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Publication numberUS2714892 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 9, 1955
Filing dateSep 20, 1952
Priority dateSep 20, 1952
Publication numberUS 2714892 A, US 2714892A, US-A-2714892, US2714892 A, US2714892A
InventorsMendenhall Elwyn E, Rulon Joseph K
Original AssigneeRulon Henderson Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Plural-chamber apparatus for treating objects
US 2714892 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Allg- 9, 1955 E, E. MENDENHALL ET AL 2,714,892

PLURAL-CHMBER APPARATUS FOR TREATING OBJECTS Filed Sept. 20, 1952 ATTORNEYS `permit the maintenance of such stocks.

ifiatenteei Ang.

PLURAL-CHAMBER APPARATUS FOR TREATING BJECTS Elwyn E. Mendenhall, Reading, Pa., and Joseph K. Rulon, Washington, D. C., assignorn by mesne assignments, to Rulon-Henderson, Inc., Washington, D. C., a corporation of the District of Columbia Application September` 20, 1952, Serial No. 310,626 6 Claims. (Cl. 134-72) This invention relates to an improved apparatus for treating objects, and more especially to a two-chamber apparatus in which the objects to be treated are subjected to the action of different materials in each chamber, each action being conducted for a substantially dif ferent period of time.

`We have found that our novel apparatus is suitable for many purposes, for example, in the treatment of metal parts by washing and rinsing prior to plating the articles; in the treatment of coal to remove dust and then add color thereto; and in dishwashing, involving washing. and rinsing steps. While our apparatus is consequently useful4 for various purposes, our invention will be described with particular reference to its embodiment n a dishwasher in order to illustrate it.

The art of dishwashing deals with two distinct steps or operations: that of washing and that of rinsing the dishes or other articles, such as pots and pans, to be cleaned. It is known that in commercial dishwashers the washing step takes 4 to 5 times as long as the rinsing step, the actual time periods involved being about 45 seconds for Washing and about l0 seconds for rinsing.

inasmuch as dishes are usually placed on constant speed conveyors for passage through the dishwasher, it is clear why conventional dishwashers have a large wash chamber and a comparatively small rinse chamber. It is also obvious that such conventional dishwashers therefore have a definite orientation, i. e., one end is the inlet or wash end and the other is the outlet or rinse end. As a consequence of these considerations, conventional dishwashers have been made either left-to-right or right-toleft, these terms indicating the direction of conveyor travel through the dishwasher.

The disadvantages of conventional bi-charnber dishwashers were at all times appreciated but in times of materials shortages and war such disadvantages assume particular importance. Thus, the luxury of a large inventory all along the channels of distribution in order to assure adequate stocks of both types of dishwashers cannot be afforded, as metal and other materials shortages do not A much more serious problem is that encountered in the armed serv` ices, where the failure to have the proper type of dishwasher available where and as needed may present serious health problems. ln this connection it should be noted that the selection of the location of a dishwasher is usually made before it is known which type will be available and hence the chances for a wrong guess are great.

An object of our present invention is to provide bichamber dishwasher apparatus for elliciently and quickly cleaning dishes and the like, whether employed in connection with left-to-right or the `right-to-left conveyor travel.

A further object is to provide a reversible, bi-chamber dishwasher which can be shipped as a unit from one place to another in assembled form, only a few relatively simple operations having to be done to set up the dishwasher to suit the requirements.

Other objects reside in the combinations of elements, features of construction, and arrangement of parts, all as will be more fully pointed out hereinafter and shown in the accompanying drawings, wherein there is disclosed a preferred embodiment of our inventive concept.

ln general, we accomplish our objects in accordance with this invention by providing an apparatus which in A? essence comprises a pair of adjacent, horizontally-disposed chambers, a vertically-inclined baille plate located in said chambers and therebetween, and nozzles located in the aforesaid chambers above the level of the baille plate in such manner that at least some of the eilluent from at least some of the nozzles located in one chamber is deflected by the baffle plate into the other chamber, the volume of the total elluent from all of the nozzles entering the latter chamber being greater than that which enters the former chamber.

ln the drawings, which form a part hereof and in which like characters represent like parts throughout:

Fig. l is a side elevation of a preferred embodiment of our invention, being in part broken away to expose the essential parts of our apparatus;

Fig. 2 isa rear view of the dishwasher of Fig. l, also being broken away to show the parts; and

Fig. 3 is a fragmentary, enlarged, detailed view showing the baille plate of Fig. l and associated means for tlxedly locking the plate in any desired position.

