US 2713012 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
July 12, 1955 w. HARTSTEIN 2,713,012
FLOOR RUG Filed March 15, 1952 FIG.1 3
INVENTOR ATTORNEY United States Patent FLOOR RUG Fred W. Hartstein, Houston, Tex.
Application March 13, 1552, Serial No. 276,309
2 Claims. (Cl. 154=49) This invention is an improvementin rugs; especially rugs consisting of a base or back of woven fibrous material, and having a top wearing surface containing short lengths of thread looped through the fibres of the base.
Rugs of this type are often fabricated of a woven sheet of cotton yarn, with looped cotton threads constituting the finished upper surface, connected to said sheet. Such rugs are quite soft and pliable, but the base or back of the rug, which is the lower side when the rug is on the floor, is lacking in stiffness and weight, and often slips under foot when a person Wallis upon it. An important object of my invention is to eliminate this defect by in1- parting a stiffer and heavier body to the rug, while retaining the soft and smooth finished effect on the top. An excellent relatively inexpensive rug, durable in texture and stable when laid is the result.
To this end the rug is made with the usual cotton web or sheet that ordinarily serves as the base or back of the rug and holds the threads on the top or upper side; and to the cotton sheet is added a sheet or web of stifier and coarser fibers such as jute 0r hemp, on the under side of the rug. The cotton sheet is superposed upon this additional layer, which is therefore the outermost layer C-l the bottom of the rug, and the cotton threads are looped through both layers. The rug thus acquires sufiicient bu k, and stillness is imparted to the extent required. The rug can thus be used with safety because it will not slip under foot and the risk of causing a person to fall acl sufier injury is obviated. Further the rug becomes more resistant to Wear because the harder and rougher fibers of the hemp or jute engage the softer cotton threads of the upper surface with greater frictional elfect and hold such threads in place more securely.
The nature and advantages of my improvement are clearly described hereinafter, and the novel characteristics are defined in the appended claims. The drawings illustrate two embodiments of the invention; but details of construction, not necessarily shown may be varied with- "ice out deviation from the essential idea by which the invention is distinguished.
On the drawings:
Figure 1 is a perspective view of a rug, seen from the top according to this invention, broken away in part to reveal the layers and top.
Figure 2 is a cross section showing the texture thereof.
The upper surface of the rug is composed of numerous short lengths of cotton yarn looped through the back of the rug and presenting separated ends 4 above it. The back consists of a sheet or web of woven cotton yarn 2, such as canvas, on a layer of jute or hemp 3, which is outermost, the sheet 2 being between the layer 3 and surface 1. The threads of the surface are looped through the fibers of the cotton layer 2 and the coarser layer 3, and their outer ends 4 are all on the top of the rug. These threads are held firmly in place at the middle thereof by their frictional engagement with the fibres of the layers 2 and 3 and cannot be pulled out merely by ordinary wear. The threads pass through the layers 2 3, are looped in tightly about the fibres of both layers and drawn out again through the top of the rug, giving the soft upper surface and binding the two layers securely together. The rug is thus stiffened and weighted. The usi'al manufactoring operation is performed for this purpose.
Having described my invention what i believe to be new is:
1. A floor rug having a stiff heavy body comprising a fiat layer of relatively hard coarse fibers and a flat pliable woven layer containing softer fibers superposed on the first-named layer and co-extensive therewith and looped threads attached to said body and extending above the pliable layer to form the top surface of said rug, said threads extending through both of said layers.
2. A floor rug having a stiff heavy hody Com rising a fiat comparatively stiff layer of relatively hard coarse fibers and a fiat comparatively soft fibrous layer superposed on the first-named layer and coextensive therewith and looped threads attached to said body and extending above the pliable layer to form the top surface of said rug, said threads extending through both of said layers, the sort layer containing only cotton fibers and the stiff layer containing fibers all of one kind taken from a group consisting of fibers of jute and hemp.
References Qited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,947,152 Clark Feb. l3, 3934 2,515,847 Winkler July 18, 1950 2,521,831 Cone et al. Sept. 12, 1950 2,675,337 Walker et al Apr. 13, 1954