US 2720966 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Oct. 18, 1955 H. E. DAVIS STICK OF MATERIAL AND HOLDER THEREFOR Filed Aug. 2, 1951 United States Patent 2,729,966 STICK oF MATERIAL AND HOLDER THEREFGR Hazel E. Davis, Long Beach, Calif. Application August 2, 1%51, Serial No. 248,061: 3 Claims. (Cl. 206-56) This invention is concerned with a stick of material and a holder therefor, it being a general object of the invention to provide a practical improved stick of material such as a medicated body or one suitable for use as a lipstick, or the like, and a simple practical improved holder for such stick by which it can be handled or operated, making a portion or end thereof available for use until such time as the entire stick has been consumed.
The stick form or construction provided by the invention, and the holder therefor, can, in practice be employed to handle or carry sticks of material of various kinds or intended for various purposes. The invention is particularly useful and practical for the handling of material in the form of a lipstick, and, therefore, it is here referred to in that connection, or as being that type or form, and the particular form of holder illustrated is suitable for that class of use.
Material in stick form employed as and termed lipstick is commonly handled in a mechanism or applicator including a cup that holds the stick of material by embracing a substantial portion thereof at what may be termed the base end of the stick. Such applicators or devices are operable to shift the lipstick within a tubular body so that an end of the stick projects the body to be accessible for use, and in the ordinary construction the material is accessible or available for convenient use only while there is material beyond the base portion where it is carried in the cup. As a result of this circumstance, a substantial portion of each lipstick is generally discarded with consequent loss, or, if an attempt is made to use it, considerable difiiculty and inconvenience is experienced.
It is a general object of this invention to provide a lipstick with a jacket at the base portion thereof serving to connect the stick to a carrier and removable by degrees as it is desired to make parts of the stick available for use.
Another object of the invention is to provide a combined lipstick with a jacket of the character referred to, and a mechanism including a carrier that receives the stick and which is operable in a body so that the stick can be readily moved between a position entirely within the body and a position where an end of the stick is available at the exterior of the body, which operating condition continues until the entire stick of material is consumed or made available for use.
It is another object of this invention to provide a structure of the general character referred to which involves few simple inexpensive parts that establish a mechanism that is commercially practical and which is convenient to use.
The structure incorporating the invention embodies a stick of material, say for example, a lipstick and a jacket on the stick surrounding at least the base portion thereof. In accordance with the invention the jacket has a collar portion that surrounds the stick and it has an extension of the collar portion in the form of a skirt that projects from the base end of the stick. The jacket is preferably formed of sheet material such as paper, or the like,
2,720,966 Patented Oct. 18, 1955 wrapped around the stick and it is preferably weakened or scored at suitable points lengthwise of the assembled stick and jacket so that aportion of the jacket or of the collar portion thereof can be readily removed or torn away as desired. The mechanism provided for handling the jacketed stick of material preferably involves a carrier for the stick, a body slidably supporting the carrier, an actuator for the carrier and it may include operating means that operates the actuator. In the preferred form the carrier has a base portion slidable in the body and has a neck of reduced diameter that receives and frictionally holds the skirt of the jacket provided on the stick. The body is tubular in form, preferably open at its outer end and preferably closed at its inner end. The base of the carrier is slidably fitted in the body. The actuator may involve a simple projection ;or lug on the carrier accessible at the exterior of the body as by being engaged through a guide slot in the body. When an operating means is employed, it may involve a cam element surrounding the body to rotate relative thereto, and having a cam way defined by cam surfaces that cooperate with the actuator so that as the cam element is rotated the carrier is shifted lengthwise of the body. In the case illustrated, the operating means includes a sleeve that surrounds and is tight on the cam element and the combined cam element and sleeve are retained on the body against displacement therefrom and for free rotation relative thereto.
The various objects and features of my invention will be fully understood from the following detailed description of a typical preferred form and application of the invention, throughout which description reference is made to the accompanying drawings, in which:
Fig. 1 is a side elevation of a structure embodying the present invention showing it covered by a suitable closure or cap. Fig. 2 is an enlarged longitudinal detailed sectional view of the structure with the cap removed and showing the stick operated to a position where an end portion thereof is available for use. Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 2 showing the carrier operated to a position where it is substantially flush with the end of the body and showing the base portion of the stick that engages the carrier being made available for use by removal of the portion of the jacket collar that adjoins the skirt of the jacket. Fig. 4 is a plan section taken as indicated by line 44 on Fig. 2. Fig. 5 is a side elevation of the stick as it may be provided with a jacket, a portion of the structure being shown in section to illustrate the stick within the jacket. Fig. 6 is an enlarged plan section taken as indicated by line 66 on Fig. '5, and Fig. 7 is an enlarged section taken as indicated by line 7-7 on Fig. 6.
The structure provided by the present invention involves, generally, the lipstick S which includes the material 10 and a jacket 11. The stick is handled by a carrier B supported in a body C and the carrier is adapted to be operated longitudinally in the body through an actuator D and the structure may include an operating means E for the actuator.
