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Publication numberUS2724769 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 22, 1955
Filing dateMar 24, 1953
Priority dateMar 24, 1953
Publication numberUS 2724769 A, US 2724769A, US-A-2724769, US2724769 A, US2724769A
InventorsArbeloff Vladimir A D
Original AssigneeArbeloff Vladimir A D
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Illuminated apparel
US 2724769 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 22, 1955 v. A. D'ARBELOFF 2,724,769

ILLUMINATED APPAREL Filed March 24, 1953 iwi# F|G. 4.

INVENTOR WHO/MM A. lABEL FF UnitedStates Patent Otiee ILLUMINATED APPAREL Vladimir A. dArbelol, Riverside, Conn.

Application March 24, 1953, Serial No. 344,345

12 Claims. (Cl. 24o- 59) The present invention relates to illuminated apparel and particularly to helmets, belts and the like which include one or more electric light bulbs and are provided with suitable battery supplies, so that the wearer will be visible at night, for example, yas a traffic safety precaution.

It is among the objects of the present invention to provide illuminated articles of apparel which are so constructed that they may be worn comfortablyr and conveniently. Another object of the invention is that of providing illuminated articles of apparel which may be constructed inexpensively and yet which are rugged enough to survive the ordinary abuses of wear and handling. Other and further objects of the invention will be in part obvious and in p'art pointed out hereinafter.

These objects are accomplished according to the present invention by providing wearing apparel containing insulated conductors and having mounted thereon light boxes and battery boxes the electrical terminals of which are formed of unitary sheet metal stampings which are conductively connected to the insulated conductorsk by means of integral, insulation-piercing prongs. The battery box includes control switches the contacts of which are formed integrally with the electrical terminals.-

ln the drawings:

Figure l is a perspective view of a helmet and beltembodying features of the present invention, with the body of a wearer being partially shown in broken. lines to illustrate the relative positions in which these articles are worn;

Figure 2 is a perspective view, at enlarged scale, of the combination belt buckle and battery box of the apparatus; l

Figure 3 is a vertical section taken generally along the line 3 3 of Figure 2;

Figure 4 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view of the portion of the battery box which includes one of the control switches;

Figure 5 is a vertical section through one of the light boxes on the belt of the apparatus;

Figure 6 is a vertical section taken generally along the line 6-6 of Figure 5; and,

Figure 7 is a plan view of one` of the light boxes on the helmet of the apparatus, with, the cover and the light bulb removed for clarity.

The helmet and beltv illustrated are so constructed that they may be Worn either together or separately. As shown in Figure l, the helmet generally comprises a concave-convex shell or body, member 1.0` which is shaped generally to tit the head of the wearer buty may be somewhat larger than the head and provided withl an inner,

floating network of straps for spacing the. helmet from the head to enhance theprotectionl which the helmet aifords and to make it more comfortable.

The helmet is provided with three light boxes, including a pair` of side light boxes over, the ears, one of which boxes may be seen, at 1K2, and' another light box` 14 at the top center of the helmet. Thelight boxes are formed with removable covers of translucent plastic material so that the electric light bulbs therein, when illuminated, will cause the light boxes to be readily visible at night. For decorative effect, the covers may be colored.

Along the longitudinal center line at the top of the helmet, there is mounted a crest or comb 16 formed of transparent plastic material suchk as Lucite. The comb l 16 projects from the outer surface of the helmet along the medial plane of the helmet, which bisects the top light box 14. A mast or antenna 18, also of transparent plastic material, is secured to the comb lo and projects upwardly therefrom along the medial plane of the helmet, with the axis of the mast passing approximately through the center of the top light box 14. Thus, when the light box irl is illuminated, the comb 16 and mast i8 are edge-lighted by it so that their outlines are clearly visible in darkness. Wing-like projections 2liv also project from each of the side light boxes 12 with the inner ends of the wings forming the bases of the light boxes. The wings 20 are similarly formed of transparent plastic, and are illuminated by the light bulbs in the boxes 12, so that their outlines glow visibly in darkness.

