|Publication number||US2715488 A|
|Publication date||Aug 16, 1955|
|Filing date||Jun 30, 1952|
|Priority date||Jun 30, 1952|
|Publication number||US 2715488 A, US 2715488A, US-A-2715488, US2715488 A, US2715488A|
|Inventors||Conlon Charles Stephen|
|Original Assignee||Conlon Charles Stephen|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (21), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
c. s. CONLON 2,715,488
SELF-SEALING FUNNEL Aug. 16, 1955 Filed June 30, 1952 Tlc l.
INVENTOR. 62 4645? Jflzw/s/v Fan/44m United States Patent SELF-SEALING FUNNEL Charles Stephen Conlon, Portsmouth, N. H.
Application June 30, 1952, Serial No. 296,531
1 Claim. (Cl. 226-32) (Granted under Title 35, U. S. Code (1952), see. 266) The invention described herein may be manufactured andused by or for the Government of the United States of America for governmental purposes Without the payment of. any royalties thereon or therefor.
This invention relates to funnels and more particularly to funnels which automatically terminate fluid feed to a receiving tank when the fluid level of the tank rises beyond a predetermined height.
An object of this invention is to provide an improved funnel.
A further object is to provide an improved funnel adapted to terminate automatically the fluid feed to a receptacle through the funnel.
A further object is to provide a funnel whereby fluid may be transferred from one receptacle to another receptacle without spilling any of the fluid or causing it to overflow from the other receptacle.
A further object is to provide an improved funnel adapted to terminate automatically the fluid feed to a receptacle through the funnel in response to fluid level in the receptacle.
A further object is to provide a self-sealing funnel that does not become unsealed without a positive manual action.
A further object is to provide a self-sealing funnel provided with an indicator.
A further object is to provide a funnel that minimizes the spilling of expensive liquids and the spilling of inflammable liquids.
A further object is to provide a funnel that may be used in transferring measured quantities of liquids derived from a particular source to a selected receptacle at another location.
Other objects and many of the attendant advantages of this invention will be readily appreciated as the same becomes better understood by reference to the following detailed description when considered in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein:
Fig. 1 is a cross-sectional view of the funnel according to a preferred embodiment of this invention, and
Fig. 2 is a side view of the magnet used in the device of Fig. l.
The funnel comprises a tubular section 11, a conical section 12, and a conical section 13 which are integral with one another. A handle 14 is connected as shown to facilitate using the funnel. A support member 15 consisting of non-magnetic material is joined by any suitable means to diametrically opposite portions of the conical section 12 near the upper end thereof. A powerful bipolar permanent magnet 16 such as an Alnico magnet is mounted on the support 15 with the poles of the magnet straddling the support and directed toward the spout end 13 of the funnel 10.
A rod 17 of greater length than the funnel 10 is provided coaxially of the funnel and is arranged for reciprocal movement therein. The rod has terminal positions as indicated by the solid and dotted positions of members 18, 19 and 20. Member 18 fixed to the upper ice end of the rod is a knob' bearing indicator lettering for. attracting attention when in raised position.- The knob is adapted to be gripped manually. Member 19 is a float preferably of teardrop shape fixedly mounted on the rod at the end opposite the knob 18. Member 20. of magnetic material is fixedly mounted on .rod 17 between the ends thereof. To facilitate adjusting the position of member 20, a set screw may be used to fixit'to rod 17.
The rod 17 is guided by a bore through support 15 and magnet 16 and a pair of guide bearings 21 and 22. The bearing 21 is mounted in a strainer 23 located near the lower end of section 12 and the bearing 22 ismounted in support member 24 suitably joined to diametrically opposite portions ofsection 13. The rod 17 is able to reciprocate freely in the aligned guiding means.
A housing or shield member 25 is fixedly mounted on the support 15; Thelegs of the shield member straddle the magnet 16.- The shield member has two adjacent upstanding leaves adapted to receive the knob 18 therebetween.
A washer or gasket 26 is mounted on the float 19 between the ends thereof. The washer 26 is resilient being made of a suitable material such as rubber, neoprene, etc., depending upon the fluid to be passed through the funnel. The magnetic member 20 and float 19 are arranged in properly spaced relationship so that washer 26 seals the spout 13 when the magnetic armature 20 is engaged with magnet 16.
When the rod 17 is moved into raised position the knob 18 and the lettering thereon comes into full view warning one using the funnel that the receptacle receiving the fluid is full. At the same time, magnetic member 20 is moved into engagement with magnet 16 and is retained in engagement with the magnet until positively released by manual pressure on knob 18. The float 19 at the lower end of the rod moves into engagement with the spout end of the funnel eflectively sealing it so that flow of fluid therethrough ceases.
In operation the funnel 10 with its rod 17 in lowered position is inserted into the opening of a tank or any suitable receptacle. At first any fluid poured into the funnel passes freely through the funnel into the tank. When the level of the fluid in the tank rises to the level of the float and embraces the float the latter is buoyed up. As the fluid level continues to rise raising float 19 and consequently rod 17, the armature approaches the poles of the permanent magnet 16 till a point is reached where the magnet pulls the armature into positive engagement therewith. With the armature 20 in engagement with magnet 16 the spout is sealed permitting no further fluid flow therethrough. The knob when in raised position notifies the user of the funnel that the tank is full. The magnet 16 is sufliciently powerful to retain the rod in raised position as the funnel is removed from the tank with a substantial quantity of fluid therein. The funnel may then be inserted into the container from which the fluid was obtained, the knob forced down to lowered position whereby the fluid can flow back into the original container.
