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Publication numberUS2718080 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 20, 1955
Filing dateApr 7, 1953
Priority dateApr 7, 1953
Publication numberUS 2718080 A, US 2718080A, US-A-2718080, US2718080 A, US2718080A
InventorsEaton Mearl S
Original AssigneeEaton Mearl S
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sign and standard therefor
US 2718080 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 20, 1955 M. s. EATON 2,718,080

SIGN AND STANDARD THEREFOR Filed April 'Y, 1953 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 I/ /II M54174 5. Ezra/v INVENTOR.

BYW

Sept. 20, 1955 M. s. EATON SIGN AND STANDARD THEREFOR 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed April 7, 1953 MEAPL 5. 470

INVENTOR.

A Tram Er United States Patent SEGN AND STANDARD THEREFOR Mearl S. Eaton, Yer-mo, Calif.

Application April 7, 1953, Serial No. 347,338

15 Claims. (Cl. 40-125) This invention relates to signs and standards for supporting the same and is particularly useful in presenting a sign to be displayed while resting on a sidewalk or highway for advertising or traffic warning purposes.

It is a particular object of the invention to provide a simple sign and standard in which the standard is readily convertible to support the sign either with the standard compactly folded together and presenting a supporting base for said sign covering a relatively small area, or with said standard expanded to support said sign on a base covering a relatively large area. n

It is another object of the invention to provide such a sign and standard which may be manufactured inexpensively from light steel rods and which, when accidentally struck by a motor vehicle, causes a minimum of damage to be suffered by said vehicle.

A further object of the invention is to provide such a sign and standard which, when the latter is supporting a sign from a base covering an extended area, will cause said sign to remain in the position in which it is placed on a sidewalk or highway in spite of this being subjected to winds of relatively high velocity.

Yet another object of the invention is to provide such a sign and standard in which said sign and standard may be locked in assembled relation when said standard is disposed to provide a base covering an extensive area so as to prevent the accidental disassembly of said sign and said standard. n

It is yet a further object of the invention to provide such a sign and standard which will also provide a mounting means for one or more danger signal flags in the form of sockets adapted to receive the sticks on which said flags are carried.

The manner of accomplishing the foregoing objects as well as further objects and advantages will be made manifest in the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings in which:

Fig. l is a perspective view of a preferred embodiment of the sign and standard of the invention in which said standard is shown as folded to provide a supporting base for said sign covering a relatively limited area.

Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the device shown in Fig. 1 with the standard thereof converted to provide a broad base for said sign.

Fig. 3 is a side elevational view taken in the direction of the arrow 3 in Fig. 2. n

Fig. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view taken on the line 44 of Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 is a similar view taken on the line 55 of Fi 3.

i-" ig. 6 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view taken on the line 6-6 of Fig. 5.

Fig. 7 is a horizontal fragmentary sectional view taken on the line 7-7 of Fig. 6.

Fig. 8 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view taken on the line 88 of Fig. 1.

is there illustrated as embodied in a sign and standard 2,718,080 Patented Sept. 20, 1955 "ice 10 which includes a sign 11 made of stiff sheet material and a standard 12 which is preferably formed of round steel rods about /2" in diameter cut and bent to form the various elements thereof and welded together as shown.

The standard 12 includes a pair of frames 13 and 14. These frames are very similar but because of specific differences will be described separately.

Frame 13 includes a pair of long arms 15, a pair of short arms 16, and an outer cross member 17 which unites the outer ends of the long arms 15, said arms and cross member being preferably formed by being bent from a single rod. The angle with which the short arms 16 are bent from inner ends of long arms 15 is preferably although this angle may vary a few degrees one way or the other from the optimum of 110.

Bent from the outer ends of the short arms 16 and concentric with an axis to be described later, are latch studs 18. Short pieces of rod have their opposite ends welded to the short arms 16 and long arms 15 to provide braces 19. Also formed of round steel rods, and with its opposite ends welded to arms 15 and 16 at their points of juncture, is a cross member 25.

Flagstick pockets 26 are provided on the frame 13 by welding opposite ends of tubing sections to the arms 16 and cross member 25 (Figs. 1, 3, 4, and 8). The cross member 25 forms a stop at the inner ends of pockets 26 for flag sticks inserted in these pockets.

At least one of the latch studs 18, and, if desired, both of these, is provided with a lock pin hole 27 which is adapted to receive a lock pin 28 having a cross head 29 which is secured to the end of a chain 30, the opposite end of which is fastened to an adjacent brace of the frame 14 (Fig. 2).

The frame 14 includes a pair of long arms 35, outer ends of which are connected by a cross member 36 and inner ends of which are formed integrally with short arms 37, the outer ends of which are provided with eyes 38 formed integrally therewith. In the manufacturingprocess, the cross member 36, the long arms 35, the short arms 37 and the eyes 38 are preferably formed by bending from a single piece of round stock of the same type of material forming the frame 13 above described.