Electrical current is supplied to the light bulbs in the light boxes 12 and 14 through a two-conductor electrical cord 22 comprising a flat, flexible strip of insulating material having imbedded therein, in spaced' relation, a pair of electrical conductors. This electrical cord: 22 extends from the remote side light box, as viewed in the figure, up' the remote side of the helmet, through the' top light box 14, down the near side of the helmet.. through the other side light box 12 and from' thence down to a battery box 24 whichy is adapted to be worn on a belt around the waist.

The belt shown in the figures includes a hat, flexible strip 26 ot insulating material which, like the electrical cord 22, has imbeddedr therein, in spacedv relation, a pair of electrical conductors, but which is considerably wider and somewhat thicker than the cord 22, in the fashion of a conventional belt. Secured to the belt are a pair of light boxes 223 containing lightbulbs which are conductively connectedV tothe electrical conductors in the strip 26, as described hereinafter. These light bulbsV are supplied current through the conductors by means of batteries contained in a battery box 30 which also serves as the buckle of thebelt, being providedY with a bail or loop.` portion 32 which is adapted Ato` receive an' end portion of the strip 26 and to engage the same to secure the belt in snug relation about the waist.

Figures 2', 3 and 4 show the details of construction of the combination belt buckle and battery box 30; As maybe seen in these tgures, the battery box is formed of insulating material, such as molded plastic, and includes a generallyl rectangular base 3'4 and a cover 36 having a skirt 36a to give depth to the box, the cover being hingedly secured to the base 34 by means of bosses 36b at opposite ends-of the skirt 36a which arejournalled inrecesses in the inner edges of a shallow flange- 341) on the base 34. The cover is fastened in normally closed position by friction catch means including a latch 36e on the skirt 36a and a mating recess 34C in the liange 3471. The resilience of the skirt 36a permits the cover to be deformed sufiiciently to engage or disengage the latch 36C and the recess 34C; One end portion' of the strip strip 26 extends through an opening 3S (Figure 2) at one end of the battery box and along the floor ol' the interior of the battery box as shown in Figure 3, for approximately three-fourths of the length of the battery box; andi is secured to the battery box by means described hereinafter. l with a row of holesto cooperate with an inwardly extending tongue 32a (Figure 2) in the bail' 32` of the belt Patented Nov. 22, 1955 The other endportion of the strip v2o is provided buckle. The bail 32 and tongue 32a are molded integrally with the base 34 of the. battery box.

A battery contact 40 is secured to the battery box near its right-hand end, as viewed in Figure 2. This battery contact is `stamped of a unitary piece of sheet metal such as spring brass or light-gauge, plated steel. lt is secured to the battery box by means of prongs 40a and 4Gb which are formed at either end of the contact 40 and are driven through the base 34 of the battery box at either side ot the strip 26 and are clinched over against the undersurface 34a of the battery box.

The contact 40 is provided with integral, upstanding tabs 40C and 40d which are adapted to engage the opposite end terminals of a pair of dry cell batteries B and B positioned in side-by-side relation within the battery box as indicated in broken lines in Figures 2 and 3-that is to say, the batteries are oriented in the battery box so that the center pole terminal of one battery contacts one of the two tabs 40C or 40d while the shell or base terminal of the battery is engaged by the other of these two tabs so that the batteries are etectively connected in electrical series by means of the battery contact 40. The battery contact 40 is additionally provided with an upstanding tab 40e which is positioned to engage the outer side of the adjacent battery B and keep the battery in proper position.

Another battery contact 42 is provided near the opposite end of the battery box, the contact 42 being similarly stamped from a unitary piece of sheet metal and being secured to the battery box by prongs 42a and 42b. The contact 42 has an integral tab 42C which projects upwardly in position to engage the adjacent end terminal of the battery B. The spacing between the tab 42C of contact 42 and the tab 40e of contact 40 is such as to admit between them a standard size dry-cell battery, with the inherent resilience of the sheet metal tabs maintaining a slight pressure on the opposite end terminals of the battery to keep the battery in proper position by frictional engagement and to insure good electrical contact with its end terminals. The contact 42 is electrically connected to one of the two conductors 44 in the strip 26 by means of an integral, sharpened prong or lancing 42d which is punched from the contact 42 and which is driven into the insulating strip 26 to make electrical contact with the conductor 44, as shown in Figure 3.

