|Publication number||US2716225 A|
|Publication date||Aug 23, 1955|
|Filing date||Jun 19, 1953|
|Priority date||Jun 19, 1953|
|Publication number||US 2716225 A, US 2716225A, US-A-2716225, US2716225 A, US2716225A|
|Inventors||Mccubbin Glenn O|
|Original Assignee||Mccubbin Glenn O|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (23), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
23, 1955 G. o. MOCUBBIN 2,716,225
COVER PLATE AND SAFETY-ATTACHED PLUG Filed June 19, 1953 28 30 Fig.3
2 Glenn 0 McCubb/n INVENTOR.
. vg 7 By m; fim
United States Patent COVER PLATE AND SAFETY-ATTACHED PLUG Glenn 0. McCubbin, Pawnee, Okla.
Application June 19, 1953, Serial No. 362,799
1 Claim. (Cl. 339-75) The present invention relates to an extension cord plug, receptacle cover plate, and readily engageable and releasable means for effectively coupling the plug with the plate to thus prevent the plug from becoming accidentally detached from the usual receptacle means.
It is a matter of common knowledge that the electrical connection between the plug and receptacle or outlet means is often accidentally or otherwise broken. This is the result of someone tripping over the wire, or when a strong lengthwise pull is exerted on the electrical appliance cord. Therefore, in using irons, sweepers, electric drills and extension cords, generally speaking, there exists a definite reason for preventing accidental disconnection of the plug from the current supply outlet means. Many others working in this field have evolved and produced all sorts of so-called safety locking and retaining devices. It is the purpose of the present endeavor to structurally, functionally and otherwise improve upon similarly con structed and performing prior art safety retainers. In so doing a positive locking device is provided which may be relied upon for safe use anywhere. It will save time and inconvenience.
One of the advantages of the improved construction is that any conventional plug will work in the receptacle after the new type of cover, one of the features, is installed. Then, too, the improved plug which is hereinafter to be revealed, will work in any conventional outlet with a regular plate but will not, of course, lo'ck.
In carrying out the principles of the instant invention one aspect thereof has to do with a conductor having a prong-equipped plug, an adapter cap fitted conformingly over and fully encasing the body portion of said plug, said cap being essentially imperforate and rigid, being exteriorly provided with marginal outstanding keeper lugs and further provided with surface embossments shaped and arranged to function as finger-grips, whereby said cap is permanently swivelled on and attached for rotation to said plug.
The novelty in addition is predicated on the structure stated, wherein said plug is substantially semi-spherical and provided on the crown portion with an axially extending neck having an endless outstanding bead, said neck being cylindrical in cross-section, and the crown portion of said cap having a centered opening snugly encircling said neck, said cap being otherwise imperforate and preformed to accurately and intimately fit over the body portion of the plug.
Then, too, novelty is predicated on the structure stated and the combination therewith of an outlet cover plate having at least one plug accommodating hole and a pair of marginally located outstanding keeper sockets into which said lugs are turnably and releasably fitted.
In addition to the above it is also an object to provide a novel cover plate in and of itself and especially one which is adapted to accommodate two prong-equipped plugs having safety adapter caps constructed in accordance with the present invention and wherein a simple arrangement of four properly paired and grooved bosses ice on the surface of said plate provide equidistant keepers for both adapter caps.
Other objects, features and advantages will become more readily apparent from the following description and the accompanying sheet of illustrative drawings.
In the drawings, wherein like numerals are employed to designate like parts throughout the views:
Figure 1 is an exploded view showing the cover plate at the right and the improved prong-equipped appliance cord plug at the left; I
Figure 2 is a fragmentary elevational view showing the manner in which the parts cooperate and wherein the adapter cap is in its released position;
Figure 3 is a sectional and elevational view showing the manner in which the lugs releasably engage the keepers on the stated plates.
Figure 4 is a face or elevational view of a modified form of plate; and
Figure 5 is a plan view of the adapter cap used in conjunction therewith.
