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Publication numberUS2720323 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 11, 1955
Filing dateNov 20, 1953
Priority dateNov 20, 1953
Publication numberUS 2720323 A, US 2720323A, US-A-2720323, US2720323 A, US2720323A
InventorsFrank A Hoiles
Original AssigneeFrank A Hoiles
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Jig for making brick packages
US 2720323 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 11, 1955 IUUUUUEUUE 55 eo IN VEN TOR.

FmmkA.H0I/Les Mae ATTORNEYS IUUIUUUUUE IUUUUUUU Oct. 11, 1955 Filed Nov. 20, 1953 JIG F. A. HOILES FOR MAKING BRICK PACKAGES 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. FrwnkAHoiLes AT TORJVE YS F. A HOILES JIG FOR MAKING BRICK PACKAGES Oct. 11, 1955 3 Sheets-Sheet Filed NOV. 20, 1955 UUUUUUUUUW UUUIUUUUUE IUUUUUUUU INVENTOR. FrwnkAHoiLes ATTORNEYS United States Patent JIG FOR MAKING BRICK PACKAGES Frank A. Hoiles, Alliance, Ohio Application November 20, 1953, Serial No. 393,407

7 Claims. (Cl. 214-105) The invention relates to the packaging of bricks for handling and transportation as a compact unit, and more particularly to a jig or form in which packages of brick may be quickly and easily assembled and bound with metal .bands or the like.

Many, manufacturers of brick, particularly face brick, have become interested in the packaging of bricks, and various types of packages, varying in size from two hundredto five hundred or more bricks, have been pro duced and are being used more or less extensively.

However, as far as I am aware, no suitable jig or form, in which such packages of bricks may be quickly and easily assembled, has thus far been produced, and it is therefore an object of the invention to provide a jig or form for such purpose.

Another object is to provide such a jig or form which will increase the eliiciency and decrease the cost of packaging bricks for handling and transportation as a single, compact unit.

A further object is to provide a jig or form in which a predetermined number of bricks may be assembled in a predetermined manner and tightly bound together into a package which may be handled and shipped without damage to the individual bricks therein and Without danger of collapsing of the package in transit.

A stillfurther object is to provide a. jig orfo rm of the character referred to having means for facilitating the placing of a cap or cover upon the. top of the package.

Another object is to provide such a jig which is located at a sufficient height above the ground or floor to permit workmen to. conveniently assemble a package of bricks therein. e

A further object is to provide a jig or formhaving a horizontal base upon which the bricks are supported as they are assembled into a package, and having vertical walls upon two adjacent sides forming guides against which the bricks are stacked as the package is assembled.

A still further object isto provide a jig of this character in which one of the vertical walls is hingedly mounted and the upper portion of the other vertical wall is in the form of a hingedgate, to facilitate the placing of a cap or cover upon the top of the package.

It is also an object of the invention to provide such a jig in which markings are provided upon one vertical wall to indicate thearrangeme nt of the bricks in the different layers making up a package.

Still another object is to provide a jig or form of the character referred to in which means is provided for quickly and easily placing metal bands around the package to tightly bind the same together.

The above objects together with others which will be apparent from the drawings and following description, or which may be later referred to, may be attained by constructing the improvedjig or form in the manner hereinafter described in detail and illustrated in the. accom panying drawings, in which: i

1 is a perspective view of a jig or form for packag- 2,720,323 Patented Oct. 11, 1955 ing bricks, constructed in accordance with the invention and showing the same in position for the building of a package of bricks therein;

Fig. 2 a front elevation of the jig in the position shown in Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 a rear elevation of the jig;

Fig. 4 an end elevation showing the fixed vertical end wall and the hinged gate at the top thereof;

Fig. 5 an enlarged, fragmentary section taken on the line 5-5, Fig. 4;

Fig. 6 an enlarged, fragmentary section taken on the line 6-6, Fig. 4;

Fig. 7 a perspective view of the jig with the hinged back wall and hinged gate, at the top of the end wall, in open position;

Fig. 8 a horizontal section through the hinged back wall, taken on the line 88, Fig. 7;

Fig. 9 a horizontal section through the end wall, taken on the line 9-9, Fig. 7; and,

Fig. 10 a perspective view of a typical package of bricks such as may be constructed in the improved jig.

