental snap fastener halves on the curtains to form horizontal longitudinal casings 68 in which the members 40 are received.
The lower central portions of the curtains 56 are provided with pleats or darts 70 at the hinged ends of the bottom wall sections so that the crib and play pen may be folded without having to remove the curtains, if desired.
In practical use of the present invention, assuming that the device is folded as shown in Figure 4, it is merely necessary to move the end members 10 and 11 apart whereupon the bottom wall sections 24 and 22 will swing downwardly to a horizontal position which is limited by the folding braces 30 and 32. Then, the members 40, and more particularly the hooks 46 thereof are engaged with the pins 38. in order to retain the curtains 56 extended. The curtains 56 may be readily removed from 3 the connecting members 40, the end members 10 and 11 and the bottom Wall sections 20 and 22 by releasing the snap fasteners previously described, so that the curtains may be cleaned and retained in a relatively sanitary condition.
What is claimed as new is as follows:
1. A combination crib and play pen comprising a pair of end members, a pair of bottom wall sections having inner ends that are hingedly connected together and outer ends that are pivotally attached to the end members adjacent the lower ends of the latter, a pair of telescoped connecting members pivoted at one of their ends to one of the end members and releasably engaging the other end member to retain the end members spaced parallel to each other, and folding braces having lower ends pivoted to the bottom Wall sections in axial alignment with the axis of hinging movement of the inner ends of said bottom Wall sections and upper ends pivoted to the end members at the ends of the connecting member to aid in supporting the bottom wall sections in a horizontal position.
2. A combination crib and play pen comprising a pair of end members, a pair of bottom wall sections having inner ends that are hingedly connected together and outer ends that are pivotally attached to the end members adjacent the lower ends of the latter, a pair of telescoped connecting members pivoted at one of their ends to one of the end members and releasably engaging the other end member to retain the end members spaced parallel to each other, and folding braces having lower ends pivoted to the bottom wall section and upper ends pivoted to the end members at the ends of the connecting member to aid in supporting the bottom wall sections in a horizontal position, a pair of flexible side curtains having upper edges and end edges folded and secured upon themselves to form end vertical casings and upper horizontal casings, said upper casings receiving the connecting members, said end members including vertical bars received in said vertical casings, said curtains having lower edges removably secured to the bottom wall sections.
3. The combination of claim 2 wherein said connecting members include telescoped inner and outer relatively slidable sections, said outer slidable sections being pivoted to said one of said end members by the pivots of the upper ends of said braces and said inner sections terminating in books, and pins securing the upper ends of certain of said braces to said other end member and engaged by said hooks.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 914,104 Binney Mar. 2, 1909 1,408,604 Kawa Mar. 7, 1922 1,732,008 Frantz Oct. 15, 1929 2,194,130 Tembreull Mar. 19. 1940 2,624,054 Plant Jan. 6, 1953 FOREIGN PATENTS 5,410 Great Britain 1826 407,541 France Ian. 4, 1910
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US914104 *||Sep 8, 1908||Mar 2, 1909||Muriel Mary Sutherland Binney||Cot for children.|
|US1408604 *||Apr 24, 1919||Mar 7, 1922||Marion Kawa||Folding rack for drying photographic prints|
|US1732008 *||Jan 14, 1927||Oct 15, 1929||Frantz Sidney Henry||Collapsible crib|