The angle between the short arms 37 and long arms 35 is preferably the same as that between the short arms 16 and long arms 15 of frame 13.

Braces 39 are formed by sections of rod having their opposite ends welded to short arms 37 and long arms 35. At the rod bends joining short arms 37 and long arms 35, these arms are united by weld ng thereto the opposite ends of a cross member 40, formed of round rod and which, before being so assembled with the frame 14, has bearings 41 slipped over said member for use in pivotally assembling frames 13 and 14, The bearings 41 are then rigidly united with the cross member 25 as by welding (Figs. 6, 7, and 8).

The sign 11 is provided with holes 50 which are spaced apart horizontally a short distance upwardly from the lower edge of the sign and a short distance inwardly from the side edges thereof. The function of these holes is to receive the latch studs 18 when the standard 12 is assembled with the sign 11 as shown in Figs. 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6.

The two frames 13 and 14, when the pins 28 are removed from the pin holes 27 and in the latch studs 18, are free to be rotated about the pivotal axis, on which these two frames are connected, between two relative positions. In the preferred embodiment illustrated, this pivotal axis is the axis of rotation of the cylindrical rod 40 in the bearing 41. This is the axis about which the studs 18 are concentrically formed as above stated. The reason for this is to facilitate said studs penetrating the holes 60 in the sign 11 and the eyes 38 when the standard 12 is assembled with the sign 11 gripped between the cooperating pairs of short arms 16 and 37.

i The first of said two relative positions is illustrated in Figs. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7. In this position the long arms and are disposed downwardly in widely divergent relation while the short arms 16 and 37 are disposed vertically in parallel relation and spaced apart just far enough to clamp therebetween the sheet material of the sign 11. This is the position in which the standard 12 is assembled with the sign 11 to support the latter in relatively high winds. It is in this position that the standard 12 is adapted to be locked in assembled relation with the sign 11 by insertion of a pin 28 in each of the holes 27 provided in the latch studs 18.

The second position in which the standard 12 is adapted to be related to the sign 11 is illustrated in Figs. 1 and 8. In this position the frames 13 and 14 of the standard 12 are in'reversed relation to each other and the entire standard is inverted so that the short arms 16 and 37 are disposed downwardly and the long arms 15 and 35 are disposed upwardly. The axis of the pivotal connection between the two'frames is so selected that the long arms of the two frames with the latter in said second position, extend upwardly vertically and in parallel spaced relation so as to embrace opposite faces of the sign 11. This axis is also given an asymmetrical location relative to frames 13 and 14 to cause the bends joining the arms of frame 14 to be lowered to a level beneath that of the bends joining the arms of the frame 13, when said frames are shifted to their second position shown in Fig. 8. This causes the long arms of the two frames and the sign to be supported vertically in position two in spite of the fact that the tips of latch studs 18 and eyes 38 have such a substantial difference in depth with respect to the points of juncture between the respecive arms of frames 13 and 14, wih the latter in position two.

Another significant fact about the relation between frames 13 and 14 of the standard 12 is that these frames are always separated by a plane which lies close to and is parallel with the pivotal axis on which the two frames are connected so that the short and long arms of each frame always lie substantially entirely on the opposite side of said plane from the short and long arms of the other frame. The plane mentioned is substantially the plane of the sign and while the latch studs 18 extend through this plane, this is the only exception to the fact that otherwise the arms of each frame 13 and 14 are always entirely on the opposite side of said plane from the corresponding arms of the other frame.

It is also to be noted that the short arms 16 and 37 are united end-to-end respectively with long arms 15 and 35 and are related to said long arms by equal obtuse angles. The axis about which frames 13 and 14 are pivotally related lies close to the apices of said obtuse angles.

From the above description, it will be seen that this invention provides a sign and standard with many advantages. For instance, when the standard is unfolded in its first position as shown in Figs. 2 and 3, the standard forms a base for the sign covering a large area so that said standard offers a high degree of resistance to the sign being moved by winds blowing thereagainst. Security is thus afforded against the signs being moved while said sign is being employed in wind storms of high velocity. Where abnormal wind velocities are encountered, the standard 12 may be anchored in place wherever it is set up by placing heavy rocks on the cross members 17 and 36.

When high wind conditions are not met with, the sign and standard 10 may be set up as shown in Figs. 1 and 8 in which the standard frames are in the second of their relative positions to each other wherein the short arms of these frames unite to form a base supporting the sign 11 with the base occupying a restricted area. When the invention is thus set up, the long arms and outer cross members of the frames 13 and 14 merely .form frames for the warning or advertising matter which may be printed on the sign 11, and the sign standard 10 may be readily shifted from place to place by using the end cross members 17 and 36 as handles.