In general terms, the invention comprises a jig or form comprising a horizontal base, a vertical end wall extending upwardly from one end of the base, and a vertical back wall hingedly attached to the adjacent edge of the end wall. At the top of the end wall, a gate is hingedly mounted, the combined height of the end wall and gate being equal to the height of the back wall.

Latch means are provided for normally holding the hinged back wall and hinged gate locked in position upon the base and end wall respectively. The base has transversely disposed angle members thereon for positioning spaced rows of runner bricks at the bottom of the package with grooves for receiving metal bands or straps for binding the brick package tightly together.

Referring now more particularly to the embodiment of the invention illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which similar numerals refer to similar parts throughout, the jig or form to which the invention pertains includes a horizontal base having a rectangular frame comprising the longitudinal frame members 15 and the transverse frame members 16, rigidly attached together by any suitable means, such as welding, in order to form a rigid frame.

This base frame is preferably supported at a suitable height above the floor or ground, so that workmen may conveniently place bricks therein for making a package.

For this purpose leg members may be provided beneath the base frame, at each end and preferably intermediate the ends thereof.

Each of these leg members may be in the form of a substantially U-shaped bar 17, welded or otherwise rigidly connected at its upper ends to the base frame and reinforced by a zig zag web bar 18, welded at opposite bends to the lower bar 19 of the U-shaped member and to the corresponding transverse frame member 16, thus forming trusses to support the load of a brick passage which may be assembled upon the base.

In order to provide means for properly positioning transversely disposed rows of runner bricks at the bottom of the brick package, near each end and at the center thereof, as indicated at 20 and 21 in Figs. 2 and 10, spaced transversely disposed angle members are mounted upon the top of the base frame.

These angle members comprise the members 22 located at opposite ends of the base frame and each preferably having an out-turned angular flange 23 at its upper edge and the intermediate angle member 24 extending transversely across the base frame intermediate the ends thereof.

The bottom flange 25 of the intermediate angle memher is of considerably greater width than the bottom the bricks in the end runners extend transversely of the package For the purpose of accommodating metal bands to be strapped around the package of bricks, after it is con-' structed upon the jig or form, centrally located grooves 27 and 28 are provided in the horizontal flanges and 26 of theangle members.

A vertical end wall 29 is rigidly connected to one end of the base, as by welding or otherwise attaching to the upright channel members 30 which are integrally attached to opposite corner portions of the base frame at this end thereof.

An out-turned angular flange 31 is formed upon the upper edge of the end wall 29 and may be welded or otherwise permanently secured to the upper ends of the upright channel members 30 so as to strengthen and reinforce the end wall 29.

The lower edge of the metal plate 29 forming the end wall may be welded to the out-turned flange 23 of the adjacent angular member 22 so as to further strengthen and reinforce the end wall and pr'ovide'a rigid structure.

A back wall 32 is hingedly connected at one vertical edge to the adjacent vertical edge of the end wall 29 as indicated generally at 33. This hinge may comprise the hinge knuckles 34, welded as at 35 to the edge of the back Wall 32, and the similar hinge knuckles 36, welded as at 37 to the adjacent vertical edge of the end wall 29 and adjacent channel member 30'. Hinge pins 38 are located through the hinge knuckles 34 and 36 in usual manner.

The back wall 32 is formed of a heavy sheet or plate of metal having the out-turned angular flanges 40 at its top, bottom and side edges, the ends of these flanges being preferably welded together at the corners of the hinged back wall as indicated at 41 so as to strengthen and reinforce this hinged back wall.

For the purpose of further reinforcing and strengthening the hinged back wall, a gusset plate 42 may be welded orotherwise secured to the upper outer corner thereof. An angle iron 43 is welded to the lower edge of the back wallrand adapted to contact the adjacent ends of the angular members 22 and 24 of the base, when the hinged back wall is in the closed position as best shown in Fig. 1.

For the purpose of normally holding the hinged back Wall locked, in the closed position, for assembling of a package of bricks in the form, any suitable latch means may be provided such as the bolt 44 which is slidably mounted within the tubular housing 45 attached to the lower portion of the adjacent end flange 40 of the back wall and adapted to be manipulated by a knob 46 or the like as in usual and well known practice.

A rearwardly disposed ear 47 is formed as an extension upon the horizontal flange 23 of the angular member 22 at this end of the base and provided with an aperture 48 adapted to receive the bolt 44, as in Fig. l, to hold the hinged back wall in closed position.

