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Publication numberUS2724334 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 22, 1955
Filing dateDec 12, 1949
Priority dateDec 12, 1949
Publication numberUS 2724334 A, US 2724334A, US-A-2724334, US2724334 A, US2724334A
InventorsIrving Herman, Norton William C
Original AssigneeIrving Herman, Norton William C
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
High velocity armor piercing shot
US 2724334 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

w. c. NORTON ET AL 2,724,334

HIGH VELOCITY ARMOR PIERCING SHOT Nov. 22, 1955 Filed Dec. 12, 1949 Willinm B. NED-1:011

Irving Harm-11111 HIGH VELOCITY R PERCING 51-101 William C. Norton, Huntington, W. Va, and Irving Herman, Arlington, Va., assignors to the United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army The invention described in the specification and claims may be used by or for the Government for governmental purposes Without the payment of any royalty thereon.

This invention relates primarily to high velocity armor piercing shot.

The principal object of this invention is to treat those components of high velocity armor piercing shot which make it possible to obtain the highest ratio of armor piercing core weight to total weight of the shot so as to minimize the degradation thereof through corrosion in storage and melting and erosion in firing.

The specific nature of the invention as well as other objects and advantages thereof will clearly appear from a description of the embodiment shown in the accompanying drawing in which:

The single longitudinal sectional view of a typical high velocity armor piercing shot shows the manner in which this invention is utilized to safeguard certain of the components against corrosion and melting or erosion in firing.

Referring now to the drawing by characters of reference there is shown atypical high velocity armor piercing shot comprised of an armor piercing core lll of tungsten-carbide or similar material seated in the retaining well 1.1 of a body member 12 formed of aluminum or some material of like character and retained in the seated position, as shown, by a core retaining ring or caps 13 formed of magnesium or equivalent material. The body member 12 is appropriately grooved adjacent the base for the applicationof a rotating band .14 of gilding metal and an aluminum or similar alloy windshield 15 may be affixed in any convenient manner to the body 1201' core retaining ring 13 as indicated.

By selecting the combinations of materials noted for the several components the highest practical ratio of weight of core to total weight of the shot is attainable with the geometrical form and composition of core desired, howv ever, the core carrier parts, especially the body 12, when V gases generated by the burning propellant powder in firing,

thereby reducing or destroying the inherent stability with which the shot is designed and consequentially permitting blow-by of gases in the gun tube resulting in deleterious effects upon the tube. Also aluminum, magnesium and like materials are subject to corrosion in storage.

To retain the advantages of weight ratio of core to total weight of projectile made possible by using materials such as aluminum and magnesium as above pointed out, and at the same time eliminate the disadvantages mentioned we have found it possible to proof aluminum, magnesium and the like against the erosive action of propellant gases and corrosion by spraying the same with a suitable metallic coating of steel, stainless steel, iron, silicon-aluminum, bronze or any other substance which will provide a surface having the desired properties of hardness, corrosion resistance, resistance to heat and abrasion, continuity and rates Patent ?atented Nov. 22, 1955 adaptability to application or bonding to a base metal in a homogeneous and uniform layer or coating.

The surfaces to besprayed may be prepared in any appropriate manner as by knurling and a metallic coating 16 applied to all surfaces which may be affected by the erosive action of the propellant gases or exposed to a corrosive atmosphere or other influence in storage. As shown in the drawing, the exterior surfaces of body member 12 exclusive of those portions underlying the rotating band 14 are sprayed with a steel coating some .020 or so inch in thickness. The windshield 15 is also shown as being provided with an exterior steel coating deposited thereon by spraying for protective purposes. In other situations it might be desirable to spray the portion of body member 12 underlying the rotating band 14 with a coating so as to completely enclose the member in a metal sheath. Other combinations of the application of the deposited coating are apparent; for example, the core retaining ring 13 might in some cases be sprayed with a coating and the coating omitted from windshield 15, or parts of the light metals of the carrier elements contacting the core 10 or other metals of a dissimilar nature capable of causing deterioration through electrolytic decomposition may be coated to obviate direct contact of the dissimilar metals.

Another advantage of this invention exists in the fact that the bourrelet 17 may be integrally built up of desired form and dimension from the spraying material used to form the coating 16.

