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Publication numberUS2726719 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 13, 1955
Filing dateMay 26, 1952
Priority dateMay 26, 1952
Publication numberUS 2726719 A, US 2726719A, US-A-2726719, US2726719 A, US2726719A
InventorsNicholas Marcalus
Original AssigneeNicholas Marcalus
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Multiple band knife machine
US 2726719 A
Abstract  available in
Images(4)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 13, 1955 N, MARCALUS 2,726,719

MULTIPLE BAND KNIFE MACHINE Filed May 26, 1952 4 Sheets-Sheet l m K' n 2 Ill INVENTOR Men/oz 4s Mnncnl-as,

ATTO R N EY Dec. 13, 1955 N. MARCALUS MULTIPLE BAND KNIFE MACHINE 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed May 26, 1952 INVENTOR NICHOL A6 MARCH 1. 06,

aim/ awk ATTORNEY Dec. 13, 1955 N. MARCALUS MULTIPLE BAND KNIFE MACHINE RL Y M 1% 0.0 R 0 EA T m o o N M M 0000000000 00 00000 0000 009000000900 S h s A v 4 is mm w D c- 3, 1955 N. MARCALUS MULTIPLE BAND KNIFE MACHINE 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed May 26, 1952 h INVENTOR mg g; lV/CHOL/IS MARC/71.05,

United States Patent 6 MULTIPLE BAND,KNIFE"MACH]NE" Nicholas Marcalus, WestEnglewood, N. J.

Application May 26, 1952, Serial Nor-289 959 9 Claims. 1. 1. 4.45

One of the. objects of ;my-invention is-to provide, a machine whereby products,- for instance, paper rolls and the. like maybe. severed in .a mannerto ,formrelatively short rolls.

Another object of my inventionis -to provideasmachine of the. foregoing described character which may be. equipped with means whereby .Wrappers are conveniently applied to the rolls.

A further object of my invention is toproyide a machine ofthe foregoing described .characterjn which end-z less .cutting bands are employed 'forsevering the'major rolls and which are arranged in; a mannerto form a relatively short and ,compactstructure.

An important object of:my.invention is .to provide a machine of the foregoing. described character'which is simple in construction, durable in use, efficient in operation, economical in maintenance,- and which .lends itself to high productivity with respect to. the:forming;of minor rolls from asupply roll.

With the above and other objects inview, as :will hereinafter appear, myinvention consists in the combination and arrangement of parts hereinaftersetforth and -illus-. tratediin the. accompanying drawings; from which thev several features of the invention .and the-advantages attained thereby will be readily understood by those skilled in the art.

Referring to the drawings wherein likereference-characters designate like parts throughout the several views:

Figure 1 is a side elevation, partly broken away, of my invention.

Figure 2 is a top plan view of the -invention,.therupperplatform being broken away.

Figure 3 is adetail longitudinalsectional *view. of "a portion of the front end of the. machine.

Figure 4.is a diagrammatic transverselviewillustrating the relationship of the. cutting bands with respecttothe conveyor and retaining belts.

Figure 5 is a view similar to Figure 3 but-diagrammati cally. illustrating automatic-means for feeding the Wrappers into position for wrapping about the products.

Figure 6 is a diagrammatic front elevation of the struc ture disclosed in Figure 5.

As illustrated in Figures 1 m4, inclusive, of:the drawings, the machine is provided with a'base 10 on which is secured from and rear pairs of frame members oruprights 11 and 12, the upper end sections-of the uprights having secured thereto spaced upper and lower platforms 13 and 14, respectively. Secured between the platforms are vertical adjustable bearings 15 disposed above bearings 16 carried by the base, the bearings 15 and '16 having rotatably mounted thereon pulleys 17 and 18, respectively, disposed in paired relation one above the other. The lower platform 14 is relatively narrow and-extends diag onally from one pair of said uprights to theother and between knife sections or runs-19 of endless'cutting bands 20, each of the latter beingtrained aboutanupper and lower pulley as clearly illustrated in 'Figure'l of the drawings. The bearings 16 are also provided with belt pulleys 21 :for unitary rotation with the pulleys -18 and are each 2t nn st ot me all y-a r t 3. n t-11. kei et ythe bands are individuallydriven,

