US 2724157 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nov. 22, 1955 w. l. PARKS, sR
VAPORIZER Filed May 24, 1952 United `States Patent VAPRIZER Waldo I. Parks, Sr., Dayton, hio
Application May 24, 1952, Serial No. 289,789
Claims. (Cl. 21--119) This invention relates to improvements in vaporizers, and has for its object to produce a vaporizer that will convert a medication into a vapor and distribute the vapor in a uniform and constant consistencyv for a long period of time.
It is also an object of this invention to provide a vaporizer that will vaporize a medication and mix it with steam and discharge lthe mixture in such way that it will be uniformly distributed for a long period of time.
It is also an object of this invention to provide a vaporizer in which there is a source of water, a source of medication which discharges the medication into a receptacle, facilities for conducting the water over a heating instrumentality whereby the Water is vaporized and the vapor is conducted over the medication for distribution.
It is also an object of this invention to provide a medication, vaporizer and attachment which is so constructed that the medication is heated to lessen its viscosity and vaporized and conducted into a current of steam whereby the vapor of the medication is discharged or dispersed into the air of a room with the steam.
It is also an object of this invention to provide a medication which is to be vaporized and discharged into a room, said medication being composed of a plurality of ingredients mixed and thoroughly integrated.
These and other objects and advantages will appear from the following description taken in connection with the drawings in which:
Figure 1 is a longitudinal vertical section of the vaporizer herein described, with the bottle cap broken away to show outlet.
Figure 2 is a top plan view of the mixing and vaporizing part of the apparatus.
Figure 3 is a side elevation of a clip used for holding a bottle of medication to be vaporized.
There is provided a support for the vaporizer in the form of a base 1 made of some suitable plastic material, which has in one end thereof a basin 2, which cooperates with the water jar 4 for supplying water to the vaporizer to be converted into steam. The mouth 3 of the water jaw 4 extends into the basin 2. The numeral 5 is used to designate a bell shaped member which has near its top an annular trough 6 which has an outside wall 7 adjacent the inside surface of a cup forming an outside shell of the vaporizer. Between the basin and the vaporizer there is a passageway 9 having a gate 8, which serves to impede the backflow of hot water into the Water basin from the vaporizing chamber 11. The cup-like member 10 has thereon an extension 12 which forms part of the periphery of the basin 2. The cup shaped member 10 has a bottom 13 with holes 14 therein for the passage of steam from the vaporizing chamber up through and around the member 5, which is supported by the cup shaped member slightly above the bottom 13. The upper edge of the bel] shaped member is integral with the upper edge of an evaporation well 15 where the medication is vaporized. Around the belt shaped member slightly above the central part thereof the annular trough 6 is adapted to catch the overow from the vaporizer. The evaporation well or bulb 15 is supported on the cup shaped member 10 by means of projections 16 provided thereon for resting in a groove 17 formed in the interior of the cup shaped member 10. The outside wall of the trough 6 is located close to the inside of the cup shaped member 10 so that there is only a small passage 6a through which the steam can pass at this point. equal distances around it has its outside wall pressed in at several points to provide passageways 18 through which steam may more readily pass.
Supported on top of the bell shaped member is a circular clip 19 integral with the top of the bell shaped member to support a bottle 20. The clip is provided with a plurality of passageways 21 through which the vaporized medication may pass and contact the steam being formed in the lower part of the cup shaped member 10.
For holdingl the bottle 20 the upper part of the clip 19 is provided with a plurality of prongs 22. The bottle 20 has a cap 20a in which there is an outlet hole 2Gb for the medication. In the bottom of the cap is a washer 20c which serves to regulate the application of heat to the medication in the bottle.
In the top of the bell shaped member there is a plurality of small openings 23 through which steam may pass gradually, but not with sufficient speed to prevent it lingering around the bulb 15 to thoroughly heat the bulb. The top part of the cup shaped member adjacent the openings 21 has a plurality of projections 24 which tends to divert or direct the rising steam in the direction of the bottle containing the medication to initially heat the medication.
For the purpose of heating and boiling the water and producing steam there is provided in the vaporizing chamber in the bottom of the cup shaped member 10 a heating element 25.
They medication is produced in three steps or three groups of ingredients. In the first step 3.0`gm. of menthol, 3.0 gm. of camphor, and 1.2 gm. of thymol are placed in a mortar where they are macerated by a pestle until they are all thoroughly mixed and have assumed the form of a liquid. To this liquid there is added 1.2 cc. of eucalypteol and 0.9 cc. of the oil of pine needles. While these two ingredients are mixed the mass is thoroughly stirred until there has been formed a constant and uniform mass. This mixture forms the rst step in the process of forming the medication.