Near the inner end of the battery contact 42 a pair of opposed tab portions of the contact are bent upwardly and around to form generally cylindrically curved clasp members 42e and 42f which serve as the opposite halves of a socket adapted to grip and make electrical contact with the base shell of a miniature electric light bulb L. The edges of the clasp members 42e and 42)c are deformed slightly in conformity to the contours of the threads on the shell of a conventional screw base light bulb L so that the bulb may be threaded into the socket to achieve and maintain proper positioning of the bulb.

Beneath the clasp members 42e and 42f, in position to engage the base tip contact of the light bulb L, is one end of a contact member 46 which is secured to the battery box by means of prongs 46a and 46h. The contact 46 is electrically connected to the other conductor 44 of the strip 26 by means of an integral prong 46c which is punched from the contact 46 and pierces the strip 26 to make electrical contact with the conductor 44. as shown in Figure 3. The contact 46 is also provided with an integral upstanding tab 46d which serves as the stationary contact of a single-pole-single-throw, normally open push-button switch generally indicated at 48. Tab 46d also engages the outer side of the battery B and serves to keep it in proper position. The socket for the light bulb L is adapted to engage the inner sides of the batteries B and B and cooperate with the tabs 49e and 46d in positioning of the batteries.

The movable contact 50a of the switch 48 is provided by a resilient arm integrally formed on a battery contact 50 which is secured to the battery box by means of prongs 50b and 50c. The contact 50 is also provided with an integral upstanding tab 50d which is positioned to engage the adjacent end terminal of the other battery B.

From the foregoing description, it will be understood that closure of the contacts 46d and 50a of the switch 48 effectively connects the two batteries B and B in series across the two conductors 44 and 44 in the strip 26 through a circuit from conductor 44 through contact 46, switch 48, battery contact 50, battery B', battery contact 40, battery B and battery contact 42 to conductor 44. And, since the terminals of the light bulb L are in respective engagement with the contacts 42 and 46, which are in turn respectively connected to the conductors 44 and 44', the closure of switch 48 will also cause current to flow from the batteries B and B through the light bulb to illuminate it.

The battery box 30 also contains an annunciator or buzzer, generally indicated at 52, which is actuated under control of a single-pole-single-throw, normally open push-button switch, generally indicated at S4. The buzzer 52 is of conventional construction and includes a tixed contact 56 and a vibratory armature 58 which cooperates therewith, the armature 58 being secured at one end, as by spot welding, to a post 60u which extends upwardly from one end of a unitary steel base member 60. The opposite end of the base member 60 extends upwardly to form the core of the solenoid 62 which actuates the vibratory armature 5S. One of the ends of the solenoid winding 62 is connected to the armature 58 through the base 60, while the other end of the winding is connected to the battery contact 42. This latter connection is made by the bare wire end, which extends between the undersurface of the contact 42 and the strip 26 therebeneath, as shown in Figure 3.

An integral, resilient arm 50e of the battery contact 50 serves as the movable contact of switch 54, while the adjacent tixed contact 56 of buzzer 52 serves as the stationary contact of switch 54. Closure of the switch 54, by depressing the arm 50e into conductive engagement with the fixed contact 56, completes a circuit from the series connected batteries B, B' through the battery contact S0, xed contact 56, armature 58, base member 6l), solenoid 62 and battery contact 42. Current from the batteries thus energizes solenoid 62 and causes it to attract armature S8, thereby separating it from fixed Contact 56 and breaking the circuit. This de-energizes solenoid 62 and allows the resilient armature S8 to spring back into engagement with the fixed contact 56, again completing the circuit; this cycle is repeated as long as the switch 54 is closed, to keep the armature vibrating rapidly and generate an audible buzzing sound.

