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Publication numberUS2711343 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 21, 1955
Filing dateSep 6, 1952
Priority dateSep 6, 1952
Publication numberUS 2711343 A, US 2711343A, US-A-2711343, US2711343 A, US2711343A
InventorsFalk Charles T, Falk Joseph M
Original AssigneeFalk Charles T, Falk Joseph M
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Truck door
US 2711343 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

`June 21, 1955 1 M, FALK ET'AL 2,711,343

TRUCK DOOR Filed sept. 6, 1952 2 sheets-shawl June 21, 1955 J. M. FALK ET AL TRUCK DOOR Filed Sept. 6, 1952 Sheets-Sheet, 2

.a r ...0. n e D n 3 United States Patent Oliice v Patented June ,i221 19755 Another object of the invention is to provide a door of,

this type which can be easily operated fromV the ground,

the door being balanced in such fashion that spring means tends to keep it in open or closed position.

A further object of the invention is to produce a door construction of strong, durable and inexpensive design, in which the operating parts are readily accessible without requiring the dismantling of any part of the truck. i

With the general objects named in view and others as will hereinafter appear, the invention yconsists in certain new and useful features of construction and organization of parts as hereinafter described and claimed; and in order that it may be fully understood, reference is to be had to the accompanying drawing, in which:

Figure l is a perspective view of a truck chassis provided with a door involving the invention.

Figure 2 is a fragmental end view of the truck cornpartment showing the door in closed position in full lines and in partially open and open positions in dotted lines.

Figure 3 is a perspective view of the door in balanced position as it moves between fully open and fully closed relationship to the compartment.

Figure 4 is a section on the line IV-IV of Figure 2 to illustrate the locking mechanism.

Figure 5 is a front view of the door locking mechanism to illustrate parts hidden in the other figures.

Referring now to the drawings in detail, where like reference characters identify corresponding parts in all iigures, 1 is a truck chassis equipped with four compart ments having doors 2 involving the invention, two of said compartments being accessible from each side ofthe truck. If desired each compartment can be divided by partitions 4, left free or otherwise divided as desired.

In order to provide for the overhead mounting of the door above the top or roof when open, each door 2 is provided with edge extensions beyond the top and side edges of the door, these extensions for convenience and to assist in making a weather tight door, preferably comprising angle flanges 5.

The door pivots comprise a pairof straps or arms 6 respectively pivoted at their opposite ends to the edge extensions of the door 5 and to the end supports or reinforcements 7 for the ends of the compartment.

The front edge of the roof of the compartment is preferably reinforced with a channel 8 or the like, and the top edge of the door has an extension member 9. Pivoted to the member 9 at one end and to a pair of arms 10 carried by a reinforcement 11 running longitudinally of the roof, are a second pair of door pivot arms 12.

To assist in swinging the door and to hold vsame in open or closed position, are a pair of rods 13 pivoted eccentrically of arms 12, to the roof of the compartment. Said arms have their free ends reciprocating through a channel or abutment member 14 connecting the arms together. Carried by said rods 13 are expansion springs 15 which are compressed between the abutment and the pivot to pass center as the door swings between open and closed positions.

In opening the door the operator grasps the handle 16 and throws the door upwardly, the balance of the door being such that this operation will compress the springs past center and the door will move to fully open position above and substantially paralleling the roof. When the door 1s to be closed it is pulled downwardly `by Vchain 17 until the Vsprings pass center. v

In order to lock the door in closed position, aseries of bracket arms 18 project downwardlyfrom the bottom of the compartment, andvact as bearings for a rod 19 running longitudinally of .the .truck body. Pinned to the ends of said rod are a pair of lock arms 20 carrying lock pins 22 projecting inwardly as shown in Figure 5. VTher pins are adapted Vto engage notches 23 ,inlatch plates 24 carried by the door flanges 5. The latches are urged toward locking position by a spring 25' which normally holds said latches against the stop 26. 4Wh'enthe door is to be opened the operator grasps the handle 27 which is pinned to shaft rod 19 and lby pulling outwardly' overcomes lthe i spring 25 Yand unlatches the door.

From the above description andy drawings 'it will be'apparent thatwe have produced a construction embodying all of the features of advantage set forth Vas desirable;

and while we have described and illustratedV the preferredV embodiment we reserve the right to allchanges within the spirit and scope of the appended claims.

We claim: 1. In a compartment having end supports and a roof, of

a door forclosing the side of said compartment and having at least a portion of its top and side edges extending above the roof and beyond the end supports, a pair of arms having their opposite ends `respectively pivoted to the door side extensions and to the V'compartment end supports, a roof pivot arm having its opposite endspivoted to the top door extension and to theroof and having-'an abutment, a guide arm pivoted to the roof andreciprocating through the abutment, and an expansion vspring on the rod and compressed between the guide arm pivot and abutment.