Reference is had to Figures 1 to 3 inclusive, wherein the rectangular cover plate is denoted by the numeral 8. This is a plate which is adapted to be substituted for or to take the place of the customary receptacle or outlet box plate. It has a single hole at center to accommodate a fastening screw or the like whereby it is secured in place. It is provided with either one or more openings to accommodate the plug 12, the plug being provided with the usual prongs 14. Each opening is denoted by the numeral 16 and on diametrically opposite sides are moulded or otherwise formed bosses or raised members 18-18. These are provided around the marginal edge portion and have keeper seats or grooves 20 therein. The thus provided keepers are closed at opposite ends as at 22 and 24 respectively for an obvious keeper receiver and retaining results. The plug 12, as best shown in Figure 3, is substantially semi-spherical in form and has an outstanding axial neck 26 with an endless bead 28. The conductor or extension cord is denoted at 30. The adapter cap or shield is a metal or equivalent stock and is denoted at 32 and it is precision made. That is to say, it is precisely and especially constructed to conformingly encase the body portion of the plug. There is a single hole or opening 34 in its crown portion through and beyond which the beaded neck 26 projects. At the base are outstanding, diametrically opposite keeper lugs 3636 which releasably engage in the keepers 18-18. The other feature is that the adapter cap is rigid and therefore not expansible or contractible and not in any manner yieldable. It is provided on its surface with appropriately arranged embossments 3838 which provide finger grips and which assist in turning the cap. The cap is therefore permanently and swivelly mounted on the neck-equipped plug. It operates in an obvious manner. In Figure 2 it is shown in the released position and in Figure 3 in the locked or latched position and in Figure 1 the part separated so that all of the structural details and their association and arrangement and cooperation is consequently clear.
In the modification shown in Figure 4 a plate is provided to accommodate the adapter cap 40 which appears in Figure 5 and which is the same as the one already constructed except that it has three equidistant or circumferentially spaced keeper lugs 42 at degree spaced points.
The plate 44 has suitably shaped and slotted areas or portions 4646 to accommodate the adapter cap 40. There are three keeper bosses around each area 46. Actually, however, this is accomplished by using dual bosses at the center and single grooved bosses at the ends of the plate. The first bosses are in a pair and these are denoted by the numerals 48-48 and they have their apex ends 50 directed toward each other and in alignment and located in the space 52 between the areas 4646. The converging grooves are denoted by the numerals 54-54 and 56-56 in selectively usable pairs. The complemental pair of bosses are at the respective end portions of the plate and these are denoted by the numerals 58-58 and they have their inner basal edge portions grooved to provide keeper grooves 60-60. It follows that four bosses arranged in two pairs serve consequently to provide the sets of three keepers each for i the swivelled cap 40 seen in Figure 5.
From the foregoing, the construction and operation of the device will be readily understood and further explanation is believed to be unnecessary. However, since numerous modifications and changes will readily occur to those skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention to the exact construction shown and described, and accordingly all suitable modifications and equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the scope of the appended claim.
