US 271647 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Feb. 6,1883.
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UNTTED STATES PATENT FREDERICK MEDART, OFYST. LOUIS, MISSOUR.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 271,647, dated February 6, 1863.
Application filed J Lily 11, 1882. (No model.)
YTo all whom tt may concern Be it known that I, FREDERICK MEDART, ot St. Louis, Missouri, have made a new and useful Improvement in Targets, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had to the annexed drawings, making part of this specification, in which- Figure 1 is a front elevation of the improved target; Fig. 2, a side elevation; Fig. 3, a ver? tical section taken on the line 3 3 of Fig. l; Fig. 4, an elevation ofthe back ofthe target; Fig. 5, a detail, being a front view, upon an enlarged scale, of a portion of the front of the target, illustrating the mode ot' arranging the pins which compose the target-front; and Fig. (S, a detail, being a longitudinal section of a portion ofthe target, showing the two positions of the pins.
The saine letters denote the same parts.
'lhe present invention is an improvement more especially in javelin-targets. The principal feature ot' the target in question is the constitution ot'pits front, this portion of the target being composed of a set of pins whlch are presented endwise, and capable of being moved separately endwise when struck by the javelin, and being in diameter sufficiently smallto enable the point of' striking to be determined with exactness.
A-represents the improved target. B B B represent the pins Vcomposing the target-front a. The pins are contained in a frame, G. Behind thel pins, and between the pins and the back D, is a space, E. The back has an elastic facing, d, to cushion the pins when driven by thej-.ivelin against the back. To provide access from the rear, and for the purpose of replacing the pins in their positions in the target, the back is made removable, being` hinged to the target-frame at d. The movement ofthe back is indicated by the broken lines in Fig. 3. When the back is closed it may be locked by means ofthe bar d2.
brace, H, is employed, and when it is desired to incline the target, as when underhanded throwing of thejavelin is being` practiced, the brace at its lower end is set farther back upon the base, as indicated by the broken lines in Fig. 2. As thejavelin encounters the target, the pin B or cluster of pins B B, which is immediately struck by the point of the javelin, yields and moves end wise toward the back ot' the target, as shown at B', Fig. G-that is, the inner end ot' the driven pin or pins projects into the space E and encounters the cushion, d, ofthe back D. The back, however, is sufficiently close to the front of the target to prevent the pins which are driven in by the javelin from being entirely separated from the surrounding pins B B, the intention being to drive the'pin or pins backward sufciently to form adepression in the target-front, which is readily discernible, and thereby enable the place ot' the striking ot' the javelin to be readily and accurately determined, and at the same time to leave the driven pin or pins so that it or they can be readily replaced and the target-front made even again, which is eii'ected by opening the back D and pressing the displaced pins vforward until their forward ends are iiush with the surrounding pins.
The face of thc target can be marked oftn to for-m the spaces I I in the usual manner, and the various pins, it' desired, can be specially numbered or otherwise designated.
The pins B B in practice are generally made of wood. As this material is liable to shrink, and as it is desirable to clamp the pins somewhat closely together, so that when one ot' the pins is struck the other pins shall not move, and so that the pins shall not be accidentally displaced, provision is made for contracting the frame G. By screwing up the bolts J J the bars o c of the trame can be drawn together, and the pins suitably confined laterally, and to enable the pins to be drawn together to better advantage they are arranged,
as shown in-Fig. 5, to break joints.
I claim- 1. A target the front of which is composed of removable-pins held in a frame and having a suitable back, substantially as described.
2. The combination ot' the pins B B B, the
contraetible frame U, and back D, for the purmovable back E, with the arms F F, the base pose described. G, and the brace H, said arms beingjointed to rc 3. A target, A, the front ol' which is comthe base, substantially as and for the purpose posed of movable pins B B B, and having the described. 5 removable back D located at a little distance therefrom, substantially as described. Witnesses:
4. The combination ofthe target proper, con- Y C. D. MOODY, sistiug ofeontractible frame C, pins B B, and v CHARLES PICKLES,