The switches 48 and 54 which respectively control the lights L and the buzzer 52 are actuated by means ot a dual push button which is shown in detail in Figure 4. This member includes a base portion 49a with a relatively flat bottom adapted to engage the outer surfaces ot the arms 50a and 50e of contact 50. The opposite surface of the base portion 49a is convexly curved and is adapted to bear against the inner surface of the skirt 36a of the cover. Near opposite ends of the base portion 49a are a pair of push buttons 49b and 49C which project through slots 36d in the skirt 36a. Depressing push button 49b closes switch 48 to illuminate the light bulbs L and depressing push button 49e closes switch 54 to operate the buzzer 52. Sliding the push button member longitudinally to the position shown in broken lines in Figure 4 causes the inclined surface at one end of thc base portion 49a to ride over a boss 36e at the inner sur face of the skirt 36a and cam this end of the push button member inwardly, closing switch 48, and holding it closed until the push button member slides back to the position shown in full lines. This allows the light bulbs to be kept illuminated withoutthe necessity of keeping the push button 49 manually depressed.

The portion 50j of the contact 50 which is between the" arms 5021' and' 50e and which adjoins Atheu base-por;

tionj 50g of'this contact isi-relatively'stiff' andactsasxa" fulcrum'about 'which `the' pusl'tbutton' member rocks whenk have been switched on, the buzzertherefore cannot be' jecting lips 72a formed'atthe'lower edges of the coverf 72. The construction of the cover is suchthat itmay be compressed resiliently, as indicated' in broken lines in Figure 6, to allow the lips 72a.to be inserted'under the flanges "70a, orV removed therefrom. The cover 72 is provided with notches 72'b (Figure 5) in its lower edges at opposite sides of the cover'to admitthe strip 26, which extends -through the lightbox along the outer surface of the base 70.

A socket'for'a miniature' lightbulb L is provided in the light box; said socket comprising a shell contact 74 and a tip contact 76, each formed ofsheet'metalsuch as spring'brass or light gauge plated steel. The shell contact'74'is secured to the base 70 by` means. of-prongs '74a and74b andl the tip contact 76 is secured by means of prongs 76a and 76h, all of which are driven through the base, as shown in Figure 6, andare clinched over against the undersurface thereof. The prongs '74band 76h pass through the strip 26 and thereby serve to secure the light boxy in position on the` belt.A

The shell contact 74 is electrically connected to one of the conductors 44 in the strip 26' by means offan integralprong 74e which pierces the strip`26' and'engages theconductor 44', as shown in ,Figure 6. The shell contactis providedy with opposed integral tabs which are bent to form generally cylindrically curved clasp por tions 74d and 74e adapted to grip and conductivelyl engage the base shellS of` the light bulb L. As may be seen in Figure 5, these clasp portions 74d and 74e are deformed along their edges to engage the threads o the shell S so that`the light bulb may be threaded'between the clasps to achieve and maintain proper positioning of the light bulb in the socket.

The tip contact 76 is electrically connected to the other conductor 44 in strip 26 by means of an integral prong 76twhich pierces the strip and makes electrical contact with the conductor 44. Contact 76' is also provided with an integral upstanding tab 76d which is positioned to engage the base tip T of the light bulb L. The light bulb L is thus connected across the conductors 44' and 44 and, when switch 48 is closed to connect the batteries B in series across these conductors, aspreviously described, the light bulb L in each of the light boxes 28 will be illuminated and be visible through the translucent covers72.'

Figure 7 shows the construction of one of the light boxes 12 011 the helmet of the apparatus. As may be seen, the light boxes 12 are similar` to the light boxes 23, being provided with a shell contact 80 adapted to make electrical connection between one of the, conductors 84 in electrical cord 22 and the base shell of a miniature light bulb, and a tip contact 82 adapted to make connection between the other conductor 84 in cord 22 and the base tip of the light bulb. These contacts are similar to the corresponding elements 74 and 76 in the light boxes 28, except for such changes as are necessary to accommodate the narrower electrical cord 22. For example, the shell contact 80 of each of the light boxes 12 is provided with a prong a ata diierentposition than the corresponding prong74c off the shell contact 74 ofjeach` of the light boxes 28 so asto pierce the cord 22 in proper position to engage `the conductor 84 therein.

The battery box 24 (Figure 1) which supplies electrical current to illuminate the light boxes 12 and 14 on the helmet is generally similar inconstruction to the battery box 30 previouslyv described except that the light L and the buzzer SZimay be omitted from the battery box 24 if desired; Normally, there will be no interconnection between the electrical circuit of the battery box 24 and helmeton the one hand and that of the battery box 30v and the belt'on the other hand. For that reason the battery contacts in the battery box 24 are normally not provided` with prongs which make contact with the conductors 44 and'44 in-the belt strip 26, but instead are provided with prongs which pierce the electrical cord 22 whichextend-s from the helmet and make contact with the conductors 84 and 84', therein.