The funnel suitably calibrated may also be used to transfer a measured quantity of fluid from a supply tank to a receptacle. By this means the need for a measuring container is eliminated.
The material from which the funnel is made is selected to stand up in use with particular fluids.
Obviously many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in the light of the above teachings. It is therefore to be understood that within the scope of the appended claim the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically described.
In combination-with a funnel having a cylindrical top part, .a conical middle part and a conical spout, a handle connected to the top and middle parts of the funnel, a nonmagnetic support member joined to diametrically oppositeportions-of said conical middle part slightly below the junction of said top and middle parts, a bipolar permanent magnet mounted centrally on the support member, the poles of said magnet extending toward the funnel spout, said magnet having a central bore, a strainer mounted near'the lower end of the conical middle part and having a bearing mounted centrally thereof, a second support member mounted in the spout and having a second bearing mounted centrally thereof, the said two bearings and the bore of the magnet being axially aligned, a rod of greater length than the funnel reciprocably mounted in said bearings and bore, a tearshaped float mounted on the lower end of said rod extending beyond the spout, said float having a neoprene washer mounted centrally thereof and being of larger diameter than said spout, a manually engageable knob having indicating markings mounted on the upper end of said rod, a nonmagnetic shield means mounted on said first support and about said magnet, said nonmagnetic shield means having two vertical leaves, the knob atop. said rod adapted to assume a lowered position between said leaves in which position the knob is retracted from view, an adjustable magnetic armature fixedly mounted on said rod for cooperation with the permanent magnet, the rod being in its lowered position when the funnel is positioned in a tank opening for aiding in filling the tank, said rod adapted to rise when the tank liquid rises above the level of the float and continues to do so until the said armature comes into quick positive engagement with the magnet whereby the funnel spout is sealed by the neoprene washer and the indicator atop the rod rises into full view indicating a full tank.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 55,544 Sholl et al. June 12, 1866 883,289 Burg Mar. 31, 1908 943,400 Edmunds Dec. 14, 1909 953,065 Smith Mar. 29, 1910 1,117,431 Olds Nov. 17, 1914 1,272,477 Lowrimore July 16, 1918
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US55544 *||Jun 12, 1866||Improvement in alarm-funnels|
|US883289 *||Mar 7, 1907||Mar 31, 1908||Bertha R Burg||Funnel.|
|US943400 *||Sep 14, 1908||Dec 14, 1909||Levi E Edmunds||Funnel.|
|US953065 *||Oct 16, 1908||Mar 29, 1910||John M Lynch||Funnel.|
|US1117431 *||Nov 17, 1914||Funnel.|
|US1272477 *||Oct 29, 1915||Jul 16, 1918||Marion H Lowrimore||Funnel.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3105511 *||Aug 10, 1961||Oct 1, 1963||Cordis Corp||Infusion safety valve|
|US3134408 *||May 3, 1961||May 26, 1964||King Seeley Thermos Co||Nozzle|
|US3763903 *||Dec 10, 1971||Oct 9, 1973||G Ouchterlony||Funnels|
|US4482017 *||Mar 9, 1982||Nov 13, 1984||Alexis Fire Equipment Co.||Liquid supply tank|
|US4712595 *||Aug 15, 1986||Dec 15, 1987||Wilson Harold L||Magnetic safety funnel|
|US4850403 *||Apr 25, 1988||Jul 25, 1989||Wiese Patrick C||Funnel with indicator showing filled condition of serviced container|
|US5156197 *||Oct 22, 1990||Oct 20, 1992||Hitachi, Ltd.||Float type liquid level meter|
|US5163488 *||Nov 29, 1989||Nov 17, 1992||Armand Basch||Apparatus for the presentation in superposed layers of liquids of different densities, particularly liquid foodstuffs|
|US5222534 *||Aug 31, 1992||Jun 29, 1993||Wilkinson Jr Charles E||Container restraint or holder|
|US5277233 *||Jan 6, 1992||Jan 11, 1994||Fleming Larry L||Overfill safety adapter|
|US5458168 *||Jan 12, 1993||Oct 17, 1995||Ab Kompositprodukter S.K.-F.M.||Self-closing funnel|
|US5715856 *||Mar 22, 1996||Feb 10, 1998||Martin; Tommy||Liquid flow control apparatus|
|US5950697 *||Dec 23, 1997||Sep 14, 1999||Specialty Auto Parts U.S.A., Inc.||Funnel with on/off valve|
|US6341631||Jul 20, 1999||Jan 29, 2002||Richard B. Platt||Funnel with on/off valve|
|US7299834 *||Jul 25, 2006||Nov 27, 2007||Richard Booth Platt||Funnel assembly with open/closed valve|
|US7757728||May 2, 2007||Jul 20, 2010||Inspired Technologies, Inc.||Funnel with shut off valve|
|US20050236066 *||Apr 21, 2005||Oct 27, 2005||Jay Reinhardt||Spill proof funnel|
|US20080099100 *||Oct 26, 2006||May 1, 2008||Joe Ferguson||Funnel Having Stabilizing Weight|
|US20080271813 *||May 2, 2007||Nov 6, 2008||Jennifer Gruber||Funnel With Shut Off Valve|
|US20090223596 *||Mar 7, 2008||Sep 10, 2009||Shih-Chun Wang||Funnel having movable valve assembly|
|WO1993014020A1 *||Jan 12, 1993||Jul 22, 1993||Kompositprodukter Sk Fm Ab||A self-closing funnel|
|U.S. Classification||141/95, 251/65, 137/416, 141/201, 141/204|
|Cooperative Classification||B67C11/063, B67C2011/40, B67C11/066|
|European Classification||B67C11/06B, B67C11/06D|