Secured to the: b3SBg;1Q,-. prejacent and postjacent the, standards 12 and 13,, are front.,andrear bearing;standards 24-. and 25 in .which are, journaled ,the,-ends,of ;transverse shafts 26 and 27, respectively. Shafts-26 and 27 =are provided with sprocketsabouhwhich; aretrained; endless sprocket chains 28-;constituting a, conveyor, said chains v being laterally. spaced relative to .each: other: with pairs of flights 29 for accommodating therebetween products 3t}, disposed on the conveyorypne example of -;the prod ucts being relatively long paper rolls from; whichrelatively short rolls are formed,. for,;instance rolls ,of toilet paper and the like and which long rolls -are previously compressed to ovateshape t0,consetve -shipping .;space. The standards 24 have secureddhereto rearwardly disposed bearing et 1in w i h, re i nr aled ed shaft 32 while the standards -25;have journaled; therein the ends .of a si mil a r.-shaf t 33; superjac ent ;the;shaft 27. The shafts-32 and 33 areprovided,witlppulleys-aboutwhich are trained spacedendlessretainingbelts 34 dis-. posed above the chains 23 ofthe conyeyor the; beltsfi functioning to maintain the products 30 between pairs of flights 29 on the uppermost runofgthe conveyor as illustrated in- Figure l ofthe drz wings For effecting operation of ;thech ains 28 and the belts- 34, a motor 35 isprovided which;is;connectedto--and operates a speed reduction-unit 36,- the.-;la tter -being provided with a sprocket 3i7 connected to a.- sprocket-38,1 fixed-to one ofa pair of' relatively rotatable sections of a jack-shaft 39, by means .of a chain 4fl= The jackshaft -is mounted in bearings 41 disposedbeneath th'e conveyor and adjacent the standardslfigangl hasfirred-to its other a section a sprocket 42permeatedte a sprocket 43, fixed to shaft 3 ym a f s 11?i e Aflnevd tmn; clutch 0 nec ecfiwsofithe iak-. h t-.=t e er and serves to effect unitary- .rotationthereof-upon operation of the clutch as hereinafter ;m ade =apparent;. The. shafts 27 and 35 are providfidwith mashingspur gears 46 for operating the chains;2,8 and belts fi l-in unison and also,-as-a consequence, for efiecting rotation; of the shafts 2 6 and 32.

The-base has mountedftherein a transverse .shaft- 48 having fixed thereto oneend ot a,-:treadle 49,- the opposite end of the treadle extending beyondjhejront of the machine for actuation by aneoperatorv The shaft,48;has;. secured thereto an upwardly ,-extend ing-,;-clutch operating arm '59, theupper end ofwhich is provided witha spring- P e er o n a i g-: nz tny52t 'the-clut h to. etiect operation of the, latt e r,- it being; understood that when the treadle; 49- -is operated, the arm 50jjelfects tripping of the clutch; arm 52,with;th e result that the;sectionsof the jack-shaft 39 are operatedr.in;unison duringone revolution of the cluteh thus;,interrnittently advancing .the uppermost chain 1'uns;and- 1he lowermost 'belt, runs towards the rear of the machine;

From the' foregoing; and; -,witl1-. particular; reference to FigureZgof thedrawings,; it will ;b:110ted:that the knife' sections lll -OPI- at b$l1WI1ePfilISg0f chain.- and ;beltruns and are spaced witlrrespectto each: other and are unilaterallyofiset, in successive: orderprelatiye -to each; adjacent pair of the .knife sections whereby theknife sections are operable between chain and belt ,runs ofadifierent pairedrelation. This arrangement enables the products. to be, severed into relatively, short .lengths,,- ,th .e; transverse ar-. gem t Of he. ha ns. be ts, id cut in ands ei r c y, l st a edn.. isi re 4 of edtawi gs.

In order that, each of the .rolls ,3,0"may be PIOYidedWith a wrapper W, previous to-being severed by the knife sections 19, the standards ;24'and brackets 31; in1medi ately,

above the conveyor,- have journaled therethroughthe;

ends-of actuating rods-53s Therodvare-provided, be-

tween'the standards and the'brackets, with front and rear plates-54 for folding a-wrapper-,--depositedon the upper runs of the chains, about the roll. Coincident ends of the rods have fixed thereto sprockets 55, over which are trained "chain section's' 56' for operating the sprockets whereby the plates are actuated-from their open or "upright positions, as shownfin dotted linesin Figure'3, to folded or horizontal positions as shown in full-lines, the