It will be appreciated that the apparatus shown and described affords illuminated` apparel which, though simple and inexpensive in construction, is rugged and durable. It is also, in such form that it may be Worn cornfortably and conveniently. The construction and design of the apparel is such that it is attractive to children, who will therefore be'persuaded to wear it and obtain the safety benefits which it aiords.

It will therefore be appreciated that the aforementioned as well as other desirable objects have been achieved. However, it shouldv be emphasized that the particular embodiment of the invention which is described herein is intended as merely illustrative and not as restrictive of the invention.`

I claim:

1. An illuminated article of apparel including a exible strip of insulating material having imbedded therein, in spaced relation, a pair of electrical conductors, a sheet metal shell contact mounted on ysaid strip with an integral prong of said shell'contact piercing said strip to make electrical contact with one of said conductors, said shell contact havingat least one integral tab portion bent to form a generally cylindrically curved clasp adapted to grip and make electrical contact with the base shell of a miniature electric light bulb, and a sheet metal tipcontactmounted on said strip adjacent said shell contact with an` integral prong of said tip contact piercing said strip to make lelectrical contact With the other of said conductors, said tip contact having an integral tab portion bent ltjlpvvardly in position to engage the base tip of such light ulb.

2. An illuminated article of apparel including a exible strip of insulating material having imbedded therein, in spaced relation, a pair ofelectrical conductors, a sheet metal shell contact mounted on said strip with an integral prong of saidshell contact piercing said strip to make electrical-contact withl one of said conductors, said socket contact having a pair of integral tab portions bent upwardly to form opposed, generally cylindrically curved clasp portions adapted to grip and make electrical contact with the base shell of a miniature incandescent light bulb and having portions bent' inwardly to engage threads on said shell base contact and hold said light bulb in a predetermined axialposition, and asheet metal tip contact mounted on said strip adjacent said shell'contact with an integral prong of said tip contact piercing said strip to make electrical contact with the other of said conductors, said tip contact havingk an integral tab portion bent upwardly` in position to engage the base tip of such light bulb.

3. An illuminated article of apparel including a ilexible strip of insulating material having imbedded therein, in spaced relation, a pair of electrical conductors, a battery container secured to said strip, a pair of sheet metal battery contacts mounted on said battery container, with integral portions adapted for electrical connectiony t0 the respective terminals of at least one battery in said battery container and having integral prongs piercing said strip and making contact with the respective conductors therein, and at least one light socket mounted on said strip and having contacts engaging said respective conductors and adapted for electrical connection to the respective contacts of a miniature electric light bulb.

4. An illuminated belt including a flexible strip of insulating material having imbedded therein, in spaced relation, a pair of electrical conductors, a battery container secured near one end of said strip, said battery container having a bail extending therefrom to receive the other end portion of said strip, said bail including means for engaging said strip and for securing said belt about the body, a pair of sheet metal battery contacts mounted on said battery container, with integral portions adapted for electrical connection to the respective terminals of at least one battery in said battery container and having integral prongs piercing said strip and making contact with the respective conductors therein, and at least one light socket mounted on said strip and having contacts engaging said respective conductors and adapted for electrical connection to the respective contacts of a miniature electric light bulb.

5. An illuminated headgear comprising a concavoconvex body member adapted to tit over the head, a flexible strip of insulating material secured to said body member, said strip having imbedded therein, in spaced relation, a pair of electrical conductors, at least one light assembly mounted on said helmet, said light assembly including at least one light socket assembly mounted on said body member, said light socket assembly including a sheet metal shell contact having an integral prong piercing said strip to make electrical contact with one of said conductors and at least one integral tab portion bent to form a generally cylindrically curved clasp adapted to grip and make electrical contact with the base shell of a miniature electric light bulb, and a sheet metal tip contact having an integral prong piercing said strip to make electrical contact with the other of said conductors and an integral tab portion bent upwardly in position to engage the base tip of such light bulb, and a battery container adapted for carrying at a position remote from said body member, said battery container having a pair of sheet metal battery contacts with integral portions adapted for electrical connection to the respective terminals of at least one battery in said battery container and having integral prongs piercing said strip and making contact with the respective conductors therein.