For the purpose of assisting the workmen in assembling bricks upon the jig or form to make a package, suitable markings may be provided upon the inner surface of the hinged back wall, as indicated at 50, indicating the positions in which the bricks are to be placed in the several layers forming the package.

The hinged back wall 32 is substantially the height of the package of bricks to be assembled therein, and the fixed end wall 29 terminates at a point some distance below the top of the back wall 32.

Upon the top of the end wall 29 is located a hinged gate 51, the combined heights of the end wall 29 and gate 51 being substantially equal to the height of the hinged back wall 32.

For the purpose of hingedly mounting the gate 51, hinge knuckles 52 and 53 may be welded or otherwise attached to the gate 51 and the back wall 32 respectively, a hinge pin 54 being located through said hinge knuckles.

Suitable latch means is provided for normally holding the gate 51 against movement, relative to the end wall 29. This latch means may be in the form of a bolt 55, slidably mounted in a vertical housing 56 attached to the swing edge portion of the gate and adapted to engage an opening 57 in the flange 31 at the top of the end wall 29. A suitable knob 58 may be provided for manipulating the bolt 55, in usual and well known manner. I

It should be understood that the particular jigor form shown in the drawings is designed for assembling a pack age of bricks such as shown in Fig. 10. If the package of brick is to be larger or smaller than that shown, the back wall and end wall of the jig or form should be correspondingly increased or decreased in height, otherwise the device would'b'e the same as shown in the drawings and above described. I p

In making up a package of bricks in the jig 'or form illustrated and described above, with the device in the position shown in Figs. 1 to 4, with the hinged back wall 32 latched in closed position and the hinged gate 51 also latched in closed position by means of the bolts 44 and respectively, strips of corrugated paper board or the like, as indicated at 60 and 61 respectively in Figs.

2 and 10, are first placed upon the horizontal bottom flanges 26 and 25 of the angle members 22 and 24 respectively.

Runner bricks 20 and 21 are then laid fiatwise upon the strips 60 and 61 respectively, the brick's'20 being laid end to end and the bricks 21 being laid side by side, as best shown in Fig. 2. It will be seen in this figure that the vertical flanges 22 and 24 respectively of the angle members are of a height substantially the thickness of a brick so that when the bricks are laid upon the strips 60 and 61 the tops of the bricks will be substantially flush with the top edge of the intermediate channelmember 24 and with the horizontal flanges 23 of the endmost channel members 22.

A rectangular sheet of corrugated paper board or the like, as indicated at 62, is then placed over the three rows of winter bricks 20 and 21, and the first layer of bricks, indicated generally'at 63, is then placed upon this sheet of corrugated board.

This first layer of bricks, as shown in the package in Fig. 10, comprises four parallel rows of ten bricks each set on edge and side by side. The lowermost row of markings 50 upon the back wall 32 of the jig or form indicates the position in which the bricks of this layer are to be positioned.

A layer of straw or other suitable packing material is then placed upon the top of the bottom layer 63 of bricks and the second layer indicated generally at 64 is placed thereon. This second layer of bricks comprises three parallel rows of bricks laid upon their edges side by side, and at right angles to the bricks in the bottom layer 63, and one row of ten bricks located at one end of the layer and at right angles to the first-mentioned three rows of bricks. I I I The next layer of bricks indicated generally at 65 isof similar construction excepting that theone row often bricks is located at the opposite end of the layer. Thefourth layer indicated generally at 66 may be the same as the second layer 64 and the two upper layers are both the same as the bottom layer 63. -It will be understood of course that straw or othersuitable packing material is placed between all layers.

.The markings 50 upon the back wall 32 show the location of the bricks in each layer and assist the workmen in quickly assembling the bricks in proper position in each layer of the package.

The back wall 32 and end wall 29 form guides against which: the bricks rnay .be -placedin assembling each layer of the package. When the package of bricks is thus built up to the height of the walls ofthe jig or form, a cap or cover 67 of corrugated paper board or the like is then placed upon the top of the package, preferably covering the top layer and a portion of the next layer of bricks in the package. I

In order to facilitate the placing of this cap or cover upon the top of the package, the bolt 44 is released and the hinged back wall 32 swung outward to the open position shown in Fig. 7, and the bolt 55 is also released and the hinged gate 51 swung outward to the open position shown in Fig. 7, so that the cap 67 may be easily placed upon the top of the brick package.