2.' In acompartment having end supports and arroof, of a door for havingat least a portionof its `top and side edges extending above the roof andbeyond the end supports, a' pair of arms having their opposite endsrespectively pivoted to the door side extensions and to the compartment end sup-1V v ports,.a pair of roof pivot arms having their opposite ends respectively pivoted tothetop door extension and to the roof, a cross bar connecting said arms, a guide arm pivoted to the roof and reciprocating through the cross bar, andan expansionspring carried by the rod andk compressed between the cross bar and rod'pivot. y

3. In a compartment having end vsupports andv a roof, of a door for closing the side of said compartment, a pair of arms having their opposite ends respectively-pivoted to the exterior of the end supports and to the exterior side Vedges. of the door, posite ends respectively pivoted to the exterior edge of the top of the door and to the exterior of the roof, spring abutments, one carried by each of said second pair of arms and anothermounted in pivoted relation to the roof adjacent the roof\pivots of eachof said second pair of arms, and a springcompressed"betweensaid abutments, the arcuate swingingmovement of thefsecond pair of arms shifting the arm abutment Apastvcenter in'relation to ,the roof abutment to kurgethe door toy open andV closed positions respectively.' i'

References Cited in the le of this patent i UNITED STATES PATENTS Y MCkIlZe Apjl'. 26, 1932 Barnby '.rg i 'Iulyj24`, 1934 Sanmori v May,1,'1951 FOREIGNL PATENTS closing the side of said'eompartment ,andl

a second pair of arms having their opy canada Y Y 11113124, 1951

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1855860 *Mar 7, 1931Apr 26, 1932Gordon Mackenzie DonaldDoor for motor-cars or like vehicles
US1967346 *May 27, 1932Jul 24, 1934Owens Illinois Glass CoApparatus for vacuumizing and sealing containers
US2551054 *Mar 16, 1946May 1, 1951Baptiste Sanmori Roger LaurentVehicle door
CA475464A *Jul 24, 1951American Can CoHinge mechanism
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2876014 *Jan 8, 1954Mar 3, 1959Case Co J IManure spreader with adjustable end gate
US3149878 *Jan 8, 1962Sep 22, 1964Martin Heermann ElmerRemovable superstructure for association with a pick-up truck
US4235047 *May 15, 1979Nov 25, 1980Harsco CorporationArmored door opener for field artillery ammunition support vehicle
US4341413 *May 9, 1979Jul 27, 1982Coachwork Conversions LimitedVehicle body
US4489975 *Sep 9, 1982Dec 25, 1984Thycho Fredin AbSupport apparatus for a raised side panel of a truck or trailer
US4556248 *Feb 8, 1984Dec 3, 1985Meidai Bussan Kabushiki KaishaOpenable side panel for load carrying vehicles
US6120080 *Jul 24, 1996Sep 19, 2000Seiko Giken Kabushiki KaishaSpringing up apparatus for door of van-type truck
US6196603Jun 29, 1999Mar 6, 2001Daimlerchrysler CorporationCargo box drop-down gate assembly
US6634699 *Mar 7, 2002Oct 21, 2003General Motors CorporationCounterbalanced rear closure for a vehicle
US6896316 *Dec 16, 2003May 24, 2005William S. TaylorSemi-trailer for transport of recyclable materials
US6902226 *Mar 31, 2004Jun 7, 2005William S. TaylorMulti-compartment semi-trailer for transport of recyclable materials
US7125068 *Jul 28, 2004Oct 24, 2006Waldorf Merle KTransfer trailer
US7429070Aug 31, 2005Sep 30, 2008Frank NeubrandTonneau cover for a vehicle with a cargo area
US7686365 *May 4, 2007Mar 30, 2010Magna International Inc.Pickup box side module
US8171846Mar 25, 2009May 8, 2012Taylor William SMethod and apparatus for forming self-supporting bales of metal cans
US20140373453 *Jan 25, 2013Dec 25, 2014Soon Chase LEEDevice for opening/closing wings in wing body vehicle
DE1150110B *Feb 27, 1960Jun 12, 1963Gelsenkirchener Bergwerks AgFoerderwagen
DE1235158B *Dec 8, 1956Feb 23, 1967RenaultTuerausbildung fuer Kraftfahrzeuge
DE1280692B *Mar 27, 1963Oct 17, 1968RenaultKipptuer fuer Kraftfahrzeuge, insbesondere Fahrzeughecktuer
EP0088886A1 *Feb 9, 1983Sep 21, 1983Meidai Bussan Kabushiki KaishaOpenable side panel for load carrying vehicles
Classifications
U.S. Classification49/205, 296/24.4, 296/56, 296/106, 296/186.4
International ClassificationB60J5/04
Cooperative ClassificationB60J5/0498
European ClassificationB60J5/04M2