6. An illuminated headgear comprising a concavoconvex body member adapted to lit over the head, a exible strip of insulating material secured to said body member, said strip having imbedded therein, in spaced relation, a pair of electrical conductors, at least one light assembly mounted on said helmet, said light assembly including at least one light socket assembly mounted on said body member, said light socket assembly including a sheet metal shell contact having an integral prong piercing said strip to make electrical contact with one of said conductors and at least one integral tab portion bent to form a generally cylindrically curved clasp adapted to grip and make electrical contact with the base shell of a miniature electric light bulb, and a sheet metal tip contact having an integral prong piercing said strip to make electrical contact with the other of said conductors and an integral tab portion bent upwardly in position to engage the base tip of such light bulb, at least one decorative member of translucent plastic material attached to said body member with an edge of said decorative member adjacent said light socket whereby said decorative member will be edge-lighted by such light bulb, and a battery container adapted for carrying at a position remote from said body member, said battery container having a pair of sheet metal battery contacts with integral portions adapted for electrical connection to the respective terminalsof at least one battery in said battery container and having integral prongs piercing said strip and making contact with the respective conductors therein.

7. In an illuminated article of apparel, a flexible strip of insulating material having imbedded therein, in spaced relation, a pair of electrical conductors, a battery box secured on said strip, said battery box including a base, and a movable cover on said base, a rst sheet metal battery contact secured to said base and adapted conductively to engage the opposite end terminals of a pair of dry cell batteries mounted side-by-side in said battery box, second and third sheet metal battery contacts secured to said base and adapted for respective electrical connection to the other terminals of said batteries and each of the latter said contacts having integral prongs piercing said strip and respectively making contact with said conductors.

8. In an illuminated article of apparel, a flexible strip of insulating material having imbedded therein, in spaced relation, a pair of electrical conductors, a battery box secured on said strip, said battery box including a base, and a movable cover on said base, a irst sheet metal battery contact secured to said base and adapted conductively to engage the opposite end terminals of a pair of dry cell batteries mounted side-by-side in said battery box, a second sheet metal battery contact secured to said base and adapted for conductive engagement with the other end terminal of one of said batteries and having an integral prong piercing said strip and making contact with one of said conductors, a third sheet metal battery contact secured to said base and adapted for conductive engagement with the other end terminal of the other of said batteries, a pronged member of sheet metal piercing said strip and making contact with the other of said conductors, and switch means adapted for completing an electrical circuit between said third sheet metal battery contact and said pronged member.

9. The invention as claimed in claim 8, wherein said switch means includes an integral upstanding tab on said pronged member, a resilient contact arm conductively connected to said third sheet metal battery contact and extending therefrom to a position adjacent said upstandv ing tab, and an actuating member arranged to actuatc said resilient arm member and cause it to engage said upstanding tab, saidactuating member extending through an opening in said battery box whereby said switch means may be manually actuated from outside said battery box.

10. In an illuminated article of apparel, a iiexible strip of insulating material having imbedded therein, in spaced relation, a pair of electrical conductors, a battery box secured on said strip, said battery box including a base, and a movable cover on said base, a first sheet metal battery contact secured to said base and adapted con ductively to engage the opposite end terminals of a pair of dry cell batteries mounted side-by-side in said battery box, second and third sheet metal battery contacts secured to said base and adapted for respective electrical connection to the other terminals of said batteries and each of the latter said contacts having integral prongs piercing said strip and respectively making contact with said conductors, one of the latter said contacts having tnereon at least one integral tab portion bent to form a generally cylindrically curved clasp adapted to grip and make electrical contact with the base shell of a miniature electric light bulb and the other of said contacts having an integral portion positioned adjacent said clasp in position to engage the base tip of such light bulb, and said cover having a translucent portion adjacent the position of such light bulb whereby the illumination of said bulb will be visible from outside said battery box.