rearplate being disposed above the front plate. The ends V deposit onto the conveyor-and'whichreceptacle is provided'with'an open front end and bottom and rear walls 61 and 62, respectively; A wrapper retainer 63 is secured in sliding engagement with thefrearwall 62 and has its upper end provided with an angled end section overlying the rear ends ofthewrappers-WJ The ends of the angled end section are equipped with blocks'in which are secured pins, one of which is illustrated at 64, having their lower ends relatively sharp and penetrating a plurality of the uppermost wrappers fora purpose hereinafter more fully described. 7 I i An'adhesive distributor overlies the wrappers W and comprises a reservoir 65 formed with apair of forwardly extending arms'66 fixed to' a supporting shaft 67 journaled in the brackets 31' and'on whichshaft is loosely mounted a pair of relatively fixed sprockets 68. The rear end of the reservoir 65 is provided with 'an'adhesive applying roller or applicator 69 constructed of suitable material, for instance, rubber, formed about and fixed to a drive shaft 70. The roller 69 functions to apply adhesive to the rear marginal area of the uppermost wrapper W disposed immediately subjacent the reservoir. The roller extends through an openingformed-in the bottom wall of the reservoir and is engaged by a distributor plate 71 adjustably secured to the bottom wall by means of screws extending through elongated apertures provided in the plate. The face of the plate, which engages the roller, is slotted, the slots being of a width and depth to permit a desired quantity of the adhesive A, contained in the reservoir, to be distributed by the roller onto the uppermost wrapper NV through the opening upon rotation of the roller. The shaft 70' of the roller is provided with a sprocket 72 connected to one of the pair of sprockets 68 by means of a chain- 73, the other sprocket of the pair being connected to a-sprocket'74 by means of a chain 75. The sprocket 74 is fixed to the shaft 32 whereby the roller 69-is rotated when the retaining belts are operated. Also fixed to the shaft 32 is a cam-76 for operating a cam arm 77 fixed to the shaft 67 and which functions to raise and lower therear end of the reservoir and roller out of and into engagement with the wrappers W.

In operation, assuming that plates 54 to be in open position and the roller 69 is disposed out of engagement with the uppermost wrapper which has previously been supplied with adhesive, the uppermost wrapper is grasped by the fingers of the operator and moved outwardly from the receptacle 60 and positioned upon the upper run of the conveyor between a pair of the flights and the plates 54 as illustrated in dotted'lines in Figure 3. As the uppermost wrapper is thus withdrawn, the rear corners are ruptured by the pins 64 to effect release of the Wrapper thus permitting the weight of the retainer to insure further penetration of the pins into another of the uppermost remaining wrappers for holding the latter during application of adhesive. When the wrapper has thus been disposed on the conveyor, a roll 30 is disposed within the wrapper and the treadle operated to actuate the plates to their folded positions as illustrated in full lines in Figure 3,

thus enfolding and sealing the roll the wrapper.

'on the chains between the flights.

2,726,719 .7 e I a operation of the conveyor. and .the belts and resultant lowering of the adhesive roller into engagement with the uppermost wrapper for applying adhesive thereto. As the conveyor advances, the treadle is released to permit the plates to return to their open positions while the roll, which is now enfolded in the wrapper, is conveyed into engagement with the lower runs of the belts and retained As the conveyor and belts advance, the rolls are successively severed by the knife sections into relatively short lengths, thus, forming the toilet paper rolls or packs.

As diagrammatically illustrated in Figures 5 and 6 of the drawings, automatic mechanism may be employed for feeding the wrappers W from the receptacle 60 into position on the conveyor for wrapping about the rolls 30. The mechanism comprises a'pair of arms 80 each formed at its upper end with an angularly disposed section and wvith a longitudinally extending slot or track 81 terminating in a seat 82 in the section. The slots 81 have mounted therein flange rollers 83 journaled on the ends of a transverse hollow shaft 84 connected by means of a flexible tube 85 to a negative source of pressure. The

hollow shaft 84 has pivotly connected thereto and in 7 described. The lower ends of the arms 80 are connected together and provided with trunnions 87 journaled in the standards 24 and on which are loosely mounted pairs of relatively fixed. sprockets 88, one sprocket of each pair being connected to a similar sprocket 89, mounted on the upper end of each arm, by a chain 90 which is provided with a dog 91. The other sprocket of each pair 88 is connected to one of apair of sprockets 92 fixed to a shaft 93 also journaled in the standards 24. The shaft 93 has one end provided with a spur gear 94 meshing with a spur gear 95 loosely mounted "on a stub shaft 96 carried by one ofthe standards 24. The spur gear is fixed to a sprocket 97 also loosely mounted on the stub shaft and connected with a sprocket 98, fixed on the shaft 26, by means of a chain 99. One of the trunnions 87 has fixed thereto the upper end of a cam arm 100, the lower end of which is provided with a roller 101 engaging a cam 102 mounted on the shaft 26 of the conveyor.