Metal bands 68 are then strapped around the package, one band extending beneath each of the runners 20 and 21 and entirely around the package in a vertical plane, being drawn tightly over the cap 67 at the top of the package and bound thereon by the conventional seals 69.

These bands 68 are located entirely around the package, being inserted through the grooves 27 and 28 in the channel members 24 and 22 respectively. By swinging the hinged back wall 32 to open position these bands are easily passed around the back and over the top of the package of bricks.

From the above it will be obvious that a simple, eflicient and easily operated jig or form is provided for easily and readily assembling a package of bricks thereon in predetermined arrangement and for capping or covering the package of bricks and tightly binding the same together by conventional metal bands and seals.

In the foregoing description, certain terms have been used for brevity, clearness and understanding, but no unnecessary limitations are to be implied therefrom beyond the requirements of the prior art, because words are used for descriptive purposes herein and are intended to be broadly construed.

Moreover, the embodiments of the improved construction illustrated and described herein are by way of example, and the scope of the present invention is not limited to the exact details of construction.

Having now described the invention or discovery, the construction, the operation, and use of preferred embodiments thereof, and the advantageous new and useful results obtained thereby; the new and useful constructions, and reasonable mechanical equivalents thereof obvious to those skilled in the art, are set forth in the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A jig for use in assembling a package of bricks, comprising a rectangular base frame, spaced parallel angle members located near opposite ends and intermediate the ends of the base frame and defining guides each open upwardly and at one side and adapted to have a row of bricks laid therein to form spaced parallel runners at the bottom of a package, an upwardly extending vertical wall fixed at one edge of the base frame and a vertical wall hinged to one edge of said fixed vertical wall and adapted to be positioned at an adjacent edge of the base frame, said hinged vertical wall being of greater height than said fixed vertical wall, and a gate hingedly mounted at the top of said fixed vertical wall.

2. A jig for use in assembling a package of bricks, comprising a rectangular base frame, spaced parallel angle members located near opposite ends and intermediate the ends of the base frame and defining guides each open up wardly and at one side and adapted to have a row of bricks laid therein to form spaced parallel runners at the bottom of a package, an upwardly extending vertical wall fixed at one edge of the base frame and a vertical wall hinged to one edge of said fixed vertical wall and adapted to be positioned at an adjacent edge of the base frame, said hinged vertical wall being of greater height than said fixed vertical wall, and a gate hingedly mounted at the top of said fixed vertical wall, and means for latching said gate in closed position.

3. A jig for" use in assembling a package of bricks,

comprising a rectangular base frame, spaced parallel angle members located near opposite ends and intermediate the ends of the base frame and defining guides each open upwardly and at one side and adapted to have a row of bricks laid therein to form spaced parallel runners at the bottom of a package, an upwardly extending vertical wall fixed at one edge of the base frame and a vertical wall hinged to one edge of said fixed vertical wall and adapted to be positioned at an adjacent edge of the base frame, means for latching said hinged vertical wall in closed position, said hinged vertical wall being of greater height than said fixed vertical wall, and a gate hingedly mounted upon the top of said fixed vertical wall.

4. A jig for use in assembling a package of bricks, comprising a rectangular base frame, spaced parallel angle members located near opposite ends and intermediate the ends of the base frame and defining guides each open upwardly and at one side and adapted to have a row of bricks laid therein to form spaced parallel runners at the bottom of a package, an upwardly extending vertical wall fixed at one edge of the base frame and a vertical wall hinged to one edge of said fixed vertical wall and adapted to be positioned at an adjacent edge of the base frame, means for latching said hinged vertical wall in closed position, said hinged vertical wall being of greater height than said fixed vertical wall, a gate hingedly mounted upon the top of said fixed vertical wall, and means for latching said gate in closed position.

5. A jig for use in assembling a package of bricks, comprising a rectangular base frame, spaced parallel angle members located near opposite ends and intermediate the ends of the base frame and defining guides each open upwardly and at one side and adapted to have a row of bricks laid therein to form spaced parallel runners at the bottom of the package, outwardly disposed horizontal flanges at the upper edges of said end angle members, an upwardly extending vertical end wall at one end of the base frame, upright channel members fixed to said one end of the base frame and to said vertical end wall, a vertical back wall hingedly connected to one vertical edge of said end wall and to one of said upright channel members, said back wall extending above the top of the end wall, and a gate hingedly connected to the upper portion of said back wall and normally located at the top of said end wall.