l1. In an illuminated article of apparel, a lexible strip of insulating material having imbedded therein, in spaced relation, a pair of electrical conductors, a battery box secured onsaid strip, said battery box including a base,

and a movable cover on said base, a rst sheet metal battery contact secured to said base and adapted conductively to engage the opposite end terminals of a pair of dry cell batteries mounted side-by-side in said battery box, a second sheet metal battery contact secured to said base and adapted for conductive engagement with the other end terminal of one of said batteries and having an integral prong piercing said strip and making contact with one of said conductors, a third sheet metal battery contact secured to said base and adapted for conductive engagement with the other end terminal of the other of said batteries, a pronged member of sheet metal piercing said strip and making contact with the other of said conductors, an annunciator in said battery box, said annunciator including a fixed contact, a vibratory armature adapted for engagement with said xed contact and a solenoid arranged to actuate said armature and connected in series between said armature and said second battery contact, and switch means for selectively completing electrical circuits between said third sheet metal battery contact and said pronged member or said fixed contact, said switch means including integral resilient contact arms extending from said third battery contact in positions respectively adjacent said pronged member and said xed contact, and push button means arranged to depress said resilient contact arms into respective engagement with said pronged member and said fixed contact as desired.

l2. The invention as claimed in claim 1l wherein said push button means is arranged for rocking movement between two positions at one of which one of said contact arms is engaged with said pronged member and at the other of which the other of said contact arms is engaged with said fixed contact, whereby actuation of said push button means to one of said positions to cause engagement of one of such pairs of contacts tends to prevent simultaneous closure of the other of said pairs of contacts.

References Cited inthe file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,141,587 Wright Dec. 27, 1938 2,229,403 Benander Jan. 21, 1941 2,473,397 Scott June 14, 1949 2,523,786 Soreng Sept. 26, 1950 2,636,067 Gilbert Apr. 21, 1953

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2141587 *May 20, 1935Dec 27, 1938Robert N WrightElectric lamp socket
US2229403 *Dec 15, 1938Jan 21, 1941Monowatt Electric CorpLamp socket
US2473397 *Apr 30, 1946Jun 14, 1949Slavin HarryRetarding mechanism
US2523786 *Sep 2, 1947Sep 26, 1950Soreng Mfg CorpElectrical switch
US2636067 *Nov 18, 1950Apr 21, 1953United Technical LabElectrical wiring terminal
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2971082 *Jun 26, 1958Feb 7, 1961Frank DeanSputnik cap
US3087051 *Aug 11, 1960Apr 23, 1963Pullman IncMarker lights for roadway vehicles
US3316527 *Jan 18, 1966Apr 25, 1967United Carr IncLamp assembly
US4819353 *Jul 31, 1987Apr 11, 1989Glucksman Dov ZIlluminated picture frame
US4916594 *Dec 30, 1988Apr 10, 1990Headley Robert WCircuit-protected portable power pack
US4998186 *Oct 18, 1988Mar 5, 1991Lorraine CoccaDecorative hair ornament
US5277644 *Feb 5, 1993Jan 11, 1994Mattel, Inc.Doll having illuminated color change fiber optic feature
US5353378 *Apr 16, 1993Oct 4, 1994Hilco CorporationSound and light emitting face apparel
US5649758 *Jun 6, 1995Jul 22, 1997Dion; LarryIlluminated article of apparel
US5690413 *Feb 27, 1996Nov 25, 1997Coughlin; JamesSafety light for marine vest
US5934784 *Apr 29, 1998Aug 10, 1999Dion; LarryIlluminated article of apparel
US20050068762 *Sep 30, 2003Mar 31, 2005Don PostMask with patterned lighting
US20100090866 *Oct 13, 2008Apr 15, 2010Howard ChenOptical Distress Beacon For Use In Space Environments
WO1994024663A1 *Apr 13, 1994Oct 27, 1994Hilco CorporationSound and light emitting face apparel
Classifications
U.S. Classification362/106, 362/630, 446/27, 362/806, 446/219, 362/108, 200/17.00R, 439/425, 439/37, 340/321, 307/150, 362/253
International ClassificationA42B1/24
Cooperative ClassificationY10S362/806, A42B1/242
European ClassificationA42B1/24B