In the drawings, the dishwasher lll is mounted in a suitable housing l1 integrally carried by legs l2. In View of the fact that the direction of conveyor' travel in this gure is taken to be from left-to-right, chamber 13 is the wash chamber and chamber 14 is the rinse chamber.

The baille plate 15 is shown fixedly mounted on the common wall 16 of chambers 13 and ld, one end 17 of the plate 15 being lower than the other end 18.

The baille plate 15' is shown in Fig. l iixedly mounted on the common wall 16 of chambers 13 and 14, with the left end 17 (as viewed in Fig. l) being lower than the right end 18 of the plate l5. The plate l5 carries a pin 19 at the center of its under side 20, the pin i9 being integrally secured to the plate 1S by suitable means such as the bracket 21 and screws 22. The pin 19 has a horizontal opening 23 therethrough. In adjusting the plate 15 it is placed at a desired angle in the saddle 24 mounted on wall 16 so that the hole 23 in the pin 15 coincides with the holes 25 in the saddle 24 and the bolt 26 ispassed through holes 25 and 23 and then secured with the nut 27.

in transit, the plate l5 may for convenience be secured at any angle or it may be shipped in pivotally-movable condition. ln either event, it will now be: understood that the securing of the plate at any desired angle is a simple operation.

If desired, other means of pivotally-mounting and securing the plate l5 at any desired angle may be employed. Also, if desired, the engagement of the plate 1S to the wall lo may be by means of a suitable pipe or tube (replacing the pin i9) in this case the saddle 24 being wider than shown in Fig. 3 in order to accommodate the tube. In the claims the term center as applied to the mounting of the plate is tintended to encompass both the pin and pipe constructions.

The chambers 13 and 14 are provided with side or drain boards 23, 29. An endless belt screen conveyor 30 of the conventional type for carrying dishes 3l and other articles to be cleaned extends across the width of the dishwasher l0 above the level of the baille plate 15.

Located above and between the conveyor are series of spray pipes and suitable conduits for carrying the wash and rinse liquids. The series above the conveyor com- .connections 32 V or 35 V.

prises conduits 32, 33, 3d, and 35, conduit 32 being associated with longitudnally-arranged spray pipes 36 with holes on the bottom at suitable intervals, spray pipes 36 being held at their other end by bracket 37 secured to the front and back of the dishwasher by means not shown. Located directly under conduit 32 is conduit 32', which is similarly connected to spray pipes 36 and bracket 37, the pipes here having their holes on top in order to direct the liquid upwards. Conduite 32 and 32 are in the back of the dishwasher 10 joined by suitable piping 32 (see Fig. 2).

In similar manner conduits 33 and 33' and associated spray pipes 3S, 38', brackets 39, 39 and connecting pipe 33 are arranged to the right, and to the right of the latter series are arranged conduits 34 and 34 and associated spray pipes 40, 49', brackets 41, di and connecting pipe 34, and to the right of the latter are arranged conduits 35 and 35 and associated spray pipes 42, 42', brackets 43, 43 and connecting pipe 55".

Joined to the lower ends of pipes 3?. and 35 by means of unions are pipes 32 and 35 respectively, the latter being connected by suitable piping to liquid pumps 44 and (t5, respectively. Our novel dishwasher 1s provided when shipped for installation, with T connections 32 V and 3 V near the bottom of pipes 32 and 25 respectively. Also provided is a plug 46 which tits the opening in either of these connections.

rl`he lower ends of pipes 33 and 34 are joined by suitable pipingr 47 having a T connection 4S therein, rightV angle opening of the 'i' 48 being joined to a length of pipe 49 of length and diameter suitable for connecting it to T In the iigures shown, pipe 49 is connected to T 32 V and plug d6 is inserted in the opening of T 35 V. Thus, conduits 3,2, 33 and 34 and 32', 33 and 34 and associated spray pipes 36, 3S and 40 are joined as a unit for the distribution of liquid pumped therein by pump 4.4 in chamber 13 and conduits 35 and 35 and associated spray pipes 42 form a unit for the distribution of liquid pumped therein by pump 45 in chamber 14.

In order to supply the power for operating pumps 44 and 45 and conveyor 3Q, suitable means are provided, as for example, the electric motor Sil which in turn gets its energy from a source of electric energy (not shown). The motor 54) is operatively united to pumps 44 and 45 by suitable shafting 1 and to conveyor 30 by suitable shafting 51, reduction gear box 52, driving pulley 53, belt 54, driven pulley 55 and shaft 56 secured to mandrel 57.

Details of the mechanical linkage and associated parts, as gaskets, flanges, etc. are not given as these are conventional.