|US2194130 *||Mar 22, 1939||Mar 19, 1940||Tembreull John P||Folding crib|
|US2624054 *||May 29, 1951||Jan 6, 1953||Thomas G Plant||Collapsible baby pen|
|FR407541A *||Title not available|
|GB182605410A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2908021 *||Dec 26, 1957||Oct 13, 1959||Trimble Inc||Playyard|
|US2922169 *||Dec 9, 1957||Jan 26, 1960||Deeco Inc||Playpen|
|US2958084 *||Dec 18, 1956||Nov 1, 1960||Charles J Kenney||Playpen|
|US2991486 *||May 5, 1958||Jul 11, 1961||Hamilton Cosco Inc||Foldable play pen|
|US3514621 *||Feb 13, 1967||May 26, 1970||Power Syst & Controls||Solid state cranking module|
|US3742530 *||Jun 16, 1971||Jul 3, 1973||M Clark||Bedside rail cover|
|US3763506 *||Mar 2, 1971||Oct 9, 1973||P Szego||Inflatable crib|
|US4034424 *||Nov 3, 1975||Jul 12, 1977||Budlong John E||Auxiliary bathtub for invalids|
|US5191663 *||Jul 2, 1992||Mar 9, 1993||Hill-Rom Company, Inc.||Hospital bed sideguard pads|
|US5363521 *||Dec 30, 1992||Nov 15, 1994||Fisher-Price, Inc.||Collapsible playpen|
|US5544372 *||Nov 14, 1994||Aug 13, 1996||Fisher-Price, Inc.||Ball and socket joint, useful with collapsible playpens|
|US5826285 *||Sep 10, 1996||Oct 27, 1998||Kolcraft Enterprises, Inc.||Play yard|
|US5867851 *||Jun 10, 1997||Feb 9, 1999||Kolcraft Enterprises, Inc.||Play yard|
|US6035466 *||Oct 9, 1998||Mar 14, 2000||Homeyer; Shelley M.||Collapsible baby bed|
|US6250837||Sep 25, 1998||Jun 26, 2001||Kolcraft Enterprises, Inc.||Rail joint|
|US6363552||Mar 17, 2000||Apr 2, 2002||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Bed siderail|
|US6401277||Mar 9, 2000||Jun 11, 2002||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Siderail extender|
|US6421850||Mar 6, 2000||Jul 23, 2002||Kolcraft Enterprises, Inc.||Play yard having a lower frame with a locking joint|
|US6427264||Mar 17, 2000||Aug 6, 2002||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Gap filler for bed|
|US6434768||Aug 24, 2001||Aug 20, 2002||Mattel, Inc.||Collapsible play yard|
|US6438772||Sep 30, 1999||Aug 27, 2002||Mattel, Inc.||Collapsible play yard|
|US6510570 *||May 8, 2001||Jan 28, 2003||Graco Children's Products Inc.||Playard having corner panels|
|US6588033||May 2, 2000||Jul 8, 2003||Kolcraft Enterprises, Inc.||Foldable bassinet with suspended floor hinge|
|US6615426||Oct 13, 2000||Sep 9, 2003||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Siderail pad for hospital bed|
|US6694549||Apr 20, 2001||Feb 24, 2004||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Bed frame with reduced-shear pivot|
|US6704954||Jul 3, 2002||Mar 16, 2004||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Gap filler for bed|
|US6820293||Sep 26, 2002||Nov 23, 2004||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Bed siderail pad apparatus|
|US6874179||Oct 18, 2001||Apr 5, 2005||Hill-Rom S.A.S.||Bed with articulated barrier elements|
|US6907626||Jul 8, 2003||Jun 21, 2005||Kolcraft Enterprises, Inc.||Foldable bassinet with suspended floor hinge|
|US6928673||Jul 25, 2003||Aug 16, 2005||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Siderail pad for hospital bed|
|US7028352||Aug 22, 2002||Apr 18, 2006||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Apparatus and method for closing hospital bed gaps|
|US7073220||Mar 26, 2004||Jul 11, 2006||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Bed siderail having a latch|
|US7100222||Jul 2, 2004||Sep 5, 2006||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Apparatus and method for mounting hospital bed accessories|
|US7107636||Mar 16, 2004||Sep 19, 2006||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Gap filler for bed|
|US7200882||Jan 21, 2005||Apr 10, 2007||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Movable control panel for a patient support|
|US7222377||Mar 31, 2005||May 29, 2007||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Apparatus and method for closing hospital bed gaps|
|US7237284||Mar 29, 2005||Jul 3, 2007||Hill-Rom S.A.S.||Bed with articulated barrier elements|