Another advantage of the invention is the rapidity and ease with which the sign and standard 10 may be converted from the fair weather arrangement of the standard 12, shown in Fig. 1, to the stormy weather arrangement of the standard shown in Fig. 2 (and vice versa). Thus the sign may be left as shown in Fig. 1 until the rate of wind velocity reaches a point where the sign is rocked, or blown over by the wind whereupon the standard may be quickly converted to the arrangement shown in Fig. 2, which offers a broad supporting base and assures that, thenceforth, the sign will not be displaced by the wind.

While only a single form of the invention has been disclosed herein, it is to be understood that many changes may be made in this without departing from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the appended claims.

The claims are:

1. In a sign and standard therefor, the combination of: a stiff sheet sign having a pair of holes formed therein a short distance upward from its lower edge and spaced short distances inward from its side edges; a pair of base frames each including a pair of long side arms, a pair of short side arms, integral with inner ends of said long side arms, an outer cross'member uniting outer ends of said long side arms, an inner cross member uniting the joined inner ends of said long and short arms; a pair of bearings rockably relating said base frames about a transverse axis parallel with said cross members and located to permit said frames to be optionally related in either of two positions, in the first of which said long arms are spread apart in wide downward angled relation and said'short arms extend vertically upward to grip said sign therebetween and hold the latter upright, the second of said positions being the reverse of the first with said short arms spread apart in wide downward angled relation and said long arms extending vertically upward to grip and hold said sign upright; and latch means on one pairof said short arms which extend through said sign holes when said frames are in said first position to hold said sign in assembled relation withsaid standard solong as said frames remaininsaid first position. 1

2. A combination as in claim 1 in which locking means is provided for preventing the accidental withdrawal of said latch means from said holes, thereby locking said sign in assembled relation with said standard and retaining saidv frames in said firstposition.

3. In a standard for a sign made of stiff sheet material the combination of: a pair of base frames, each including a cross member on opposite ends of which are fixed, in planes lying at right angles to said cross member, a pair of co-planar long arms having a pair of co-planar short arms united end-to-end with said long arms and relatedthereto by equal obtuse angles; and bearing means for pivotally uniting said frames on an axis close to the apices of said obtuse angles to permit said frames to be optionally related in either of two positions, in the first of which said long arms of the respective frames are spread apart in wide downward angled relation to form supporting legs, and said short arms extend vertically upward to hold said sign upright therebetween, the second of said positions being the reverse of the first, with said short arms spread apart in wide downward angled relation to form supporting legs and with said long arms extending vertically upward to hold said sign upright there between.

4. In a standard for a sign made of stiff sheet material the combination of: a pair of base frames, each including a cross member on opposite ends of which are fixed, in planes lying at right angles to said cross member, a pair of co-planar long arms having a pair of coplanar short arms united end-to-end with said long arms and related thereto by equal obtuse angles; bearing means for pivotally uniting said frames on an axis close to the apices of said obtuse angles to permit said frames to be optionally related in either of two positions, in the first of which said long arms of the respective frames are spread apart in wide downward angled relation to form supporting legs, and said short arms extend vertically upward to hold said sign upright therebetween, the sec ond of said positions being the reverse of the first, with said short arms spread apart in wide downward angled relation to form supporting legs and with said long arms extending vertically upward to hold said sign upright therebetween; means for latching said sign in assembled relation with said short arms; and means for locking said short arms together to prevent said frames rotating relative to each other out of said first position, thereby retaining said frames in said position.

5. In a standard for a sign made of stiff sheet material a combination of: a pair of base frames each including a cross member to opposite ends of which are fixed, at right angles thereto, a pair of co-planar long arms having a pair of co-planar short arms united end-to-end with said long arms and related thereto by equal obtuse angles; and bearing means for pivotally uniting said frames on an axis close to the apices of said obtuse angles, with the arms of each frame disposed substantially entirely at all times on the opposite side of a given plane from the arms of the other frame, said plane lying close to and beingparallel with said pivotal axis, said pivotal connection permitting said frames to be optionally related in either of two positions, in the first of which said long arms of the respective frames are spread apart in wide-downwardangled relation to form supporting legs and said short arms extend vertically upward to hold said sign upright therebetween, the second of said positions being the reverse of the first with said short arms spread apart in wide-downward-angled relation to form supporting legs and with said long arms extending vertically upward to hold said sign upright therebetween.

6. A combination as in claim 5 in which eyes are formed on the outer extremities of the short arms of one of said frames; and latch studs formed on the outer extremities of the short arms of the other frame, said studs extending through said eyes when said frames are swung into said first position, said axis being asymmetrically related to said frames to cause said long arms to be vertical with said frames in their second related position although the outer ends of said short arms are disposed at substantially different radial distances from said axis.