In order to prevent overilow of the liquids in chambers 13 and 14, overow pipes 5b and 59 connected to the drain pipe dil are provided. ln order to drain the charnbers 13 and 14 of their contents, valves 61 and 62, respectively, associated with drain 60, are provided.

lt will be understood that the dishwasher may be easily converted to one involving right-to-left operation, whether the dishwasher is in assembled or unassembled form as shipped. Thus, travel oi the conveyor can be reversed in known manner, for example, by crossing the belt 54. The chamber 13 can be converted into a rinse chamber by tilting the baffle plate 15 so that the right end 1S is lower than left end 17 and securing the plate 15 by tightening the nut 27 on bolt 26. Conduits 32 and 32 may be joined as a unit by placing the plug 46 in 'i' connection 32' V. f

Conduits 33, 34 and 35 and 33', 34 and 35 may be joined as a unit by joining pipe 49 to T connection 3S' V.

It will also be understood that when our dishwasher is assembled as shown in the gures, chamber 13, the wash chamber, is provided with wash liquid and chamber 14, the rinse chamber, is provided with rinse liquid. The actual composition of the liquids is not pertinent to this invention.

ln operation, when the dishwasher is assembled as shown in the iigures, the dishes 31 are carried by conveyor 30 in the direction indicated. Chamber 13 is provided withV Vthrough the holes against the dishes, the sprays from pipes 36, 38 and 4t) being directed downwards so as to make contact with the dishes from above, and the sprays "i from pipes 3a', 3S and 4G being directed upwards, making contact with the dishes from below.

Practically all of the eiuent from these spray pipes (36, 36', 38, 38', 40 and 40') will, after striking the dishes, be deected by the plate 15 and drain board 13' into chamber 13 (whence the liquid is recirculated by pump 44 or permitted to drain off by opening valve 61.

Similarly, the rinse liquid from chamber 14 is pumped by pump 45 to spray pipes 42 and 42 and directed against the dishes 31 as the latter pass therebetween on conveyor 3d. The rinse spray from pipes 42 are directed downwards striking the dishes 31. from above; the spray from pipes 42 are directed upwards, striking the dishes 31 from below.

Practically all of the effluent from sprays 42 and 42 will, after striking the dishes 31, go directly into chamber 14 or be deilected therein by drain board 14'. From chamber 14 the rinse liquid may be repumped by pump 45 or drained o by opening valve 61.

While our invention has been described in detail as to arrangement of parts in relation to a dishwasher it is to be understood that some modiiications may be made herein without departing from the spirit of our invention. in view of the foregoing, no limitations are intended other than those imposed by the scope of the appended claims constructed as broadly as permissible in view of the prior art.

We claim:

l. In an apparatus for treating objects, the improvement which comprises, in combination, a pair of adjacent horizontally-disposed chambers, an adjustable inclined bale plate located over said chambers so as to overhang part of each or' said chambers, said plate incompletely blocking both of said chambers at any position of tilt of said plate, and nozzle means located directly over said chambers above the level of said battle plate whereby at least some of the effluent from at least some of the nozzles located over one chamber is deilected by said baille plate into the other chamber, most'of the eilluent from said nozzles entering this latter chamber and the balance entering the adjacent chamber.

2. In an apparatus for treating objects, the improvement which comprises .essentially a pair of adjacent horizontally-disposed chambers, having a common wall therebetween, a baffle plate tiltably mounted over said wall and said chambers, said plate extending over a part of each chamber, means for iixing said plate in any desired inclined position, said plate incompletely blocking both of said chambers at any position of tilt of said plate, and nozzle means located directly over said chambers above the level of said baille plate whereby at least some of the etduent from at least some of the nozzles located over one chamber is deflected by said bafile plate into the other chamber, most of the eiuent from said nozzles entering this latter chamber and the balance entering the adjacent chamber.

3, In an apparatus for treating objects, the improvement which comprises a pair of adjacent, horizontallydisposed chambers having a common wall, a reversible horizontal conveyor over said chambers, means for moving said coneyor, a bale plate beneath said conveyor and pivotally mounted over said wall so as to overhang part of each of said chambers, means for fixing said plate in any desired inclined position, said plate incompletely blocking both of said chambers at any position of tilt of said plate, and nozzle means located directly over said chambers above the level of said baille plate whereby at least some of the eflluent from at least some of the nozzles located over one chamber is deilected by said baille plate into the other chamber, most of the eilluent from said nozzles entering this latter chamber and the balance entering the adjacent chamber.