|US7293305||Aug 28, 2006||Nov 13, 2007||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Apparatus and method for mounting hospital bed accessories|
|US7350248||Jul 28, 2006||Apr 1, 2008||Hill-Rom Sas||Bed with articulated barrier elements|
|US7430771||Apr 3, 2007||Oct 7, 2008||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Movable control panel for a patient support|
|US7591034||Apr 12, 2007||Sep 22, 2009||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Apparatus and method for closing hospital bed gaps|
|US7788747||Sep 21, 2009||Sep 7, 2010||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Apparatus and method for closing hospital bed gaps|
|US7917978||Mar 2, 2005||Apr 5, 2011||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Variable height siderail for a bed|
|US7930778||Dec 7, 2007||Apr 26, 2011||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Pinch-preventing unit for bed guardrail|
|US7934276||Feb 7, 2007||May 3, 2011||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||End panel for a patient-support apparatus|
|US7975332||May 8, 2009||Jul 12, 2011||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Bed with articulated barrier elements|
|US8205280||May 24, 2011||Jun 26, 2012||Hill-Rom S.A.S.||Overlapping barriers for a bed|
|US8239986||Mar 13, 2009||Aug 14, 2012||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Siderail assembly for a patient-support apparatus|
|US8341778||Jan 23, 2012||Jan 1, 2013||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Bed gap filler and footboard pad|
|US8510879||May 24, 2011||Aug 20, 2013||Hill-Rom S.A.S.||Bed with overlapping barriers|
|US9060619||Feb 10, 2014||Jun 23, 2015||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Variable height siderail|
|US9101517||Aug 30, 2010||Aug 11, 2015||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Patient-support apparatus with a configurable siderail|
|US9301624||Aug 6, 2013||Apr 5, 2016||Thorley Industries Llc||Foldable play yard apparatus including a clamp and a method of attaching a flexible sheet to the clamp|
|US20040040092 *||Oct 18, 2001||Mar 4, 2004||Hensley David W.||Bed with articulated barrier elements|
|US20040158923 *||Feb 19, 2004||Aug 19, 2004||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Patient support having a siderail|
|US20050050635 *||Jul 2, 2004||Mar 10, 2005||Metz Darrell L.||Apparatus and method for mounting hospital bed accessories|
|US20050166321 *||Mar 29, 2005||Aug 4, 2005||Hensley David W.||Bed with articulated barrier elements|
|US20050166322 *||Mar 31, 2005||Aug 4, 2005||Kramer Kenneth L.||Apparatus and method for closing hospital bed gaps|
|US20050188462 *||Jan 21, 2005||Sep 1, 2005||Heimbrock Richard H.||Movable control panel for a patient support|
|US20060288480 *||Aug 28, 2006||Dec 28, 2006||Metz Darrell L||Apparatus and method for mounting hospital bed accessories|
|US20070034162 *||Aug 10, 2005||Feb 15, 2007||Sportpet Designs, Inc.||Collapsible birdhouse|
|US20070039100 *||Jul 28, 2006||Feb 22, 2007||Hensley David W||Bed with articulated barrier elements|
|US20070180617 *||Apr 12, 2007||Aug 9, 2007||Kramer Kenneth L||Apparatus and method for closing hospital bed gaps|
|US20070180624 *||Feb 7, 2007||Aug 9, 2007||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||End panel for a patient-support apparatus|
|US20070192958 *||Apr 3, 2007||Aug 23, 2007||Heimbrock Richard H||Movable control panel for a patient support|
|US20080201844 *||Mar 11, 2008||Aug 28, 2008||Sebastien Gemeline||Bed With Simultaneously Movable Barrier and Bed Plane Elements|
|US20090229051 *||Mar 13, 2009||Sep 17, 2009||Hill-Rom Services, Inc.||Siderail assembly for a patient-support apparatus|
|US20090249548 *||May 8, 2009||Oct 8, 2009||Hill-Rom S.A.S.||Bed with Articulated Barrier Elements|
|US20140068857 *||Sep 12, 2013||Mar 13, 2014||Kids Ii, Inc.||Play yard with removable liner|
|U.S. Classification||5/98.1, 5/93.1, 5/154, D06/331|