7. A combination as in claim 6 including a sign made of stifif sheet material and having a pair of holes which correspond in spaced relation and location in said sign to match with said eyes when said sign is properly placed between said short arms just before said frames are swung into said first position, whereby said latch studs penetrate said holes in said sign and then said eyes to latch said sign and standard in assembled relation.

8. A combination as in claim 7 in which at least one of said latch studs is provided with a locking pin hole; and a locking pin adapted to be inserted in each such hole for locking said sign and standard assembled together with the frames of said standard in said first position as aforesaid.

9. A combination as in claim 5 in which a tubular socket is provided on one of said frames which socket slopes upwardly and outwardly and is adapted to receive the stick of a signal flag to display said flag alongside a sign supported by said standard, with the frames of the latter in said first position.

10. A combination as in claim 5 in which said bearing means comprises a pair of bearings rigidly mounted on one of said cross members and in which the other of said cross members journals.

11. A combination as in claim 5 including a sign made of stiff sheet material and having a pair of holes formed in a lower portion of said sign which holes are in horizontally spaced relation when said sign is in upright position; and a pair of latch studs provided on one pair of said short arms, said studs being adapted to extend through said holes in said sign to latch said sign to said standard when the latter is set up with said sign gripped between said pairs of short arms.

12. A combination as in claim 5 including a sign made of stiff sheet material and having a pair of holes formed in a lower portion of said sign which holes are in horizontally spaced relation when said sign is in upright position; a pair of latch studs provided on one pair of said short arms, said studs being adapted to extend through said holes in said sign to latch said sign to said standard when the latter is set up with said sign gripped between said pairs of short arms; and means for locking said frames against relative rotation when said sign is thus latched in assembled relation with said standard and gripped between said pairs of short arms and with said studs extending through said holes.

13. In a standard for a sign made of stiff sheet material the combination of: a pair of base frames, each including a cross member on opposite ends of which are fixed, in planes lying at right angles to said cross member, a pair of co-planar long arms having a pair of co-planar short arms united end-to-end with said long arms and related thereto by equal obtuse angles; and bearing means for pivotally uniting said frames on an axis close to the apices of said obtuse angles to permit said frames to be optionally related in either of two positions, in the first of which said long arms of the respective frames are spread apart in wide downward angled relation to form supporting legs, and said short arms extend vertically upward to hold said sign upright therebetween, the second of said positions being the reverse of the first, with said short arms spread apart in wide downward angled relation to form supporting legs and with said long arms extending vertically upward.

14. A combination as in claim 13 including means for locking said frames against relative rotation when the latter are in one of said two relative positions.

15. A combination as in claim 13 in which locking means is provided for locking said frames against relative rotation with said frames related as in the first of said two positions with said short arms extending vertically upward to hold said sign upright therebetween.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 351,990 Mansure Nov. 2, 1886 1,656,150 Little Jan. 10, 1928 1,824,444 Mueller et a1. Sept. 22, 1931 2,236,888 Bishop Apr. 1, 1941

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US351990 *Nov 2, 1886 Half to benjamin p
US1656150 *Oct 4, 1926Jan 10, 1928Little Harold BSign-supporting frame
US1824444 *Jun 27, 1929Sep 22, 1931Wendel Co IncSign
US2236888 *Apr 6, 1940Apr 1, 1941Bishop Publishing CompanyTwo-way display standard
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2836914 *Feb 6, 1956Jun 3, 1958Nelson Miles WCollapsible sign structure for vehicles
US2863238 *Jan 16, 1956Dec 9, 1958Keech Dana ESign standard
US2864191 *Dec 18, 1956Dec 16, 1958Hagen Elmer JMulti-pull portable sign stand
US3056377 *Oct 30, 1961Oct 2, 1962Lynn H EwingCollapsible signal device
US3094802 *Mar 29, 1960Jun 25, 1963Perry Arthur JFoldable barricade and sign frame
US3352523 *Nov 26, 1965Nov 14, 1967Evans Prod CoDisplay stand
US4134643 *Jun 10, 1977Jan 16, 1979Lee Nelly WFoldable road reflector device
US4796369 *Jul 6, 1983Jan 10, 1989Rubbermaid Commercial Products Inc.Floor sign extension attachment
US5040321 *Jun 26, 1990Aug 20, 1991Sign-Up CorporationQuick set-up sign stand
US5507399 *May 2, 1994Apr 16, 1996Mr. Christmas, Inc.Erectable wire frame for wire sculptures and the like
Classifications
U.S. Classification40/610, 116/63.00P, 248/166, 116/63.00R, 211/50
International ClassificationG09F15/00, E01F9/011, E01F9/012
Cooperative ClassificationE01F9/012, G09F15/0062
European ClassificationE01F9/012, G09F15/00B8B