In operation, assuming the cups 86 are in engagement 9 with the uppermost wrapper as disclosed in full lines in Figures 5 and 6,.and the conveyor shaft 26 is being rotated, the cam 102 serves to pivot and raise the arms 80 towards a vertical position and away from the receptacle 60 and with the chains 901being operated through the sprocket and chain assembly heretofore described. As the arms 80. arethus rotated, the uppermost wrapper will be detached from the other wrappers and moved outwardly from the receptacle. As the arms 80 continueto move away from the receptacle, the hollow shaft 84 will be engaged by the spring fingers 103 fixed to the brackets 31 and force the rollers 83 out of the seats 82, whereupon the shaft 84 and rollers 83 will be gravitated downwardly to the lower ends of the arms 80 and thus carry the wrapper downwardly. This action results in the wrapper being completely withdrawn from the receptacle and deposited upon the conveyor and between the plates 54 as shown in dotted lines inFigure 5. When the wrapper has thus been positioned, a valve (not shown), connected between the cups 86 and the source of negative pressure, operates to break the pressure and release the front ends of the wrapper from the cups whereupon a roll of paper maybe placed within the wrapper and between'the plates 54.

chains 90, engage the outer projecting ends of the shaft,

93 and move the latter upwardly towards theupper ends of the arms and position therollers within the seats 82 as the arms are lowered by theaction of the cam to per-...

mit engagement of the cups 86 with the next uppermost wrapper for shifting the latter to the conveyor in the foregoing described manner.

From the foregoing it will be apparent that my invention provides a relatively simple and compact machine wherein the use of endless cutting bands for the severing of major rolls into short minor rolls is permitted due to arrangement of the bands with respect to the conveyor and retaining means.

Without further elaboration the foregoing will so fully explain the invention that others may, by applying current knowledge, readily adapt the same for use under various conditions of service. Moreover, it is not indispensable that all the features of the invention be used conjointly since they may be employed advantageously in various combinations and subcombinations.

It is obvious that the invention is not confined to the herein described use therefor as it may be utilized for any purpose to which it is adaptable. It is therefore to be understood that the invention is not limited to the specific construction as illustrated and described as the same is only illustrative of the principles of operation, which are capable of extended application in various forms and the invention comprehends all construction within the scope of the appended claims.

What I claim is:

1. In apparatus for transversely severing long paper rolls to produce short paper rolls, conveyor means having a plurality of spaced longitudinal runs; and cutting mechanism having a plurality of endless cutting bands each defining a pair of knife sections operable between pairs of said runs and being longitudinally spaced and unilaterally offset with respect to the adjacent pair of sections and with the latter operable between the closest runs unilaterally of a different paired relation, whereby paper rolls carried by said means are transversely severed by each pair of said sections successively.

2. In apparatus for transversely severing long paper rolls to produce short paper rolls, conveyor means having a plurality of spaced longitudinal runs; and cutting mechanism having a plurality of endless cutting bands each defining a pair of knife sections operable between pairs of said runs, said pairs being longitudinally spaced and unilaterally offset in successive order with respect to each adjacent pair of sections and with the latter operable between the closest runs unilaterally of a difierent paired relation whereby paper rolls carried by said means are transversely severed by each pair of said sections successively.

3. In apparatus for transversely severing long paper rolls to provide short paper rolls, conveyor means having a plurality of spaced longitudinal runs; cutting mechanism having a plurality of endless cutting bands each defining a pair of knife sections operable between pairs of said runs and being longitudinally spaced and unilaterally ofiset with respect to the adjacent pair of sections and with the latter operable between the closest runs unilaterally of a different paired relation, whereby paper rolls carried by said means are transversely severed by each pair of said sections successively, and retaining means coacting with said conveyor means for retaining paper rolls thereon during the severing.