As an added precaution against deterioration in storage, the coating may be impregnated with wax or a substitute of some similar character or the carrier members 12, 13, 15 may be wax impregnated prior to application of the coating 16.

We claim:

An article of manufacture comprising, a hollow cylindrical body member having a closed thickened rear end and an open internally threaded forward end, said closed end having a coaxial internally bored core well, an armor piercing core having its rearward end fitting the well in said body member and projecting forwardly past said open end, a retaining cap having coaxial rearward and forward threaded portions of greater and lesser diameters respectively, and a rearwardly opening bore, said rearward threaded portion engaging the internal threaded forward end of said body member to fit about and enclose the forward end of said core and confine the same in said body member, a hollow ogival windshield internally threaded at its rear end and engaging the forward threaded portion of said cap to form a circumferential seal with the forward edge of said body member, said body member and windshield conjointly defining a smooth surfaced housing, a protective coating extending over said housing integral therewith and including a composite thickened bourrelet extending circumferentially about said body member at its junction with said windshield, said member, cap, and windshield being composed of metal selected from the group consisting of aluminum and magnesium.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 622,773 Lisle Apr. 11, 1899 1,502,925 Stone July 29, 1924 1,892,759 Woodford Jan. 3, 1933 2,283,224 Nichols May 19, 1942 FOREIGN PATENTS 19,318 Great Britain 1914 826,922 France Tan. 18, 1938 542,630 Great Britain Jan. 20, 1942 573,914 Great Britain Dec. 12, 1945

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3028808 *Jan 9, 1958Apr 10, 1962Porter Samuel JArmor piercing incendiary projectile
US3096715 *Dec 28, 1959Jul 9, 1963Brevets Aero MecaniquesArmor-piercing projectiles
US3213792 *Nov 5, 1963Oct 26, 1965Bofors AbArmor-piercing projectile with hard core
US3277825 *Nov 4, 1964Oct 11, 1966Brevets Aero MecaniquesSelf-propelled armor-piercing shells
US3302570 *Jul 23, 1965Feb 7, 1967Walter G FinchArmor piercing, fragmenting and incendiary projectile
US3561362 *May 18, 1962Feb 9, 1971Us ArmyFree punch with attached power plant
US3599573 *May 31, 1968Aug 17, 1971Whittaker CorpComposite preformed penetrators
US3815504 *Jun 12, 1972Jun 11, 1974DiehlMethod of making splinter shells, and splinter projectiles and splinter heads made according to this method
US3941057 *Oct 9, 1974Mar 2, 1976Hercules IncorporatedArmor piercing projectile
US4108072 *Dec 27, 1965Aug 22, 1978Deutsch-Franzosisches ForschungsinstitutArmor-piercing projectile having spaced cores
US4353302 *May 6, 1980Oct 12, 1982A/S Raufoss AmmunisjonsfabrikkerArrangement in or relating to a projectile
US5340058 *Sep 28, 1992Aug 23, 1994Rheinmetall GmbhProjectile with cooled nose cone
US5567908 *Apr 25, 1980Oct 22, 1996The United Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The NavyAdvanced anti ship penetrator warhead
US5649488 *May 19, 1995Jul 22, 1997The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The NavyNon-explosive target directed reentry projectile
US8869703 *Oct 19, 2012Oct 28, 2014Textron Systems CorporationTechniques utilizing high performance armor penetrating round
US20060027128 *Feb 10, 2005Feb 9, 2006Hober Holding CompanyFirearms projectile having jacket runner
US20140331883 *Oct 19, 2012Nov 13, 2014Textron Systems CorporationTechniques utilizing high performance armor penetrating round
DE1116575B *Oct 4, 1958Nov 2, 1961Dipan Dinner PatentnutzungLeichtes Langgeschoss mit Mantel fuer Handfeuerwaffen
DE4132234A1 *Sep 27, 1991Apr 8, 1993Rheinmetall GmbhGeschoss mit geschossnasenkuehlung
U.S. Classification102/518
International ClassificationF42B12/74, F42B12/02, F42B12/06, F42B12/00
Cooperative ClassificationF42B12/74, F42B12/06
European ClassificationF42B12/74, F42B12/06