What is claimed as new is as follows:
As a new article of manufacture, an outlet box special purpose cover plate to take the place of the usual cover plate and having two plug accommodating and seating areas in spaced parallelism, a pair of V-shaped bosses aligned with each other in the space between said areas and having their apices directed toward each other and in alignment, the converging edge portion of said lugs having grooves defining keeper seats for coniplemental keeper lugs, and a second pair of similar bosses on said plate situated outwardly of the respective marginal portions of said plug seating areas and opposed to each other circumferentially spaced at equidistant points and having keeper grooves, whereby four bosses thus arranged provide six keeper grooves in all, specifically, two sets of three grooves each with said respective sets of three grooves at 120 degrees apart.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,520,421 Kolar Dec. 21, 1924 1,646,808 Benjamin Get. 25, 1927 2,240,050 Nuebling Apr. 29, 1941 2,307,423 Savage Jan. 5, 1943 2,365,101 OBrien Dec. 12, 1944 2,378,105 Roesch June 12, 1945
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1520421 *||Jun 21, 1921||Dec 23, 1924||Kolar Frank E||Electrical connecter and supporting device|
|US1646808 *||Jan 19, 1922||Oct 25, 1927||Benjamin Electric Mfg Co||Ceiling-connecter device|
|US2240050 *||Oct 3, 1938||Apr 29, 1941||Gail R Nutty||Locking means for extension cords and the like|
|US2307423 *||Dec 6, 1940||Jan 5, 1943||Stanley Savage||Electric plug means|
|US2365101 *||Nov 17, 1943||Dec 12, 1944||O'brien Richard S||Attachment plug-retaining device|
|US2378105 *||Dec 1, 1942||Jun 12, 1945||Roesch Herman F||Electric service wire coupling means|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2847653 *||Dec 19, 1955||Aug 12, 1958||Charles Hicks Arthur||Safety electric connection|
|US2880264 *||Apr 23, 1956||Mar 31, 1959||Ruskin Bernard J||Fixture assembly|
|US3025490 *||Nov 21, 1960||Mar 13, 1962||Gen Electric||Electrical plug receptacle structure|
|US3811104 *||Mar 8, 1972||May 14, 1974||Caldwell T||Safety device for electrical outlets|
|US3914661 *||Aug 21, 1974||Oct 21, 1975||Robertshaw Controls Co||Shielded control device|
|US3955870 *||Aug 21, 1975||May 11, 1976||Lawrence Peska Associates, Inc.||Utility outlet guard|
|US4076360 *||Jun 21, 1974||Feb 28, 1978||The Raymond Lee Organization, Inc.||Safety device for electrical connector device|
|US4457571 *||Aug 14, 1981||Jul 3, 1984||Lavine Daniel J||Retainer apparatus for electric plugs|
|US4531800 *||Oct 31, 1983||Jul 30, 1985||Avener Marshall S||Protector device for electrical outlets|
|US5049086 *||Jan 22, 1991||Sep 17, 1991||Slaven Donald E||Locking wall plate and plug apparatus|
|US5378882 *||Sep 30, 1992||Jan 3, 1995||Symbol Technologies, Inc.||Bar code symbol reader with locking cable connector assembly|
|US5401184 *||Apr 26, 1993||Mar 28, 1995||Lynx Enterprises, Inc.||Face plate for securing a waterproof connection between electrical plug and receptacle|
|US5589665 *||Jun 7, 1994||Dec 31, 1996||Scamacca; Randal||Child-resistant electrical outlet cover|
|US5616046 *||Sep 7, 1993||Apr 1, 1997||Lynx Enterprises, Inc.||Connection device for securing two engaged members|
|US5795176 *||Aug 14, 1996||Aug 18, 1998||Blaetz; Ewald||Method of protecting an electrical connection and plug lock therefor|
|US7041905 *||Nov 18, 2004||May 9, 2006||Darren Stewart||Electrical plug safety cover|
|US7078624 *||Sep 15, 2004||Jul 18, 2006||Darren Stewart||Electrical safety power cord|
|US7654405 *||Oct 17, 2006||Feb 2, 2010||Direct Connect||Method and system of a detachable nose faceplate|
|US8376171||Feb 19, 2013||Electronic Custom Distributors, Inc.||Method and system of a detachable nose faceplate|
|US8490815||Sep 21, 2009||Jul 23, 2013||DirectConnect||Method and system of a reversible nose faceplate|
|US20080110886 *||Oct 17, 2006||May 15, 2008||Direct Connect||Method and System of a Detachable Nose Faceplate|
|US20090321448 *||Dec 31, 2009||Electronic Custom Distributors, Inc.||Method and system of a detachable nose faceplate|
|US20110068103 *||Sep 21, 2009||Mar 24, 2011||Electronic Custom Distributors, Inc.||Method and system of a reversible nose faceplate|
|U.S. Classification||439/314, 439/373, 439/315, 174/66|