4. In apparatus for transversely severing long paper rolls to produce short paper rolls, conveyor means having a plurality of spaced longitudinal runs; cutting mechanism having a plurality of endless cutting bands each defining a pair of knife sections operable between pairs of said runs and being longitudinally spaced and unilaterally offset with respect to the adjacent pair of sections and with the latter operable between the closest runs unilaterally of a different paired relation, whereby paper rolls carried by said means are transversely severed by each pair of said sections successively, retaining means coacting with said conveyor means for retaining paper rolls thereon during the severing, and means for operating said conveyor means and said retaining means in unison.

5. In apparatus for transversely severing long paper rolls to produce short paper rolls, conveyor means having a plurality of spaced longitudinal runs; cutting mechanism having a plurality of endless cutting bands each defining a pair of knife sections operable between pairs of said runs and being longitudinally spaced and unilaterally offset with respect to the adjacent pair of sections and with the latter operable between the closest runs unilaterally of a different paired relation, whereby paper rolls carried by said means are transversely severed by each pair of said sections successively, and means for operating said conveyor means whereby paper rolls are advanced through said sections.

6. In apparatus for transversely severing long paper rolls to produce short paper rolls, conveyor means having a plurality of spaced runs; cutting mechanism having a plurality of endless cutting bands each operable between the runs of each of two pairs of said runs and being longitudinally spaced and unilaterally offset with respect to an adjacent band and with the latter operable between the closest runs unilaterally of a different paired relation, whereby paper rolls carried by said means are severed by each of said bands successively.

7. The structure of claim 6 as set forth and defined therein including, retaining means coacting with said conveyor means for retaining paper rolls thereon during severing.

8. In apparatus for transversely severing long paper rolls to produce short paper rolls, an endless conveyor having a plurality of spaced substantially horizontally disposed longitudinal runs equipped with transverse flights for securing rolls of paper crosswise upon said runs for movement with said runs, hold-down means disposed above said conveyor and having a plurality of spaced substantially horizontally disposed longitudinal runs superjacent said first mentioned runs and coacting with the latter and said flights for maintaining said rolls on said first mentioned runs during longitudinal travel of the latter, cutting mechanism having a plurality of endless cutting bands each defining a pair of knife sections disposed in substantial verticality and with each section operable between a pair of runs of said conveyor and said hold-down means, said pairs of said knife sections being longitudinally spaced and unilaterally offset in successive order with respect to each adjacent pair of knife sections and with the latter operable between the closest runs unilaterally of a different pair of said conveyor and said hold-down means whereby long paper rolls carried between flights by said conveyor are transversely severed by each pair of said knife sections, successively.

9. The structure as set forth and defined in claim 8 including, upper and lower groups of pulleys disposed above and below said hold-down means and said conveyor, respectively, and with each of said bands being trained about a pulley of each of said groups, the pulleys of one group being movable away from the pulleys of the other group to maintain said knife sections in a taut condition for severing said rolls and power means connected to one of said groups of pulleys for effecting operation of said bands between said runs.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 677,107 Thomas June 25, 1901 765,425 Herrick July 19, 1904 1,457,626 Fritz June 5, 1923 1,802,514 Johnson Apr. 28, 1931 2,167,939 Criner Aug. 1, 1939 FOREIGN PATENTS 51,375 Sweden Apr. 11, 1917 920,772 France Jan. 4, 1947

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US677107 *May 22, 1900Jun 25, 1901Henry E ThomasMachine for cutting cloth.
US765425 *Sep 4, 1903Jul 19, 1904George Ira HerrickBread-cutter.
US1457626 *Aug 15, 1922Jun 5, 1923Louis FritzWoodworking machinery
US1802514 *Jun 10, 1929Apr 28, 1931Johnson Arthur BSawing machine
US2167939 *May 23, 1938Aug 1, 1939Bush AgSlicing machine
FR920772A * Title not available
SE51375A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3511122 *Jul 12, 1967May 12, 1970Reynolds Tobacco Co RLeaves and apparatus for cutting stacked tobacco leaves
US4351459 *Nov 26, 1980Sep 28, 1982Huey Miin PerngAutomatic glass tube cutter
US4532846 *Mar 9, 1984Aug 6, 1985Wezel Gmbh & Co KgArrangement for manufacturing curved wall portions of heat insulating walls
US6244144May 28, 1998Jun 12, 2001Douglas William GoldieHorizontal band saw device having multiple lanes of travel and associated method
Classifications
U.S. Classification83/404.4, 83/422, 83/409, 83/409.1, 83/808, 83/426
International ClassificationB26D1/50, B26D1/01
Cooperative ClassificationB26D1/50
European ClassificationB26D1/50