The material It), for instance, the body of material forming the lipstick, is of suitable form and size, for instance, it is preferably round in cross-section and of substantial length and as initially provided it has a base end portion 12 and a usable end portion 13.
The jacket 11 as provided by the present invention has a collar portion 15 that surrounds the body of material 10. in accordance with the invention, the collar portion of the jacket 11 surrounds at least the base portion of the body of material 16 and it may as I have shown in Fig. 5 of the drawings be of substantial length, in fact, it may be substantially coextensive with the body 10 of material so as to initially completely surround it from .one end to the other. In such case the jacket forms an initial container or closure for the body of material 10 and serves to protect it and make it convenient to handle until such time as it is desired for use. i
In accordance with the invention, one or more lines 16 of weakening as, for instance, scoring, perforations, or the like, are provided on or around the collar portion 15 of the jacket 11. Ordinarily, a plurality of such lines 16 f weakening occur and they are spaced apart lengthwise of the stick of material as shown in the drawings. Furthermore, in the preferred formation of the jacket, it is formed of a sheet of material such as paper, a suitable plastic, or the like, with overlapped portions bonded, say, for example, by a suitable adhesive so that tab portions or tab ends 17 at the exterior of the collar between lines of weakening 16 can be engaged and then pulled with consequent tearing of a limited portion of the collar from the material 10.
Through the operation just described the collar portion of the jacket can be removed by degrees, that is, in
steps or bands one at a time as circumstances require, making an end portion 13 of the material 10 available for use as desired. It is to be understood, however, that the invention contemplates a collar of limited extent, that is, a collar limited to the base end portion 12 of the material 10 so that the collar removing or tearing operation or operations need only be employed when it is de' sired to make the base portion of the material available for use.
It is to be noted that in the case of a stick of material 10 with a jacket 11 having a collar portion 15 extending the entire length of the material or practically the entire length thereof, the stick of material is, in effect, reinforced and held in shape making possible use of a material that might otherwise be too soft for use as a lipstick, and maintaining the usual or conventional type'of lipstick in the desired tubular form during periods or seasons when temperature conditions are such that ordinary lipsticks are softened and subject to being distorted or to becoming disagreeable to handle or use.
The jacket 11 provided by the invention includes, in addition to the collar portion 15, a skirt portion 18 which may be a simple extension or continuation of the collar portion 15 surrounding the base portion 12 of the material 10. The skirt 18 projects from the end 19 of the base portion 12 so that a portion of the jacket occurs beyond the base end of the material 10. In a typical construction, the skirt 18 is free of lines of weakening, although, if desired, a line of weakening 16 may occur where the collar portion 15 joins the skirt portion 18.
The carrier B provided in the structure of the present.
invention may be of simple form, for instance, it may include a head 2% adapted to engage and support the end 19 of the material 10, and it preferably includes a neck portion 21 adjoining or projecting from the head 20 and such as to receive the skirt 18 of the jacket 11. In the preferred construction, a base portion 22 of the carrier B adjoins and projects from the neck 21. The base portion 22 is of such size or diameter as to slidably fit in the body C and it is of such length as to have suitable guided bearing engagement with the body. The neck portion 21 of the carrier B is preferably smaller in diameter than the base portion 22 so that it will fit into the skirt portion 18 of the jacket, the outside diameter of which will fit into the body C.
In practice the parts can be arranged and related so that the jacket 11 is of uniform outside diameter from one end to the other and fits in the body C with suitable'clearance so that the stick S can be operated freely lengthwise of the body. In accordance with the invention, it is preferred that the neck portion 21 of the carrier. be such as to fit snugly or tightly into the skirt portion 18 of the jacket so that a suitable frictional connection is established and serves to maintain the jacket and carrier connected with the body of material 10 on the head 20 projecting there- A. from axially of the structure as shown in the drawings. In the preferred construction, the carrier B is formed of a single body or sheet of material, for instance, it may be a simple sheet metal part.
The body C is. preferably a simple elongate tubular element open at itsouter end and it may be provided at its inner end with a head 25. The head 25 is shown as an enlargement on the inner end of the body C including an annular part 26, a disc portion 27 and a cylindrical handle 23 extending between the portions 26 and 27.
The actuator D as provided by the invention is in the form of a projection or lug on the carrier, preferably, a lug projecting radially from the carrier at the exterior thereof. The body C is provided with an elongate slot or guideway 30 which passes the actuator D making it accessible or available at the exterior of the body. The guideway 30 extends longitudinally of the body and isof such extent as to allow the actuator to operate therein so that the carrier B is movable between a retracted position at the inner end portion of the body to a fully operated position where the head 20 of the carrier is at or substantially flush with the outer end of the body.