4. In an apparatus for treating objects, the improvement which comprises a pair of adjacent, horizontallydisposed chambers having a common wall therebetween, a reversible conveyor over said chambers, means for moving said conveyor, a baille plate beneath said con- Veyor and pivotally mounted at its center on said wall so as to overhang part of each of said chambers, means for iiXing said plate in any desired inclined position, said plate incompletely blocking both of said chambers at any position of tilt of said plate, a set each of upper and lower nozzle means directly over said chambers, the ellluents from said nozzles being directed against objects carried by said conveyor and the nozzles being located over said chambers above the level of said baille plate whereby at least some of the eilluent from at least some of the nozzles located over one chamber is deflected by said baille plate into the other chamber, most of the etlluent from said nozzles entering this latter chamber and the balance entering the adjacent chamber.

5. In an apparatus for washing dishes and the like, the improvement which comprises a iirst chamber, a second chamber adjacent to said first chamber, a common wall between said chambers, a reversible horizontal conveyor over said chambers for carrying dishes or other articles to be cleaned, means for moving said conveyor, a baille plate beneath said conveyor and ilxedly mounted at its center on said wall so as to overhang part of each of said chambers in an inclined position with its lower end over the rst chamber and its upper end over the second chamber, said plate incompletely blocking both of said chambers at any position of tilt of said plate, upper and lower wash nozzles directly over said iirst chamber, at least one upper and lower wash nozzle over said second chamber, upper and lower rinse nozzles over said second chamber, all of said wash and rinse nozzles being located above the level of said baille plate, said upper and lower wash nozzles located over said second charnber being further characterized by the fact that their eilluent is deflected by said baflle plate into said rst chamber.

6. ln an apparatus for washing dishes and the like, the improvement which comprises a pair of adjacent, horizontally disposed chambers of like size having a common wall, a reversible horizontal conveyor over said chambers for carrying dishes or other articles to be cleaned, means for moving said conveyor, a baille plate beneath said conveyor, said baille plate being pivotally mounted at its center on said wall so as to overhang part of each of said chambers, means for ilXing said plate in any desired inclined position, said plate incompletely blocking both of said chambers at any position ot tilt of said plate, a set each of upper and lower nozzle means directly over said chambers the etlluents from said nozzles being directed against objects carried by said conveyor and the nozzles being located over said chambers above the level of said baille plate whereby at least some of the eilluent from at least some of the nozzles located over one chamber is deilected by said baille plate into the other chamber, most of the etlluent from said nozzles entering this latter chamber and the balance entering the adjacent chamber,

References Cited in the ille of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 512,683 Cochrane Ian. 16, 1894 1,281,864 Sparr z Oct. 15, 1918 1,608,828 Wholey Sept. 16, 1924 1,512,918 Forhgard Oct. 28, 1924 1,664,637 Merseles et al. Apr. 3, 1928 2,574,058 Porter Nov. 6, 1951

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US512683 *Jan 16, 1894 Dish-cleaner
US1281864 *Dec 12, 1917Oct 15, 1918Benjamin F SparrWashing apparatus for dishes, &c.
US1512918 *Aug 22, 1923Oct 28, 1924Ferdinand Forsgard EdwardWashing machine
US1608828 *Oct 19, 1923Nov 30, 1926William WrightCasing spear
US1664637 *Jun 11, 1924Apr 3, 1928Hobart Mfg CoWashing machine
US2574058 *Mar 24, 1945Nov 6, 1951Colt S Mfg CompanyDishwashing machine
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2894518 *Feb 27, 1956Jul 14, 1959M H Treadwell Company IncApparatus for handling and cooling cast metal cakes
US2973635 *Mar 23, 1956Mar 7, 1961American Viscose CorpApparatus for finishing textiles
US3504390 *May 8, 1968Apr 7, 1970Wing CornellApparatus for washing cartons
US5372153 *Mar 15, 1993Dec 13, 1994Precision Dispense, Inc.Pallet cleaner
US5899215 *Aug 26, 1996May 4, 1999Ecolab Inc.Dishwasher with rinse diverter for reducing detergent consumption
US6129099 *Sep 17, 1997Oct 10, 2000Foster; James B.Pallet washing apparatus and method
US8795439Jul 21, 2009Aug 5, 2014Beasley Ip Holdings, LlcMethod and apparatus for washing temporary road mats
WO1990004928A1 *Nov 7, 1989May 17, 1990Culinary Brands IncA method and an apparatus for cooking packaged food
WO1997022829A1 *Dec 18, 1996Jun 26, 1997Oven Systems IncQuick disconnect riser pipe assembly for can washer
Classifications
U.S. Classification134/72, 134/103.1, 134/198, 134/131
International ClassificationA47L15/00, A47L15/24, B08B3/02
Cooperative ClassificationA47L15/245, B08B3/022
European ClassificationA47L15/24B4, B08B3/02B