6. A jig for use in assembling a package of bricks, comprising a rectangular base frame, spaced parallel angle members located near opposite ends and intermediate the ends of the base frame and defining guides each open upwardly and at one side and adapted to have a row of bricks laid therein to form spaced parallel runners at the bottom of the package, outwardly disposed horizontal flanges at the upper edges of said end angle members, an upwardly extending vertical end wall at one end of the base frame, upright channel members fixed to said one end of the base frame and to said vertical end wall, a horizontal flange at the top of said end Wall and connected to the upper ends of said upright channel members, a vertical back wall hingedly connected to one vertical edge of said end wall and to one of said upright channel members, said back wall extending above the top of the end wall, and a gate hingedly connected at the top of said end wall, means for latching the swing ing end of the back wall to the horizontal flange upon the adjacent angle member, and means for latching the swinging end of the gate to the horizontal flange at the top of the end wall.

7. A jig for use in assembling a package of bricks, comprising a rectangular base frame, spaced parallel angle members located near opposite ends and intermediate the ends of the base frame and defining guides each open upwardly and at one side and adapted to have a row of bricks laid therein to form spaced parallel runners at the bottom of the package, outwardly disposed horizontal flanges at the upper edges of said end angle members, an npwardlyextending vertical end wall atone end of the base frame, upright channel members fixed to said one end ofthe base frame and to said vertical end wall, a vertical back wall hingedly connected to one vertical edge of said end wall and to one of said upright channel members, said back wall extending above the top of the end wall, outwardly disposed flanges at the top, bottom and side edges of the hinged back wall, means connecting said flanges together at their ends, and a gusset attached to the upper corner of the swinging end of the back wall for reinforcing and strengthening said back wall, and agate; hingedly connectedto the upper portion l','1l9,685" 6mm" Dec. 1', 1914 1,1-21 qss Penfield Dec. 22; 1914; 1,125,362 Macomb'er Jan. 19, 1915 10 2,596,071 Friesner May 6, 1952

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1119685 *Feb 23, 1912Dec 1, 1914Raymond C PenfieldTransfer-car for unit brick-stacks.
US1121658 *Oct 7, 1908Dec 22, 1914Raymond C PenfieldMethod and apparatus for handling bricks in bulk for drying and burning.
US1125362 *Mar 21, 1913Jan 19, 1915Alsteel Mfg CompanyBaling-press.
US2596071 *Aug 17, 1949May 6, 1952Albany Corrugated Container CoBrick pack
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2934222 *Oct 11, 1956Apr 26, 1960Asa B SegurHacking apparatus and method
US3054362 *Oct 24, 1956Sep 18, 1962American Truck Body CompanyMethod and container for shipping brick
US3242884 *Feb 1, 1965Mar 29, 1966Best Ronald FrederickPallet for stacking articles
US3280725 *Mar 19, 1965Oct 25, 1966Stanley WorksStrapping machine and system
US3439605 *Mar 16, 1966Apr 22, 1969Hanley Co ThePackaging jig
US3735713 *Mar 23, 1972May 29, 1973Pullman IncCargo transporting device
US3762344 *Apr 26, 1972Oct 2, 1973E ChezMetal pallet and leg construction therefor
US4220431 *Sep 14, 1977Sep 2, 1980Eagle Research And Development, Inc.Apparatus for in field unitizing of containers
US4283890 *Jan 24, 1979Aug 18, 1981Toyo Engineering CorporationTransportable bed for industrial equipment
US4879861 *Apr 20, 1988Nov 14, 1989Mcadams William JMethod for packaging firewood and the apparatus thereof
US5114508 *Jul 21, 1987May 19, 1992Tokuya MiyagiFilter element and its production
US5809907 *Oct 25, 1996Sep 22, 1998Timothy R. BumgarnerPallet assembly
US6148740 *Nov 4, 1999Nov 21, 2000Daimlerchrysler Aerospace AgLoad carrying lightweight pallet for spacecraft
US6598541 *Jul 20, 2001Jul 29, 2003Upm - Kymmene OyjPallet with stiffening elements