.When an operating means is employed making it unnecessary to manually engage and operate the actuator D, such means may include a cam element 40 on the body having a cam-way 41 defined by spaced opposed cam faces way 41, so that when the cam element is rotated on the body C the actuator is shifted lengthwise of the body to correspondingly move the carrier B within the-body. In
the construction illustrated, the operating means E further includes a sleeve 56 surrounding the cam element 40. The cam element is tight in the sleeve and these two parts form a unit rotatable on the body C and'held against axial movement relative to the body by the head 25 and a retaining lip provided at the outer end of the body. In the preferred construction, a closure or cap 60 is provided to be engaged over the structure hereinabove described when it is not in use. a
From the foregoing description it will be apparent how a lipstick S, as provided by the present invention, involving a material 10 and a jacket 11 can be readily applied to a carrier B by simply applying the stick to the mecha nism so that the neck 21 of the carrier enters the skirt of the jacket until the parts are engaged as shown in Figs. 2 and 3 of the drawings. If the lipstick S is one having an extended or extensive collar portion 15, apart of the collar may have to be removed to make the end portion 13 of the material 10 available for use when the carrier has been operated so that that end is beyond the end of body C as shown in Fig. 2. If the collar of the jacket is one of limited extent, a substantial portion of the material lil'cah be used before it is necessary toremove any part of the jacket. v
When the material 10 has been used until only the base portion 12 remains, this portion can be made available andlcan be exposed for use by removing the portion of the collar 15 which adjoins the skll'i'l as indicated in Fig. 3 of the'drawings. When the last of the collar has been removed, the base of the material is exposed and it then is possible to conveniently use up all of the material, employing usual practice or operations and without resorting to diggingor picking operations such as are necessary when' the material is confined in a conventional cup, or the like.
Structure employed in carrying out the present inven or restricted to the specific details herein set forth, but wish to reserve to myself any variations or modifications that may appear to those skilled in the art and fall within the scope of the following claims.
Having described my invention, I claim:
1. In combination, a body of material in stick form, and round in cross section and uniform in diameter from one end to the other, a paper jacket on the material, the jacket being a straight cylindrical member uniform in diameter from one end to the other and having a detachable collar portion surrounding and adapted to be removed from the material and a straight skirt portion with an uninterrupted cylindrical interior and projecting from the material at one end thereof, a round tubular body slidably receiving the jacket, a carrier in the tubular body releasably engaged with the combined body of material and jacket thereon, and having a round elongate base slidably engaging the tubular body and an uninterrupted neck smaller in diameter than the base and slidably receiving and frictionally holding the skirt and a head on and closing the outer end of the neck, and an actuator whereby the carrier can be operated lengthwise of the tubular body between a retracted position where the carrier and the stick engaged therewith are within the body and a position where the stick is out of the body beyond the outer end thereof and the head of the carrier is substantially flush with said outer end of the body.
2. In combination, a body of material in stick form and round in cross-section and uniform in diameter from one end to the other, a jacket on the material, the jacket being of straight cylindrical form with a collar portion covering a substantial portion of the material and having lines of weakening at longitudinally spaced points dividing it into sections adapted to be removed from the material one at a time, the jacket having a straight uninterrupted cylindrical skirt portion projecting from one end of the material, a tubular body slidably receiving the jacket, a carrier in the tubular body releasably engaged with the combined body of material and jacket thereon, and having a round elongate base slidably engaged in the tubular body and a round uninterrupted neck projecting from one end of the base and smaller in diameter than the base and of the same diameter as the body of material and slidably receiving and holding the skirt, and a rotatable cam actuator whereby the carrier can be operated lengthwise of the tubular body between a retracted position where the carrier and the stick engaged therewith are within the body and a position where the stick is out of the body beyond the outer end thereof and the neck of the carrier is substantially flush with said outer end of the body.
3. In combination, a body of material in the form of a stick of substantial length and round in cross-section, a jacket on the material, the jacket being cylindrical in form and uniform in diameter from one end to the other and having a detachable collar portion terminating adjacent one end of the stick of material leaving a part only of that end portion of the stick exposed and being adapted to be removed from the material as the material is used, the jacket having a straight uninterrupted cylindrical skirt portion projecting from the stick of material at the other end thereof, a tubular body slidably receiving the jacket, a carrier in the tubular body and having a base slidably engaging the tubular body, a neck slidably receiving and frictionally holding the skirt and a head on the neck closing it at its terminal end and supporting the body of material, a cylindrical cam actuator whereby the carrier can be operated lengthwise of the tubular body between a retracted position where the carrier and the stick engaged therewith are within the body and a position where the stick is out of the body beyond the outer end thereof and the head of the carrier is substantially flush with said outer end of the body, and operating means for the actuator including a manually engageable element rotatable relative to the body and engaging the actuator.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 997,676 Irwin July 11, 1911 1,177,252 Kling Mar. 28, 1916 1,640,386 Wayne Aug. 30, 1927 1,646,357 Noble Oct. 18, 1927 2,465,597 Marsh Mar. 29, 1949 2,492,492 McCreary Dec. 27, 1949 FOREIGN PATENTS 544,419 Germany Feb. 18, 1932 161,584 Switzerland July 17, 1933 897,714 France June 5, 1944 947,041 France Jan. 3, 1949