In the second step there is placed in a 60.0 cc. bottle 30.0 cc. of a compound tincture of benzoin U. S. P., 10.0 cc. of polyethylene glycol 400, and 3.75 cc. of polyoxyethylene sorbitan monopalmitate. These parts are thoroughly mixed and then added to the composition formed by the rst group. Constant stirring to secure a thoroughly mixed mixture is necessary. After this mixture `has taken place and the ingredients are thoroughly mixed and stirred enough water is added to bring the full amount of the mixture to 60.0 cc.
Place a cap iirrnly on the bottle and agitate the mixture. This forms the complete finished product.
This product for the purpose of forming the medication and the distributing of the medication is placed in the bottle 20 having a cap with a small opening in the center thereof and placed upon the vaporizer in an invert position.
After the parts have been assembled as shown in Figure l the apparatus is ready for use. At this time a jar of water is placed upon the end of the apparatus opposite the vaporizer.
This water extends from the jar through the base of the apparatus to the steam chamber where the water is vapor- The trough at ized and the operating process begins. There is suicient of the ingredients to ll a bottle that will last approximately 7 or 8 hours and may continue all night.
After the medication has disappeared from the bottle a residue adhering to the sides of the well is washed out by means of hot water. For this purpose the bottle is removed from the clips and the water poured into the well. By this means the dispersion of the medication is continued for another hour or two. The medication is dispersed through about 8 to 10 hours under normal conditions which makes it unnecessary to replace the bottle during the course of an operation. No measuring is necessary and the vapor that is expelled is mild, aromatic and pleasant. The nature of the whole apparatus and particularly the structure that supports the bottle is such that it cannot be upset and the contens spilled.
What I claim is:
1. In a vaporizer, a ring-shaped member having openings therein for the passage of vapor, tines extending up from said member, a bottle for containing a medication and having a perforated cap, said bottle and cap being inverted and supported by the tines, a container to receive the medication from the bottle and a source of steam supplying steam to and around the container to vaporize the medication whereby the vapor will pass around the bottle and out at the openings.
2. In a vaporizer, a ring-shaped member having openings therein for the passage of vapor, tines on said member, a bottle containing a medication and having a small opening therein supported by the tines, a container supported by said member to receive a medication from the bottle through the openings therein, means to heat the container to vaporize the medication whereby it will pass up through the openings and means to inject steam into the medication as it passes out through the openings.
3. ln a vaporizer, an annular shell having inlets for steam, a bell shaped member supported by and in the shell, a vaporizing well supported by and in the bell shaped member, an annular clip supported by and on top of the shell and the bell shaped member, said clip having therein outlets for vapor and upwardly extending prongs, a medication container adapted to be supported by the prongs, said container having an opening leading to the well, a cap over the opening, said cap having a hole for passage of the medication and means for supplying steam to the shell through the inlets.
4. In a vaporizer, a shell having inlets for steam, a bell shaped member supported by and in the shell, a Vaporizing well in the bell shaped member, an annular clip, a container for medication to be evaporated supported by the clip the tops of the bell shaped member and the well and the bottom of the clip being formed together, said bell shaped member having adjacent its top a plurality of small steam outlets from the space around the well to the space between the bell shaped member and the shell whereby steam may pass up slowly around the well.
5. In a vaporizer, a shell having a bottom with steam inlets therein, a bell shaped member supported by and in the shell above the bottom, a vaporizing well in the bell shaped member, an annular clip, the tops of the bellshaped member and the well and the bottom of the clip formed together, said bell shaped member having adja cent its top a plurality of small steam outlets from the space around the well to the space between the bell shaped member and the shell, and means to supply steam from the steam outlets whereby the steam will pass up around the bell shaped member, between the bell shaped member and the well through the steam outlets, and means on the clip to support a medication container for supplying medication to the well.
References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 728,220 Fournier May 19, 1903 728,221 Fournier May 19, 1903 1,723,459 Panalle Aug. 6, 1929 2,001,046 Welch May 14, 1935 2,523,372 Jennings et al Sept. 26, 1950 2,535,516 Resek Dec. 26, 1950 2,576,110 Fisher Nov. 27, 1951 FOREIGN PATENTS 4,914 Great Britain Feb. 27, 1912 340,398 France May 11, 1904